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TCM-SNE update (SATCOM).

We have a name change! By the time this article is published, we will no longer be TSM SATCOM. Under the Training and Doctrine Command Center of Excellence reorganization, we become TRADOC Capability Manager for Satellite Communications and Network Extension or TCM SNE. Meanwhile, we are heavily engaged in a variety of Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel and Facilities or DOTMLPF actions to ensure the current and future forces are equipped with the best beyond line-of-sight communications available.

This update will focus on the status of several SATCOM programs important to the modular force, to include AN/TSC-154 Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical Terminal, Global Broadcast Service, AN/TSC-156 Phoenix, AN/TSC- 85/93DGMF terminals, AN/PSC-5C Shadowfire, Defense Advanced GPS Receiver, and AN/PRQ-7 Combat Survivor Evader Locator.

Intense coordination between our office, Forces Command, Headquarters Department of the Army G-3/CIO-G6/G-8, Army Test and Evaluation Command, Army Materiel Command, ASA(ALT), and Program Executive Office/Program Manager community has ensured that SATCOM systems are delivered in time for modular unit conversions, unit training and pre-deployment readiness exercises, and ultimate deployment in accordance with the Army Forces Generation model. AN/TSC-154 Secure Mobile

Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical Terminal: Provides a protected (Low Probability of Intercept, Low Probability of Detect, Low Probability of Intercept, Anti-Jam) beyond line-of-sight command and control communications capability in threat environments with a medium data rate (up to 1.544 Mbps). This terminal operates on the MILSTAR satellite constellation. The requirement is two per brigade and three at division; however, available funding limits us to an authorization of one per brigade and three per division. The AN/PSQ-17 Extremely High Frequency Communication Planning System is fielded with the Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical Terminal which allows decentralized control and resource allocation. To date, all active duty units have been fielded SMART-T and Communication Planning System, with the exception of pending changes for modular 1st Armored Division units. Current actions include: fielding SMART-T to Army National Guard units; force design update to add two SMART-T systems for Corps; and system redesign to comply with the Up-Armored Highly Mobile Multi-wheeled Vehicle mandate. The SMART-T will be upgraded beginning in fiscal year 2008 to coincide with the Advanced Extremely High Frequency constellation launch. The upgrade will include improved protection, higher data rates (up to 8.192 Mbps), and an improved communication planning tool (AEHF Mission Planning Element).

Point of contact on this subject is Dean Hokrein; DSN: 780-8156.

Global Broadcast Service: Provides a high data rate (23.5 Mbps) one-way broadcast of data and video down to the battalion command post. The system consists of a primary injection point, a theater injection point, and the AN/ TRS-8 Tactical Ground Receive Suite. The previously fielded ATM-based Tactical Ground Receive Suite is being replaced with a lighter, more capable Internet Protocol version. This terminal operates on the Ka-capable UHF Follow On satellites and commercial Ku satellites. The system is still in testing and is not yet approved for full rate production. However, in response to several unit-generated operational needs statements, the system is currently being fielded in limited quantities to deploying units under an urgent materiel release. To date, 120 TGRS have been issued, with a projected 60 more in FY07. Current actions include: detailed planning for a Multi-Service Operational Test and Evaluation (April 07) in preparation for a full rate production decision in FY08; and force design update to increase basis of issue authorizations to meet Modularity requirements.

Point of contact for this subject is: Lynn Epperson; DSN: 780-2352.

AN/TSC-156 Quad-Band Phoenix: Provides quad band (C, X, Ku and Ka) range extension, transport capability with high data rates (Block 1=10 Mbps; Block 2=20 Mbps). This rugged commercial based system is mounted on an M-1113 Enhanced Capability Vehicle (Block 1 & early Block 2) or M-1152 ECV (production Block 2). It is being fielded to the Integrated Theater Signal Battalions based on Major Army Commands initiated Operational Needs Statements. Based on the ITSB doctrine, the Phoenix can provide range extension transport to Joint Task Force Headquarters, Echelons above Corps support, or provide task organized support down to brigades (see previous editions of Army Communicator for Phoenix details). Current actions include: upgrading previously fielded Block 1 systems to Block 2 (Ka capable) standard (AN/ TSC-156A); fielding remaining units with production Block 2 systems mounted on M-1152 Enhanced Capability Vehicles (AN/TSC-156B) and reconfiguring the system to comply with the long term up-armored strategy.

Phoenix Block 2 terminals are also being procured for use as the Global Broadcast Service Theater Injection Point Radio Frequency function.

Point of contact for this subject is: Bill Campbell; DSN: 780-7886.

AN/TSC 85D & 93D Ground Mobile Forces SATCOM Terminals: As units convert to modular formations, the Department of the Army directs units to return their existing AN/TSC 85/93s to depot for refurbishment, an upgrade to the D Model, and then cascaded to the Active, Reserve, and National Guard EAC units, to include the ITSBs. A total of 81 AN/TSC 85 and 121 AN/TSC 93 will be upgraded and fielded across the force. To date, more than 50 percent of the total fielding is complete. The fielding is projected to be completed in September 2008. The will be upgraded with armor in accordance with the Long Term Armor Strategy.

Point of contact for this subject is: Paul Chernek; DSN: 780-7490.

