The Bay of Marseille, Viewed from L'Estaque, 2010.
The fishing village of L'Estaque is a few kilometers northwest of Marseille. At the beginning of the 20th century, L'Estaque was the cradle of modern painting. Artists continued to be drawn there for 6 decades, between 1860 and 1920. Impressionism, Fauvism, and Cubism were all developed by artists who resided in L'Estaque. Paul Cezanne and Georges Braque are the best known--Cezanne for "The Bay of Marseille, Seen from L'Estaque" (c. 1885) (1) and Braque for "Viaduct at L'Estaque" (1908) (2). In 2010, I was fortunate to be able to undertake a special studies program at the Ecole Superieure d'Ingenieurs de Luminy, Universite de la Mediterranee Aix-Marseille II, during which I lived in L'Estaque. The present work is a rapidly executed notebook sketch of the view over the Bay of Marseille from our room in L'Estaque. Cezanne's house is visible in the sketch, immediately to the left of the church; my wife and I frequently passed it on our trek up the hill. Cezanne is known to have painted from a viewpoint on the terrace immediately below our room, next to the railway viaduct made famous by Braque's cubist painting. In the distant background of the sketch can be seen the Islands of Chateau d'If and Frioul. Chateau d'If was the location of a prison, made famous in the 19th century when Alexandre Dumas used it as a setting for The Count of Monte Cristo. The Islands of Frioul were formerly the location of a Yellow Fever quarantine station and hospital. Marseille remains an important center for virology research.
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Authors' Disclosures or Potential Conflicts of Interest: No authors declared any potential conflicts of interest.
Received May 31, 2018; accepted June 12, 2018.
(1.) The Art Institute of Chicago. The Bay of Marseille, Seen from L'Estaque, c. 1885. http:// www.artic.edu/aic/collections/artwork/16487 (Accessed May 2018).
(2.) Tel Aviv Museum of Art. The Viaduct at L'Estaque. http://www.tamuseum.org.il/ collection-work/8135 (Accessed May 2018).
Ross T. Barnard *
School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
* Address correspondence to the author at: School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. Fax +617336542; e-mail email@example.com.