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Surgical management of rectal prolapse in Indian reticulated python.


Indian reticulated python (Python reticulatus) is a non venomous python found commonly in Great Nicobar and Central Nicobar Islands of Nicobar District of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


Amale Indian reticulated python aged about one and a half year (3.2 meters in length) weighing approximately 13.2 kg belonging to Andaman and Nicobarforest department was presented with three weeks old history of protrusion of genital organs from ventfortreatmentand management (Fig. 1).


The python was found to be alert but showed arching of body segment from distal end indicating discomfort. The ecdysis (process of shedding skin), the eyes were found to be cloudy on clinical examination. The protruded organs were diagnosed as rectal prolapse infected with pyogenic organism (Fig. 2).




The snake was mechanically restrained by handlers and infected protruded genital organs and soiled tissues were washed with Normal Saline followed by Chlorhexidine solution (0.2%). Daily dressing was continued for five days. Inj Benzathine Penicillin 6 lacs IU along with Inj. Chlorphenaramine maleate @ 2 ml I/M were given on alternate days (0, 2nd and 4th day). On 5th day of treatment, the infection was at zero level.

On 6th day, surgical treatment was adopted. The python was sedated using Inj Ketamine @ 20mg/ kg b. wt. I/M and Atropine sulphate 2 ml I/M. The reptile was restrained by bandage over operation table. The ruptured rectum was sutured using (2-0) absorbable Hincryl (polyglcolic acid) suture in single interrupted fashion. The organs were gently placed into the body. Two numbers of stay suture with nylon were applied at the opening of vent. Postoperatively, Inj Benzathine Penicillin (LA) 6 lac IU along with Inj. Chloril (a) (Chlorphenaramine maleate) 2 ml I/M which was repeated after 48 hours. Ringers lactate was given 50 ml BD subcutaneously at different sites to promote renal secretion and adequate hydration. The reptile was kept off feed for 3 days post-operatively.




The reptile recovered fast and on 7th day, stay sutures were removed. (Fig. 3 and 4).

Result and Discussion

The snake was managed completely under captivity (Lokesh et al., 2001). The antimicrobial and parenteral solution administration was done by I/M and S/C route (Jacobson, 2000). Injection was given at cranial half of the body which is the easiest site of injection in snakes. The python was kept in cage separately for 15 days and then released with other python in zoo (Fig. 5).


Jacobson, E.R. (2000). Antimicrobial use in reptiles. In : Prescott, J.F., Baggot, J.D. and Walker, R.D (Eds). Antimicrobial Therapy in Veterinary Medicine, 3rd Edn., Lowa State University Press, 678-79.

Lokesh, S.P., Vasanth, K., Vijay Kumar, A.K and Umesh, K.G. (2001). Management of Snake in captivity--A case report. Intas Polivet 2 : 284-85.

(a)--Brand of TTK Animal Healthcare, Chennai

(1). Senior Veterinary Officer and Correspondent author. E-mail:

(2). Senior Veterinary Officer.

Ajay Varma (1) and M. Sujata Hegde (2)

Veterinary Hospital Complex Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services Junglighat Port Blair--744103 (Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
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Title Annotation:Short Communication
Author:Varma, Ajay; Hegde, M. Sujata
Publication:Intas Polivet
Geographic Code:9INDI
Date:Jan 1, 2016
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