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Strategies that bring resurrection of young lecturer in research and publications.


Generally, there are two groups of Teaching Lecturers and Research Lecturers. Both have played a large role to the central university of excellence. However, these both groups of lecturer involved in research directly or indirectly. Teaching Lecturer will always find information, designing effective techniques, setting strategies so that the level of teaching and services are effective and excellence. Similarly to the Research Lecturer who always upgrading their knowledge and find the solution to solve the community problem by the name of research.

Generally, the hierarchy of university lecturers and researchers are as follows: Teaching and Research Positions:

* Professor--Level E appointments, equivalent to Chair Professor in most Asian countries and in the North American universities.

* Associate Professor and/or Reader--Level D appointments, equivalent to Professor in most Asian countries and North American universities.

* Senior Lecturer--Level C appointments, equivalent to Associate Professor in North American universities.

* Lecturer--Level B appointments, equivalent to Assistant Professor in North American universities (Most universities now require applicants for Lecturer positions with PhD degree).

* Associate or Assistant Lecturer, Senior Tutor, Tutor, Research Officer--Level A appointments.

Research Only Positions:

* Professor--Senior Principal Research Fellow (Level E)

* Associate Professor--Principal Research Fellow (Level D)

* Senior Research Fellow (Level C)

* Research Fellow (Level B)

* Post-Doctoral Research Fellow (Level A)

In this hierarchy, there are several layers that lecturers can be arranged to form a system that can generate output to the university and thus have an impact on society in general. Figure 1 shows the proposed strategy to enhance and promote young lecturers to continue to fight effectively in the world of research.


Clear Picture of the RU and Evaluation Criteria:

Academic journals or scholarly journal is the periodic assessment of the publication of many academic disciplines, where it serves as a forum for the introduction and presentation of research, new research or comments regarding the existing research work. Through the National Higher Education Strategic Plan (PSPTN), which was announced on 31 March 2006 has been targeted in year 2020, at least three public universities listed among the 100 best universities and at least one university is among the 50 best universities (Department of Higher Education, 2007a). Besides that on October 11, 2006 the Cabinet at that time had announced four public universities instated as a Research University (RU). Universities have a mission as the country's growth engine of opportunity for scholars and students to exchange ideas and conduct research in a conducive environment, spur exploration and creativity to explore the knowledge and wealth and so on to change the quality of life.

There are criteria used to evaluate the performance of RU are as Quantity and Quality Research, Quantity and Quality of Researcher, Quantity and Quality of Student, Innovation, Support Facilities, Networks and Links, and Professional Services and Rewards. The biggest contributor is the quantity and quality of research which refers to the number of terms, the number of articles published in leading journals, external research grants obtained, and many others. One method to maintain the status of RU are all academicians conduct research and publish academic journals (Ab-Rahman et al., 2011c; Ab-Rahman et al., 2011e). Academic paper published in book form is also considered. However, not all research can produce a large number of journals. Usually it will put pressure on researchers if it is not handled well.

Research University (RU) is a public university which had been recognized by the Cabinet on 11 October 2006 to become a hub of excellence for education and research. In the beginning, Research University consists of the four public universities, namely Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Universiti Malaya (UM), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM) and finally, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) which had been recognized as an RU on 2010. In the move towards gaining an RU status, it is imperative that the performance of the local universities be monitored and audited so that the RUs can be benchmarked against internationally well renowned universities. It is also imperative that the criteria designed would address the philosophy, vision and objective of being an RU and the standards are met (Department of Higher Education, 2007b).

Characteristics of RU:

* Study fields focusing on research

* Competitive entrance

* Excellent faculty (lecturers)

* Ratio of undergraduates and postgraduates is 50:50 Goals of RU establishment:

* Increasing research and development and commercialization (R & D & C)

* Increasing intake of postgraduate and post doctoral students

* Increasing the number of lecturers who have acquired PhD

* Establishing and strengthening centers of excellence

* Enhancing the recruitment of foreign students and boosting the position of ranking in the international institutions of higher learning

RU vision:

Actively participate in the exploration of new ideas, experiment innovative ways to take the initiative on intellectual property and to continue to explore and develop advanced knowledge (Department of Higher Education, 2007b).

RU mission:

Becoming the engine of growth for the country, providing opportunities for students and scholars to exchange ideas as well as research in a conductive atmosphere to spur exploration and creativity to explore science and wealth, and ultimately increase the quality of life (Department of Higher Education, 2007b).

