Printer Friendly

Statistical annex.

This annex contains data on some main economic series which are intended to provide a background to the recent economic developments in the OECD area described in the main body of this report. Data for 2009 to 2011 are OECD estimates and projections. The data on some of the tables have been adjusted to internationally agreed concepts and definitions in order to make them in ore comparable as between countries, as well as consistent with historical data shown in other OECD publications. Regional totals anal sub-totals are based on those countries in the table for which data are shown. Aggregate measures contained in the Annex, except the series for the euro area (see below), are computed on the basis of 2005 GDP w eights expressed in 2005 purchasing power parities (see following page for weights). Aggregate measures for external trade and payments statistics, on the other hand, are based on current year exchange rates for values and base-year exchange rates for volumes.

The OECD projection methods and underlying statistical concepts and sources are described in detail in documentation that can be downloaded from the OECD Internet site:

* OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods (www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-rnethods).

* OECD Economic Outlook Database Inventory (www.oecd.org/pdf/M00024000/M00024521.pdf).

* "The construction of macroeconomic data series of the eur o area" (www.oecd.org/pdf/ M00017000/M00017861.pdf).

Corrigenda for the current and earlier issues, as applicable, can be found at www.oecd.org/document/53/0,2340,en_2649_33733_37352309_1_1_l_l,00.html.

NOTE ON NEW FORECASTING FREQUENCIES

OECD is now making quarterly projections on a seasonal and working day-adjusted basis for selected key variables. This implies that differences between adjusted and unadjusted annual data may occur, though these in general are quite small. In some countries, official forecasts of annual figures do not include working-day adjustment. Even when official forecasts do adjust for working days, the size of the adjustment may in some cases differ from that used by the OECD. The cut-off date for information used in the compilation of the projections is 16 November 2009.
Country classification
                                             OECD

Seven major DECD countries       Canada, France, Germany,
                                 Italy, Japan, United Kingdom
                                 and United States.

Euro area DECD countries         Euro area countries in
                                 December 2008 that are members
                                 of the DECD: Austria, Belgium,
                                 Finland, France, Germany,
                                 Greece, Ireland, Italy,
                                 Luxembourg, Netherlands,
                                 Portugal, Slovak Republic and
                                 Spain.

                                            Non-DECD

Africa and the Middle East       Africa and the following
                                 countries (Middle East):
                                 Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq,
                                 Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman,
                                 Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian
                                 Arab Republic, United Arab
                                 Emirates and Yemen.

Dynamic Asian Economies (DAEs)   Chinese Taipei; Hong Kong,
                                 China: Indonesia; Malaysia;
                                 the Philippines; Singapore and
                                 Thailand.

Other Asia                       Non-DECD Asia and Oceania,
                                 excluding China, the DAEs and
                                 the Middle East.

Latin America                    Central and South America.

Central and Eastern Europe       Albania, Bulgaria, Romania,
                                 the Newly Independent States
                                 of the former Soviet Union,
                                 and the Baltic States.

Weighting scheme for aggregate measures

Per cent

Australia               1.93
Austria                 0.79
Belgium                 0.97
Canada                  3.25
Czech Republic          0.60
Denmark                 0.52
Finland                 0.46
France                  5.36
Germany                 7.41
Greece                  0.79
Hungary                 0.49
Iceland                 0.03
Ireland                 0.46
Italy                   4.74
Japan                  11.12
Korea                   3.15
Luxembourg              0.09
Mexico                  3.72
Netherlands             1.64
New Zealand             0.29
Norway                  0.63
Poland                  1.51
Portugal                0.63
Slovak Republic         0.25
Spain                   3.41
Sweden                  0.84
Switzerland             0.76
Turkey                  2.24
United Kingdom          5.66
United States          36.28
Total DECD            100.00
memorandum items:
European Union (15)    33.75
Euro area (13)         26.99

Note: Based on 2005 GDP and purchasing power parities (PPPs).

Irrevocable euro conversion rates

National currency unit per euro

Austria           13.7603
Belgium           40.3399
Finland           5.94573
France            6.55957
Germany           1.95583
Greece            340.750
Ireland           0.78756
Italy             1936.27
Luxembourg        40.3399
Netherlands        2.2037
Portugal          200.482
Spain             166.386
Slovak Republic    30.126

Source: European Central Bank.

National accounts reporting systems, base-years and latest data
updates

In the present edition of the OECD Economic Outlook, the status
of national accounts in the DECD countries is as follows:

                       Expenditure              Household
                        accounts                accounts

