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Sympathy for the junior miners.

The mood at this year's Prospectors & Developers Association of Canada (PDAC) was little a more dour than years past. Prior to each presentation, the geologists would open with, "We know it's gloomy out there, but ..." They would then continue to speak to a crowded room of professionals eager to hear their presentations.

The success rate for junior explorers hinges on their ability to raise money to fund activities much like any other business. When times are tough, they can't find the money to support their exploration activities. According to John Kaiser, editor, Kaiser Research Online, of the 527 mining and exploration companies exhibiting at PDAC 2013, 114 of them (22%) had $200,000 or less in working capital remaining. "That's enough to stay alive for one more year doing absolutely nothing," Kaiser said. "One has to wonder: Why are they here?" Nearly half of them (47%), Kaiser explained, are trading at less than $0.20 per share.

How can the industry prevent a large group of explorers from extinction? That was the central theme of the International Panel Luncheon during the conference. The three panelists were Kaiser, Eric Sprott, CEO, Sprott Asset Management, and Ned Goodman, president and CEO, Dundee Corp. Both Sprott Asset Management and Dundee are hedge funds that control significant mining investments. Raymond Goldie, senior mining analyst, Salman Partners, moderated the session. April 2013 E&MJ will carry a full report.

Ali of the panelists agreed that future metal prices play a role in the success (or failure) of mining companies and to a certain extent they blame traders. How they rationalize it differs. Anytime metal prices move a little bit, even though it is meaningless in percentage terms, Kaiser explained, traders use it to hammer down or crank up the juniors. Sprott, who readily admits he is not a huge fan of Comex, said the trading data is "an absolute joke. They are trading 1 billion oz of silver a day and we are only producing 800 million oz/y--30% of the year's silver supply can be sold in five minutes." Wild gyrations occur on paper, but no physical metal ever changes hands. Governments and central bankers are the real culprits, according to Goodman.

The panelists debated three options for raising capital: debt financing, equity listing and third party off-take agreements. None of the three was popular with the panelists. As far as debt, juniors often face interest rates that are two to three times higher than what the senior mining companies pay. They also in general believe that regulators are failing the system as far as equity trading. Some junior miners blame royalty companies for the disconnect between stock performance and metal prices. So are royalty companies loan sharks or guardian angels? One suggestion to clarify the position would be to insist the off-taker take a major position in the company's stock.

The long-term market fundamentals for miners are strong. Demand for metal and commodities is much higher than supply. The general consensus was that the juniors should try to tough it out if they can and find a way to fund it themselves.

Steve Fiscor, E&MJ Editor-in-Chief,

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Title Annotation:FROM THE EDITOR
Author:Fiscor, Steve
Publication:E&MJ - Engineering & Mining Journal
Article Type:Editorial
Geographic Code:1CANA
Date:Mar 1, 2013
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