The Prophet's Haj, step by step.
The articles in this series quote the detailed Hadith narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah, describing the Prophet's pilgrimage from the moment he announced his intention to do it. This Hadith provides the basis of most of the rulings concerning the performance of all pilgrimage rituals. We quote the Hadith and add some comments of explanation where necessary.
We mentioned last week that on arrival in Makkah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed the tawaf and sa'ie, explaining that for a pilgrim doing either the ifraad or qiran methods, these count as the tawaf of arrival and the sa'ie of the pilgrimage, adding that for the latter method it suffices for both the Umrah and the pilgrimage. For those doing the tamattu' method, they count as the duties of the Umrah. The Prophet did his pilgrimage in the qiran method, because he had brought his sacrificial animals with him. But he made it clear that the tamattu' method is to be preferred. When he had completed them, he said:
"Were I to start my pilgrimage anew, I would not have brought my sacrificial animals with me, and would have started with an Umrah. Whoever of you has not brought his sacrificial animal with him should release himself from ihraam and make this an Umrah." Suraqah ibn Malik ibn Ju'shum stood up and said: 'Messenger of God, does this apply to this year only or forever?' The Prophet inter-crossed his fingers as he put his two hands together, and said: 'The Umrah has intermingled with the pilgrimage.' He repeated this twice and said: 'Indeed, till the end of time.'"
Ali (ibn Abi Talib) brought the sacrificial animals (cows and camels) which belonged to the Prophet and came from Yemen. When he arrived he found Fatimah (his wife and the Prophet's daughter) having released herself from ihraam and put on a colorful dress and colored her eyelashes. He objected to what he saw, and she told him: 'My father has ordered me to do so.' Ali used to say later when he was in Iraq that he went to the Prophet complaining of what Fatimah did. He asked the Prophet's opinion concerning what she attributed to him. Ali said: 'I told the Prophet that I objected to her action.' He said: 'She has told the truth. She has told the truth. What did you say when you started your pilgrimage?' I told him that I said: 'My Lord! I intend to do the same as Your Messenger (peace be upon him).' He said: 'I have my sacrificial animals with me. Do not, then, release yourself from ihraam.'"
All the sacrificial animals that Ali brought with him from Yemen and the ones the Prophet brought with him numbered one hundred. All people released themselves from ihraam and shortened their hair except the Prophet (peace be upon him) and those who had their sacrifice with them.
There is no doubt that the tamattu' method is the one the Prophet preferred for all Muslims, although he himself had to continue with the qiran method, explaining that the reason was that he had brought his sacrifice with him. This ruling applies for all time, although nowadays no one brings his sacrifice from distant land. Still, it is possible that motorist pilgrims, particularly those using goods vehicles may do so. Consistent with his practice throughout his life, the Prophet preferred the easier of any two options, as long as both were permissible. Undoubtedly, the tamattu' method is the easiest of the three because it completes the Umrah on arrival and allows the pilgrim to be out of consecration until the start of the pilgrimage days. The other two methods require the observance of all ihraam restrictions throughout one's stay in Makkah until the major part of the pilgrimage has been completed.
On the Day of Tarwiyah (8 Dhul Hijjah) they proceeded to Mina resolving to do the pilgrimage. The Prophet mounted (his she-camel) and prayed at Mina the prayers of Dhuhr, Asr, Maghreb, Isha and Fajr (meaning that he stayed all day and throughout the night in Mina). He stayed on until after sunrise. He ordered that a dome of animal hair be erected for him at Namirah (in Arafat).
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