Australia         SNA93 (1959q3-2009q2)   SNA93 (1959q3-2009q2)
Austria           ESA95 (1988q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1995-2008)
Belgium           ESA95 (1995q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1995-2008)
Canada            SNA93 (1961q1-2009q2)   SNA93 (1961q1-2009q2)
Czech Republic    ESA95 (1995q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1995-2008)
Denmark           ESA95 (1990q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1990-2008)
Finland           ESA95 (1990q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1975-2008)
France            ESA95 (1949q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1978q1-2009q2)
Germany (1)       ESA95 (1991q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1991-2008)
Greece            ESA95 (2000-2008)       ...
Hungary           ESA95 (1995-2008)       ESA95 (1995-2008)
Iceland           SNA93 (1997q1-2009q2)   ...
Ireland           ESA95 (1997q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (2002-2008)
Italy             ESA95 (1980q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1990-2008)
Japan             SNA93 (1980q1-2009q3)   SNA93 (1980-2007)
Korea             SNA93 (2000q1-2009q3)   SNA93 (2000-2008)
Luxembourg        ESA95 (1995q1-2009q2)   ...
Mexico            SNA93 (2000q1-2009q2)   ...
Netherlands       ESA95 (1987q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1990-2008)
New Zealand       SNA93 (1987q2-2009q2)   ...
Norway            SNA93 (1978q1-2009q2)   SNA93 (1978-2008)
Poland            ESA95 (1995q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1995-2007)
Portugal          ESA95 (1995q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1995-2008)
Slovak Republic   ESA95 (1997q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1995q1-2007q4)
Spain             ESA95 (1995q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (2000-2008)
Sweden            ESA95 (1980q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1993q1-2009q2)
Switzerland       SNA93 (1981q1-2009q2)   SNA93 (1990-2007)
Turkey            SNA93 (1998q1-2009q2)   ...
United Kingdom    ESA95 (1955q1-2009q2)   ESA95 (1987q1-2009q2)
United-States     NIPA (SNA93)            NIPA (SNA93)
                  (1947q1-2009q3)         (1947q1-2009q3)

                       Government         Use of chain    benchmark/
                        accounts            weighted      base year
                                          price indices

Australia         SNA93 (1959q3-2009q2)        NO         2005/2006
Austria           ESA95 (1976-2008)            YES           2005
Belgium           ESA95 (1985-2008)            YES           2007
Canada            SNA93 (1961q1-2009q2)        YES           2002
Czech Republic    ESA95 (1995-2008)            YES           2000
Denmark           ESA95 (1990-2008)            YES           2000
Finland           ESA95 (1975-2008)            YES           2000
France            ESA95 (1978-2008)            YES           20D0
Germany (1)       ESA95 (1991-2008)            YES           2000
Greece            ESA95 (2000-2008)            NO            2000
Hungary           ESA95 (1995-2008)            YES           2000
Iceland           SNA93 (1995-2008)            YES           2000
Ireland           ESA95 (1990-2008)            YES           2007
Italy             ESA95 (1980-2008)            YES           2000
Japan             SNA93 (1980-2007)            YES           2000
Korea             SNA93 (2000-2007)            YES           2005
Luxembourg        ESA95 (1990-2008)            YES           2000
Mexico            ...                          NO            2003
Netherlands       ESA95 (1969-2008)            YES           2000
New Zealand       SNA93 (1986-2007)            YES        1995/1996
Norway            SNA93 (1991-2008)            YES           2006
Poland            ESA95 (1995-2008)            YES           2000
Portugal          ESA95 (1995-2008)            NO            2000
Slovak Republic   ESA95 (1993-2008)            YES           2000
Spain             ESA95 (1995-2008)            YES           2000
Sweden            ESA95 (1993-2008)            YES           2000
Switzerland       SNA93 (1990-2007)            YES           2000
Turkey            ...                          YES           1998
United Kingdom    ESA95 (1987q1-2009q2)        YES           2005
United-States     NIPA (SNA93)

Note: SNA: System of National Accounts. ESA: European Standardised
Accounts. NIPA: National Income and Product Accounts. GFS: Government
Financial Statistics. The numbers in brackets indicate the starting
year for the time series and the latest available historical data
included in this Outlook database.

(1.) Data prior to 1991 refer to the new SNA93/ESA95 accounts for
western Germany data.

Annex Table 1. Real GDP

Percentage change from previous year

                  Average   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001
                  1985-95

