Study on thought and countermeasures of ideological and political education of university students aided by computers.
With the coming of the network age, Internet has great impact on university students' politics, idea, emotion, quality and psychology due to its own features and hidden harmful factors (Kahn, 2006). Network age provides opportunity for the innovation of ideological and political education in colleges and universities, and it also brings impacts and challenges. How to improve and innovates the ideological and political education in colleges and universities and make them adapt to the requirements in the age have been an urgent task that colleges and universities are facing (Carey, 2003; Goncalves et al., 2015). Study on ideological and political education in colleges and universities in the network age can help us understand more deeply of the behavior pattern, way of thinking, idea of value, psychological development and moral concept of college students (Journell, 2012). Colleges and universities, which are training and cultivating social elites and are facing the situation that network has impacted the young students, shall actively thinking of the opportunities and challenges of ideological and political education in colleges and universities due to network, and try to find a good way to adapt the ideological and political work in network age (Meier, 2012).
2. Connotation and function of ideological and political education in colleges and universities
2.1. Connotation of ideological and political education in colleges and universities
Firstly, ideological and political education, a subject of "soul engineering", involves education of cognition, emotion, will, faith and other aspects, and it also combines the education of politics, ethics, pedagogy, psychology and other directive, normative and conceptual education (Lin, Xing & Hauptmann, 2008). Through education on students' world outlook, outlook on life, moral outlook and value outlook and daily behaviors, we can train the students to improve their ability of rational reflection, and guide the students to concern themselves and society, understand, think and actively explore the value of life and true meaning of life, so the students can get qualitative change from "comfortable state" to "conscientious state" during the constant reflection and thinking. So the students can make their own development into social reality, forming perfect combination of cognitions, affections, thoughts and behaviors, and realize the organic unification of their own value concepts, moral feelings, ideas and faith (Zhang, 2015).
Secondly, ideological and political education can grab the mainstream position of ideology, and help students analyze and clear various wrong ideas through the Marxism standpoint, view and method, educate and lead students to correctly understand and treat Marxism, and have a strong belief of Marxism (Koc, 2005). At the same time, we can treat patriotism education as an important method to develop and expand national spirit and advanced culture, combine developing and expanding of national spirit and cultivating of time spirit. We can motivate the patriotism spirit of students, inherit the good virtues of the Chinese nation and inspire the national spirit through story preaching of kind and upright men and revolutionary martyrs (Bo and Sidanius, 1987). We can develop the students' national esteem, confidence and pride, strengthen national cohesion and creativity, strengthen students' national identity and sense of belonging, and motivate students' sense of historical mission and sense of social responsibility for realizing Chinese nation's great rejuvenation (Li, 2010).
2.2. Function of ideological and political education in colleges and universities
1. Value the informal communication of ideological and political education.
In ideological and political education, communication forms we used can often be simply divided into two categories, namely formal communication and informal communication (Jing, 2014). Whereas informal communication of ideological and political education is a routine working method, which means a daily communication method to weaken their colors of job roles and take communication of thought and information as the main content, so that ideological and political educators can solve some specific thought issues and actively work in the department, social life and work.
2. Put ideological and political education into professional and network class and emphasize the positive communication.
We can combine professional classes with ideological and political education. Teaching knowledge from professional courses are novel and objective, which can easily mobilize the enthusiasm and enthusiasm of students (Liu & Liu, 2013). Personal charisma and professional skills of teachers of professional classes have great impact on the educated people. It can also act as the role of model demonstration. Teachers of professional classes have good professional skills in teaching process, and they also have good quality of professional ethics. They can teach through their actions and words and they have the unity of moral knowledge and practice (Engum et al., 2003).
3. Educate and cultivate the students to have a sound personality and healthy psychology with love (Zapata et al., 2014).
Mr. Tao Xingzhi once said: "True education is telesthesia activity. We can get to others heart only through our true heart." Students can get healthier growth only when the Ideological and political educators turn students from educational objects to learning subjects and replace the rational management by emotional education.
3. Network provides new opportunity for ideological and political education in colleges and universities
3.1. Promoting the development of university students' sense of independence
1. Bi-directional or multi-directional information transmission methods on the network can make students participate in the discussion independently, freely access to the required sites, and actively understand a variety of information resources (Kulik and Kulik, 1986). So university students can accept recommendations from different views, and integrate them and form their own point of view through their judgments. It promotes the establishment of students' open spirit.
2. The network breaks the geographical and time constraints, and spreads human excellent culture heritages, value outlook and code of conduct to the students in time by advanced electronic techniques (Stromberg et al., 2007). So young people can accumulate social knowledge in a wider social environment, develop and form their own personality and participate into the social life smoothly.
