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Syrian Forgotten Cities and Their Pyramidal Tombs.

Damascus, (SANA)- The forgotten cities of North Syria constitute an important millstone on Syria's history, architecture and spiritual rite between the 1st and 7th centuries A.D.Those cities were built over low height mountains along the districts of Aleppo, Idleb and Hama governorates and called by the archeologists as "The Desolate Cities, or the Forgotten or Obsolete Cities", Tishreen Daily siad Saturday.The Daily Added taht those cities are featured by unique characteristics and attracted the attention of a number of archeologists and international organizations including the UNESCO which works now on preparing a file to register those archeological sites on the World Heritage List.

The Syrian Forgotten Cities were built according to one architecture style which was called by archeologists as the Syrian Architecture Art in order to distinguish it from the Greek and Roman Classical Architecture Art.

They are distinguished by a beautiful, unique and incomparable style of ornamentation from the inside and the outside, which reflects the development of mosaic art from the classical style which had adopted the pagan myths to the religious style, particularly the Christian style with its simplicity and care on spiritual beauty and reliance on spiritual symbols and the plant and animal ornamentations leading to the Islamic Mosaic Art.

The area located in north Syria is characterized by its white limestone therefore it is called "The Cities of the Lime Bloc".

They are stretched from the north to the south by 140 km long from Korsh "al-Nabi Houri", Apamia with 20 to 40 km.

The area is partitioned into three parts: the Northern part includes Samaan Mount.

The Central part includes Barisha, the Highest, al-Dowilah and al-Wastani Mounts.

The Southern part includes al-Zawiya Mount.

The pyramidal tombs of those cities are still seen in the lime basin area of Idleb and Orontes River.

The Forgotten Cities contain tombs like Serjillah, Qalb Louza, Barisha, al-Bara, Sarmada and ad-Dana.

These tombs are dating back to the Aramaic and Amouri Eras.

Those tombs are also existed along the Syrian coast in Amrit and dating back to the Phoenicia Era and in Apamea and in southern Syria in Bosra, al-Lajat and Qanawat, which were built by Nabataeans.

The only region in Syria which doesn't contain these tombs is Palmyra.

The pyramidal tomb is a cylindrical tower lies above a cubical base.

The upper view of the tomb is pyramidal shape and the bottom of the building consists of two rooms: the first room with grooves where the sarcophagi arrive and the second one is designed to burry the person who built the tomb.

The height of the pyramidal tombs reached 15 to 20 meters according to the social status and rank of the person.

The UNESCO nominated Mari and the Forgotten Cities as the World Archeological Millstone within the World Archeological Cities and will engrave their names on the World Heritage List.

H.

Zain/ Mazen

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Publication:Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA)
Geographic Code:7SYRI
Date:Nov 20, 2010
Words:492
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