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Synchronous gastric inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour with gastrointestinal stromal tumour of the stomach and hepatic syringious haemangioma.

INTRODUCTION

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) is a very rare lesion. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours usually affect children and young adults, but can emerge at any age (1). IMT develops more often in the lungs (2). Extrapulmonary locations, such as mesentery, gastrointestinal tract, liver, gallbladder, spleen, genitourinary tract, upper respiratory tract, heart and breast, have been also described (3,4). The stomach presents a very rare localization of this tumour in adults, with few cases being reported in the international literature. Here, we present a case of gastric IMT in an adult concomitant with gastrointestinal stromal tumour of the stomach and hepatic syringious haemangioma. To our knowledge it is the first time that such a case is reported in the literature.

CASE REPORT

An 80-year-old man presented to our hospital with a 2-year history of cachexia, anorexia and weight loss. Physical examination was normal without presence of any pathological sign. Laboratory investigations were significant for hypochromic microcytic anemia (Ht 29.3; normal range 42-54). All tumour markers were negative.

The patient underwent investigation with gastroscopy, where torsion of the bulb of the stomach was found. The insertion of the instrument via the pylorus was not impossible (Figure 1). The upper gastrointestinal series disclosed polypous masses in the bulb and the prepyloric part of the stomach (Figure 2). The computerized tomography (CT) scan was unremarkable. The magnetic resonance (MRI) scan showed an exophytic mass with disturbance of the plication of the intestinal lumen in the area of the pylorus and the duodenum. Also, few small hepatic cysts were found.

[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]

[FIGURE 2 OMITTED]

During the laparotomy, a prepyloric intraluminal tumour was found, and a Billroth II resection was performed. In addition, a nodule from the anterior wall of the gastric fundus and a node from the superior hepatic surface were resected. Gross examination of the resected portion of the stomach revealed, in the mean part of the antero-superior surface of the stomach and 4cm above the inferior surgical edge, a projection of the mucosa with central crater, and underneath a tumour with submucosal localization was recognized. The tumour was well demarcated from the muscular coat and badly from the mucosa. Cut surfaces of the primary tumour showed a whitish gray mass with fibroelastic texture that was localized in the submucous coat. The tumour measured 3.5x3x2.5cm.

[FIGURE 3 OMITTED]

Histologically, the tumour was composed of fibroblasts that were arranged vertically. Smooth muscle cells were also recognized that apparently were remnants of the mucosal muscle layer. Also, redundant confluent lymphocytes, plasmocytes, mast cells with rare giant cell forms, as well as redundant eosinophilic granulocytes were recognized. The supernatant mucous membrane showed signs of active inflammation, and in the area of the crater, a healed ulcer was recognized. The final pathologic diagnosis was consistent with IMT that originated from the gastric wall (Figure 3).Gross examination of the nodule from the anterior wall of the fundus of the stomach showed a whitish gray elastic mass measuring 1.5x1x1cm. The tumour was identified as an incipient gastrointestinal stromal tumour that consisted of uniform neoplastic cells without nuclei atypia (Figure 4).The node from the superior hepatic surface was identified as a syringious haemangioma. The dimensions of the haemangioma were 2x1.5x1cm and the tumour had chestnut complexion and friable texture (Figure 5).

[FIGURE 4 OMITTED]

[FIGURE 5 OMITTED]

The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and has been followed up for one year without any recurrence.

DISCUSSION

IMT is a very rare entity, whose aetiology still remains unknown. It is not completely declared if it is an actual tumour or severe inflammation and if it is malignant or benign (5). This condition is indicated by the fact that IMT is known with several terms, such as inflammatory pseudotumour, plasma cell granuloma, inflammatory myofibroblastoma and inflammatory myofibroblastic proliferation (3). According to the current classification of the World Health Organization, IMT is a neoplasm with a tendency for local recurrence and a very low rate of metastasis, and is histopathologically composed of myofibroblastic spindle cells, with inflammatory cell infiltrate of plasma cells, lymphocytes and eosinophils (6).

