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The Spiritual Technology of Ancient Egypt: Sacred Science and the Mystery of Consciousness.

THE SPIRITUAL TECHNOLOGY OF ANCIENT EGYPT: Sacred Science and the Mystery of Consciousness by Edward F. Malkowski. Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions, 2007. 426 pages, notes, index. Paperback; $24.95. ISBN: 9781594771866.

The monuments of ancient Egypt, especially the pyramids of Giza, continue to fascinate the public in general and some scientists in particular. We have almost weekly reports of archaeological discoveries, such as the huge tomb of the sons of Ramesses II, and programs on the Discovery Channel featuring the catscans of ancient mummies. But we have rather bizarre unorthodox interpretations of these monuments as well.

This book by Malkowski, "a software developer and historical researcher," falls into the latter category. The foreword is contributed by Christopher Dunn, the author of numerous publications promoting "his ideas that the Giza pyramid was a gigantic machine" (p. xix), which transformed the earth's "vibrational energy into electrical power" (p. 332). This book is a tribute to the life and work of Rene A. Schwaller de Lubicz, a member of the French Theosophical Society, who resided in Egypt from 1936 until 1949, and who developed the hypothesis that the Egyptian monuments betrayed an unexpectedly sophisticated technical civilization. Schwaller believed that the apparent pantheon of animal gods "was really a way of expressing cosmic principles" (p. 188). Ra was not really the sun or sun god, but rather, solar energy.

Malkowski rejects the traditional ascription of the Sphinx to Mycerinus (Menkaure) of the Fourth Dynasty; rather, he accepts the views of Robert Schoch that the Sphinx was carved more than 7000 years ago (p. 319). Rather than the conventional explanation that grave goods were interred to serve the dead in the afterlife, he assumes that the Egyptians believed in reincarnation (pp. 357-9). He believes that an artifact from Abydos depicts "a helicopter and two airplanes" (p. 386).

In his pan-Egyptian explanation of the Bible, he holds that Moses learned not only Egyptian traditions from his upbringing in the Pharaoh's house, but also the "Akkadian (i.e., Babylonian) tradition from his father-in-law Jethro," who was a Midianite shepherd in northwest Arabia (p. 343). The Garden of Eden, despite its association with the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, he places "between Lake Urmia and the Caspian Sea" in Iran (p. 209). The symbol of the cross was derived by the Christians from the Egyptian hieroglyphic sign, the Ankh "Life" (p. 270). The Christians used the symbol of the fish, ICHTHYS in Greek, because Christ was born on the eve of "the age of Pisces" (pp. 267-8).

The author alleges that the secret of Paul's success was perhaps his knowledge of the Hermetic tradition, a late body of theosophical, alchemical, and astrological lore which Greeks in Alexandria, Egypt, associated with Hermes, whom they identified with Thoth, the Egyptian god of wisdom (p. 283). Malkowski, who believes that Gnosticism was a pre-Christian phenomenon, is confused as to the distinction between Hermeticism and Gnosticism.

To support his wide-ranging interpretations, Malkowski cites an array of dubious authorities such as George G. M. James, Cheikh Anta Diop, Martin Bernal, and Immanuel Velikovsky.

In summary, though this book may be read for amusement, I would not recommend spending any money to purchase it.

Reviewed by Edwin M. Yamauchi, Professor Emeritus of History, Miami University, Oxford, OH 45056.
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Author:Yamauchi, Edwin M.
Publication:Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith
Article Type:Book review
Date:Sep 1, 2008
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