The scenario of research culture has grown rapidly and has increased since the implementation of the agenda research university (RU), which until today the country had five research university (RU) and the recognition of the Higher Education Centre of Excellence (HiCoE), as well as Fundamental Research Grant Scheme Fund (FRGS) available which started in 2006 which was originally received funds from the government under the Ninth Malaysia Plan 9. The strategy to increasing research capacity in the Ministry of Higher Education is continued from the year 2009 when the focus of research by empowering quality management system of research funds FRGS (Fundamental Research Grant Scheme) which have received ISO 9001:2008 certifications began in October 2009. Therefore, the research project application evaluation process, monitoring and reporting progress has been further enhanced and made periodically throughout the year.

Research University also transform Malaysia as a leader in research and development (R&D) and innovation and the production of intellectual human capital that can contribute to economic growth. In addition, recognition as a university of research will encourage local universities to compete globally and increase the ranking in the international ranking.

Criteria in the selection of RU:

The recognition of a RU is based on eight selection criteria as approved by the Committee of Research University Assessor, in which these criteria are focusing on R & D & C aspects and also adopted the criteria that have been adopted by several leading international rating agencies. Scoring criteria are as follows:

Goals (H-Index) and Targets (IF):

Research Quality:

Research quality expressed in assessment of terms in order to observe the impact of a publication or research produced. If the term for an institution is high, thus the research in that institution will influence the other research. The research quality was stated in two forms, namely H-Index and Impact Factor. H-index is a measure of a term to the article the researchers mentioned in other publications. If a researcher has H-Index is equal to 10. This means he has 10 papers cited at least 10 times. H-index is a measurement of researchers' terms in their articles was cited in other publications. If a researcher has the H-index is equal to 10. This means he has 10 papers mentioned at least 10 times. H-Index can also be calculated to determine the productivity or the impact of the research group from the same department, university and country. It was introduced by the physical scientist Jorge E-Hirsh in year 2005 in addition to the impact factor. The impact factor is the assessment of term for a publication and research. The impact factor is a measure of the frequency of the article which was mentioned in a journal in a particular period or a particular year. It is calculated based on the number of articles published during the previous two years which cited in the journals indexed in recent years divided by the number of journals published in the previous two years. If a journal impact factor equal to 3, this means that every article published in the two previous years had been cited at least three times in recent years. Referring to 'The History and meaning of the Journal Impact Factor', published in year 2006, Impact Factor were introduced by Eugene Garfiel in year 1955 (Garfield, 2006).

Impact Factors value have a big impact on the H-Index. This is because almost 100% of the journal listed in Q1 and Q2 has the focused scope and all journals in this group have high values of impact factors. Therefore, we are encouraged to publish in journals that the scope of its field is focused, if you want to increase the value of the H-Index. The higher the value of impact factor, the higher the probability of our article is referred and cited. Next, the value of the H-Index can be improved. Evaluation of research groups and individuals to be rewarded like the reward and promotion system is based on the H-Index, so it is necessary for researchers to monitor their H-index values.

There are two steps to increase the value of the H-index, the first step is to publish in large quantities to increase the probability of our journal cited in any other journal. To increase the quantity of per-annual research may refer to this journal to learn effective techniques. A publication in large quantities is necessary because at the time the researcher will refer to and cite the articles they have published. The self-citation is also considered increasing the value of H-index. The second step is to conduct research at the time from the latest and past. This is because the articles have a high probability to be cited to by the later researchers. Typically, these research findings will be published in journals listed in the Q1. There are a few tips that can be used to publish in the Journal of Q1 and Q2. In conclusion, this index is used as a self-assessment and goals and the impact factor is the target to be achieved.

Facilities Provided By University:

Subscription of Scopus and ISI WOS database:

The information such as the H-Index, Total terms, List journal issues indexed, Indexed journal, Impact factors, Ranking and other is necessary for the researchers. To ensure that the lecturer is in the right direction, this information must be achieved constantly. For example, H-Index and the Term Number, the total publication of indexed journals must be essential measurements and self-evaluation for a lecturer. Therefore, the lecturer can compete to get the best value for this parameter. An active lecturer would always know the current status of their research quality (H-index and the number of terms). This can be achieved with free access facilities provided by each university.

