Printer Friendly

Survey on Central Prison library in Bangalore City: A Case study.

1. Introduction

Central prison was initially established in 1997, at Gandhinagar, palace road, Bangalore. It was shifted to parappana agrahara in 2000. It has a capacity of 4400 prisoners. Presently there are 2200 prisoners were stayed in prison. The main objectives of the prison is to rehabilitate prisoners to become good human being and socially responsible citizens in the society after their release. The prison is maintain library for prisoners to spent their leisure time. The library has above 4000 collections from prison Books, Story books, Novels, fiction books, Newspapers, and magazines.

2. Literature Review

There are many research articles were done by LIS Professionals at international level. A few were presented in the literature Review.

Sambo, A. S and others (2017) (5), Prisoners and their information needs: Prison Libraries overview. Omolola, Ibikunle Gladys (2015) (2), Availability and Utilization of information Resources for Prison inmates in North central State of Nigeria. Zrinka Simunic and Others (2014) (7), Library services for incarcerated persons: A survey of resent trends and challenges in prison libraries in Croatia. Kayaoglu, Hulya Dilek and Demir, Guler (2014) (1), Prison libraries in Turkey: The result of a national Survey. Conrad, Suzanna (2012) (6), Collection development and circulation policies in prison libraries: an exploratory survey of librarians in us correctional institutions. Ansah, Christopher M Owusu (2012) (3),

"prospects and challenges of prison libraries in ghana: a case study of the nsawam medium security prisons." Omagbemi, Clement O and Odunewu Abiodun O (2008) (4), An Appraisal of Library Services Provision to Prison Inmates in Nigeria.

3. Objectives of the study

* To know the Age wise responses to questionnaires by prisoners.

* To find out Gender wise responses

* To understand their Marital Status

* To know their level of educational qualification

* To know the library facilities available in prison

* To verify Frequency of their visit to library

* To find out time spent in library.

* To find out Purpose of visit to library

* To understand the Level of Satisfaction of library collections, services and physical facilities in prison library

4. Statement of the Problem

The Statement of the problem entitled on "Survey of Central Prison library in Bangalore city: A case study".

5. Scope of the study

The present study is only limited to central prison Library Bangalore, and its prisoners in use of library. There are 250 questionnaires were distributed to prisoners. Out of which 237 filled questionnaires received back.

6. Methodology and sample

Survey method adopted for the study. There are 2000 prisoners were stayed in prison. Out of which 250 prisoners were randomly selected and distributed the questionnaires there are 237 filled questionnaires were collected from prisoners.

7. Data analysis and Interpretation

The collected data has been analyzed and interpreted under the following table headings.

The above Table 1 indicates that the number of questionnaires distributed and the responses received from the prisoners. a total of 94.08% of prisoners response to the Questionnaires.

Table 2 shows Age wise questionnaires response from prisoners. The highest 141(59.50%) prisoners response to questionnaires being the age group of 21-30. Followed by 31-40 group with 59(24.90%), 41-50 group with 15(06.32%), 20 group with 12(05.06%), 51-60 group with 9(03.80%) and 60 and above group with 1(00.42%).

The above table 3 shows educational qualification of prisoners. There are 51(21.51%) prisoners passed PUC followed by 49(20.68%) were Primary school, 46(19.40%) were passed UG degree, 45(19.00%) prisoners passed High school, 27(11.40%) were Middle School, and 19(08.01%) prisoners passed PG.

Table 4 indicates gender wise response of prisoners. 211(89.02%) Male and 26(10.98%) were Female prisoners responses to the questionnaires.

Table 5 examine on Marital status of the prisoners. 112(47.25%) prisoners were Married persons followed by 125(52.75%) were belongs unmarried prisoners.

Table 6 Shows that Provision of Library facilities in prison. All 237(100%) respondents says that the prison provide library facilities.

Table 7 Shows frequency of visit to library by prisoners. Majority of 178 (75.10%) prisoners visit library 'Daily', followed by 22(09.29%) prisoners visit 'twice in a week' 19 (8.01%) prisoners visit 'three times in a week ', and 18 (07.60%) prisoners visit library once in a week.

Table 8 examine on time spent in Prison library by prisoners. There are 120 (50.63%) prisoners spent '3 and above hours' in library, Followed by 65 (27.42%) were spent their time with '1 hour' and 52 (21.95%) prisoners were spent time with 2-3 hours per day.

Table 9 understand the Purpose of visit to library. There are 150 (63.29%) prisoners were visit library to read religious and story books', followed by 146 (61.60%)' to National and International news', 108 (45.56%) for Education Purpose 42(17.72%) were for to know meditation, 23 (09.70%) were for recreation purpose and lastly 10(04.21%) prisoners were visit for time pass.