Australia           3.0      4.0    3.9    5.1    4.5    3.5    2.1
Austria             2.4      2.1    2.3    3.9    3.7    3.1    0.8
Belgium             2.4      2.1    2.3    3.9    3.7    3.1    0.8
Canada              2.3      1.6    4.2    4.1    5.5    5.2    1.8
Czech Republic      ...      4.2   -0.7   -0.7    1.2    3.9    2.4
Denmark             1.9      2.8    3.2    2.2    2.6    3.5    0.7
Finland             1.3      3.7    5.8    5.2    4.0    5.0    2.5
France              2.2      1.0    2.2    3.5    3.2    4.1    1.8
Germany             2.7      1.0    1.9    1.8    1.9    3.5    1.4
Greece              1.2      2.4    3.6    3.4    3.4    4.5    4.2
Hungary             ...      1.0    4.3    5.2    4.2    4.9    4.1
Iceland             1.7      4.8    4.9    6.3    4.1    4.3    3.9
Ireland             4.7      8.1   11.5    8.4   10.7    9.4    5.8
Italy               2.2      1.0    1.9    1.3    1.4    3.9    1.7
Japan               3.2      2.6    1.6   -2.0   -0.1    2.9    0.2
Korea               8.7      7.0    4.7   -6.9    9.5    8.5    4.0
Luxembourg          5.7      1.5    5.9    6.5    8.4    8.4    2.5
Mexico              1.7      5.1    6.8    4.9    3.9    6.6   -0.2
Netherlands         2.8      3.4    4.3    3.9    4.7    3.9    1.9
New Zealand         1.9      3.3    2.9    0.8    4.7    3.8    2.4
Norway              2.7      5.1    5.4    2.7    2.0    3.3    2.0
Poland              ...      6.2    7.1    5.0    4.5    4.3    1.2
Portugal            3.7      3.6    4.2    4.9    3.8    3.9    2.0
Slovak Republic     ...      6.9    5.7    4.4    0.0    1.4    3.4
Spain               3.0      2.4    3.9    4.5    4.7    5.0    3.6
Sweden              1.6      1.5    2.7    3.7    4.3    4.5    1.2
Switzerland         1.5      0.6    2.1    2.6    1.3    3.6    1.2
Turkey              4.4      7.0    7.5    3.1   -3.4    6.8   -5.7
United Kingdom      2.5      2.9    3.3    3.6    3.5    3.9    2.5
United States       2.9      3.7    2.6    4.4    4.8    4.1    1.1
Euro area           2.5      1.5    2.6    2.8    2.8    4.0    1.9
Total OECD          2.9      3.1    3.7    2.7    3.5    4.3    1.3

                  2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008

Australia          4.0    3.4    3.2    3.1    2.6    4.2    2.3
Austria            1.6    0.8    2.6    2.9    3.4    3.4    1.9
Belgium            1.6    0.8    2.6    2.9    3.4    3.4    1.9
Canada             2.9    1.9    3.1    3.0    2.9    2.5    0.4
Czech Republic     1.8    3.6    4.3    6.4    7.0    6.1    2.6
Denmark            0.5    0.4    2.3    2.4    3.3    1.6   -1.2
Finland            1.5    2.0    3.7    3.0    4.9    4.1    0.8
France             1.1    1.1    2.3    1.9    2.4    2.3    0.3
Germany            0.0   -0.2    0.7    0.9    3.4    2.6    1.0
Greece             3.4    5.9    4.6    2.2    4.5    4.5    2.0
Hungary            4.4    4.3    4.9    3.5    4.0    1.0    0.6
Iceland            0.1    2.4    7.7    7.5    4.3    5.6    1.3
Ireland            6.5    4.4    4.6    6.2    5.4    6.0   -3.0
Italy              0.5    0.1    1.4    0.8    2.1    1.5   -1.0
Japan              0.3    1.4    2.7    1.9    2.0    2.3   -0.7
Korea              7.2    2.8    4.6    4.0    5.2    5.1    2.2
Luxembourg         4.1    1.6    4.4    5.4    5.5    6.5    0.0
Mexico             0.8    1.4    4.0    3.2    5.1    3.3    1.4
Netherlands        0.1    0.3    2.2    2.0    3.4    3.6    2.0
New Zealand        4.7    4.3    4.4    2.8    2.7    2.9   -1.1
Norway             1.5    1.0    3.9    2.7    2.3    3.1    2.1
Poland             1.4    3.9    5.3    3.6    6.2    6.8    5.0
Portugal           0.8   -0.8    1.5    0.9    1.4    1.9    0.0
Slovak Republic    4.8    4.7    5.2    6.5    8.5   10.4    6.4
Spain              2.7    3.1    3.3    3.6    4.0    3.6    0.9
Sweden             2.4    2.0    3.5    3.3    4.5    2.7   -0.4
Switzerland        0.4   -0.2    2.5    2.6    3.6    3.6    1.8
Turkey             6.2    5.3    9.4    8.4    6.9    4.7    0.9
United Kingdom     2.1    2.8    3.0    2.2    2.9    2.6    0.6
United States      1.8    2.5    3.6    3.1    2.7    2.1    0.4
Euro area          0.9    0.8    1.9    1.8    3.1    2.7    0.5
Total OECD         1.7    2.0    3.2    2.7    3.1    2.7    0.6

                                          Fourth quarter
                  2009   2010   2011
                                         2009   2010   2011