University Database:

Publication database for each university is important to ensure that all publications are recorded and stored their copies. Any publication either in the form of journal papers, conferences, chapters in books, books and other things should be kept to ease the process of monitoring and statistical analysis of a university. Each lecturer has facilities to achieve and record any of their publications. At the same time, he may be getting all the publications in each field have been published in a university. With this accessibility, each article published has a high probability to be cited by colleagues in their publications so as to increase the number of terms and the university's H-index.

Mentor System:

In every university, there are lecturers who are proactive, highly motivated, highly productive and resilient. They are in every layer, whether among the Professor, Associate Professor, Senior Lecturer, or perhaps a young lecturer. Universities must be smart to identify them and appoint them as mentors to young faculty. Mentors usually have their own research empire where new lecturers may be included in this laboratory. Mentors will provide guidance in determining the correct direction in developing a career as a lecturer and researcher. Thus, the problem of new lecturers who are still wavering to adapt to an environment is no longer happen. The space for research can also be overcome if the lecturers are willing to work together and share in research development and thus contribute to the university output.

Knowledge/Information, Techniques And Skills That Need To Acquire:

Elements Requirement to Strengthen the Research:

Knowledge requirement:

To achieve a good result in research, a researcher has to know certain aspects such as types of methodology and the tool, types of seminar that he/she can participates, types of exhibition that he/she can involves, types of fund or scholarship and the most important thing is types of journal that he or she may submit his/her manuscript. This knowledge may contribute in generating a research output into high impact journal publication. Figure 3 shows types of knowledge that has needed into every researchers that will help them successful in their research. All those information's can be seek from the talk with supervisor, attending seminars and an online searching. The components is seem similar to what should be posses by every student before commit to further study (Ab-Rahman et al. 2011f)

a) Types of research methodology and the tool:

Generally, there are two types of methodology which are quantitative and qualitative. The quantitative involves calculation and data observation from experiments. Meanwhile, the qualitative method concentrates on surveys and perception towards research subject. From the history of knowledge development, these two methods are related and not separated to each other because the objective of knowledge is to find the truth. The separation of knowledge development occurred in 19th century when the West separated the knowledge into different premises. Therefore, modern researchers have to make an attempt to integrate all these methods because the excellence of research output can be seen through two dimensions which are numerical and perception. For example, a product is considered the best product because of the quality that has been sustained continuously research and development. It was dissimilar for a product from a new company compared to an established company.

Three general approaches to achieve the objective of research are simulation, analytical modeling and designated prototype or an experiment. These approaches may have the limitations or benefits. It may result into the operation cost, so the selection has to be according to grant size or the allocation provided. In simulation tool, using right parameter may result an ideal output and it can be used as benchmark to experiment another methods. Result from characterization of other method will be compared with simulation result to get deviation from ideal condition. Thus, the cost from this kind of experiment is usually low and applicable for medium size grant.


Analytical approach will be taken when characterization process cannot be done from simulation. For example, an attempt made to cascade of subsystem into thousands and more. This method is not practical using tool or simulator but it can be done with analytical method.

The realistic research approach is the availability of an idea to be developed by using tool's experiment. It has been considered on factor such as contamination and atmosphere effect towards developing system connection. The strength of a research project is research methodology or developing prototype that has been used. However, this approach needs an intensive research and high cost for development.

b) Types of journal:

One of maximum publication catalysts is database development. Database refers to accumulation of journal information like URL, ISSN, Scope, and guides for author, impact factor, manuscript template and et cetera in one folder. Every folder refers to one journal. The database should be improvised from time to time and give it to every student. It's very useful for students to use the database in helping them submitting their manuscript for publication in order to understand very shortly. Every information that is needed is inclusive in the folder. In beginning, the database can be set up in two or three day's workshops to gather all the information and need to be upgraded regularly. Activities related to journal publication can use the information from the database in catalyzing their writing. Every folder has all these information's as below:

1. Journal information (URL, ISSN, impact factor) and scopes

2. Guide to author

3. Method of submission

4. Template (Microsoft word, Latex )

5. Sample of letter submission

6. Copyright Form

7. Necessity items needed in submission process

For a student who has submitted an article to the respective journal but was not accepted, try harder and do not give up until the article is accepted and ready to be published. The article may be restored in database and can be used by other students to guide them in submitting an article to the respective journal publisher.

c) Collaborative Research:

Prototype development usually demands high cost for development and characterization. Besides that, a researcher should plan from pre-processes until the execution. Several methods that may be used to reduce fabrication cost and characterization process are listed as below:

i. Develop collaboration with institute or company who has adequate equipment.

