Syaukani H.R., 2001, Pelaksanaan desentralisasi di bidang kehutanan dalam rangka pengelolaan hutan lestari di kabupaten Kutai Kertanagara.
Since the passing of Acts no. 22/1999 and 25/1999, Indonesia has taken a positive step on the road towards decentralization, giving autonomous regions more chance to manage their own resources. In this essay the author looks at how this policy is affecting and will affect the forestry industry in the kabupaten Kutai in East Kalimantan. He argues that this has already had very positive effects in the field of ecology, as well as in the social and economic spheres. However, he feels that certain preconditions must also be met in order for this transfer to proceed smoothly and with the best possible results. It is, for instance, necessary to ensure that the capacity and capability of the human resources available have been honed to a high degree of efficiency. The forestry sector in East Kalimantan absorbs 34 per cent of the workforce. In order to establish sustainable forest management, it is necessary to improve the capability of regional human resources and to coordinate and restructure regional revenues derived from forest products. In order to provide a stable and sustainable income in the future, there has to be regional commitment towards the conservation of the forests; forest management systems which respect economic, social, and ecological aspects have to be supported; and there has to be a recovery of resources which have already been degraded by previous bad management and forest fires. Although forest decentralization policies are basically still in an early phase, the author feels there is every reason to have confidence in the future. Certainly local people will be far more careful of their own local resources than any centralized system would be, and it should be easier to solve the inevitable conflicts between the local people and large timber companies. (EI, Ewald Ebing)
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|Publication:||Borneo Research Bulletin|
|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||Jan 2, 2002|
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