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THE JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY: Vol. 114, No. 8, August 2017.

The Original Sin of Cognition: Fear, Prejudice, and Generalization, SARAH-JANE LESLIE

Generic generalizations such as "mosquitoes carry the West Nile virus" or "sharks attack bathers" are often accepted by speakers despite the fact that very few members of the kinds in question have the predicated property. Previous work suggests that such low-prevalence generalizations may be accepted when the properties in question are dangerous, harmful, or appalling. This paper argues that the study of such generic generalizations sheds light on a particular class of prejudiced social beliefs, and points to new ways in which those beliefs might be undermined and combatted.

The Experience of Acting and the Structure of Consciousness, JOSHUA SHEPHERD

The author offers an account of the experience of acting that demonstrates how agentive aspects of experience associated with the execution of intentions are richly integrated with perceptual aspects associated with parts of action taking place in the publicly observable world. On the view he elucidates, the experience of acting is often both an engagement with the world and a type of intimate acquaintance with it. In conscious action the agent consciously intervenes in the world and consciously experiences the world he is changing. In section 1, the author discuss extant accounts of the experience of acting, noting deficiencies. In sections 2 and 3, he develops his own account, drawing on Casey O'Callaghan's work on multimodal perception. In the conclusion, the author discusses ramifications for psychology and philosophy.

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Article Details
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Publication:The Review of Metaphysics
Article Type:Abstract
Date:Dec 1, 2017
Previous Article:THE JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY: Vol. 114, No. 7, July 2017.
Next Article:JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY: Vol. 55, No. 4, October 2017.

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