Table 10. Shows the opinion on library collections in Prison. 233 (98.31%) prisoners were satisfactory opinion on 'Newspapers & Magazines', followed by 221 (93.24%) satisfied with 'Story books/Fictions/Novels'. 216 (91.13%) prisoners satisfied with 'Books', and 190 (58.10%) prisoners satisfied with Reference books.

Table. 11 design opinion an Physical facilities of Library. Almost all the physical facilities are satisfied with above 70% of the prisoners, few remaining 30% of prisoners says drinking water facility is not satisfied.

8. Findings

* It is Observed in table 2. 141(59.50%) are 21-30 age group, Followed by 59(24.90%) are 31-40 age group and 15(06.32%) are 41-50 age group.

* It is observed in table 3. There are 51(21.51%) prisoners are PUC, Followed by 49(20.68%) are Primary School and 46(19.40%) are UG.

* It is observed in table 5 The Majority of the prisoner are un married 125(52.75%) and 112(47.25%) are married.

* It is Observed in Table 6 Providing of library Facilities in prison 237(100%) .

* It is observed in Table 7 178(75.10%) prisoners visit 'Daily', followed by 22(09.29%) are visit 'Twice in a week 'and 19(08.01%) are visit Three times in a week.

* It is observed in Table 8 120(50.63%) are spent '2-3 hours' in library, followed by 65(27.42%) are spent 'Less than 1 hour' and 52(21.95%) are spent '1-2 hours'.

* It is observed in Table 9 Purpose of visit to prison library. There are 150(63.29%) are visit library for 'To read religion /story books', Followed by 146(61.60%) are 'To get National and International news'.

* Observed in Table 10. There are 233(98.31%) are satisfied with 'Newspapers & Magazines', Followed by 221(93.24%) satisfied with 'Stories/Fictions/Novels, 216(91.13%) satisfied with 'Text Books'.

* It is observed in Table 12 Opinion about Physical facilities in Prison Library. There are 206(86.91%) are Satisfied with 'Seat arrangement', Followed by 196(82.70%) are 'Lighting/Ventilation', 193(81.43%) are 'Furniture/Equipment in Library'.

Suggestions

* Few Prisoners suggested more moral story books for library

* Some prisoners recommended audio visual facilities for library

* Some prisoners suggested some weekly magazines

* Few prisoners suggested more staff for library

* Few Prisoners recommended some competitive exam books .

Conclusion

Prison libraries plays very important role in rehabilitation and reformation of prisoners life after release from the prison. The central prison library Bangalore is having 4000 collections to facilitate Prisoners.

References:

(1.) Kayaoglu, Hulya Dilek and Demir, Guler (2014), Prison libraries in Turkey: The results of a national survey, Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 46(2), 130-138.

(2.) Omolola, Ibikunle Gladys (2015). Availability and Utilization of Information Resources for Prison Inmates in North Central States of Nigeria, IOSR Journal of humanities and social science. 20(7), 21-24.

(3.) Ansah, Christopher M Owusu (2012). "prospects and challenges of prison libraries in ghana: a case study of the nsawam medium security prisons." Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 851.

(4.) Omagbemi, Clement O and Odunewu Abiodun O (2008) An Appraisal of Library Services Provision to Prison Inmates in Nigeria, Information Society and Justice. 1(2), 245-254.

(5.) Sambo, Atanda S.; Usman, Saliu A.; and Rabiu, Nafisa, (2017). "Prisoners and Their Information Needs: Prison Libraries Overview", Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). 1467.

(6.) Conrad, Suzanna (2012), collection development and circulation policies in prison libraries: an exploratory survey of librarians in us correctional institutions, library quarterly, 82(4), 407-427.

(7.) Zrinka Simunic, Sanjica Faletar Tanackovic and Boris Badurina (2014), Library services for incarcerated persons: A survey of recent trends and challenges in prison libraries in Croatia, Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 48(1), 72-89.

(8.) http://www.karnatakaprisons.in

Amaravathi V [1]

[1] Research Scholar, Department of Library and Information Science, Bangalore University, JB Campus, Bangalore -56. Email: amaravathimlisc@gmail.com 8549890326
Table: 1 Questionnaires distributed and response received from
prisoners.

Total            No. of filled       %
questionnaires   questionnaires
distributed         returned
for prisoners

250                    237         94.08

Table: 2 Age wise questionnaire responses from prisoners.