3. Bi-directional or multi-directional information transmission methods of Internet can make students participate in the discussion independently, freely access to the required sites, and actively understand a variety of information resources. So university students can accept recommendations from different views, as is shown in Figure 1.
4. The Internet is involved in area of real life, so that people can get one more choice between virtual and real world. Network greatly expand the thinking and behavior spaces of students, thereby it enhances freedom and flexibility of their actions (Boberg et al., 1995). So it helps to fully play the university students' personalities and strengthens their social independence. Why network attracts university students is that they can have more independent choice of information and it has bi-directional or multi-directional information transmission methods (Rahkila and Karjalainen, 1999). In virtual space, they can freely access to the required sites, participate in the discussion independently, freely and actively understand a variety of information resources, integrate them and form their own point of view through their judgments.
3.2. Improving the innovation quality of university students
Firstly, in cultivating university students' sense of innovation, network provides a superior space of cultural environment. In the 21st century, the rapid increase of science and technology knowledge, the emergence of new disciplines, especially the rapid development of computers and networks, has greatly promoted the development of social economy and times. Application of computer network can change our individual hazy imagination into a vivid and lifelike multimedia interface. Various tools can be provided through powerful software and our creative ability can be demonstrated fullest. University students can see the power of science and technology by Network through the deliberate innovation of Internet, active exploration and pursuing of perfect form. They can deeply understand the importance of high-tech knowledge. Thereby they can increase their positivity and initiative in study and stimulate their curiosity and sense of innovation more effectively.
Secondly, network has crossed the geographical and time constraints, builds a new online information space for people (Roh and Park, 2010). So people can obtain information through internet at any time. Rich information resources on the network can make students get nutrients, improve their knowledge structure, learn science and technology, management mode and advanced experience of developed countries, find and solve the problems with the help of experts, scholars, technicians and even ordinary people around the world.
3.3. Strengthening subject consciousness of university students and promoting better development of their personalities
With the development of science, people will continuously update their original understanding and concept. Pursuit of individual emancipation and comprehensive development of human beings are goals that human society has strived and pursued. Emerging and rapid development of network have provided a new way for realizing this goal. Through experiential observation, we find that network has actively accelerated the growth of university students' subject consciousness and development of their personalities. According to the survey, main motivations for college students to surf the Internet from least to the most important are: experience the modern life and study, affected by their classmates, seek novelty and follow the fashion. While the main purposes for university students to surf the Internet from least to the most important are: receive and send e-mail, look for some information, chat, download a variety of software, broaden their vision and on-line shopping. Both of them show that when network comes into university students' livings and becomes an important part of their lives, university students surf the Internet not only to meet their study requirements, but also satisfy requirements for comprehensive development. University students can surf the Internet, study and entertain on the Internet at any time according to their wills, interests and arrangements. The study mode which puts teachers and classes as the center will be changed greatly. So it will strengthen the principal position of university students in education process. Under network conditions, acquisition and communication of information will rely more and more on university students' subjectivity. University students will rely more on the network. When they suffer setbacks and troubles, they may no longer or seldom ask their teachers or Party Organizations for help. But they choose on-line chatting, reading, publishing of articles and other forms to solve or free from the troubles. It shows that under network conditions, the traditional information mechanism "Teachers- Students" is weakening while a new information mechanism "Network- Students" is forming. This new information communication mechanism can make university students to express themselves incisively and vividly on the Internet, develop their personalities, and freely show their true characters which isn't shown in actual life. That putting the comprehensive and free development of individual as the comprehensive development of human beings and premise to get to the Kingdom of Freedom, and putting the development of society as the continuous improvement for degree of personality freedom are the important ideas that Mars and Engels had emphasized repeatedly. While network has created new conditions for the liberalized, diversified and comprehensive development of university students' personalities and it helps to strengthen the self-education function of university students (seen in Figure 2).
4. Countermeasures of ideological and political education in colleges and universities in network age
The perfect combination of network with ideology and politics is the only way leading to the ideological and political education in colleges and universities at present. Facing the opportunities and challenges of ideological and political education brought by the network to colleges and universities, the work of ideological and political education in colleges and universities should be active and initiative in coping with, draw advantages and avoid disadvantages to build good public opinion environment through network and seize the cultural front of network. Through the improvement of attractions of network and under the assurance of strict and complete network management system, colleges and universities make efforts to train a batch of comprehensive ideological and political education staff so as to create a new situation of ideological and political education in colleges and universities with the help of the opportunity provided by network technology.