ii. Deliver sample to institute or company who has adequate equipment.

iii. Rent the necessary equipment.

d) Types of scholarships and research grants:

Full commitment but lack of financial support will affect the research activity. There are two types of financial support like allowance for student and grant to buy raw material to complete the research. Apart from technical knowledge, every student has to know how to get financial sources. Student must be active in finding all the information on scholarship or grant like duration of offering, requirement and so forth. Student must be eager to find financial support and do not rely on university grant or supervisor. It will give advantage to them in future. Without financial support, success is not your dream. (Don't even dream of success)

Skills requirement:

a) Mathematics skill:

Today, a wide variety of disciplines require their students to have knowledge of certain mathematical tools. Students from biological sciences, finance, business and management now find that they routinely need to perform calculations which require them to have a firm understanding of basic ideas in algebra and calculus. Some employers use standard mathematics tests as a screen for recruiting graduates regardless of their degree discipline. There is a wealth of mathematical material in many books, handouts and other resources, but getting the most from these requires a particular approach.

The following points may help you to develop your own mathematical skills:

* New ideas are built upon existing ones

* Learning mathematics needs active participation

* A lot of practice is required

* Technology can help you to learn

b) Criticize:

Criticize is another skill that student needs to develop during the research. This skill depends on the depth of understanding and knowledge in the certain topic. It also applied during thesis and journal writing. Every result has to undergo MDA technique and then criticized with helpful critic. As a result, the output will be viewed in a different way.

c) Graphic:

Seminar presentation, exhibition and technical report presentation need interesting and presentable slide shows or layout to attract audience or judges.

d) Technical report writing:

As a student or an academician, every significant result should be published either in proceeding or journal. These two publications have their own credibility. Journal publication is more competitive and has higher impact. It needs innovation, well-motivated and novelty inside the paper (Lee, 2011). Thus, an established research group or university is evaluated by number of publication per year. In Malaysia, reward system is built to motivate and encourage lecturer to publish journal and it depends on the quality of journal that has been published. Proceeding is more linear compared to journal and every manuscript submitted need to present. Every activity in organized proceedings typically participated by researchers around the globe. The most promising benefit in joining proceeding is widening collaboration with researchers that may contribute high impact research in future.

d) Presentation and Communication:

Presentation and effective communication is a channel to convey information about research progress to coresearchers or other parties. A variety of comment and input can be recorded through a good presentation and interactive. An enhancement can be done to upgrade the research quality and manuscript and publish in high impact journal.

Technique Requirement:

a) Multi Dimensional Assessment (MDA):

Multi Dimension Assessing (MDA) is an approach to maximize research output from the research activities (Ab-Rahman 2011). MDA can be achieved through research and result like graph from different point of view or dimensions. It also may applied achieving one objective and simultaneously solve other projects in one time (Ab-Rahman et al. 2011a). Thus, small output result can be modified to obtain big impact output. It's desired from researcher's creativity as well as widen knowledge in certain field or may be through joint venture with researcher from different field. A variation point of view may be transcipted into innovative product like technical paper writing such as journal, post-proceeding or patent.


Fig. 4: Skills requirement for a researcher to guide them in their research and channel the results into impacted channel.

b) Creativity:

K+ component or creativity in ensures the result from research can be published maximum. K+ component is very important because it will ensure every article has different quality and focus. Result like graph or table can be published again but with different focus and elaboration from the previous research. By the way, all the graph and table must be cited in the article. In conclusion, K+ component is important to execute MDA. AbRahman et al. (2011a) mentioned creativity is a must in research area and contributes to achieve the objective of research. MDA also has been applied to undergraduate students in my classroom. I have introduced one algorithm to represent a system and students are required to study the connection every parameter and to determine the mathematic formulae or the limitation from the system. According to student report's, there was a quality report that has been submitted. From the report, an enhancement of the report has been upgraded by research assistants and later was successfully sent to four index journal publications in SCOPUS. Apart from contributing 0.01% towards publication and University's KPI, an innovative in lecturing can be applied to intensify on teaching and learning.

c) Record:

Record is an activity performed over the years i.e. during prehistoric times longer. Many papers and photographs were carved on rocks and caves, so that they can be delivered from time to time. The world's holy book the Koran can be handed down until today is because of initiatives from the practitioners of / scholars in the past, which recorded a revelation.

