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Study on "people-oriented" college students management.

1. Introduction

On the 4th Plenum of the 16th CPC Central Committee, the CPC central committee has made clear the great strategic goal of building a harmonious socialist society and continuously made it as the mission of strengthening its ruling level. The socialist harmonious society is based on the concept of scientific development, starting from the level of development and making efforts for the harmonious development of society in the future. The support source and the success base of establishing a harmonious socialist society is people-orientation that is advocated by Scientific Outlook on Development. Recommendations for the 11th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development was put forward on the 5th Plenum of the 16th CPC Central Committee and it further made clear that the current task of our country is to build a harmonious social environment. In accordance with the provisions of the people-orientation, we should first set about to deal with problems related to the interests of the masses and pay close attention to the social development, coordinate the sustainable economic society and promote all around development of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetics; we should narrow the gap in social development, and let the masses share the benefits of reform as soon as possible; strengthen the construction of democratic legal system, to solve contradictions existing in the reform and development, assure the harmonious atmosphere, enhance citizens' sense of security and implement the comprehensive control measures of public security (Buch, 2002). Our ultimate goal is to bring about a dynamic and stable society that is democratic, law-based, fair, just, honest and friendly where man and nature live in harmony. "During the process of building a harmonious socialist society, high education has made an indelible contribution (Pan, 2010). It has given the intellectual support and assured that the country has stable resource of talents. At the same time of building the harmonious society, we should also pay attention to the building of harmonious campus." With the continuous progress of the ear, the country continues to deepen the reform and various contradictions will appear inevitably during the long process, which may bring adverse influences to the stability and harmony of the campus. To solve these problems is the goal of building a socialist harmonious campus (Yue and Jin, 2010).

Therefore, in order to build a harmonious campus, it is important to insist on people orientation during the daily work of college student management and the development of all school activities. Only taking people orientation as the value orientation can continuously perfect the internal and external management of the school and present an orderly, vibrant and friendly campus image in front of the broad masses (Abreu et al., 2015).

2. The Concept of "People Orientation" is the Intrinsic Requirement of Education Essence

In this material world, the cognition of human being is infinite, which makes people acquire new cognition in variable periods. Education is a shortcut for people to acquire more knowledge and make greater progress. In a certain degree, education can help people become a knowledgeable people, which is the nature performance of human being. Kant once said: "human being, only education can make them become human being," "human being is the result of education." (Brannan, 2000). The statements of forefathers are very reasonable. Education is a good ladder for people to develop fully and comprehensively. In this ladder, only continuous learning can make one climb higher and look further; only with widening knowledge scope can make one develop in an all-round way and contribute his/her share in the future construction, making the country and people proud of him/her. Education can make everyone take practical exercise and enrich their own life experience. Councils for International Education once declared one basic principle of education: "education should promote the comprehensive development of everyone, that is, the development in mind and body, intelligence, sensitivity, aesthetic consciousness, individual responsibility, spiritual value, etc.

3. Current Situation and Main Problems of the Implementation of People-oriented College Student Management Work

3.1. Current College Student Management System

Currently, most colleges and universities in China generally practiced the college student management system in a planned way and relevant institutes and organizations are established. Among these organizations and institutions, some management positions are established to divide the rights and work responsibilities. In this student management system, the boundary of different departments is clearer, so it can better implement the college student management system. Only by strengthening the management and education on college students, it can activate the college students and encourage them to devote themselves to the construction of the socialist modernization. Currently, in some colleges and universities in our country, a team that is led by school leaders and organized by students is established to strengthen the management; while in some other schools, it is led by the student union and different branches are established to strengthen the management and education.

Time flies like an arrow. With time goes on, the college student management way should also follow the pace of the times. The old student management work pattern cannot be fully compatible with the current student management work pattern. But during the college management work, there are some problems and drawbacks in the operation, for example, decrease in management efficiency caused by buying time and quickening work pace while the decrease in management efficiency brings about the decrease in management quality; besides, there are also some loose management, like useless image project, etc.; because the division of labour is not clear and reasonable, so the management efficiency is low and far away from the hard index of people orientation; ambiguous guidance in management personnel, etc (Zhang and Pan, 2012).

The emergence of various problems requires that the management work of the management personnel must be more scientific and reasonable and let more appropriate management system appear in various colleges and universities, to adapt to the development of college student management system, to help students enjoy the best management and education, to serve the people-orientated management work and to cultivate advance talents that accord with the socialist modernization.

3.2. The main problems existing in the management of college students

Since the reform and opening up, in order to earnestly fulfil the talent construction and training plan set by the nation, cultivate talents who are excellent in various fields and aspects, strengthen the improvement and development of student management work, the colleges and universities have spent a lot of time and capital supporting the management of university and college students (Yu and Zheng, 2013). On such basis, a large number of tenants have emerged. However, in order to cultivate the innovative and advanced talents who can adapt to the international community, China has proceeded to draw lessons from the useful experience of foreign education management. What is more, after this the useful experience is combined with China's university management methods, a set of ways and methods which are suitable for the management of China's university students so as to make unremitting efforts to create the modern talents and cultivate the talents of tremendous promise in the future for our motherland. In this way, it will meet the needs of the socialist modernization construction. The highlight and investment of various colleges and universities in China will improve the management work in universities and colleges. At the same time, as good results have been made finally, it makes the management personnel of colleges and universities pay more attention to the people-oriented management of students. As long as the recommendations and opinions are able to help to cultivate the talents who are conductive to the construction of the motherland, all colleges and universities will take into account the significance of them. Although China's university management has made considerable progress and development, what cannot be ignored is that some problems still exist.

1. Deviation for management guidance ideology

The management work in the school should not ignore the student's demand. They are required to highlight on the views of students based on the people-oriented principle so that students can better express their own views and they are more active to participate in teaching and management process. What is more, we should encourage and support the students in spirit and pay attention to their individual needs. Only when all the students are taking the initiative to participate in student management work can they strengthen the management work of students in a better way so that students are able to understand and support the management work carried out by the school. In this way, the greatest success will be made and a number of modern high-end talents who will adapt to the development of socialist modernization will be cultivated. In modern university management, managers must follow the pace of the times, speed up the transformation of student management work, pay attention to the students' individual needs, make better knowledge and spiritual counselling for students, eliminate the psychological barriers of students and promote them to healthy grow in fierce competition.

2. The goal of training students is too unified

Due to the different characteristic of each college student, educators must have different management tools for the corresponding students so that students are able to maximize their potential. The management mode of various colleges and universities should proceed by considering the reality and let the students have the courage to develop their daring and resolution and maximize their ability. For different students, we should "prescribe the right medicine" to help students find a most suitable direction of development so that they will obtain the best development opportunities within the limited time. In this way, the education process is carried out more effectively and the education in school will be a success finally.

3.3. Humanistic care is insufficient in terms of the management methods

In the management work of the University, the more convenient management way is usually adopted, but this management method also brings all sorts of problems: the management for students is too strict and the requirements are too delicate; the management of students in colleges and universities in our country is usually too strict, which does not allow students to make even a small mistake. In the people-oriented education management, this is not real; in the school management of students, the reward and encouragement are usually much less with the punishment being the dominant content. In most of the universities in our country, many schools regard the evening self-study as an order and the students absent will be punished. Although it can maintain the order in the campus and strengthen the management of students, but such education modes have serious drawbacks. This way of education will make the student management personnel slump into a very complex problem and it is difficult to allow them to make the right judgments and make a good conclusion. Additionally, it is difficult for these students to have sufficient time to learn the knowledge of books and some other knowledge beyond the books so as to comprehensively improve their ability.

4. The basic path for the realization of reform and innovation for the implicit and people-oriented management of college students

4.1. Students should be the interests body of the management work

In the practice of student management, it is an inevitable requirement to become a "service person". Only in this way can the students be actually benefited while at the same time they are in the dominant position. We must bear in mind that in the process of our work, both the ideological or practical problems are the ones to be solved by us. They are complement to each other and are to be resolved at the same time. Only in this way can it be in line with the excellent style of the Communist Party of China in terms of student management work. Regardless of how difficult the period is, we must regard the sufferings of the masses as the primary problem and integrating with the masses is the simplest expressions with the infinite implication. It has suggested finding out the trivial aspect in the way of seeing it in one spot so as to prevent something bad from happening at the beginning and solve the problems in the grassroots. What is more, we are required to adhere to the common solution with idea and practical problems being involved at the same time. This is actually consistent with student management work without previous consultation. All problems are solved from the perspective of the actual situation of students and their difficulties. Only thoroughly implement the solution of ideological problems and practical problems of students can the cohesion of the students be formed, the talents of high quality and high level be cultivated so as to make colleges burst out of vitality and continue to make progress.

4.2.Students should be the main body of the development of management

This is undoubtedly a difficult problem for students management work that how to make students integrate into the community in a better way and form a social outlook in which they both comply with the provisions of society and have a foothold in society so as to obtain practical skills suitable for survival in it. Because we want students to have a dynamic understanding of the community and obtain the ability to make value judgments so as to take practical action for social development and progress. The formation and cultivation of the above abilities are required to be carried out by the ideological and political education in the students' management work. So an important criterion for judging whether the students management work has been a success or not is whether the students are able to get involved in the society in the future and become a useful social person. Additionally, in terms of the student management work, we should also pay attention to the cultivation of students' environmental awareness, the harmonious relationship between human and nature so that the civilized and rational way of life will actually become one part of them.

We should constantly strengthen the importance of "people", which is the basis of the introduction of the people-oriented philosophy into student management. The introduction of the people-oriented education concept will improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the management of students. Therefore, the people oriented idea must be implemented in the whole process of the management of college students:

Firstly, we are required to develop a scientific and people-oriented students management target which can meet the needs of the development of students themselves in a better way and is in accordance with the requirements of the era. Under the guidance of Marx's scientific idea, the combination of personal value and personal comprehensive quality will be regarded as the foundation of student management work.

Secondly, eliminate the concepts of the traditional student management work that do not meet the requirements of the times so as to strengthen the academic study of student management. There are actually some established ideological norms and more distinctive behaviours for student management work, but if you just let the students passively accept some established moral norms and exert the disciplinary education on them, tell them what is right and what is wrong. This is not actually feasible. In the process of the management of college students, we should not only study the correctness of the conclusions but also understand the differences between different conclusions, the premise and the process for the formation of conclusion. In the research process, it not only requires the participation of scholars and educators but also the students as the object of education so as to make them integrated with each other, which is more conducive to meeting students' needs by student management work and more conducive to improving the students management in colleges and universities.

Thirdly, the research should go beyond the traditional cultural perspective of student management to increase its cultural inclusion. This is the right direction determined by cultural diversity and diversification. This means that educators should not just start from some single aspect of culture or the traditional culture to deliver the conclusion to the students mechanically but they should compare the content of different cultural content in terms of ideological education so as to remove the dross and select the essence. Finally, it will be vividly manifested in front of the students.

5. Conclusion

We should constantly strengthen the importance of "people", which is the basis of the introduction of the people-oriented philosophy into student management. The introduction of the people-oriented education concept will improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the management of students. Therefore, the people oriented idea must be implemented in the whole process of the management of college students:

Firstly, we are required to develop a scientific and people-oriented students management target which can meet the needs of the development of students themselves in a better way and is in accordance with the requirements of the era. Under the guidance of Marx's scientific idea, the combination of personal value and personal comprehensive quality will be regarded as the foundation of student management work.

Secondly, eliminate the concepts of the traditional student management work that do not meet the requirements of the times so as to strengthen the academic study of student management. There are actually some established ideological norms and more distinctive behaviours for student management work, but if you just let the students passively accept some established moral norms and exert the disciplinary education on them, tell them what is right and what is wrong. This is not actually feasible. In the process of the management of college students, we should not only study the correctness of the conclusions but also understand the differences between different conclusions, the premise and the process for the formation of conclusion. In the research process, it not only requires the participation of scholars and educators but also the students as the object of education so as to make them integrated with each other, which is more conducive to meeting students' needs by student management work and more conducive to improving the students management in colleges and universities.

Thirdly, the research should go beyond the traditional cultural perspective of student management to increase its cultural inclusion. This is the right direction determined by cultural diversity and diversification. This means that educators should not just start from some single aspect of culture or the traditional culture to deliver the conclusion to the students mechanically but they should compare the content of different cultural content in terms of ideological education so as to remove the dross and select the essence. Finally, it will be vividly manifested in front of the students.

Recebido/Submission: 10/04/2016

Aceitacao/Acceptance: 27/07/2016

References

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Hongying Wang *, Lifang Zhang

94128065@qq.com

Agricultural University of Hebei, Baoding, Hebei 071001, China
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Author:Wang, Hongying; Zhang, Lifang
Publication:RISTI (Revista Iberica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informacao)
Article Type:Report
Date:Oct 15, 2016
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