Even though IMT can be found in any site of the body and at any age, gastric IMT presents a very uncommon disease (5). Park et al have reported an exophytic gastric IMT as a cause of hemoperitoneum (1). Kim et al have also reported a gastric IMT with peritoneal dissemination in a young adult (7), while Al-Taie et al have described a rapidly growing gastric IMT following benign gastric ulcer (8). Moreover, Leon et al have found an IMT of the gastric remnant in a patient with a prior partial gastrectomy (9). Kojimahara et al have described a gastric IMT to the lesser curvature of the cardiac region in a young woman (10).

The variability of the clinical presentation and the radiological findings of this clinical entity make a preoperative diagnosis hard. A definitive diagnosis can be set only after the histological examination. The postoperative course is also unpredictable.

In conclusion, we have reported a rare case of a gastric IMT combined with a gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumour and hepatic syringious haemangioma. To our knowledge, this is the first case report in the international literature that combines the rare gastric IMT with the common gastrointestinal stromal tumour of the stomach and hepatic syringious haemangioma.

REFERENCES

(1.) Park SH, Kim JH, Min BW, Song TJ, Son GS, Kim SJ, Lee SW, Chung HH, Lee JH, Um JW. Exophytic inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the stomach in an adult woman: A rare cause of hemoperitoneum. World J Gastroenterol 2008;14(1):136-139

(2.) Maves CK, Johnson JF, Bove K, Malott RL. Gastric Inflammatory Pseudotumor in Children. Radiology 1989;173:381-383

(3.) Coffin CM, Watterson J, Priest JR, Dehner LP. Extrapulmonary Inflammatory Myofibroplastic Tumor (Inflammatory Pseudotumor). A Clinicopathologic and Immunohistological Study of 84 Cases. Am J Surg Path 1995;19(8):859-872

(4.) Behranwala KA, Straker P, Wan A, et al. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour of the gallbladder. Case report. World J Surg Oncol 2005;3:24

(5.) Coffin CM, Hornick JL, Fletcher CD. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor: comparison of clinicopathologic, histologic, and immunohistochemical features including ALK expression in atypical and aggressive cases. Am J Surg Pathol 2007;31:509-520

(6.) Coffin CM, Fletcher JA. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour. In: Fletcher CDM, Unni KK, Mertens F. Pathology and genetics of tumours of soft tissue and bone. World Health

(7.) Kim KA, Park CM, Lee JH, Cha SH, Park SW, Hong SJ, Seol HY, Cha IH, Mok YJ, Kim YS. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the stomach with peritoneal dissemination in a young adult: imaging findings. Abdom Imaging 2004;29:9-11

(8.) Al-Taie OH, Mork H, Jenett M, Klein D, Muller JG, Scheurlen M. Fast-growing gastric inflammatory pseudotumor: a rare manifestation of peptic ulcer disease. Endoscopy 2002; 34:239

(9.) Leon CJ, Castillo J, Mebold J, Cortez L, Felmer R. Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor of the stomach: an unusual complication after gastrectomy. Gastrointest Endosc 2006;63:347-349

(10.) Kojimahara K, Mukai M, Yamazaki K, Yamada T, Katayama T, Nakada K, Uematsu S, Umezono A, Hosoda Y. Inflamatory pseudotumor of the stomach: report of a highly infiltrative case with electron microscopic and immunohistochemical studies. Acta Pathol Jpn 1993;43:65-70

Location: General Hospital of Veroia, Veroia, Greece
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Article Details
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Author:Papadopoulou, D.; Chatziralli, I.P.; Papadopoulos, V.; Filitantzi, C.; Demertzidis, C.
Publication:Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Article Type:Case study
Geographic Code:4EUGR
Date:Jan 1, 2012
Words:1208
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