Australia          0.8    2.4    3.5      1.7    3.0    3.7
Austria           -3.8    0.9    2.2     -2.9    1.5    2.5
Belgium           -3.8    0.9    2.2     -2.9    1.5    2.5
Canada            -2.7    2.0    3.0     -1.7    2.7    3.3
Czech Republic    -4.4    2.0    2.8     -3.1    1.9    3.4
Denmark           -4.5    1.3    1.8     -2.3    1.7    1.9
Finland           -6.9    0.4    2.4     -4.5    0.7    3.7
France            -2.3    1.4    1.7     -0.5    1.4    2.0
Germany           -4.9    1.4    1.9     -2.2    1.5    2.2
Greece            -1.1   -0.7    1.6     -1.2   -0.1    2.3
Hungary           -6.9   -1.0    3.1     -6.8    1.8    3.7
Iceland           -7.0   -2.1    2.6    -10.7    0.9    3.3
Ireland            7.5   -2.3    1.0     -4.3   -1.0    1.9
Italy             -4.8    1.1    1.5     -2.5    1.2    1.7
Japan             -5.3    1.8    2.0     -1.1    1.4    2.2
Korea              0.1    4.4    4.2      6.8    2.8    4.7
Luxembourg        -3.9    2.4    3.4      ...    ...    ...
Mexico            -8.0    2.7    3.9     -5.6    3.5    4.1
Netherlands       -4.3    0.7    2.0     -3.4    1.3    2.3
New Zealand       -0.7    1.5    2.7      0.5    1.8    3.2
Norway            -1.4    1.3    3.2     -1.3    2.0    3.9
Poland             1.4    2.5    3.1      1.9    2.7    3.3
Portugal          -2.8    0.8    1.5     -0.8    0.8    2.1
Slovak Republic   -5.8    2.0    4.2     -7.2    1.4    5.6
Spain             -3.6   -0.3    0.9     -3.0    0.4    1.2
Sweden            -4.7    2.0    3.0      0.0    2.1    3.6
Switzerland       -1.9    0.9    1.9     -1.5    1.8    2.0
Turkey            -6.5    3.7    4.6      ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom    -4.7    1.2    2.2     -2.9    1.9    2.5
United States     -2.5    2.5    2.8     -0.3    2.5    3.0
Euro area         -4.0    0.9    1.7     -2.1    1.2    2.0
Total OECD        -3.5    1.9    2.5     -1.0    2.1    2.8

Note: The adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95 has
been proceeding at an uneven pace among OECD member countries, both
with respect to variables and the time period covered. As a
consequence, there are breaks in many national series. Moreover,
most countries have shifted to chain-weighted price indices to
calculate real GDP and expenditures components. For further
information, see table "National Accounts Reporting Systems, base
years and latest data updates" at the beginning of the Statistical
Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods), These numbers are
working-day adjusted and hence may differ from the basis used for
official projections.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754512228431

Annex Table 2. Nominal GDP

Percentage change from previous year

                  Average
                  1985-95   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001

Australia            7.4     6.3    5.4    5.4    4.9    7.9    6.1
Austria              5.4     2.7    2.1    3.9    3.9    4.6   -2.5
Belgium              5.2     1.5    4.8    3.8    3.8    5.7    2.9
Canada               5.3     0.3    5.5    0.3    0.7    9.6    2.9
Czech Republic       ...    14.8    7.6   10.3    0.4    5.5    7.4
Denmark              4.6     4.9    5.3    3.4    4.3    6.6    3.2
Finland              5.3     3.5    8.1    8.9    4.7    7.9    5.4
France               4.9     2.7    3.2    4.5    3.3    5.5    3.8
Germany              5.6     1.5    2.1    2.4    2.2    2.8    2.6
Greece              17.0     9.9   10.7    8.7    6.6    8.0    7.4
Hungary              ...    23.6   23.9   18.6   11.5   14.5   14.6
Iceland             14.0     7.4    8.0   11.8    7.5    8.1   12.9
Ireland              7.9    10.5   15.7   15.6   15.1   15.9   11.6
Italy                8.2     5.9    4.6    3.9    3.2    5.9    4.8
Japan                4.3     2.0    2.1   -2.1   -1.4    1.1   -1.0
Korea               16.8    12.5    9.5   -1.4    9.4    9.3    8.0
Luxembourg           8.5     4.6    3.9    6.1   14.2   10.6    2.6
Mexico              43.3    37.5   25.7   21.1   19.6   19.5    5.7
Netherlands          4.3     4.7    7.0    5.9    6.5    8.2    7.1
New Zealand          7.2     5.9    3.5    1.5    5.1    6.5    6.8
Norway               5.5     9.5    8.3    1.9    8.8   19.4    3.8
Poland               ...    25.3   22.0   16.6   10.8   11.8    4.7
Portugal            14.5     6.3    8.2    8.8    7.2    7.1    5.8
Slovak Republic      ...    11.4   10.9    9.7    7.4   10.9    8.6
Spain                9.6     6.0    6.3    7.1    7.5    8.7    8.0
Sweden               7.1     2.3    4.0    4.4    5.6    5.9    3.4
Switzerland          4.3     0.8    1.9    2.9    1.9    4.8    2.0
Turkey              71.6    90.3   95.2   81.1   49.0   59.3   44.1
United Kingdom       7.3     6.6    6.2    5.9    5.6    5.1    4.6
United States        5.8     5.7    6.3    5.5    6.4    6.4    3.4
Euro area            6.5     3.4   41.0    4.4    3.9    5.5    4.4
Total DECD          10.3     8.2    8.2    6.5    6.4    7.5    4.6

