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Take the test to the people.

Rapid HIV testing conducted in community settings provides opportunities to identify infected individuals who would otherwise not know that they are HIV-positive and to point them toward treatment services, according to results of a two-year demonstration project funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (1) The project, conducted by community-based organizations in seven cities, recruited participants at places where people considered to be at high risk socialize, live or seek medical services; it tested nearly 24,000 individuals. Most participants were male (63%) and were black or Hispanic (70%); 60% had seen a health care provider in the past year, but 50% lacked insurance. During the past year, 66% had had multiple sex partners, 17% had had male-male sex and 6% had injected drugs. Seven in 10 participants had had an HIV test before, but almost half of these had not been tested within the last year. Overall, 1% tested positive for HIV; of those who had a confirmatory test, 93% were infected. Three-quarters of participants who tested positive returned for their confirmatory results, and nine in 10 of those who returned accepted referrals for medical care.

(1.) Aguirre D et al., Rapid HIV testing in outreach and other community settings-United States, 2004-2006, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2007, 56(47):1233-1237.
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Title Annotation:FYI; HIV testing
Author:Hollander, Dore
Publication:Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Mar 1, 2008
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