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The 902d Military Intelligence Group and Homeland Security.

The 902d Military Intelligence Group, headquartered at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, is the U.S. Army's largest strategic counterintelligence (CI) organization. Activated as the 902d Counter-Intelligence Corps (CIC) Detachment in New Guinea on 23 November 1944, the "Deuce" has a proud history as a CI organization. The 902d's role in 1944 was basically the same as it is now: to counter the foreign intelligence services (FISs) and organizations that attempted to collect against the U.S. Army. Over time, the organizations and techniques may have changed but the threat of espionage against the U.S. Army remains. During the Cold War, the threat was from the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact; today, the threat exists from traditional organizations like the former KGB (1), as well as new FISs and international terrorist organizations. The diversity of these threats to the U.S. Army requires us to apply our traditional counterintelligence capabilities in innovative ways to defeat these increasingly complex threats. The focus of the 902d MI Group's contribution (five articles) to this professional journal is how the "Deuce" has evolved to meet these new threats to the U.S. Army.

An Evolving Mission

The mission of the 902d MI Group is to protect our nation's forces, secrets and technologies by detecting, neutralizing, and exploiting FISs and international terrorist organizations. The traditional mission of the 902d has always been the detection, neutralization, and exploitation of FISs; however, as the threat from international terrorism increased against the U.S. Army, the 902d by direction focused its capabilities against this threat as well.

During the past ten years, the FISs and international terrorist organizations have improved their methods of collecting against the U.S. Army. These techniques include exploitation of digital Internet links and telecommunications as well as improved methods of information elicitation. As the diversity and sophistication of the threat increased, the 902d evolved its capability to counter these threats. The "Deuce" accomplished this by focusing its core competencies of collection, investigations, operations, analysis and production, functional services, and training against these "asymmetric approaches" used by FISs and international terrorist organizations. The 902d was already redirecting its core competencies against these asymmetric approaches when the terrorists struck on 11 September 2001. Since then, the 902d has continued to refine and focus these core competencies against these newest threats of international terrorism.

The attacks on September 11 resulted in the 902d MI Group assuming a major role in support of the Homeland Security (HLS) mission. However, before September 11, Army Regulation 525-13, Antiterrorism Force Protection: Security of Personnel, Information and Critical Resources (dated 10 September 1998), mandated that the 902d MI Group collect, analyze, and disseminate foreign threat information to the U.S. Army. Before September 11, the terrorist attacks against U.S. Army organizations and installations were all in foreign countries, which restricted the 902d's ability to collect because our primary area of responsibility is the continental United States (CONUS). However, the Army Counterintelligence Center (ACIC)--the analytical and production component for the 902d and Army counterintelligence--produced and disseminated products on international terrorism threat throughout the U.S. Army. The attacks on September 11 caused the 902d to focus entirely on the investigation of those attacks and the prevention of fu ture attacks in the United States, thus thrusting the 902d into the HLS arena as the U.S. Army's primary CI organization.

902d Support to the Army HLS Mission

The U.S. Army's role for the Homeland Security mission is still under development. However, the newest version of AR 525-13, Antiterrorism (dated 4 January 2002), mandates antiterrorism (AT) requirements at all levels, from Department of the Army level to installation. The Army Deputy Chief of Staff (DCS) G3 is responsible for operating the Army's Antiterrorism Operations Intelligence Cell (ATOIC) in the Army Operations Center (AOC). The 902d supports the ATOIC by providing collected foreign and international terrorist threat information to them. The 902d fulfills a major role for the U.S. Army's Antiterrorism Program from the Department of the Army level to installation level, as illustrated in the examples below.

TRADOC. The Commanding General (CG), U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), is responsible for developing, implementing, and updating appropriate AT training programs across the U.S. Army. The "Deuce" supports the CG, TRADOC, by providing foreign and international terrorist threat information to all TRADOC installations and organizations.

INSCOM. The CG, U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM), is responsible for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of foreign and international terrorist threat information to U.S. Army commanders. The "Deuce," as one of INSCOM's major subordinate commands, functions as the primary Cl organization responsible for the collection, analysis, and dissemination of this foreign and international terrorist threat information to INSCOM.

Installations. Installation commanders at all levels are responsible for establishing AT programs at their installations and designating a focal point for receipt and dissemination of time-sensitive threat information from intelligence and law enforcement agencies. The 902d supports the installation commanders by providing Cl personnel to advise and assist their AT officers. The Group also provides the installation commanders disseminated foreign and international terrorist threat information.