                  2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007     2008

Australia          7.0    6.3    7.5    7.5    7.4    8.4      8.9
Austria            2.9    2.0    4.1    4.9    5.2    5.7      4.1
Belgium            3.4    2.8    5.3    4.4    5.1    5.2      2.7
Canada             4.0    0.5    6.4    6.4    5.5    5.8      4.4
Czech Republic     4.3    4.6    9.1    6.1    8.1    9.7      4.3
Denmark            2.8    2.0    4.7    5.4    5.4    3.6      2.7
Finland            2.8    1.5    4.4    3.2    6.6    7.3      2.9
France             3.5    3.0    0.0    0.4    4.9    4.8      2.8
Germany            1.4    0.9    1.7    1.6    3.9    4.6      2.5
Greece             0.7   10.1    7.8    5.1    7.7    7.6      5.6
Hungary           12.6    9.3   10.6    5.7    8.0    7.0      4.5
Iceland            5.8    3.0   10.4    0.1   13.8   11.4    -13.5
Ireland           11.4    7.3    6.7    8.7    9.1    7.3     -4.1
Italy              3.7    3.2    4.0    2.9    0.4    3.9      1.8
Japan             -1.3   -0.2    1.6    0.7    1.1   -0.1     -1.6
Korea             10.6    6.5    7.8    4.6    5.0    7.3      5.0
Luxembourg         6.3    7.6    6.3   10.3   12.8    9.7      5.1
Mexico             7.8   10.0   13.4    7.9   12.2    8.0      8.1
Netherlands        3.9    2.5    3.0    4.5    5.2    5.3      4.8
New Zealand        5.9    5.9    8.3    4.7    5.0    7.2      2.5
Norway            -0.3    4.0    9.4   11.6   11.0    5.4     11.9
Poland             3.7    4.3   -9.7    0.6    7.8   11.0      8.2
Portugal           4.7    2.3    4.0    3.5    4.2    4.9      2.1
Slovak Republic    8.8   10.3   11.3    9.1   11.7   11.7      9.5
Spain              7.1    7.4    7.4    8.1    8.3    7.0      3.4
Sweden             4.1    3.9    4.4    4.2    6.1    5.6      3.0
Switzerland        0.9    0.8    3.1    2.8    5.8    6.2      4.0
Turkey            45.9   29.8   22.9   16.1   16.9   11.2     12.7
United Kingdom     5.3    6.0    5.5    4.2    5.7    5.5      3.5
United States      3.5    4.7    6.5    6.5    6.0    5.1      2.6
Euro area          3.5    3.0    3.9    3.8    5.1    5.1      2.7
Total DECD         4.5    4.6    5.9    5.2    5.7    5.3      3.1

                                              Fourth quarter
                    2009    -2010   2011
                                            2009   2010   2011

Australia            0.8      4.3    5.9    -0.8    5.9    5.9
Austria             -3.1      1.9    3.3     1.4    2.2    3.9
Belgium             -1.9      1.9    2.5     0.6    1.6    2.8
Canada              -4.5      4.3    4.5    -1.4    4.5    4.6
Czech Republic      -1.5      2.7    4.8    -1.6    3.5    5.6
Denmark             -5.0      2.5    4.0    -3.0    3.3    4.3
Finland             -6.0      1.6    3.9    -4.3    2.4    5.2
France              -1.3      1.9    2.4    -0.2    2.1    2.7
Germany             -4.0      1.6    2.3    -2.2    2.1    2.4
Greece               0.6      1.6    3.7     1.1    1.5    4.7
Hungary             -4.7      1.3    5.2    -4.5    3.8    5.8
Iceland              0.8      4.6    5.6     5.1    5.3    5.5
Ireland            -11.0     -3.7    1.8   -10.6    0.0    2.5
Italy               -2.5      2.1    2.5    -0.9    2.2    2.8
Japan               -5.3      0.1    1.2    -3.1    0.5    1.6
Korea                3.0      4.8    6.2     9.0    2.6    8.0
Luxembourg          -5.2      5.1    6.7     ...    ...    ...
Mexico              -2.1      6.9    8.8     1.4    7.7    9.3
Netherlands         -4.6      0.9    2.7    -5.2    2.0    3.0
New Zealand          1.9     -4.0    5.0     2.5    4.2    5.4
Norway              -4.7      5.0    6.3    -1.9    4.8    7.0
Poland               4.9      4.7   -5.2     4.7    4.9    5.3
Portugal            -2.2      1.0    2.5    -1.4    1.0    3.6
Slovak Republic     -6.3      2.7    7.3    -6.4    3.3    9.2
Spain               -3.3     -0.1    0.9    -3.1    0.6    1.2
Sweden              -2.6      3.4    5.1     0.5    3.7    5.8
Switzerland         -1.6      1.4    2.2    -1.2    2.4    2.2
Turkey              -0.5      9.5   10.5     ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom      -3.6      2.8    2.8    -2.2    2.9    3.2
United States       -1.2      3.3    3.8     0.6    3.4    4.2
Euro area           -3.1      1.4    2.4     1.9    1.9    2.7
Total DECD          -2.2      2.8    3.6    -0.3    3.0    4.0

Note: The adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95
has been proceeding at an uneven pace among OECD member countries,
both with respect to variables end the time period covered.
As a consequence, there are breaks in many national series.
For further information, see table National Accounts Reporting
Systems, base years and latest data updates at the beginning of the
Statistical Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources and
Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods). Working-day
adjusted--see note to Annex table 1.