4.1. Resistance and prevention against the infiltration of western culture and ideology
1. Vigorously expanding information territory to master the rights of information monitoring
Our country is narrow in the information territory of internet and weak in the ability of network monitoring. In network, all netizens can enter into the space and carry out activities, making the conflicts and confrontations of the "soft territory" become quiet and with no traces, possess an obvious offensiveness and a greater danger. To it, on the one hand, we must strengthen the control rights of network information and the national security assurance ability and build laws and regulations and management system as well as network market standard which suit our China's national conditions. Coordinating with relevant departments of society, we need to strengthen the technical management measures and specially develop a kind of software that can prevent and filtrate all reactionary and harmful messages and a monitoring system that can prohibit all contents of obscenity, overthrow of government and other reactionary contents spreading on internet; we need to strengthen the international cooperation of punishing network crimes and set up information customs to prevent the invasion of information damage. On the other hand, we should carry out various online propagandas which are powerful, targeted and combat-worthy initiatively against those online anti-China propagandas from hostile forces and all kinds of public opinions resulting in harmful effects so as to punish those slanders and attacks from people with ulterior motives to our country.
2. Strengthening the propaganda of mainstream ideology by using network front
We should use the strong influence and filtrating power of network to build a propaganda network with distinct political stand and viewpoints, speed up the construction of network propaganda system of Chinese interface, actively create and overall plan websites such as news, propagandas to foreigners and theory culture, etc., expand the network propaganda contents and improve network propaganda art, strengthen government actions of achieving the shouting that there is Marxism scientific theory system and socialism value criteria showing online to ensure the leading role of mainstream ideology with Marxism as guideline in Chinese network. Thus, we can firmly resist the infiltration of non-Marxism, anti-party and anti-socialism ideology, smash the plots of making our country westernized, differentiated from hostile forces and plots of overthrowing party and government from reactionary forces and equip network as an important tool of propagandizing public opinions and an important mouthpiece of our consolidating and developing socialism ideology.
3. Increasing the input of network technology to improve the comprehensive competiveness in network field
Firstly, strengthen its own construction of network; the government shall make efforts to expand network size and optimize network structure to avoid repeated construction, making it develop towards the direction of integration, broadband and intelligence; Secondly, build and perfect an efficient network propaganda organization of socialism to support and encourage our more news media, newspapers, organizations of propaganda and culture to enter into the network and occupy the first time to continue to increase information output and let socialism ideology to seize network front. Build our own website well, richen information and increase functions, concentrate forces and support importantly, speed up the construction of a batch of famous websites which have significant influences at home and abroad, improve the offensive and defensive abilities of online ideology confrontation, attract netizens to visit our websites and use the mode of "development to open, expanding our online influences" to break the international trend of public opinions that western countries are strong and we are weak as soon as possible and make the socialism ideology play the leading role in network step by step.
4.2.Building a complete network supervision system on network system
In the network access, we should investigate and intercept contents such as reactionary, obscenity, feudal superstitions, etc. with technical means and improve the ability of finding, control, reconnoiter, evidence obtaining, attack and prevention; special organizations of the country supervise each portal website and business websites which supervise their subordinate service providers and personal homepages; service providers supervise each access point while each access point supervises netizens; public security departments check import and export information at each level from the view of national security and build an internet police team of unified command, flexible and capable ability, modernization, normalization and actual combat, thus forming a supervision system matched with network.
4.3.Vigorously strengthening the team construction of network ideological and political education
The training of staff of network ideological and political education is the primary task of network ideological and political education construction. Staff of network ideological and political education should not only have the theory and practice experiences of ideological and political education, but also have basic theories of computer network and can conduct network operations skillfully; and they should not only have relatively high political and ideological qualities, but also have certain scientific sense and innovation ability, as is shown in Figure 3. The training of comprehensive talents to act as the staff of network ideological and political education is the primary and urgent task of network ideological and political education.
Network ideological and political education is a brand new subject. I try to find out where the law of ideological and political education in colleges and universities is in internet environment. However, with limited abilities, the research is not enough to be meticulous and deep going and defects and disadvantages in somewhere can not be avoided, which will be continuously improved in future working and studying. In a word, the springing up of network makes it still difficult for staff of ideological and political education in colleges and universities of our country to completely adapt to the new working environment and the research on ideological and political education of university students in network environment is far from being mature. Therefore, I advise staff of ideological and political education in colleges and universities to dedicate into the research on the aspect.
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Jiaqi Xie (1), Ming Zhao (2), Miao Zhang (3)
(1) Agricultural University of Hebei
(2) Hebei GEO Unibersiy
(3) Huaxin college of hebei GEO university
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|Author:||Xie, Jiaqi; Zhao, Ming; Zhang, Miao|
|Publication:||RISTI (Revista Iberica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informacao)|
|Date:||Oct 15, 2016|
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