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Taking issue with judge candidates revealing their personal opinions.

While the Florida Family Policy Council has argued that Florida's judicial candidates should be free to give their opinions on issues of the day, First District Court of Appeal Judge Peter D. Webster disagrees.

When the FFPC sent its questionnaire to Webster, who is on the November merit retention ballot, he sent in reply the following letter to council President John Stemberger:

"I have your letter of July 20, 2006, together with The Florida Family Policy Council's 2606 Statewide Judicial Candidate Questionnaire. Although I am aware of the Florida Supreme Court Judicial Ethics Advisory Committee's very recent Opinion Number 06-18, for the reasons that follow, I respectfully decline to answer the questionnaire.

"I have been a judge for nearly 21 years, the first six on the circuit court in Jacksonville and Green Cove Springs and the last 15 on the First District Court of Appeal in Tallahassee. In addition, I have been nominated twice for vacancies on the Florida Supreme Court and once for a vacancy on the United States District Court for the Northern District of Florida. As a result, I have spent a good portion of my life thinking about issues related to the judiciary. My experiences lead me to conclude without reservation that questionnaires such as that which I have received from your organization are ill-conceived. Over the long term, their impact cannot be anything but bad--bad for the judiciary as an institution; bad for the rule of law; and bad for the people of Florida. I say this because such questionnaires create the impression in the minds of voters that judges are no different from politicians--that they decide cases based on their personal biases and prejudices. Of course, nothing could be further from the truth. By virtue of the oath they take, judges are obliged to decide cases based exclusively on the facts and the controlling law, without regard to their personal feelings. This principle forms the very foundation of the concept of a rule of law, rather than of people. If ever our citizens conclude that judges are deciding cases based on their personal predilections rather than the facts and controlling law, our system of justice (which is the envy of the world) will be at an end. Such questionnaires also create the impression that the answers will provide clues as to how a judge is likely to decide cases. This, too, is not true. We need only to look to the careers of Chief Justice Earl Warren and Justice David Souter on the United States Supreme Court for proof.

"To the extent you desire to learn more about my personal or professional background, you may find such information online at either our court's ( or The Florida Bar's ( Web site, or in print in Who's Who in America. The best gauge of my judicial philosophy may be found in the opinions I have authored, which number several hundred."

Judge Peter D. Webster

First DCA
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Author:Webster, Peter D.
Publication:Florida Bar News
Geographic Code:1U5FL
Date:Sep 15, 2006
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