Source: DECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http //dx.doi.org/10-1787/754523811838

Annex Table 3. Real private consumption expenditure

Percentage change from previous year

                  Average   1986   1997    1998   1999   2000   2001
                  1985-95

Australia           2.7      2.8    3.7     4.4    5.2    3.9    2.9
Austria             2.6      1.8    0.9     1.8    2.2    2.5    1.2
Belgium             2.0      1.8    2.0     2.6    2.0    2.8    1.2
Canada              2.3      2.6    4.6    -2.8    3.8    4.0    2.3
Czech Republic      ...      8.9    2.1    -0.8    2.7    1.4    2.1
Denmark             1.8      2.2    3.0     2.3   -0.4    0.2    1.0
Finland             1.3      3.9    4.1     4.1    3.1    2.1    2.8
France              1.9      1.6    0.4     3.9    3.5    3.7    2.5
Germany             3.0      1.3    0.9     1.4    2.9    2.5    1.9
Greece              2.5      2.3    2.7     3.5    2.5    2.0    5.0
Hungary             ...     -3.4    1.6     4.7    6.3    4.2    6.5
Iceland             1.0      5.7    6.3    10.2    7.9   -4.2   -2.8
Ireland             3.3      7.0    7.7     7.5    8.9   10.0    4.8
Italy               2.2      1.0    3.2     3.5    2.6    2.3    0.7
Japan               3.3      2.5    0.7    -0.9   -1.0    0.7    1.6
Korea               8.3      6.7    3.3   -13.4   11.5    8.4    5.7
Luxembourg          3.5      3.0    3.8     5.7    3.6    5.0    3.4
Mexico              1.8      2.2    6.5     5.5    4.3    8.2    2.5
Netherlands         2.1      4.3    3.5     5.1    5.3    3.7    1.8
New Zealand         2.2      4.9    2.5     2.7    3.6    1.0    2.0
Norway              1.6      6.3    3.1     2.8    3.7    4.2    2.1
Poland              ...      8.8    7.2     5.0    5.7    3.1    2.2
Portugal            3.9      3.2    3.7     5.0    5.3    3.7    1.3
Slovak Republic     ...      9.3    7.3     6.6    0.3    2.2    5.5
Spain               2.9      2.3    3.2     4.8    5.3    5.0    3.4
Sweden              1.3      1.7    2.7     3.0    3.9    5.2    0.5
Switzerland         1.5      1.1    1.4     2.2    2.3    2.4    2.3
Turkey              3.2      8.5    8.4     0.6    0.1    5.9   -6.6
United Kingdom      3.0      3.9    3.8     4.3    5.2    4.7    3.1
United States       3.0      3.5    3.7     5.2    5.5    5.1    2.7
Euro area           2.5      1.7    1.8     3.1    3.3    3.1    2.1
Total OECD          2.9      3.1    3.1     3.0    4.2    4.1    2.3

                     2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008

Australia             3.8    3.6    5.9    3.0    3.2    4.4    2.6
Austria               1.1    1.4    1.8    2.0    1.9    0.9    0.6
Belgium               0.5    0.7    1.5    1.2    1.8    1.6    1.0
Canada                3.6    3.0    3.3    3.7    4.1    4.6    3.0
Czech Republic        2.2    5.9    3.0    2.5    5.2    4.9    3.4
Denmark               1.5    1.0    4.7    3.8    4.4    2.4   -0.2
Finland               2.2    4.7    2.7    3.7    4.2    3.3    1.5
France                2.3    2.1    2.3    2.5    2.6    2.4    1.0
Germany              -0.8    0.1   -0.2    0.4    1.4   -0.3    0.2
Greece                4.7    3.3    3.6    4.6    5.3    3.3    2.3
Hungary              10.7    8.4    3.1    3.2    1.7    0.4   -0.5
Iceland              -1.5    6.1    7.0   12.7    3.6    5.6   -7.8
Ireland               3.8    2.9    3.5    6.6    6.4    5.6   -0.7
Italy                 0.2    1.0    0.8    1.2    1.3    1.2   -0.9
Japan                 1.1    0.4    1.6    1.3    1.5    0.7    0.6
Korea                 8.9   -0.4    0.3    4.6    4.7    5.1    0.9
Luxembourg            5.8   -5.3    2.2    2.5    2.7    2.8    3.9
Mexico                1.6    2.3    5.6    4.8    5.7    3.9    1.6
Netherlands           0.9   -0.2    1.0    1.0   -0.3    1.7    1.3
New Zealand           4.5    5.9    0.5    4.9    2.6    4.1   -0.1
Norway                3.1    2.8    5.6    4.0    4.8    6.0    1.4
Poland                3.4    2.1    4.7    2.1    5.0    4.9    5.9
Portugal              1.3   -0.1    2.5    2.0    1.9    1.6    1.7
Slovak Republic       0.5    1.7    4.6    6.5    5.8    7.0    6.1
Spain                 2.8    2.9    0.4    4.2    3.8    3.6   -0.6
Sweden                2.6    2.0    2.3    2.7    2.5    3.1   -0.4
Switzerland           0.1    0.9    1.6    1.7    1.6    2.4    1.7
Turkey                4.7   10.2   11.0    7.9    4.6    5.5   -0.1
United Kingdom        3.5    3.0    3.1    2.2    1.5    2.1    1.2
United States         2.7    2.8    3.5    3.4    2.9    2.7   -0.2
Euro area             0.9    1.2    1.5    1.9    2.1    1.6    0.3
Total OECD            2.4    2.2    2.9    2.8    2.7    2.5    0.5

