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The labor force.

The Labor Force The labor force--individuals holding of seeking jobs--will increase by 19 million between 1988 and 2000.

The rate of growth--16 percent--will be slower than during the past 12 years.

Growth will slow primarily for two reasons:

* The population 16 to 24 years of age will decline.

* The portion of the population participating in the labor force--working or looking for work--will increase at a slower rate.

The demographic groups that make up the labor force will change at different rates and by different amounts.

Age

Workers 16 to 24 years of age will decline as the size of this age group decreases.

Workers in the 25- to 54-year-old age group, which includes the large baby-boom generation, and workers 55 and older will increase primarily because of population increases in these groups.

Sex

Women in the labor force will increase faster than men primarily because the proportion of women 24 to 54 years of age who participate in the labor force will rise.

Race

Whites will grow slowly than blacks and Asians and others, but will have the largest numerical increase.

Hispanic origin

With very rapid growth, Hispanics, most of whom are white, will add over 5 million workers to the labor force and account for 27 percent of the net change from 1988 to 2000.

Despite widely varying growth rates, the composition of the labor force will change only modestly.

Age

Young workers' share in the labor force will decline.

Workers 25 to 54 years of age will increase their share of the labor force, but the proportion composed of workers 55 and older will be unchanged, although their numbers will rise.

Sex

Women will continue to increase their share of the labor force.

Race

The racial composition of the labor force will barely change.

The white share of the labor force will decline by 2 percent. Blacks and Asians and others will increase their share slightly.

Hispanic origin

The Hispanic share of the labor force will increase

Hispanics, with a rapid rate of growth, will increase from 7 to 10 percent of the labor force.

The total number of labor force entrants will be much greater than net labor force growth because of the large number of people needed to replace workers who will leave the labor force.

Whites will account for the majority of entrants.

Non-Hispanic white entrants will number over 28 million and account for two-thirds of all labor force entrants.

Although the net labor force growth of white men will be small, large numbers will enter and replace those who retire.

Blacks, Hispanics, and Asians and others will accounts for one-third of all entrants and over half of the net change in the labor force from 1988 to 2000.

The number of Hispanic entrants will be greater than the number of black entrants because of immigration.
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Title Annotation:Outlook 2000; illustrations only - no text
Publication:Occupational Outlook Quarterly
Article Type:illustration
Date:Sep 22, 1989
Words:471
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