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Stay warm and alive this winter.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Captions: OH, MAN! WAIT'LL THE CAPTAIN HEARS ABOUT THIS.

WELL, IT COULD'VE BEEN WORSE!

YEAH, WE'RE LUCKY NO ONE GOT HURT.

YOU GOT THAT RIGHT.

MASTER-SERGEANT HALF-MAST

WHAT DID WE DO WRONG?

THAT OLD KEROSENE HEATER OF YOURS WAS THE CULPRIT

WHAT YOU FELLAS NEED IS A REFRESHER COURSE ON SPACE HEATER SAFETY.

SPACE HEATER SAFETY?

THAT'S RIGHT

TO BEGIN WITH, SOME HEATERS ARE APPROVED FOR ARMY USE ... AND SOME ARE NOT!

"COMMERCIAL NON-STANDARD HEATERS, INCLUDING UNVENTED KEROSENE OR PROPANE HEATERS, ARE NOT APPROVED."

"THEY EMIT CARBON MONOXIDE GAS AND COULD MAKE YOU SICK ... EVEN KILL YOU."

SOME MODELS TEND TO LEAK FUEL AROUND THE VALVES ... AND OTHERS ARE PRONE TO TIP OVER.

THEY DON'T MEET FIELD STANDARDS. THEY ARE FIRE HAZARDS.

"THE FAMILY OF SPACE HEATERS (FOSH) APPROVED FOR MILITARY USE IS SAFE. WHEN USED CORRECTLY, THEY'RE YOUR BEST CHOICE. THEY BURN APPROVED FUELS AND VENT EXHAUST GASES OUTSIDE."

HERE'S A BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO EACH MEMBER OF THE 'FAMILY' ...

FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE FOSH, GO TO THE DEFENSE SUPPLY CENTER PHILADELPHIA WEB SITE AT http://www.dscp.dla.mil/gi/general/fosh.htm

YOUR AUTHORITY FOR ORDERING THESE HEATERS IS CTA 50-909

YOU MUST BE TRAINED AND LICENSED TO SET UP AND OPERATE HEATERS.

"IT'S SPELLED OUT IN CHAPTERS 6 AND 7 OF AR 600-55, THE ARMY DRIVER AND OPERATOR STANDARDIZATION PROGRAM (SELECTION, TRAINING, TESTING AND LICENSING)."

BE SAFE, LEARN ALL YOU CAN ABOUT YOUR HEATER BEFORE YOU FIRE IT UP.

"READ THE TMs."

"STUDY LOCAL SOP."

"ATTEND CLASSES. PAY ATTENTION TO TIPS ...

... OFFERED BY YOUR SAFETY PERSONNEL."

THERE ARE TWO POSSIBLE HAZARDS WHEN USING SPACE HEATERS ...

... CARBON MONOXIDE AND FIRE. ONE CAN POISON, THE OTHER BURNS. BOTH CAN KILL.

BURNING FUEL CREATES CARBON MONOXIDE ... CO. IT'S A GAS YOU CAN'T SEE OR SMELL. IT'S A SILENT KILLER.

BREATHING CO CAN CAUSE NAUSEA DIZZINESS, HEADACHES OR FATIGUE. BREATHING A HEAVY DOSE OF CO CAN KILL YOU."

"MAKE SURE YOUR STACK VENTS OUTSIDE THE TENT."

"WHEN YOU PUT TOGETHER THE EXHAUST STACK, USE ALL THE PIPES THAT COME WITH THE HEATER. THAT WAY, THE STACK WILL REACH BEYOND THE EXHAUST OPENING AND THE TENT'S PEAK."

"MAKE SURE THE PIPES FIT SNUGLY. INSPECT THE STACK FOR CRACKS, BENT FLANGES OR BROKEN SEAMS. THEY CAN REDUCE THE AIRFLOW NEEDED TO BURN THE FUEL. REPLACE DAMAGED PIPES."

"LOOK INSIDE THE PIPES FOR CLOGS OR SOOT BUILD-UP THAT MIGHT PREVENT FUMES FROM VENTING."

"CLEAN THE INSIDES WITH A RAG."

TAKE PRECAUTIONS TO CUT THE RISK OF FIRE ...

FIRST, MAKE SURE YOUR EXHAUST STACK PIPES FIT TIGHT."

A LOOSE FIT CAN CAUSE A HOT STACK TO FALL AND START A FIRE!

"THE STACK COMES WITH A CAP. PUT IT ON. THEN TIE THE GUY LINES FROM THE CAP TO THE STAKES. THE LINES SUPPORT THE STACK. INSPECT THE LINES FOR FRAYING."

"ROLL BACK AND TIE DOWN THE EXHAUST FLAP AWAY FROM THE STACK. ALSO, KEEP CAMO NETS CLEAR OF THE STACK."

"IF YOU BURN WOOD, CREOSOTE BUILDS UP INSIDE THE STACK."

"CREOSOTE CATCHES FIRE EASILY, SO CLEAN THE STACK DAILY."

"ALLOW PROPER SPACE BETWEEN YOUR HEATER AND THE TENT WALL. THE STACK SHOULD BE STRAIGHT UP THROUGH THE EXHAUST OPENING. IN ANY CASE, SEE YOUR HEATER'S TM FOR GUIDELINES.

"IF THE TENT HAS A FABRIC FLOOR OR IS PITCHED ON SNOW, PUT THE HEATER IN A SANDBOX OR ON A BED OF BRICKS."

"KEEP FLAMMABLE MATERIAL AT LEAST TWO FEET AWAY FROM THE HEATER."

"IF THE HEATER'S FLAME GOES OUT, WAIT UNTIL THE HEATER COOLS BEFORE RE-LIGHTING. HOT FUEL VAPOR COULD EXPLODE."

"USE ONLY APPROVED FUELS. UNAPPROVED FUELS (GASOLINE OR JP 4) MAY CAUSE A FIRE OR AN EXPLOSION."

SET UP THE EXTERNAL FUEL SUPPLY AWAY FROM SPARKS. PUT IT ON A CLEARED, LEVEL SITE ABOUT 7 OR 8 FEET AWAY FROM THE TENT."

"STORE SPARE FUEL TANKS OUTSIDE OF TENT'S AND SHELTER'S."

"DAMAGE TO THE FUEL FLOW CONTROL VALVE OR THE VALVE BRACKET CAN LET FUEL OVERFLOW INSIDE THE BURNER SHELL, RESULTING IN A FIRE OR EXPLOSION."

"RUN THE FUEL OVERFLOW HOSE OUTSIDE AWAY FROM THE TENT SLIGHTLY DOWNHILL, PUT THE END OF THE HOSE ON A PETROLEUM ABSORBENT MAT, NSN 7930-01-363-8631"

"INSPECT FUEL HOSES FOR CUTS, WEAR, PUNCTURES AND LEAKS. LOOK FOR LEAKS FROM THE FUEL CAN, THE GRAVITY FEED ADAPTER AND THE QUICK DISCONNECTING FITTING, KEEP THE QUICK DISCONNECTS CLEAN."

"HEATERS MUST ALWAYS BE ATTENDED. KEEP A FIREGUARD ON DUTY IN SHIFTS. THE GUARD SHOULD BE TRAINED IN ALARM PROCEDURES, THE USE OF FIRE EXTINGUISHERS AND RECOGNIZING SIGNS OF CO POISONING."

Caption: FOR YOUR OWN HEALTH, ALWAYS DO THE BY-THE-BOOK PMCS BEFORE USING YOUR HEATER, FOLLOW THE SAFETY RULES. THEY'RE YOUR BEST DEFENSE AGAINST FIRE AND CARBON MONOXIDE POISONING

STAY WARM, FELLAS.

H-45 Space Heater

NSN 4520-01-354-1191 (Type I, Solid Fuel) NSN 4520-01-329-3451 (Type II, Liquid Fuel) TM 9-4520-257-12&P

The H-45 replaces the old potbelly M-1941, Designed to heat the General Purpose and TEMPER tents, it burns liquid (JP 8 and diesel) and solid fuels,

Artic space heater

NSN 4520-01-444-2375 TM 10-4520-261-12&P

The arctic heater replaces the M-1950 Yukon heater. It's a lightweight, portable heater for 5-man and 10-man arctic tents. It burns liquid (JP-8 and diesel) and solid fuels.

Small space heater

NSN 4520-01-478-9207 TM 10-4520-263-12&P This heater is ideal for use in smaller tents like the 4-man soldier/crew tent, It burns liquid (JP-8 and diesel) fuel. Although it has a built in fuel tank, the heater can also run off of an external fuel supply using a fuel can and stand,

Convective space heater

NSN 4520-01-431-8927 TM 10-4520-262-12&P

This heater provides forced hot air for the modular command post shelter. It generates its own electrical power and it has built-in diagnostics. It burns liquid fuel (JP-8 and diesel).

Thermoelectric fan

NSN 4520-01-457-2790 This fan is a compact, self-powered unit that fits on top of the H-45 and arctic space heaters. The fan uses some of the heat to turn the fan blades, which circulate heated air, improve comfort and save fuel.
COPYRIGHT 2004 PS Magazine
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2004, Gale Group. All rights reserved. Gale Group is a Thomson Corporation Company.

Article Details
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Publication:PS, the Preventive Maintenance Monthly
Article Type:Cover Story
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Oct 1, 2004
Words:999
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