The 902d In Army Transformation

The 902d Ml Group, as the U.S. Army's premier Cl organization, executes its mission in direct support (DS) to the U.S. Army in CONUS in support of HLS. Now that the terrorists have struck inside the United States, the 902d should be part of future versions of the Army Intelligence Transformation Campaign Plan. The current Army Intelligence Transformation Campaign Plan, from August 2001, did not adequately address the future transformation of strategic units like the 902d Ml Group. It is fair to say that the current development of the Army Intelligence Transformation Campaign Plan was to illustrate how Army Intelligence would support the U.S. Army's Interim, Legacy, and Objective Forces. This campaign plan was developed before 11 September, and no one could foresee the tragic events of that day. However, as the HLS mission matures, the 902d will evolve as well and its requirements need to be addressed in these plans.

As stated in the current Army Intelligence Transformation Campaign Plan, the Army Intelligence core competencies are--

* Full dimension protection.

* Physical and cyber domains.

* Unique collection to cover information gaps.

* Integration of all intelligence and non-intelligence sensors to build the relevant "Red" pictures and "Gray" pictures.

* Analysis to transform data into information and that information into knowledge.

* Presentation of knowledge in a format and manner that imparts immediate understanding.

The 902d Group must benefit from the future resourcing, training, and equipment inherent with these core competencies to enable its transformation to meet the future demands of the HLS mission.

Conclusion

The 902d Ml Group has responded well to the challenges of its OS role for HLS. We have leveraged the immense capabilities of our soldiers, civilians, and contractors to support the investigation of the September 11 attacks and to prevent future attacks in the United States. The 902d conducted an unprecedented number of investigative and operational activities in support of the Federal Bureau of Investigation after September 11. The ACIC produced the U.S. Army's only daily terrorism summary starting on 13 September and continues to produce this summary today. The 902d stood up the Counterintelligence Analysis and Control Element (Cl ACE) to fuse force protection and terrorist threat information and to provide situational awareness to U.S. Army commanders in CONUS. The "Deuce" has met all requirements levied on us to support Homeland Security while still maintaining our capability to counter the foreign intelligence threat against the U.S. Army. The 902d Military Intelligence Group is currently transforming in preparation for the future with enthusiasm and energy. We believe the future is bright and that the 902d's capabilities--current and future--bring confidence to the U.S. Army leadership that we will win all future conflicts here and overseas.

Endnote

(1.) Komitel Gossudarrstvennoi Bezopastnosti (the Soviet committee for State Security).

Colonel Ginger Pratt is the Commander, 902d Military Intelligence Group, at Fort Meade, Maryland. Her previous command positions include the 308th Ml Battalion, 902d Ml Group; the Fort Meade and Fort Leavenworth Ml Detachments, Ml Battalion (Cl), 902d Ml Group; and the Headquarters and Headquarters Operations Company, 102d Ml Battalion (CEWI), 2d Infantry Division (21D). Colonel Pratt recently served as the Chief, Information Operations, Headquarters, Department of the Army, Office of the Assistant Chief of Staff for Intelligence. She has served in numerous other important staff positions including Security Review Officer, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs; J2 Forward, Joint Task Force (TF) Provide Promise, in Zagreb, Croatia; Operations Officer/53, 527th Ml Battalion; Executive Officer (XO), Office for the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence, United States Army-Europe; XO, TF Brief Pause, Office of the Army Chief of Staff; Group S2, 902d Ml Group; and Battalion S2, 102d Ml Ba ttalion (CEWI), 21D. COL Pratt earned her commission as a Second Lieutenant through Officer Candidate School after her Bachelor of Arts degree in French from Lee University, Cleveland, Tennessee. She holds a Master of Arts degree in Counseling Psychology from Bowie State University, Bowie, Maryland, and she has recently completed a Master of Arts degree in Strategic Studies at the U.S. Naval War College. She is a graduate of the Armed Forces Staff College for Joint Professional Military Education (Phase II), a number of Army leaders courses, the Defense Language Institute (Arabic/EG), and Airborne School. Readers may contact COL Pratt through S3 Plans via E-mail (Minerva) at tinam@meadeinscom.army.mil and telephonically at (301) 677-2366 or DSN 622-2366.
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Article Details
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Author:Pratt, Ginger T.
Publication:Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jul 1, 2002
Words:1600
Previous Article:Defining Homeland Security.
Next Article:U.S. Army Counterintelligence Center support to Homeland Security.
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