Defense Advanced GPS Receiver: The Defense Advanced GPS Receiver is the latest handheld military GPS receiver. Selective Availability Anti-Spoofing Module technology allows the DAGR to function much more effectively in an electronic warfare environment than its predecessor, the Precision Lightweight GPS Receiver, and much better than current commercial GPS receivers. The DAGR was designed to not only work effectively during electronic warfare conditions but its user-friendly design also allows it to fit into a standard ammunition pouch and to use standard AA batteries as the primary power source. To date, more than 52,000 DAGRs are fielded with thousands of troops receiving training on the use of the DAGR. Fielding for the next couple of years will see an additional 31,000 DAGRs going to members of all United States armed forces.

Point of contact for this subject is: MAJ Robert Cannaday; DSN: 780-4242.

AN/PSC-5C SHADOWFIRE: The SHADOWFIRE is the upgrade to the previously fielded AN/PSC-5 Spitfire radios. The SHADOWFIRE provides the additional capabilities of single channeled air-to-ground radio system or single-channeled ground to air radio system, HaveQuick I and II, and Maritime operating modes, increased data rates up to 48 kbps, and vastly increased communications security capabilities to include Over-the-Air Rekey and Over-the-Air Transmit. The upgrade includes an embedded ViaSat Personal Data Controller capability, eliminating the need for a Personal Computer Memory Card International Association card to transmit data. Fielding of the upgrade kits is ongoing, with the objective being all terminals upgraded after funding is received from the FY07 supplemental budget. Currently, approximately 2100 upgrade kits have been purchased to upgrade terminals fielded (approximately 3435--radios and spares).

To date, almost 100 of the kits have been fielded to units.

Point of contact for this subject is: Cori Braswell: DSN: 780-7934.

AN/PRQ-7 Combat Survivor Evader Locator: The Combat Survivor Evader Locator radio is being fielded to replace the old survivor radios which include the AN/PRC-90 and AN/PRC-112. The radio provides enhanced features to the LOS voice of the old radios. It can do six programmable UHF unencrypted voice frequencies along with the standard four emergency frequencies. It provides data messaging in Ultra High Frequency SATCOM mode and embedded Selective Availability Anti-Spoof Module GPS functions. It also has beacon capabilities that include the new 406 MHz satellite beacon mode. The radio is being fielded to 70 percent of the documented requirements for the Army Aviation and Special Forces units. This provides approximately one radio per aircraft for the Aviation units and 70 percent of the Soldiers in a Special Forces Group. To date approximately 3,552 of the 8,505 funded terminals have been fielded or in the process of being fielded.

Point of contact for this subject is: Cori Braswell: DSN: 780-7934.

LTC Griffin is currently assigned as the military deputy for TCM-SNE, SATCOM, Fort Gordon, Ga. He is an acquisition corps officer with various assignments and certifications in program management, test and evaluation, and research and development. His operational experience consists of typical command and staff assignments as a combat engineer. Griffin graduated from USMA in 1987 with a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering and received a masters in acquisition management from Florida Institute of Technology in 1996. Updates for this article were prepared by TCM-SNE action officers.


AD--Armored Division

AEHF--Advanced Extremely High Frequency


AMC--Army Materiel Command

AMPE--AEHF Mission Planning Element

ARFORGEN--Army Forces Generation

ASA (ALT)--Assistant Secretary of the Army (Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology)

ATEC--Army Test and Evaluation Command

ATM--Asynchronous Transfer Mode

C2--Command and Control

COMSEC--communications security

CP--Command Post

CPS--Communication Planning System

CSEL--Combat Survivor Evader Locator

DAGR--Defense Advanced GPS Receiver

DOTMLPF--Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel and Facilities

EAC--Echelons above Corps

ECV--Enhanced Capability Vehicle

EHF--Extremely High Frequency

EW--electronic warfare

FORSCOM--Forces Command

FY--fiscal year

GBS--Global Broadcast Service

GMF--Ground Mobile Forces

GPS--Global Positioning System

HMMWV--Highly Mobile Multi-wheeled Vehicle

HQDA--Headquarters, Department of the Army

IAW--in accordance with

ITSB--Integrated Theater Signal Battalions

JTF--Joint Task Force


LPD--Low Probability of Detect

LPI--Low Probability of Intercept

MACOM--Major Command

ONS--Operational Needs Statements

OTAR--Over-the-Air Rekey

OTAT--Over-the-Air Transmit

PCMCIA--Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

PDC--Personal Data Controller

PEO--Program Executive Office

PIP--primary injection point

PLGR--Precision Lightweight GPS Receiver

PM--Program Manager

POC--point of contact

RF--Radio Frequency

SAAAM--Selective Availability Anti-Spoof Module

SATCOM--satellite communications

SINCGARS--single-channeled ground to air radio system

SMART-T--Secure Mobile Anti-Jam Reliable Tactical Terminal

TCM SNE--TRADOC Capability Manager for Satellite Communicationa and Network Extension

TGRS--Tactical Ground Receive Suite

TIP--theater injection point

TRADOC--Training and Doctrine Command

UFO--UHF Follow On

UHF--Ultra High Frequency

UMR--urgent materiel release
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Title Annotation:TCM-SATCOM
Author:Griffin, Gene E.
Publication:Army Communicator
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2007
Previous Article:Concept capability plans shape emerging signal doctrine.
Next Article:TCM NS (WIN-T).

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