                                             Fourth quarter
                      2009   2010   2011
                                           2009   2010   2011

Australia              1.5    1.5    2.8    1.8    1.9    3.2
Austria                0.7    0.8    1.7    0.9    1.0    2.2
Belgium               -1.7    0.6    1.4   -0.8    0.9    1.7
Canada                -0.1    2.3    3.0    1.2    2.5    3.3
Czech Republic         1.2   -0.7    1.6    0.3   -0.4    2.7
Denmark               -4.8    1.6    2.4   -1.2    1.6    3.0
Finland               -2.8    0.2    1.8   -2.1    1.1    2.3
France                 0.6    0.3    1.5    0.5    0.7    1.8
Germany                0.8   -0.5    0.6    1.0   -0.3    0.9
Greece                -1.4   -0.4    1.4    ...    ...   ...
Hungary               -7.8   -5.3    1.2   -9.3   -1.7    3.0
Iceland              -16.5   -5.5    0.3   -6.4   -3.6    2.2
Ireland               -7.5   -2.2   -1.4   -6.1   -2.3   -0.6
Italy                 -1.9    0.7    1.1   -1.0    1.1    1.1
Japan                 -0.7    1.2    1.2    0.7    0.8    1.5
Korea                  0.2    2.9    3.2    5.6    2.3    3.5
Luxembourg            -0.3    1.0    2.3    ...    ...    ...
Mexico                -8.0    1.8    3.3   -5.2    3.0    3.4
Netherlands           -2.6    0.1    1.7   -2.8    0.8    2.3
New Zealand           -1.0    1.8    2.5   -0.3    2.3    2.7
Norway                 0.0    4.4    4.5    3.0    4.2    4.8
Poland                 3.2    1.4    1.4    1.8    1.5    1.3
Portugal              -1.0    0.6    0.9   -0.7    0.2    1.4
Slovak Republic       -1.0    0.8    4.0   -2.4    1.3    5.3
Spain                 -5.1   -1.1    0.6   -4.4   -0.1    0.8
Sweden                -1.2    1.7    2.4    0.2    2.3    2.5
Switzerland            1.2    1.2    1.4    1.7    1.0    1.7
Turkey                -3.3    2.7    4.6    ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom        -3.0   -0.2    2.0   -2.1    0.6    2.3
United States         -0.6    1.3    2.4    0.9    1.6    2.8
Euro area             -1.0    0.0    1.1   -0.7    0.4    1.3
Total OECD            -1.1    1.0    2.0    0.1    1.3    2.3

Note The adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95
has been proceeding at an uneven pace among OECD member countries,
both with respect to variables and the time period covered
As a consequence, there are breaks in many national series.
Moreover, mast countries have shifted to chain-weighted price
indices to calculate real GDP and expenditures components. For
further information see table National Accounts Reporting
Systems, base years and latest data updates at the beginning of the
Statistical Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods). Working-day
adjusted--see note to Annex table 1.

Source: DECD Economic Outlook 86 database

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754557081320

Annex Table 4. Real public consumption expenditure

Percentage change from previous year

                  Average   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001
                  1585-95

Australia           2.8      3.2    3.0    3.2    3.2    4.4    1.7
Austria             2.3      1.3    3.4    3.1    3.4    0.2   -0.5
Belgium.            1.2      1.8    1.1    1.6    2.6    3.1    1.6
Canada              1.6     -1.2   -1.0    3.2    2.1    3.1    3.9
Czech Republic      ...      1.5    3.0   -1.6    3.7    0.7    3.6
Denmark             1.3      3.6    0.7    3.5    2.4    2.3    2.2
Finland             1.1      2.8    2.8    1.6    1.5    0.4    1.1
France              2.4      2.0    1.2   -0.6    1.4    2.0    1.1
Germany             1.7      2.1    0.5    1.8    1.2    1.4    0.5
Greece              0.2      0.9    3.0    1.7    0.2   14.8    0.7
Hungary                     -3.0   -0.1   -0.1    1.8    0.6    2.9
Iceland             3.6      1.0    2.6    4.2    4.4   -3.8    4.6
Ireland             1.0      3.1    5.5    5.7    5.9    9.3   10.6
Italy               1.0      0.8    0.5    0.4    1.4    2.2    3.9
Japan               3.5      2.3    0.8    1.8    4.2    4.3    3.0
Korea               7.2      8.0    2.6    2.3    2.9    1.6    5.0
Luxembourg          5.3      6.0    3.5    1.4    8.1    4.4    5.8
Mexico              1.5     -0.2   -0.2   -2.5    4.5    2.6   -2.4
Netherlands         2.6     -0.7    2.5    2.5    2.8    2.0    4.6
New Zealand         1.6      2.0    6.3   -0.3    6.8   -2.4    4.2
Norway              3.0      2.7    3.3    3.4    3.1    1.9    4.6
Poland              ...      2.2    3.1    1.9   -2.5    2.1    0.2
Portugal            4.3      3.8    2.0    6.2    4.1    3.5    3.3
Slovak Republic     ...     11.1    0.2    5.8   -7.3    4.6    5.3
Spain               4.7      1.3    2.5    3.5    4.0    5.3    3.9
Sweden              1.4      0.7   -0.5    3.3    1.4   -1.1    1.0
Switzerland         2.7      1.6    0.4   -1.1    0.5    2.3    4.5
Turkey              4.2      8.6    4.1    7.8    4.0   -5.7   -1.1
United Kingdom      1.0      0.7   -0.5    1.1    3.6    3.1    2.4
United States       1.5      0.4    1.7    1.8    0.2    1.8    3.7
Euro area           2.0      1.7    1.2    1.3    1.8    2.4    2.0
Total OECD          2.3      1.5    1.4    1.9    2.8    2.5    2.7