d) Express Writing:

I have always received a lot of comments from my students that she/he is not capable or experienced to write an article. In this situation, a supervisor must be wisely to solve this problem. Benchmark refers to other research as a target. It's also applied to journal writing when using other outstanding paper a reference. It's called express writing when it can be done fast. How can it be done? Through continuous reading and analyzing technical papers, proceedings, journals and recently published books may expose reader's mind to develop a new idea inspired by earlier research. To achieve express writing, use an article similar to your idea from a reputable journal. Let the journal as the benchmark to your writing. Follow the style of writing and journal appearance because it has been through referee process and successfully published. But bear in mind, plagiarism is banned and using any words inside the journal need citation. Data like graph or table have to refer to the journal. If the data is not enough, researcher needs to do more experimental work abiding to the style of the journal.

e) Planning & Strategy:

Planning and strategy is important when arranging task that need to be achieved in a smart and efficient way. Planning refers to plan that arranged according to interest hierarchy or priority to achieve the objective. Strategy is a planning to achieve the objective using the best method through the best way and safe. These two elements are important for a researcher to succeed in research and using the result in a maximum way. AbRahman et al. (2011b) stated that strategic planning with guidance of supervisor may help the student throughout their research activity. A supervisor will guide the student stays orderly in the right pathways of his/her research. Time table can be used to mark achievement every semester, month or week. Arrangement of every objective must be clear and organized according to size and level that has to be completed.

f Maximize the Publication:

Researchers are required to write journals or proceeding related to research. Always be "cited" journals published between one another to increase the number of "cited" the researchers themselves.

g) Proposal Writing (Scientific / Technical Work Paper):

Researchers need to write a paper based on the format provided. The strength of paper depends on the research writing and results.

h) Effective Student Monitoring Techniques:

Generally, monitoring is done to see the developments and make hypotheses [Ab-Rahman et al. 2011d].

i) Spin Off:

The "SPIN OFF" techniques should be used in research which is intended to diversify the research capabilities to a greater maximum.

j) Entrepreneurship:

Researchers need to expose themselves in the field of entrepreneurship. This field, can teach researchers in managing the project outputs. Researchers must ensure that their intellectual property is not stolen by others.


Catalyst for excellence:

Short Term Plan:

Publishing Reward:

This scheme was established in 2008 to reward academic staff who successfully published paper in the journal is indexed in Scopus, and have an impact only in the ISI Thompson. Publishing articles in the Malay language is given additional compensation. Each issue of compensation eligible for one prize only on condition that the author must be addressed university affiliation.

Stimulation of Research Grants:

Normally, young lecturers with ideas and high motivation in conducting research and the ideas are usually produced when he was conducting research at the PhD level. However these ideas will be vacated if it was not realized. Therefore, universities must take proactive steps in providing a fund to them to start research. With results obtained later will be the strength for them to seek out a larger external grant.


Through cooperation, the strength of the research can be doubled. Any weaknesses (such as space, finances, equipment, raw materials) in the research groups or individuals can be compensated by working with others whether other universities or industry. Therefore, researchers can build their research empire from the start because the larger network of research groups, the larger notion of empire. Short-term plan also requires the collaboration of research to support individual researchers in conducting research.

Long Term Plan:


Collaboration will benefit from the first day of research until an empire was established. Through the collaboration of all the benefits such as publications, grants and other research can be shared. Expansion and student exchanges, sabbaticals can be exploited by a strong research collaboration.

Research Group:

Working in a team is better than alone. The strength also can be multiplied. A good research team is able to bring all its members to conduct research and share research results obtained. Each research group led by a lecturer, who is also could acts as a mentor to other lecturers. If it is polished and managed properly, the research groups will have a substantial impact on research and thus the strength of a university.


The best mentor system is a catalyst for excellence. New lecturers who are well-established will be upgraded to become a mentor and then lead other young lecturer. With this, there is no longer a young lecturer who has no direction or lost in contributing to the university as a whole. A good mentor is able to motivate mentee to move with extreme pro-active and in research.

Professional Recognition:

Each young lecturer must be required to join the recognized and professional bodies. This is important in developing their career as a lecturer and researcher.


The skills and knowledge of young lecturers must be increased from time to time following the development and passage of time. The university should assist in organizing the training and workshops, or send them for training from outside. By increasing the skills, knowledge and techniques is likely to stimulate creativity and innovative in their research. Thus, produce better quality output.


