Printer Friendly

TEMPORAL POPULATION GROWTH OF FAISALABAD CITY.

Byline: F. Mazhar and T. Jamal

ABSTRACT: This paper provides an insight to population dynamics such as defining urban areas, sources of urban population growth, the population projections, and household size. To understand the potential policy levers to influence the future size, structure and distribution of population, it is imperative to understand factors responsible for population dynamics. In order to realize the behavior of such population growth, which is essential for sound ecological planning and resource management, current study of Faisalabad was undertaken

Key words: Urban growth, Distribution, Population projection.

INTRODUCTION

Faisalabad is the second major city of the Punjab, and bestowed the name of 'Manchester of Pakistan' due to its diversified textile foundation. Its share in provincial economy is beyond any suspicions because it is the center of diverse series of industrial and textile units. The Faisalabad city district comprises of four towns (Jinnah, Iqbal, Lyallpur and Madina) which are considered to be Town Municipal administration (TMA) after the promulgation of Punjab Local government ordinance (PLGO) act 2001.

This study has been under taken to identify the pattern of population, behavior of population growth at present and future population growth.

METHODOLOGY

This study is based on certain assumptions regarding the development of major components of population change, namely fertility, mortality and migration, and show the changes in the size and age structure of the population within a specific time span. As no other population census has been occured since 1998 so the estimated data of population growth has been collected from FDA and urnan sector and policy management unit.

Population growth of Faisalabad city: Faisalabad (Lyallpur) was a little beautiful town before independence but the rapid growth has embellished its looks. The population of Faisalabad city is increasing rapidly due to industrialization since 1930. Now the Faisalabad city is the third largest city of Pakistan, in terms of its population size.

Demographic Profile of Faisalabad city: Faisalabad is the third largest city in Pakistan after Karachi and Lahore. Before the foundation of the city in 1880, the area was very thinly populated. The population has risen from 9,171 in 1901 to 179,127 in 1951 and it further jumped to 2,008,861 in 1998. The total increase in last 47 years (1951-1998) is 1000%, which is 21.3 % per annum. However, during the intercensal period 1981-1998 the city grew at an average annual growth rate of 3.58 percent.

The population growth rate of Faisalabad is decreasing with the passage of time; the highest growth rate 9.10 percent was recorded in the period of 1951- 1961. This drop in the growth rate is attributed to decline both in the natural growth and the migration rat.

Faisalabad district is approximately three times as compare to Punjab with a population density of 927 persons per square kilometers against 358 persons per square kilometers observed in Punjab. On the other hand, the area of Faisalabad district is 5856 square kilometers with a population of 6607 thousand persons, which increases by 2.5% per annum.

Table.1: Population of Punjab and Faisalabad (in thousands)

Years###Punjab###Faisalabad

###Rural###Urban###Total###Rural###Urban1###Total

1981###34239###13053###47292###2317###1245###3562

1998###50602###23019###73621###3111###2319###5430

2007-###61842###28708###90550###3786###2821###6607

During the year 1981 and 1998, the urban area population have greater rise than the rural areas, which shows the improvement in basic facilities and infrastructure in urban areas of Faisalabad. An estimated population of 2007-08 also shows rapid increase of population in urban areas of Punjab as well.

Age structure provides strong base for the future demographic development and reflects the results of population development in the past. It also assists in describing the social and economic activities by

Table 2: Population Percentage distribution of Punjab and Faisalabad

Age Group###Punjab###Faisalabad

(years)###Total###Urban###Total###Urban1

Under-1###-###-###2.30###2.30

Under -5###14.24###12.78###13.50###12.90

Under-10###29.48###26.74###27.90###26.70

Under-15###42.51###40.09###40.80###40.10

15-49###45.61###49.23###46.90###49.20

15-64###53.45###56.61###55.00###56.60

65 and over 4.04###3.28###4.20###3.40

Age

Dependency

ratio###87.09###76.61###81.80###76.80

The age structure of population in Punjab province shows that 53.45 % (total) and 56.61 % (urban) of population is ranging between 15 and 64 years of age (productive part of population). While in Faisalabad 55.00 % (total) and 56.00 % (urban) of population is ranginging between 15 and 64 years of age (productive part of population). Almost similar trends 55% was observed for Faisalabad district and urban (56%).

The table.2 shows demographic indicators and projections for Faisalabad including population, average annual growth rate, and density for district and MCL and urban limits. The population projections of the area help to plan development policies accordingly.

Migrants in District and Urban areas have indicated the same trend, bulk of migrants come from Punjab province (intra-provincial), a little contribution has been made from other provinces (inter-provincial) and substantial numbers have been added from international migration. Both push and pull factors contributes to this rural urban migration. The push factors include: decline in income opportunities, scarcity of available land and social discrimination which encourage individuals to begin search for alternative location. Pull factors relate to conditions at the potential place of destination, which make them attractive place to work or live such as relatively high wages, widespread opportunities for self employment, education and health facilities.

From the above graph, it is obvious that the pull factor to migrate with the family head is the strongest (37.54%) in case of Faisalabad followed by matrimonial reasons (20.66%). However it does not indicate further those factors which influenced the family head to migrate.

Conclusion: The demographic diagnosis through different indicators of Faisalabad city has led us to conclusions which can help the policy makers to shape and review their decisions. The diagnosis has helped us to reach the following findings:-Increase in district and urban Population

Increase in Urban area. Increase in population density Increase in working age population in district and urban.

REFRENCES

City District Government Faisalabad (2006), Strategic Development Plan (2006-2011): Pre-empting Poverty and Promoting Prosperity, Draft Report,

City District Government Faisalabad. City Report Faisalabad, Population and Housing Census, (1998).

Demographic profile of Faisalabad 2008. Urban sector and Policy management unit (2008).

Government of Pakistan (1998), District Census Report, Population Census Organization, Islamabad. Faisalabad Development Authority Faisalabad Structure Plan, (1986).
COPYRIGHT 2011 Asianet-Pakistan
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2011 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Mazhar, F.; Jamal, T.
Publication:Pakistan Journal of Science
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:9INDI
Date:Dec 31, 2011
Words:1094
Previous Article:ANALYTICAL POST EARTHQUAKE DAMAGE ASSESMENT OF RC BUILDIGN AND ITS RETROFITTING: A CASE STUDY.
Next Article:H.264/SVC FOR MEDICAL VIDEO COMPRESSION.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters