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Statistical tables.

BASIC INDICATORS

 % of Pop. % Female
 Population Living in Poverty Headed
COUNTRY (000) (1) (US$ day) (2) Households (3)

 1997 1994 1980-94

ANGOLA 11,600
BENIN 5,900
BOTSWANA 1,500 23 48.0
BURKINA FASO 10,900 59 9.7
BURUNDI 6,100 49 25.0
CAMEROON 13,900 31 19.0
CAPE VERDE 400 44
CAR 3,300 42 19.0
CHAD 7,000
CODE D'IVOIRE 15,000 46 16.0
COMOROS 600 16.00 (4)
CONGO 2,600 29 21.00 (4)
DJIBOUTI 600 18.0
DR CONGO 47,400 41 16.00 (4)
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 400
ERITREA 3,600
ETHIOPIA 58,700 56 15.5 (4)
GABON 1,200
GAMBIA, THE 1,200
GHANA 18,100 33 32.2
GUINEA 7,500 50 13.00 (4)
KENYA 28,800 26 22.0
LESOTHO 2,000 28
LIBERIA 2,300 19.0
MADAGASCAR 14,100 50
MALAWI 9,600 46 28.8
MALI 9,900 55 14.0
MAURITANIA 2,400 47
MAURITIUS 1,100 12 19.00 (4)
MOZAMBIQUE 18,400 50
NAMIBIA 1,700 45
NIGER 9,800 66 10.0
NIGERIA 107,100 42
RWANDA 7,700 46
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE 100
SENEGAL 8,800 49
SEYCHELLES 100
SIERRA LEONE 4,400 59 11.0
SOMALIA 10,200
SOUTH AFRICA 42,500 24
SUDAN 27,900 42 13.0
SWAZILAND 1,000 40.0
TANZANIA
TOGO 4,700 39 26.0
UGANDA 20,600 41 21.0
ZAMBIA 9,400 35 16.2
ZIMBABWE 11,400 17 33.0

 GNP Per GNP per Central Govt.
 Capita Capita Expenditure (2)
COUNTRY (US$) (1) (US$)2 Health Education

 1995 1993-94 1992-95 1992-95

ANGOLA 410
BENIN 370 362
BOTSWANA 3,020 1,784 4.9 20.3
BURKINA FASO 230 253 6.9 17.3
BURUNDI 160 191
CAMEROON 650 661 4.8 18
CAPE VERDE 960 654
CAR 340 348
CHAD 180 173
CODE D'IVOIRE 660 708
COMOROS 470 437
CONGO 680 933
DJIBOUTI
DR CONGO 120 0.7 0.6
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 380 420
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA 100 153 3.2 10.6
GABON 3,490 3,639
GAMBIA, THE 320 268 6.9 12.3
GHANA 390 412 7 22
GUINEA 550 397
KENYA 280 372 5.4 18.9
LESOTHO 770 11.5 21.9
LIBERIA
MADAGASCAR 230 205 6.6 17.1
MALAWI 170 132
MALI 250 248
MAURITANIA 460 494
MAURITIUS 3,380 2,399 8.8 17
MOZAMBIQUE 80 133
NAMIBIA 2,000 1,575
NIGER 220 275
NIGERIA 260 349
RWANDA 180
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE 350 486
SENEGAL 600 615
SEYCHELLES 6,620 4,974
SIERRA LEONE 180 145 9.6 13.3
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA 3,160 2,141
SUDAN 765
SWAZILAND 1,170 768
TANZANIA
TOGO 310 317
UGANDA 240 511
ZAMBIA 400 253 14.2 15
ZIMBABWE 540 629

 Military Exp. as % of Debt
 Combined Education & Burden as of
COUNTRY Health Expenditure (2) GNP (2)

 1992-95 1995

ANGOLA 208 274.9
BENIN 81.8
BOTSWANA 22 16.3
BURKINA FASO 30 55.0
BURUNDI 42 110.1
CAMEROON 48 124.4
CAPE VERDE
CAR 33
CHAD 74 81.4
CODE D'IVOIRE 14 251.7
COMOROS
CONGO 37 365.8
DJIBOUTI
DR CONGO 71
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA 190 99.9
GABON 51 121.6
GAMBIA, THE 11
GHANA 12 95.1
GUINEA 37 91.2
KENYA 24 97.7
LESOTHO 48 44.6
LIBERIA
MADAGASCAR 37 141.7
MALAWI 24 166.8
MALI 53 131.9
MAURITANIA 40 243.3
MAURITIUS 4 45.9
MOZAMBIQUE 121 443.6
NAMIBIA 23
NIGER 11 91.2
NIGERIA 33 140.5
RWANDA 25 89.1
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 33 82.3
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 23 159.7
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA 41
SUDAN 44
SWAZILAND 11
TANZANIA
TOGO 39 121.2
UGANDA 18 63.7
ZAMBIA 63 191.3
ZIMBABWE 66 78.90

 Aid as
 %of
COUNTRY GNP (2)

 1994

ANGOLA 11.0
BENIN 17.4
BOTSWANA 2.2
BURKINA FASO 23.7
BURUNDI 31.6
CAMEROON 10.0
CAPE VERDE
CAR 19.4
CHAD 23.9
CODE D'IVOIRE 24.8
COMOROS
CONGO 24.9
DJIBOUTI
DR CONGO
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA 22.7
GABON 5.6
GAMBIA, THE 19.8
GHANA 8.5
GUINEA 11.0
KENYA 9.7
LESOTHO 8.9
LIBERIA
MADAGASCAR 10.2
MALAWI 38.0
MALI 24.5
MAURITANIA 27.7
MAURITIUS 0.4
MOZAMBIQUE 101.0
NAMIBIA
NIGER 25.0
NIGERIA 0.6
RWANDA 95.9
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 17.2
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 36.0
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA 0.2
SUDAN
SWAZILAND
TANZANIA
TOGO 13.8
UGANDA 19.2
ZAMBIA 20.7
ZIMBABWE 10.2

Source:

(1) 1997 World Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau.

(2) UNDP Human Development Report, 1997.

(3) The World's Women 1995 Trends & Statistics.

(4) Data are from years other than those indicated.

ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
 % Distribution of
 Women as Labor Force (2)
 % of Adult
 Labor Force (1) Agriculture Industry
COUNTRY (Formal Sector) W M W M

ANGOLA 47 87 58 2 17
BENIN 48 64 54 4 12
BOTSWANA 47 78 41 3 31
BURKINA FASO 47 85 85 4 6
BURUNDI 49 98 87 1 4
CAMEROON 37 64 51 4 16
CAPE VERDE 39 14 50 31 30
CAR 47 63 60 5 12
CHAD 44 80 75 2 7
COTE D'IVOIRE 32 62 50 8 13
COMOROS 43 84 76 3 10
CONGO 43 83 45 2 19
DJIBOUTI 80 71 8 11
DR CONGO 44 92 49 2 22
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 35 82 38 3 22
ERITREA 47 80 71 8 11
ETHIOPIA 41 80 71 8 11
GABON 44 84 63 3 18
GAMBIA, THE 45 91 74 3 12
GHANA 51 50 55 17 20
GUINEA 47 84 70 6 14
GUINEA BISSAU 40 91 72 2 6
KENYA 46 82 73 4 11
LESOTHO 37 86 79 3 7
LIBERIA
MADAGASGAR 45 92 68 2 11
MALAWI 50 92 63 3 17
MALI 47 75 83 4 2
MAURITANIA 44 82 46 4 16
MAURITIUS 30 24 21 16 26
MOZAMBIQUE 48 97 68 1 16
NAMIBIA 41 47 32 3 32
NIGER 44 92 84 0 4
NIGERIA 35 67 64 7 16
RWANDA 49 98 86 1 6
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 42 87 72 3 10
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 36 78 56 4 22
SOMALIA 87 61 2 15
SOUTH AFRICA 37 13 11 17 48
SUDAN 27 84 60 5 10
SWAZILAND 37 78 60 4 16
TANZANIA
TOGO 40 64 72 8 13
UGANDA 48 85 80 3 8
ZAMBIA 45 82 65 3 14
ZIMBABWE 44 80 62 4 17

 % Distribution of
 Labor Force (2) Earned Income
 Share (1)
 Service %
COUNTRY W M W

ANGOLA 11 25
BENIN 31 34 40.5
BOTSWANA 19 27 38.9
BURKINA FASO 11 9 40.0
BURUNDI 1 9 41.7
CAMEROON 32 33 30.9
CAPE VERDE 54 21 32.4
CAR 31 28 39.1
CHAD 19 18 37.3
COTE D'IVOIRE 30 38 27.0
COMOROS 13 15
CONGO 15 36
DJIBOUTI 12 18
DR CONGO 6 29
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 15 39 29.0
ERITREA 12 18
ETHIOPIA 12 18 34.0
GABON 13 19 37.0
GAMBIA, THE 6 14 38.0
GHANA 33 24 43.0
GUINEA 9 16 40.0
GUINEA BISSAU 7 22 34.0 (3)
KENYA 14 15 42.0
LESOTHO 11 13 30.0
LIBERIA
MADAGASGAR 6 21
MALAWI 5 19 42.0
MALI 21 15 39.0
MAURITANIA 145 38 37.0
MAURITIUS 60 53 25.0
MOZAMBIQUE 2 15 41.0
NAMIBIA 50 36
NIGER 8 12 37.0 (3)
NIGERIA 26 20 30.0
RWANDA 2 8
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 10 18 36.0
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 17 23 30.0 (3)
SOMALIA 11 24
SOUTH AFRICA 70 40 31.0
SUDAN 11 29 23.0
SWAZILAND 18 24 35.0
TANZANIA
TOGO 28 15 33.0
UGANDA 12 12 41.0
ZAMBIA 15 21 39.0
ZIMBABWE 16 21 37.0

 Earned Income
 Share (1)

COUNTRY M

ANGOLA
BENIN 59.5
BOTSWANA 61.1
BURKINA FASO 60.0
BURUNDI 58.3
CAMEROON 69.1
CAPE VERDE 67.6
CAR 60.9
CHAD 62.7
COTE D'IVOIRE 73.0
COMOROS
CONGO
DJIBOUTI
DR CONGO
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 71.0
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA 66.0
GABON 63.0
GAMBIA, THE 62.0
GHANA 57.0
GUINEA 60.0
GUINEA BISSAU 66.0
KENYA 58.0
LESOTHO 70.0
LIBERIA
MADAGASGAR
MALAWI 58.0
MALI 61.0
MAURITANIA 63.0
MAURITIUS 75.0 (3)
MOZAMBIQUE 59.0
NAMIBIA
NIGER 63.0
NIGERIA 70.0
RWANDA
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 64.0
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 70.0
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA 69.0
SUDAN 77.0
SWAZILAND 65.0
TANZANIA
TOGO 67.0
UGANDA 59.0
ZAMBIA 61.0
ZIMBABWE 63.0

Source:

(1) UNDP Human Development Report, 1997.

(2) The World's Women, 1995, Trends and Statistics.

(3) Data are from different years other than 1994.

WOMEN'S RIGHTS

 Convention on the Convention on the
 Poll Rights Nationality of
COUNTRY of Women (1) Married Women (2)

ANGOLA X
BENIN
BOTSWANA
BURKINA FASO
BURUNDI
CAMEROON
CAPE VERDE
CAR X
CHAD
CODE D'IVOIRE
COMOROS
CONGO X
DJIBOUTI
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA X
GABON X
GAMBIA, THE
GHANA X X
GUINEA X S
GUINEA BISSAU
KENYA
LESOTHO X X
LIBERIA S
MADAGASCAR X
MALAWI X X
MALI X X
MAURITANIA X
MAURITIUS X X
MOZAMBIQUE
NAMIBIA
NIGER X
NIGERIA X
RWANDA
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL X
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE X X
SOMALIA X X
SOUTH AFRICA
SUDAN
SWAZILAND X X
TANZANIA
TOGO
UGANDA X
ZAIRE X
ZAMBIA X X
ZIMBABWE

 Convention on Consent
 To Marriage, Minimum
 Age for Marriage & Agenda 21
 Registration Article
COUNTRY of Marriages (3) Chapter 24 (4)

ANGOLA
BENIN X
BOTSWANA
BURKINA FASO X
BURUNDI
CAMEROON
CAPE VERDE
CAR
CHAD
CODE D'IVOIRE
COMOROS
CONGO
DJIBOUTI
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA
GABON
GAMBIA, THE
GHANA
GUINEA X
GUINEA BISSAU
KENYA
LESOTHO
LIBERIA
MADAGASCAR
MALAWI
MALI X
MAURITANIA
MAURITIUS
MOZAMBIQUE
NAMIBIA
NIGER X
NIGERIA
RWANDA
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE
SOMALIA X
SOUTH AFRICA
SUDAN
SWAZILAND
TANZANIA
TOGO
UGANDA
ZAIRE
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE

 Convention on
 Elimination of all
 Forms of Convention on
 Discrimination the Rights
COUNTRY Against Women (5) of the Child (6)

ANGOLA X X
BENIN X X
BOTSWANA
BURKINA FASO X X
BURUNDI X X
CAMEROON S s
CAPE VERDE X X
CAR X
CHAD X
CODE D'IVOIRE S X
COMOROS S
CONGO X
DJIBOUTI X
EQUATORIAL GUINEA X X
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA X X
GABON X S
GAMBIA, THE S X
GHANA X X
GUINEA X X
GUINEA BISSAU X X
KENYA X X
LESOTHO S X
LIBERIA X S
MADAGASCAR X X
MALAWI X X
MALI X X
MAURITANIA X
MAURITIUS X X
MOZAMBIQUE S
NAMIBIA X
NIGER X
NIGERIA X X
RWANDA X X
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE X X
SENEGAL X
SEYCHELLES X X
SIERRA LEONE X X
SOMALIA X X
SOUTH AFRICA X S
SUDAN
SWAZILAND
TANZANIA
TOGO X X
UGANDA X X
ZAIRE X X
ZAMBIA X X
ZIMBABWE X X

Source: United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, African Center
for Women: International Legal Instruments Relevant to Women, 1994.

(1) Convention on the Political Rights of Women.

(2) Convention on the Nationality of Married Women.

(3) Convention on Consent to Marriage, Minimum Age for Marriage, &
Registration of Marriages.

(4) Agenda 21, Article 24.

(5) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination
Against Women.

(6) Convention on the Rights of the Child.

WOMEN IN DECISION-MAKING STRUCTURES

 Parliament (1) Ministerial Positions (2)

COUNTRY Women Men Women Men

ANGOLA 9.5 90.5 7.4 92.6
BENIN 7.2 92.8 15.0 85.0
BOTSWANA 8.5 91.5 0.0 100.0
BURKINA FASO 3.7 96.3 11.0 89.0
BURUNDI 8.0 92.0
CAMEROON 12.2 87.8 3.0 93.0
CAPE VERDE 11.1 88.9 13.0 87.0
CAR 3.5 86.5 5.0 95.0
CHAD 17.3 82.5 5.0 95.0
COTE D'IVOIRE 8.3 91.7 8.0 92.0
COMOROS 0.0 100.0 7.0 93.0
CONGO 2.0 98.0 6.0 94.0
DJIBOUTI 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0
DR CONGO 5.0 95.0 3.0 97.0
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 9.0 (5) 91.0 4.0 96.0
ERITREA 21.0 79.0 6.7 93.3
ETHIOPIA 2.0 98.0 11.5 85.5
GABON 6.0 (5) 94.0 7.0 93.0
GAMBIA, THE 7.8 92.0 22.2 77.8
GHANA 7.5 92.5 10.7 89.3
GUINEA 7.0 93.0 15.0 85.0
GUINEA BISSAU 10.0 90.0 8.3 81.7
KENYA 3.0 97.0 4.0 96.0
LESOTHO 4.6 95.0 6.7 93.3
LIBERIA 5.7 94.3 5.0 95.0
MADAGASCAR 4.0 (5) 96.0 0.0 100.0
MALAWI 5.6 94.4 13.6 86.4
MALI 2.3 97.7 10.0 90.0
MAURITANIA 1.3 98.7 4.0 96.0
MAURITIUS 7.6 92.4 4.0 96.0
MOZAMBIQUE 25.2 74.8 3.6 96.4
NAMIBIA 18.1 71.9 9.5 90.5
NIGER 5.0 95.0
NIGERIA 2.9 97.1
RWANDA 17.1 86.9 8.0 92.0
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE 7.0 (5) 93.0 0.0 100.0
SENEGAL 3.7 96.3 4.0 96.0
SEYCHELLES 27.0 (5) 73.0 33.0 67.0
SIERRA LEONE 6.3 93.7 3.8 96.2
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA 25.0 75.0 9.4 90.6
SUDAN 5.3 94.7 0.0 100.0
SWAZILAND 3.1 96.9 0.0 100.0
TANZANIA
TOGO 1.2 98.8 4.0 96.0
UGANDA 18.0 82.0 10.0 90.0
ZAMBIA 9.7 90.3 7.4 92.6
ZIMBABWE 14.7 85.3 3.0 97.0

 Sub-ministerial
 Positions (2) Local Authorities (3)

COUNTRY Women Men Women Men

ANGOLA 5.6 94.4
BENIN 5.0 95.0 0.0 100.0
BOTSWANA 15.0 85.0
BURKINA FASO 9.0 91.0 18.0 82.0
BURUNDI 0.0 100.0
CAMEROON 7.0 93.0 18.0 82.0
CAPE VERDE 10.0 90.0 9.0 91.0
CAR
CHAD 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0
COTE D'IVOIRE 0.0 100.0 3.0 93.0
COMOROS 0.0 100.0
CONGO
DJIBOUTI
DR CONGO 0.0 100.0 4.0 96.0
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA 10.2 89.8
GABON
GAMBIA, THE 1.8 98.2
GHANA 10.4 89.6
GUINEA 0.0 100.0 3.0 97.0
GUINEA BISSAU 15.8 84.2
KENYA 6.0 94.0 3.0 97.0
LESOTHO 16.3 83.7
LIBERIA
MADAGASCAR
MALAWI 7.7 92.3
MALI 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0
MAURITANIA 5.0 95.0 1.0 99.0
MAURITIUS 8.2 91.8 1.0 99.0
MOZAMBIQUE 14.9 85.1
NAMIBIA 5.7 94.3
NIGER
NIGERIA 11.1 88.9 1.0 99.0
RWANDA 13.0 87.0 1.0 99.0
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 0.0 100.0 8.0 92.0
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 5.2 94.8
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA 5.9 94.1 6.0 94.0
SUDAN 1.2 98.8 4.0 94.0
SWAZILAND 13.0 87.0 0.0 100.0
TANZANIA
TOGO 0.0 100.0
UGANDA 7.3 92.7
ZAMBIA 8.8 91.2 6.0 94.0
ZIMBABWE 18.8 80.2 4.0 96.0

 Administration Professional & Technical
 Managers (3) Workers (3)

COUNTRY Women Men Women Men

ANGOLA 13.5 86.5 25.8 74.2
BENIN
BOTSWANA 36.0 64.0 61.0 39.0
BURKINA FASO 14.0 86.0 26.0 74.0
BURUNDI 13.0 87.0 20.0 80.0
CAMEROON 10.0 90.0 24.0 76.0
CAPE VERDE 23.0 87.0 48.0 52.0
CAR 9.0 91.0 19.0 81.0
CHAD
COTE D'IVOIRE
COMOROS 22.0 78.0
CONGO
DJIBOUTI
DR CONGO 9.0 91.0 17.0 83.0
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA 11.2 88.0 23.9 76.1
GABON
GAMBIA, THE 14.5 85.5 26.5 73.5
GHANA 8.9 91.1 35.7 64.3
GUINEA
GUINEA BISSAU 7.9 92.1 26.2 73.8
KENYA
LESOTHO 33.4 66.6 56.6 43.4
LIBERIA
MADAGASCAR
MALAWI 4.8 95.2 34.7 65.3
MALI 20.0 80.0 19.0 81.0
MAURITANIA 8.0 92.0 21.0 79.0
MAURITIUS 14.3 85.7 41.4 59.6
MOZAMBIQUE 11.3 88.7 20.4 79.6
NAMIBIA 21.0 79.0 41.0 59.0
NIGER
NIGERIA 5.5 94.5 26.0 74.0
RWANDA 8.0 92.0 32.0 68.0
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 0.0 100.0 0.0 100.0
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 8.0 92.0 32.0 68.0
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA 17.4 82.6 46.7 53.3
SUDAN 2.4 87.6 28.8 71.2
SWAZILAND 14.5 85.5 54.3 45.7
TANZANIA
TOGO 8.0 92.0 21.0 79.0
UGANDA
ZAMBIA 6.1 93.9 31.9 68.1
ZIMBABWE 15.4 84.6 40.0 60.0

Source: UNDP, Human Development Report, 1997.

(1) International Parliamentary Union Map, 1997

(2) Women's Indicators & Statistics, Wistat-CD-ROM, 1994.

(3) UNDP, Human Development Report, 1997.

(4) Data refers to latest available year.

(5) Data refers to 1996.

EDUCATION

 Adult Literacy Rate 1995 (1)
COUNTRY

 Total Female Male

ANGOLA N/A 28.0 56.0
BENIN 35.5 23.0 46.6
BOTSWANA 68.7 58.0 79.3
BURKINA FASO 18.7 8.6 28.8
BURUNDI 34.6 21.0 48.2
CAMEROON 62.1 49.5 74.0
CAPE VERDE 69.9 59.8 79.4
CAR 57.2 50.9 45.9
CHAD 47.0 32.7 60.0
COTE D'IVOIRE 39.4 27.5 48.4
COMOROS 56.7 49.4 63.4
CONGO 74.9 44.0 70.0
DJIBOUTI 45.0
DR CONGO 76.4 64.9 85.1
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 77.8 67.3 88.9
ERITREA 25.0
ETHIOPIA 34.5 24.1 44.5
GABON 62.6 51.8 74.1
GAMBIA, THE 37.2 22.7 50.9
GHANA 63.0 51.0 75.2
GUINEA 34.8 20.3 48.4
GUINEA BISSAU 53.9 40.7 67.1
KENYA 77.0 67.8 85.2
LESOTHO 70.5 60.9 80.3
LIBERIA 36.4 22.0 54.0
MADAGASCAR 45.8 73.0 88.0
MALAWI 55.8 40.4 71.7
MALI 29.3 20.2 36.7
MAURITANIA 35.9 25.6 48.4
MAURITIUS 82.4 78.4 86.8
MOZAMBIQUE 40.0 22.1 55.8
NAMIBIA
NIGER 5.6 20.5
NIGERIA 56.0 49.4 63.4
RWANDA 59.2 37.0 64.0
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 32.1 21.2 42.1
SEYCHELLES 88.0
SIERRA LEONE 30.0 16.7 43.7
SOMALIA 14.0 36.0
SOUTH AFRICA 81.4 81.2 81.4
SUDAN 45.0 31.3 56.4
SWAZILAND 75.2 73.3 76.4
TANZANIA
TOGO 50.4 34.4 65.6
UGANDA 61.0 48.7 73.2
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE 85.0 79.0 90.2

 School Enrollment School Enrollment
COUNTRY First Level (2) Second Level (2)

 % Girls % Boys % Girls % Boys

ANGOLA 48 52 42 58
BENIN 34 66 29 71
BOTSWANA 52 48 52 48
BURKINA FASO 38 62 32 68
BURUNDI 45 55 38 62
CAMEROON 46 54 41 59
CAPE VERDE 49 51 50 50
CAR 39 61 29 71
CHAD 7 70 18 82
COTE D'IVOIRE 42 58 30 70
COMOROS 44 56 40 60
CONGO 46 54 44 56
DJIBOUTI 41 59 40 60
DR CONGO 42 58 32 68
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 28 72 26 74
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA 39 61
GABON 50 50 43 57
GAMBIA, THE 43 57 35 65
GHANA 45 55 39 61
GUINEA 32 68 24 76
GUINEA BISSAU 36 64 32 68
KENYA 49 51 41 59
LESOTHO 55 45 60 40
LIBERIA 35 65 28 72
MADAGASCAR 49 51 49 51
MALAWI 45 55 34 66
MALI 37 63 32 68
MAURITANIA 41 59 30 70
MAURITIUS 49 51 49 51
MOZAMBIQUE 41 59 36 64
NAMIBIA 52 48 55 45
NIGER 36 64 29 71
NIGERIA 43 57 43 57
RWANDA 50 50 42 58
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE 47 53 47
SENEGAL 42 58 34 66
SEYCHELLES 49 51 48 52
SIERRA LEONE 41 59 37 63
SOMALIA 34 66
SOUTH AFRICA
SUDAN 43 57 43 57
SWAZILAND 50 50 43.5
TANZANIA
TOGO 39 61 24 76
UGANDA 45 55 43 47
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE 50 50 44 56

 School Enrollment 1991 Cohort Reaching
COUNTRY Third Level (2) Grade 5 (3)

 % Girls % Boys Total % Girls % Boys

ANGOLA 34 56
BENIN 22.0 78.0 55 56 54
BOTSWANA 3.0 97.0 84 86 82
BURKINA FASO 23.0 77.0
BURUNDI 6.0 94.0 74 75 74
CAMEROON 5.8 94.2 66 69 63
CAPE VERDE
CAR 16.0 84.0 65 63 66
CHAD 49 33 57
COTE D'IVOIRE 3.0 97.0 73 70 75
COMOROS 14.5 85.5 78
CONGO 18.0 82.0
DJIBOUTI
DR CONGO 64 54 73
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA 83 80 85
ETHIOPIA 18.0 82.0 22 21 22
GABON
GAMBIA, THE 87 89 85
GHANA 18.0 82.0 80 79 81
GUINEA 10.0 90.0 80 75 82
GUINEA BISSAU 6.0 94.0
KENYA 31.0 69.0
LESOTHO 53.0 47.0 60 66 54
LIBERIA 23.1 77.0
MADAGASCAR
MALAWI 24.6 75.4 46 44 48
MALI 13.2 82.8 76 77 76
MAURITANIA 12.6 87.4 72 69 74
MAURITIUS 34.3 65.7 100 99 100
MOZAMBIQUE 22.1 78.0 35 31 39
NAMIBIA 61.0 39.0 64 67 62
NIGER
NIGERIA 25.8 74.2 87 83 84
RWANDA 18.8 81.2 59 60 58
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 21.1 79.0 88 83 92
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA 71 68 74
SUDAN 42.2 58.0 94 95 90
SWAZILAND 46.8 57.0 77 80 74
TANZANIA
TOGO 13.3 70 57 76
UGANDA
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE 32.0 68.0 76 81 72

COUNTRY Children Out of School (4)

 % Girls % Boys

ANGOLA
BENIN 72 42
BOTSWANA 10 15
BURKINA FASO 84 73
BURUNDI 65 56
CAMEROON 41 28
CAPE VERDE 25 20
CAR 70 48
CHAD 81 54
COTE D'IVOIRE 62 42
COMOROS 54 42
CONGO
DJIBOUTI 74 63
DR CONGO 56 36
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA 76 (5) 63
ETHIOPIA 83 78
GABON
GAMBIA, THE 65 46
GHANA 50 34
GUINEA 85 67
GUINEA BISSAU 73 51
KENYA 26 21
LESOTHO 16 30
LIBERIA 77
MADAGASCAR 48 45
MALAWI 53 42
MALI 89 80
MAURITANIA 73 57
MAURITIUS 23 23
MOZAMBIQUE 73 64
NAMIBIA 9
NIGER 87 76
NIGERIA 58 44
RWANDA 54 53
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 69 55
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 73 59
SOMALIA 91 82
SOUTH AFRICA 4 9
SUDAN 70 58
SWAZILAND 16 15
TANZANIA
TOGO 49 13
UGANDA 59 48
ZAMBIA
ZIMBABWE 14 8

Source:

(1) UNDP Human Development Report, 1997.

(2) 1st, 2nd and 3rd level education-United Nations, Women's
Indicators & Statistics Database CD-ROM, 1994.

(3) UNESCO, World Education Report, 1995.

(4) The World's Women's 1995, Trends & Statistics.

(5) For primary school only. Data from World Development Indicators,
World Bank CD-ROM, 1997.

HEALTH

COUNTRY Life Expectancy at Birth Infant Mortality Rate
 Total Female Male (Per Thousands)

ANGOLA 47.2 123.0
BENIN 54.2 56.8 51.7 87.0
BOTSWANA 52.3 53.7 50.5 55.0
BURKINA FASO 46.4 47.5 45.4 101.0
BURUNDI 43.5 45.0 41.9 122.0
CAMEROON 55.1 56.5 53.7 62.0
CAPE VERDE 65.3 66.1 64.1 48.0
CAR 48.3 50.9 45.9 99.0
CHAD 47.0 48.7 45.4 121.0
COTE D'IVOIRE 52.1 53.5 50.9 85.0
COMOROS 56.1 56.5 55.6 88.0
CONGO 51.3 90.0
DJIBOUTI 50.0 51.0 48.0 108.0
DR CONGO 52.2 94.0
EQUATORIAL GUINEA 48.6 50.2 47.0 114.0
ERITREA 50.1 51.6 48.6 131.0
ETHIOPIA 48.2 49.8 46.7 118.0
GABON 54.1 55.8 52.5 91.0
GAMBIA, THE 45.6 47.2 45.0 131.0
GHANA 56.6 58.5 54.8 80.0
GUINEA 45.1 45.6 44.6 131.0
GUINEA BISSAU 43.2 44.8 41.7 139.0
KENYA 53.7 52.0 70.0 650.0
LESOTHO 57.9 59.4 56.8 78.0
LIBERIA 51.0 53.0 50.0 172.0
MADAGASCAR 57.2 87.0
MALAWI 41.1 41.5 40.6 142.0
MALI 46.6 48.3 45.0 156.0
MAURITANIA 52.1 48.3 45.0 98.0
MAURITIUS 70.7 74.2 67.4 18.0
MOZAMBIQUE 46.0 47.5 44.5 147.0
NAMIBIA 55.9 59.0
NIGER 47.1 48.7 45.5 121.0
NIGERIA 50.0 53.2 50.0 80.0
RWANDA 22.6 145.0
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 49.9 50.9 48.9 66.0
SEYCHELLES 72.0 15.0
SIERRA LEONE 33.6 35.2 32.1 165.0
SOMALIA 49.0 50.0 47.0 128.0
SOUTH AFRICA 63.7 66.8 60.8 52.0
SUDAN 51.0 52.4 49.6 77.0
SWAZILAND 58.3 60.5 56.0 74.0
TANZANIA
TOGO 50.6 52.2 49.1 89.0
UGANDA 40.2 41.1 39.3 121.0
ZAMBIA 42.6 43.3 41.7 103.0
ZIMBABWE 49.0 50.1 48.1 67.0

 Maternal Mortality
COUNTRY Rate Population Population
 (Per 100,000) Per Doctor Per Nurse

ANGOLA 1,500 25,000
BENIN 990 14,286 3,226
BOTSWANA 250 4,762 469
BURKINA FASO 930 33,333 10,000
BURUNDI 1,300 16,667
CAMEROON 550 12,500 1,852
CAPE VERDE
CAR 700 25,000 11,111
CHAD 1,500 33,333 50,000
COTE D'IVOIRE 810 11,111 3,226
COMOROS 500 10,000 4,448
CONGO 890 3,571 1,370
DJIBOUTI 600
DR CONGO 870 14,286 1,351
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA 1,400
ETHIOPIA 1,400 33,333 14,286
GABON 500 2,500 1,471
GAMBIA, THE 1,100
GHANA 740 25,000 3,704
GUINEA 1,600 7,692
GUINEA BISSAU 910
KENYA 12,500 1,852 53
LESOTHO 610 25,000 2,000
LIBERIA 544 40
MADAGASCAR 490 8,333 3,846
MALAWI 560 50,000 33,333
MALI 1,200 20,000 5,882
MAURITANIA 930 16,667 2,273
MAURITIUS 120 1,175 398
MOZAMBIQUE 1,500 33,333 5,000
NAMIBIA 370 4,545 339
NIGER 1,200 50,000 3,846
NIGERIA 1,000 5,882 1,639
RWANDA 1,300 50,000 33,333
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 1,200 16,667 12,500
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE 1,800
SOMALIA 1,725
SOUTH AFRICA 230
SUDAN 660
SWAZILAND 560 9,091 595
TANZANIA
TOGO 640 11,111 3,030
UGANDA 1,200 25,000 7,143
ZAMBIA 940 11,111 5,000
ZIMBABWE 570 7,692 1,639

 % Population % of Births Attended
COUNTRY Without Access to by Trained Health
 Safe Drinking Water Personnel

ANGOLA 32 15
BENIN 50 45
BOTSWANA 93 78
BURKINA FASO 78 42
BURUNDI 59 19
CAMEROON 50 64
CAPE VERDE 49
CAR 38 46
CHAD 24 15
COTE D'IVOIRE 75 45
COMOROS 24
CONGO 34
DJIBOUTI 24
DR CONGO 42
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA 25 14
GABON 68
GAMBIA, THE 48 80
GHANA 65 59
GUINEA 55 31
GUINEA BISSAU 59 27
KENYA 45 28
LESOTHO 56 40
LIBERIA 44
MADAGASCAR 29
MALAWI 37 55
MALI 45 24
MAURITANIA 66 40
MAURITIUS 99 85
MOZAMBIQUE 63 25
NAMIBIA 57 68
NIGER 54
NIGERIA 51 31
RWANDA 26
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 52 46
SEYCHELLES 97
SIERRA LEONE 34 25
SOMALIA 31
SOUTH AFRICA 99
SUDAN 60 69
SWAZILAND
TANZANIA
TOGO 63 54
UGANDA 38 38
ZAMBIA 27 51
ZIMBABWE 77 70

 % of Women who
COUNTRY are Mothers
 by age 18

ANGOLA
BENIN
BOTSWANA 26
BURKINA FASO 32
BURUNDI 8
CAMEROON 46
CAPE VERDE
CAR
CHAD
COTE D'IVOIRE
COMOROS
CONGO
DJIBOUTI
DR CONGO
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA
GABON
GAMBIA, THE
GHANA 23
GUINEA 49
GUINEA BISSAU
KENYA
LESOTHO
LIBERIA
MADAGASCAR 31
MALAWI 38
MALI 47
MAURITANIA
MAURITIUS
MOZAMBIQUE
NAMIBIA 18
NIGER 53
NIGERIA 35
RWANDA 8
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE
SENEGAL 34
SEYCHELLES
SIERRA LEONE
SOMALIA
SOUTH AFRICA
SUDAN 17
SWAZILAND
TANZANIA
TOGO 38
UGANDA 42
ZAMBIA 34
ZIMBABWE 25

Source:

a) All data from UNDP Human Development Report 1997 except for data on
% of women who are mothers by age 18 which comes from UNICEF, Progress
of Nations, 1996 and data on Djibouti, Eritrea, Liberia, Somalia, and
Libya which comes from World Development Indicators, CD-ROM, World
Bank, Feb. 1997.

b) Data are from different years other than those indicated.

FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION (1994)

 Estimated % Estimated No. Govt has Published
COUNTRY of Women of Women Policy Opposing
 Affected (Millions) FGM

ANGOLA -- -- --
BENIN 50 1.3 YES
BOTSWANA -- -- --
BURKINA FASO 70 3.5 YES
BURUNDI -- -- --
CAMEROON 20 1.3 YES
CAPE VERDE -- -- --
CAR 50 0.8 YES
CHAD 60 1.9 YES
COMOROS -- -- --
CONGO -- -- --
COTE D'IVOIRE 60 4.1 NO
DJIBOUTI 98 0.3 YES
EQUATORIAL GUINEA -- -- --
ERITREA 90 1.6 YES
ETHIOPIA 90 23.9 YES
GABON -- -- --
GAMBIA, THE 89 0.5 YES
GUINEA 50 1.6 YES
GUINEA BISSAU 50 0.3 NO
KENYA 50 6.8 YES
LESOTHO -- -- --
LIBERIA 60 0.9 YES
MADAGASCAR
MALAWI -- -- --
MALI 80 4.3 YES
MAURITANIA 25 0.3 NO
MAURITIUS -- -- --
MOZAMBIQUE -- -- --
NAMIBIA -- --
NIGER 20 0.9 NO
NIGERIA 60 32.8 YES
RWANDA
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE -- -- --
SENEGAL 20 0.8 YES
SEYCHELLES -- -- --
SIERRA LEONE 90 2 YES
SOMALIA 98 4.5 YES *
SOUTH AFRICA -- -- --
SUDAN 89 9.7 YES
SWAZILAND -- -- --
TANZANIA
TOGO 50 1 YES
UGANDA 5 0.5 NO
ZAIRE 5 1.1 NO
ZAMBIA -- -- --
ZIMBABWE -- -- --

 FGM Prohibited Under Specific

COUNTRY Medical Code
 FGM Law of Practice

ANGOLA -- --
BENIN NO NO
BOTSWANA -- --
BURKINA FASO NO NO
BURUNDI -- --
CAMEROON NO NO
CAPE VERDE -- --
CAR NO NO
CHAD NO NO
COMOROS -- --
CONGO -- --
COTE D'IVOIRE NO NO
DJIBOUTI NO NO
EQUATORIAL GUINEA -- --
ERITREA NO NO
ETHIOPIA NO NO
GABON -- --
GAMBIA, THE NO NO
GUINEA NO NO
GUINEA BISSAU NO NO
KENYA NO NO
LESOTHO -- --
LIBERIA NO NO
MADAGASCAR
MALAWI -- --
MALI NO NO
MAURITANIA NO NO
MAURITIUS -- --
MOZAMBIQUE -- --
NAMIBIA -- --
NIGER NO NO
NIGERIA NO NO
RWANDA
SAO TOME & PRINCIPE -- --
SENEGAL NO NO
SEYCHELLES -- --
SIERRA LEONE NO NO
SOMALIA NO NO
SOUTH AFRICA -- --
SUDAN * NO
SWAZILAND -- --
TANZANIA
TOGO NO NO
UGANDA NO NO
ZAIRE NO NO
ZAMBIA -- --
ZIMBABWE -- --

Source: UNICEF, Progress of Nations, 1996.

* Legal status unclear.

** Unnecessary because practice is illegal.

*** FGM not practiced in the counting.


C. Mark Blackden

Chitra Bhanu

in collaboration with the Poverty and Social Policy Working Group of the Special Program of Assistance for Africa
COPYRIGHT 1999 The World Bank
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
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Title Annotation:Gender Growth and Poverty Reduction: Special Program of Assistance for Africa, 1998 Status Report on Poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa
Publication:Gender, Growth and Poverty Reduction
Date:Mar 1, 1999
Words:5314
Previous Article:Annex 5: Summary of meetings with African NGOs, academics, and government officials.

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