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Supplemental resources for counseling grieving clients.

We recommend the following resources to give depth to the topics discussed in this special section. These materials may also be beneficial to clients or their parents. I will briefly review target audiences for these resources.

Association for Death Education and Counseling website, http:// The Association for Death Education and Counseling (ADEC) is a multidisciplinary professional organization that shares information relevant to death education, care of the dying, grief counseling, and thanatology in general. Empirical publications, general resources, current events, membership information, and a thanatologist finder are among the features on the website. Though it is accessible to the general public, the website is intended primarily for the professional community; some sections are available only to ADEC members.

American Academy of Children and Adolescent Psychiatry. Facts for families: Children and grief. Retrieved June 14, 2009, from cs/root/facts_for_families/children and_grief. The Academy website contains useful information for individuals helping children who are grieving.

Boss, P. (1999). Ambiguous loss: Learning to live with unresolved grief. Cambridge, MA: Harvard College.

Boss, P. (2006). Loss, trauma, and resilience: Therapeutic work with ambiguous loss. New York, NY: Norton. Pauline Boss wrote this and the previous text to assist bereaved persons who have mourned for a significant period of time yet feel they cannot live beyond their grief. A practicing psychotherapist, she uses clinical experience, anecdotes, and personal experiences to explain the grieving process. Her stated intent is to normalize the grieving process and challenge the expectation that grieving should end at a specific time for everyone. The previous book is targeted to a lay audience, this one to a professional one.

Center for Loss and Life Transition (CLFT), index.php. The CLFT, located in Fort Collins, Colorado, offers an extensive series of training workshops. It also publishes an online newsletter, provides access to articles, and has a bookstore.

Children's Grief Education Association (CGEA), The CGEA is dedicated to serving the needs of grieving children and their families and provides education and support to caregivers. It provides both online courses and useful information about children and grief.

Congress, E. P. (2004). Cultural and ethical issues in working with culturally diverse patients and their families: The use of the culturagram to promote culturally competent practice in health care settings. In A. Metteri, T. Kroger, A. Pohjola, & P. Rauhala (Eds.), Social work visions from around the globe: Citizens, methods, and approaches (pp. 249-262). New York: Routledge. The authors present an assessment tool, the culturagram, to help mental health professionals understand culturally diverse clients. The culturagram covers 10 areas of diversity: reasons for relocation, legal status, time in community, language, health beliefs, crisis events, holidays and special events, contact with cultural and religious institutions, values about education and work, and values about families. The authors also outline clinical implications in working with culturally diverse clients.

Goldman, L. (2005). Children also grieve: Talking about death and healing. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. This text is an imaginative resource, illustrated with color photographs, that offers support and reassurance to children who have lost a close friend or relative. The book also offers information to adults about supporting children through their bereavement. The combination of narrative and interactive memory in the first part of the book is designed for children. The second part contains vocabulary words to help children express their feelings about bereavement, a bibliography of resources for children and adults, and a section for adults wishing to help children through the grief process.

Goldman, L. (2000). Life and loss: A guide to help grieving children. Philadelphia, PA: Accelerated Development Inc. Parents, educators, clergy, and health professionals have the opportunity to help children with their grief. Using photographs, the work of children, and other resources, including an annotated bibliography, this text will help concerned adults enter the world of the child. The reader can understand different types of childhood losses, become aware of myths that hinder the grief process, help a child say goodbye to a dying loved one, use techniques of grief work for educators to help the child acquire useful tools, and discover ways for children to commemorate their losses (e.g., funerals, memorials, memory books).

Grief Encounters, Inc. Grief Resources Catalog, is a catalog of literature relevant to the grieving process that will be useful to the dying, the bereaved, and professionals working with either. Products are updated monthly, and website members provide reviews for a significant portion of the material. The website sorts materials into such categories as booklets, books (both for the general public and specifically for children), personal account books, CDs, DVDs, and curricula.

GriefNet, GriefNet is an online support organization for the bereaved; the website primarily features online support groups. In addition to both adult and child groups are specialized groups for war and combat loss, loss of a child, and loss of a spouse or intimate partner. All groups are monitored by trained volunteers clinically supervised by psychologists. Although a donation is requested, no one is unserved for financial reasons. The website also contains additional literature, suicide prevention, and grief resources in Michigan (where the program director is located).

Growth House, Inc., Growth House is a portal to international resources for life-threatening illness and end-of-life care. There are on-line and downloadable resources, blogs, lectures, and books. This site is targeted to both professionals and family members.

