The Joint Analyst and Interrogator Collaboration Course.
Historically, analysts have not directly supported interrogation operations. However, over time, HUMINT leaders have realized the benefit of direct analytical support to interrogation operations. But, in the past, analysts who supported interrogation operations had to learn on the job because there was no formal school to teach analysts how to best support interrogators. Even today, other than the JAICC and the newly established Joint HUMINT Analyst and Targeting Course, analysts receive no formal training that teaches them how to effectively support and guide interrogation operations.
JAICC began instructing intelligence teams consisting of HUMINT collectors and analysts in January 2003, prior to the establishment of the HT-JCOE under a different name, but with the same mission. At its genesis, the course was established under the Defense Strategic Debriefer's Course (DSDC) and was named Intelligence in Support of Combating Terrorism (ISCT). It later became an independent course under the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command and was renamed the Enhanced Analysis and Interrogation Training (EAIT) on 2 May 2005. Finally, it was renamed JAICC when it became part of HT-JCOE in October 2007.
JAICC (ISCT) was initially a three week course established to answer a U.S. Naval training request. That request was to develop intelligence professionals, specifically interrogators and analysts, who could effectively obtain information from hardened, resistant, and deceptive detainees held at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba by defeating their resistance techniques to interrogation. Tiger Teams consisting of analysts and interrogators were already being used there, so the training would be such as to prepare the teams specifically for interrogation operations at Guantanamo Bay. At the course, interrogators and analysts were independently taught some of each other's idiosyncrasies and how to work and support each other and then brought together to work and collaborate as a team to exploit intelligence information from a detainee during a capstone exercise. Historically, analysts and interrogators had worked separately and it was difficult to overcome this inflexible manner of doing business.
When JAICC (ISCT) separated from DSDC and became EAIT, new course material was developed by six HUMINT, Counterintelligence, and Analyst subject matter experts with experience in their respective fields. The three most significant changes to the instruction were:
* Analysts and interrogators were forced to work and collaborate together as a cohesive team from the first day of the course.
* Units deploying to other operational or theater-level interrogation facilities such as a Joint Interrogation Debriefing Center (JIDC) were provided instruction tailored to the geographic area of their deployments.
* Detailed scripting of roles for detainees, who were sometimes linked with each other and required multiple interrogations, were developed.
Furthermore, EAIT was now a six week course. The first class began on 10 October 2005 with a cadre of 16 and 110 students. The students were predominately U.S. Air Force members who were slated to support JIDC interrogation operations in Iraq.
In October 2007, the JAICC (EAIT) was brought under the umbrella of HT-JCOE and renamed JAICC. The JAICC has a good reputation of incorporating the most current enemy tactics, techniques, and procedures and lessons learned from deployed units as well as new doctrinal changes into its lesson plans. Currently, JAICC instructors are mostly Department of Defense (DOD) contractors or DOD civilians who are former or retired military members from different services (some maintain their reserve or guard status.) All HUMINT instructors are certified by interrogators, and all Analyst Instructors may be from any DOD Service Certification School. JAICC conducts 7 classes per year with 44 HUMINT and Analyst students from all military services.
A typical JAICC class starts with a platform instruction phase consisting of 15 hours of lecture with practical exercises that are dedicated to Joint (Analyst and Interrogator) deception detecting and mitigating detainee resistance to interrogation. The platform instruction phase is where students learn how to prepare and conduct mid and long-term interrogations. These interrogations are needed to completely exploit hardened, deceptive (cover story), and resistant detainees to gain complete, accurate and reliable intelligence information. The intelligence teams learn to do this by using advanced questioning methods and analytical tools and techniques to produce analytical and target products and responding to time-sensitive information requirements.
During the platform phase, all students will be trained in the current operational environment and the culture of the people, terrorism structure and organization, interrogation resistance techniques, detecting deception, and report writing. HUMINT Collectors receive HUMINT specific training and Analysts receive analyst specific training in HUMINT-focused research tools and product development.
In addition to the practical exercises built into the platform instruction, there are three fully scripted interrogation practical exercises with role players. Following the platform instruction phase, the course moves into a series of tested interrogation iterations where students are placed in realistic situations requiring the application of what they learned during the platform instruction phase. The students' success is greatly dependent on the amount and effectiveness of the collaboration between the interrogator and analyst throughout the course.
JAICC is five weeks in length and conducts seven iterations per year. The optimal student ratio is one Analyst to two HUMINT Collectors. JAICC is open to all members of the Defense HUMINT Enterprise, but is especially suited for military or civilian personnel assigned to or entering an operational HUMINT position. Analyst applicants must be a graduate of a service Analyst course. Interrogator applicants must be already trained and certified by an accredited interrogation course.
by Mr. Patrick Skora
Mr. Skora is the current JAICC Director. He is a retired Army Chief Warrant Officer (CW4) career HUMINT Collector. Since retirement, he has been with HT-JCOE for the past one and a half years. He is a Korean and Spanish linguist and holds an MS in Strategic Intelligence.
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|Publication:||Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin|
|Date:||Oct 1, 2010|
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