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Sustainable agricultural growth.

Byline: Khan Faraz - Peshawar

According to media reports, an International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) has said that demand for food will stimulate the need for increased and more sustainable agricultural production to feed the planet. The rise in demand will happen due to population and economic growth, and the impacts of climate change on agriculture. Further, the study profiles 11 agricultural innovations, i.e. crop protection, drip irrigation, drought tolerance, heat tolerance, integrated soil fertility management, no-till farming, nutritional use efficiency, organic agriculture, precision agriculture, sprinkler irrigation and water harvesting.

In the view of the above, we must advocate for and utilize a range of these technologies in order to maximize yields. However, farmers in the developing countries should adopt a combination of technologies that become more widely available.

The technologies with the highest percentage of potential impact for agriculture in developing countries include no-till farming, nitrogen use efficiency, heat tolerant crops, and crop protection from weeds, insects and diseases.

The anticipated negative effects of climate change on agricultural productivity as well as projected population suggest that food insecurity and food prices will increase. One of the most significant barriers to global food security is the high cost of food in developing countries.

However, based on current projections, food technologies could reduce food insecurity to a greater extent. There could be three key areas for investments prioritizing effective technology use including crop productivity through enhanced investment in agricultural research, developing and using resource-conserving agricultural management practices such as no-till farming, integrated soil fertility management, improved crop protection, and precision agriculture, increasing investment in irrigation, adopting the technologies examined in the study would increase food production and improve food security under climate change.

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Publication:Frontier Post (Peshawar, Pakistan)
Date:Feb 20, 2014
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