Holland, J. (2001). Understanding children's experiences of parental bereavement. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Designed specifically for parents and teachers, this book is a practical guide for how best to support a child whose parent or primary caregiver has died. The guidelines are based on the author's experience with child bereavement, especially in schools. The book discusses effective communication, the significance of rituals, and the importance of a careful transition back to school. The author offers insights on the impact of death on children and offers practical guidelines on how better to support children through the early stages of parental bereavement while they are at school.

Hospice Net, Inc. website, This website includes sections devoted to families experiencing the death of a member, grieving children, caregivers, and patients. Many resources are available, including links to local services and Internet-based resources.

Huntley, T. (2002). Helping children grieve: When someone they love dies. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Fortress Publishers. This book helps adults to talk to children in meaningful ways, nurturing their faith and building their emotional strength during a crisis. Huntley explains common reactions that parents can expect from children and offers adults the spiritual tools they need to help children cope with a significant loss.

Kroen, W. C. (1996). Helping children cope with the loss of a loved one: A guide for grownups. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing, Inc. Dr. Kroen offers comfort, compassion, and advice to adults dealing with children who are suffering the loss of a loved one. He explains how children from infancy through 18 years of age perceive and react to death and offers suggestions on how to respond to them..

Kamerman, J. B. (1988). Death in the midst of life: Social and cultural influences on death, grief and mourning. Englewood Cliffs, N J: Prentice Hall. This book, which takes a sociological approach to death, is intended for undergraduate courses in such fields as sociology, psychology, nursing, social work, and health education. Kamerman covers a range of topics related to a multicultural perspective on death, including the social construction of death, death and social values, and grief and bereavement in social and cultural context.

McGoldrick, M., Schlesinger, J. M., Lee, E., Hines, E M., Chan, J., Almeida, R., et al. (2004). Mourning in different cultures. In F. Walsh & M. McGoldrick (Eds.), Living beyond loss and death in the family (2nd ed., pp. 119-160). New York: Norton. The authors examine mourning within families in different cultures, introducing many cultures and their grieving contexts. They also raise important considerations when working with clients from different cultures. The chapter has materials relevant to families of several U.S. subcultures, including English, African, Chinese, Asian Indian, Irish, Jewish, Latino/a, and Brazilian. It is a helpful resource for health care workers dealing with the terminally ill and their families.

Morgan, J. D., & Laugani, P. (2005). Death and bereavement around the world: Vol. 4. Death and bereavement in Asia, Australia and New Zealand. Amityville, NY: Baywood. The authors examine traditional and modern methods of caring for the dying around the world, reviewing practices in Japan, Korea, Hong Kong, Australia, and New Zealand. Experts discuss issues such as traditional rituals and the availability of services and care for the death and dying within each country. This book is the fourth volume in a five-volume series. Each provides helpful information for health care workers and historians who deal with death and dying issues. The first volume focuses on major religions around the world, the second on death and dying in the Americas, and the third on death and dying in Europe.

Rosenblatt, P. C., & Wallace, B. R. (2005). African American grief New York: Taylor & Francis. Rosenblatt and Wallace discuss how oppression, slavery, racism, and discrimination relate to the African American grief experience. The authors interviewed 26 bereaved African Americans. From these interviews, integral parts of the grief process (e.g., church, racism, cause of death, and family grief) are assessed from an African American viewpoint.

Stroebe, M. S., Hansson, R. O., Schut, H., & Stroebe, W. (2008). The handbook of bereavement research and practice: Advances in theory and intervention. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. The handbook is a collection of empirical and theoretical literature pertaining to grief, mourning, and bereavement. An updated version of previous handbooks, it is divided into seven sections ranging from theory, methodology, and ethical issues to exploring the mechanisms of bereavement and intervening in the coping process. This is an excellent resource for professionals to learn more about death and dying but is not appropriate for the general public.

Worden, J. W. (2001). Grief counseling and grief therapy: A handbook for the mental health professional, 3rd ed. New York: Springer. This book is a professional resource for clinicians working with clients experiencing grief. Worden collects recommendations and guidelines from numerous sources, clinical experience, and the literature. Best known for formulating the four "tasks of mourning," Worden also specifies seven mediators of mourning. He uses vignettes about bereavement experiences to illustrate the content of the handbook.


Through these resources, I have sought to offer a place for researchers, clinicians, and educators to set out on the path to gaining information for their clients and students. I strongly encourage mental health counselors to thoroughly investigate the area of grieving so that treatment can become more effective and the elements and processes best employed to achieve that goal can be better understood.

Zachary Sussman is affiliated with the University of Iowa. Correspondence concerning this article should be directed to Zachary Sussman, Department of Psychological and Quantitative Foundations, The University of Iowa College of Education, 361 Lindquist Center, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1529. E-mail:
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Author:Sussman, Zachary
Publication:Journal of Mental Health Counseling
Article Type:Recommended readings
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jan 1, 2011
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