Ab-Rahman, M.S., K. Jumari, S.M. Zain, A.K.A.M. Ihsan, M.J.M. Nor, 2011a. Easy Research: Strategy Towards Excellency and Unstressful Research. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. In-press.

Ab-Rahman, M.S., K. Jumari, S.M. Zain, A.K.A.M. Ihsan, M.J.M. Nor, A. Hipni, N.H.A. Razak, 2011b. Case Study of Set up a New Research Engineering Group with Excellent Performance. The Sosial Sciences. Inpress.

Ab-Rahman, M.S., S.M. Zain, A. Hipni, M.J.M. Nor, A.K.A.M. Ihsan, N.F.L. Ramli, M.F.C. Sukarna, N.S. Roslani, N.H.A. Razak, 2011c. High Quality Students by Improving Reseach Supervision. The Sosial Sciences, 6(5): 344-349.

Ab-Rahman, M.S., S.M. Zain, A.K.A.M. Ihsan, A. Zahrim, M.J.M. Nor, M.F.M. Zain, N.S. Roslani, A. Hipni, N.L. Ramli, M.F.C. Sukarna and I.H. Kaharudin, 2011 d. Effective Supervision Strategies in Improving the Quality and Quantity of Research. International Business Management. In-press.

Ab-Rahman, M.S., S.M. Zain, A.K.A.M. Ihsan, A. Zahrim, M.J.M. Nor, M.F.M. Zain, A. Hipni, M.F.C. Sukarna and N.H.A. Razak, 2011e. Enhancement Strategy Towards Research University (RU): Maximizing Journal Publication. International Business Management. In-press.

Ab-Rahman, M.S., S.M. Zain, A.K.A.M. Ihsan, M.J.M. Nor, A. Hipni and N.S. Roslani, 2011f. Requirements of Knowledge, Skills and Techniques for a Postgraduate Engineering Student Before and During Research Start Up. The Social Sciences. In-press.

Ab-Rahman, M.S.. 2011. Multi-Dimensional Assessment (MDA): Setting the Research Diversity. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. In-press.

Ab-Rahman, M.S., K. Jumari, S.M. Zain, A. Hipni, F. Jaafar, Z. Zaki, M.J.M. Nor, A.K.A.M. Ihsan, 2011g. Introduction to Research, Sub-Breaking and Ethics: The First Knowledge Before Starting The Empire. The Social Sciences, 6(5): 386-390.

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H-Index--An Individual Term Assessment

Networking; Self Citation, Quantity of Publication, Open Access Journal, Frontier Re search, Quality of Publications (Ql & Q2), Publisher, Promotion


Impact Factor--The Publication Term Assessment

Frontier Research, Comparative Analysis, Novelty, Ennovativeness, Creativity, Clear & Systematically Written, Latest References, Established Author.

Corresponding Author: Mohammad Syuhaimi Ab-Rahman, Research Advancement Strategic and Planning (RASP), Spectrum Technology Research Group (SPECTECH), Department of Electrical, Electronic & System Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, MALAYSIA. E-mail:; Tel: +603-89216837; Fax: +603-89216146

Mohammad Syuhaimi Ab-Rahman

Research Advancement Strategic and Planning (RASP), Spectrum Technology Research Group (SPECTECH), Department of Electrical, Electronic & System Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, MALAYSIA.
Table 1: Scheme of incentives and rewards publication in UKM in 2008.

Publication Type         Criteria/Details              Rates

Impact/Indexed Journal   --                            1500
Books and chapters in    Exceed 50 pages               1500
books (the form of       In the Malay language         Added
research only)                                         300
Patent                   Per patent                    500
Writing articles for     A publication of journals     Added
university journals in   indexed in Malay language     500
the Malay language       If the issue has not been     Added
                         indexed, either in Malay or   300
                         English language

Fig. 2: RU evaluation criteria according to Weight. Each lecturer or
researcher must be aware of these fractions to set targets and goals.

1 Quantity and quality of researcher   25%
1 Quantity and quality of research     30%
3 Quantity of postgraduate students    10%
4 Quality of postgraduate students      5%
5 Innovation                           10%
6 Professional service and gifts        7%
7 Network and link                      8%
8 Support facilities                    5%

Note: Table made from bar graph.
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Title Annotation:Original Article
Author:Ab-Rahman, Mohammad Syuhaimi
Publication:Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:9MALA
Date:Nov 1, 2011
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