Age            Number of       %

               Respondents

20                 12        05.06
21-30              141       59.50
31-40              59        24.90
41-50              15        06.32
51-60              09        03.80
60 and above       01        00.42
Total              237       100.00

Table: 3 Educational qualification of respondents to questionnaires

Educational        No. of        %
Qualification    Respondents

Primary school       49        20.68
Middle School        27        11.40
High School          45        19.00
PUC                  51        21.51
UG                   46        19.40
PG                   19        08.01
Total                237       100.00

Table: 4 Gender wise responses

Gender      No. of        %        %
          Respondents

Male          211       89.02    89.02
Female        026       10.98    10.98
Total         237       100.00   100.00

Table: 5 Marital Status of prisoners

Marital Status    Number of       %        %
                  respondents

Married               112       47.25    47.25
Unmarried             125       52.75    52.75
Total                 237       100.00   100.00

Table: 6 provision for Library facilities

prisoner      No. of        %        %
            Respondents

Yes             237        100      100
No              Nil         00       00
Total           237       100.00   100.00

Table: 7 Frequency of visit to library

Frequency                 No. of        %        %
                        Respondents

Daily                       178       75.10    75.10
Once in a week              18        07.60    07.60
Twice in a week             22        09.29    09.29
Three times in a week       19        08.01    08.01
Total                       237       100.00   100.00

Table: 8 Time spent in Prison library.

Hours            No. of        %        %
               respondents

1 hour             65        27.42    27.42
2-3 hours          52        21.95    21.95
3 and above        120       50.63    50.63
Total              237       100.00   100.00

Table: 9 Purpose of visit to library

Purpose                              Number of       %       %
                                     respondents

To read Religion/Story Books             150       63.29   63.29
To read National and International       146       61.60   61.60
News
For Education Purpose                    108       45.56   45.56
For Meditation                           42        17.72   17.72
For Recreation                           23        09.70   09.70
For time pass                            10        04.21   04.21

Table: 10 Opinion on Satisfaction of library collections

Library Collections             Satisfactory   Not Satisfactory

Books                           216(91.13%)       21(08.86%)
Reference books                 190(58.10%)       47(14.37%)
Story books /fictions/novels    221(93.24%)       16(04.89%)
Newspapers & Magazines          233(98.31%)       04(01.68%)

Table: 11 Opinion on Physical facilities of Prison Library

Physical Facilities     Satisfactory   Not satisfactory

Seat Arrangement        206(86.91%)       31(13.08%)
Lighting/ Ventilation   196(82.70%)       41(17.29%)
Furniture/ Equipment    193(81.43%)       44(18.56%)
Cleanliness             172(72.57%)       65(27.42%)
Drinking water          161(67.93%)       76(32.06%)
Toilet                  177(74.68%)       60(25.31%)

Fig. 1 Age wise questionnaire responses from prisoners.

20             05.06%
21-30          59.50%
31-40          24.90%
41-50          06.32%
51-60          03.80%
60 and above   00.42%

Note: Table made from pie chart.

Fig. 2 Educational qualification of respondents to questionnaires

Primary school   20.68%
Middle School    11.40%
High School      19%
PUC              21.51%
UG               19.40%
PG                8.01%

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Fig. 3 Gender wise respondents

Male     89%
Female   11%

Note: Table made from pie chart.

Fig. 4 Marital Status of prisoners

Married     47.25%
Unmarried   52.75%

Note: Table made from pie chart.

Fig. 5 Frequency of visit to library

Daily                   75.10%
Once in a week           7.60%
Twice in a week          9.29%
Three times in a week    8.01%

Note: Table made from pie chart.

Fig. 6 Time spent in Prison library.

1 hour        27%
2-3 hours     22%
3 and above   51%

Note: Table made from pie chart.

Fig. 7 Purpose of visit library.

To read
Religion/Story Books   63.29%

To read National and   61.60%
International News

For Education
Purpose                45.56%

For Meditation         17.72%

For Recreation          9.70%

For time pass           4.21%

Note: Table made from pie chart.

Fig. 8 Opinion on satisfaction of library collections.

Books              216  21

Reference          190  47
books

Story books
/fictions/novels   221  16

Newspapers &       233   4
Magazines

Note: Table made from bar graph.

Fig. 9 Opinion an Physical facilities of Prison Library

                        Not             Satisfactory
                        satisfactory

Seat arrangement           31              206
Lighting/Ventilation       41              196
Furniture/Equipment        44              193
Cleanliness                65              172
Drinking water             76              161
Toilet                     60              177

Note: Table made from bar graph.
COPYRIGHT 2019 University of Idaho Library
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2019 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Amaravathi, V.
Publication:Library Philosophy and Practice
Article Type:Case study
Geographic Code:9INDI
Date:Mar 1, 2019
Words:2204
Previous Article:Study of Library Policies in Universities.
Next Article:USE AND IMPACT OF E-RESOURCES AMONG THE FACULTY MEMBERS AND STUDENTS AT SALEM COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY FOR WOMEN, SALEM, TAMILNADU,...
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2020 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters