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Study of ciliary motility in patients treated with mineral waters from "Las Termas de Copahue", Neuquen, Argentina.

Keywords: Sulphurate Waters, Ciliary Motility, Termas of Copahue

The respiratory system is a group of organs, its main function is to deliver oxygen to the cells and release the carbon dioxide produced by the cell metabolism.

The primary parts of the respiratory system are the nasal cavities where the inspired air is warmed, humidified and filtered from particles coming from the environment before reaching the delicate lung tissues.

The nasal mucociliary clearance system is a nonspecific defence mechanism in which the impurities are trapped by the mucus layer that covers the epithelium and then the ciliary beat is moved to the nasopharynx and destroyed by the digestive system.

The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the effects of calcium, bicarbonate and sulphurate waters on the cilia of individuals with respiratory pathology who come to Las Termas de Copahue for minero-medicinal healing treatment in comparison with a group of patients who don't follow any thermal treatment and they live in Copahue.

The study took place in the complex of bath therapy of Copahue during the 2010-2011 thermal season and it was authorized by the bioethics commission of the secretary of health of Neuquen, resolution No 660.

A quasi experimental prospective and longitudinal design was applied to patients, from Villa Copahue who approved the test in written form, over 18 years with a history of high respiratory pathology, pharyngitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, laryngitis and low respiratory pathology like bronchitis or pneumonia diagnosis, they should complete six days of treatments.

A clinic test with self-control was applied as method, with two groups for experimental and control options, one of the groups formed by patients with respiratory pathology and minero-medicinal treatment, and the other group formed by patients without mineral-medicinal treatment. To evaluate the time of nasal mucociliary transport was applied the saccharin test, an economic, easy to do and non-invasive method.

Using a rhinoscope, a light source and a front mirror, the saccharin test is based on putting the saccharin on the floor of the inferior turbinate, and evaluates the time in which the patient reports having a sweet taste sensation.

The test result is on direct connection to the ciliary movement and the amount of functional specialized cells at the level of the nasal mucosa.

At the same time that the determinations of saccharin were carried out, different issues were studied related to quality of life of patients, with the application test of high-respiratory disease disability, focused on nasal symptoms and their severity.

The results were analyzed by descriptive statistical techniques, showing significant changes in ciliary motility.

Monasterio AM(1), Zingoni E(1), Merino L(1), Maraver F(2-3)

(1)Ente Provincial de Termas del Neuquen, Neuquen, Argentina.

(2)Professional School of Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

(3)Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Medical Hydrology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

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Title Annotation:Scientific Sessions: Health Benefit--Session 02; texto en ingles
Author:Monasterio, A.M.; Zingoni, E.; Merino, L.; Maraver, F.
Publication:Anales de Hidrologia Medica
Date:Dec 1, 2012
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