                  2002   2003   2004   2005   2000   2007   2008

Australia          3.0    3.7    3.9    3.0    3.2    2.4    4.0
Austria           -1.7   -1.2    1.0    1.7    2.5    2.0    0.0
Belgium.           3.2    1.4    1.8    1.2    1.0    2.6    3.3
Canada             2.5    3.1    2.0    1.4    3.0    3.3    3.7
Czech Republic     0.6    7.1   -3.5    2.9    1.2    0.7    1.6
Denmark            2.1    7.0    1.8    1.3    2.1    1.3    1.5
Finland            2.3    1.5    2.5    2.1    0.6    0.6    1.7
France             1.9    2.0    2.2    1.3    1.3    1.5    1.1
Germany            1.5    0.4   -0.7    0.4    1.0    1.7    2.0
Greece             7.2   -0.9    3.5    1.1   -0.1    8.4    0.6
Hungary            5.7    5.1    1.6    2.1    3.8   -7.4   -0.8
Iceland            5.3    1.8    2.2    3.5    0.4   -0.4    4.6
Ireland            6.9    1.8    2.2    3.8    6.2    7.7    1.5
Italy              2.4    1.9    2.2    1.9    0.5    1.0    0.6
Japan              2.4    2.3    1.9    1.6    0.4    1.9    0.8
Korea              4.9    4.4    3.8    4.3    6.6    5.4    4.2
Luxembourg         4.6    4.1    4.2    3.6    2.8    2.8    2.7
Mexico            -0.2    1.0   -2.8    2.4    1.7    2.1    0.6
Netherlands        3.3    2.9   -0.1    0.5    9.5    3.7    2.0
New Zealand        1.4    3.4    5.4    4.1    4.6    3.8    3.8
Norway             3.1    1.7    1.5    0.7    1.9    3.4    3.8
Poland             0.1    4.9    3.1    5.2    6.1    3.7    0.7
Portugal           2.6    0.2    2.6    3.2   -1.4    0.0    0.7
Slovak Republic   -3.9   -4.1   -2.2    3.3   10.2   -1.3    4.3
Spain              4.5    4.8    6.3    5.5    4.6    5.5    5.5
Sweden             2.2    0.6   -0.9    0.4    2.3    6.0    1.1
Switzerland        1.2    1.9    0.8    1.2    0.3    0.5   -0.1
Turkey            -5.8   -2.6    6.0    2.5    8.4    6.5    1.9
United Kingdom     3.5    3.4    3.0    2.0    1.6    1.2    2.5
United States      4.5    2.2    1.4    0.6    1.0    1.4    0.3
Euro area          2.4    1.7    1.6    1.6    2.1    2.3    0.0
Total OECD         3.3    2.2    1.7    1.5    1.8    2.0    2.4

                                         Fourth quarter
                  2009   2010   2011
                                       2009    2010   2011

Australia          2.4    2.3    2.1    2.2     2.2    2.0
Austria            0.9    1.7    1.3   -0.4     2.0    0.8
Belgium.           1.7    1.5    1.2    1.2     1.5    1.0
Canada             2.5    2.7    2.0    2.9     2.2    2.0
Czech Republic     2.0   -0.9    0.6   -0.1    -0.4    0.9
Denmark            2.2    1.8    1.5    1.5     1.9    1.2
Finland            1.3    0.2    0.7    0.5     0.2    0.9
France             1.5    1.3   -0.8    1.8     0.0    0.8
Germany            2.3    1.5    1.5    2.3     1.4    1.5
Greece            10.1   -1.4   -1.4    ...     ...    ...
Hungary            0.0   -0.9    1.0   -0.3    -0.4    2.0
Iceland           -1.9   -1.3   -1.7   -6.0     1.8   -2.9
Ireland           -2.6   -2.9    1.3   -6.0     1.5    0.5
Italy              1.7    0.7    0.2    2.0     0.2    0.2
Japan              1.1    2.3    2.4    1.1     2.5    2.4
Korea              5.8    3.0    4.1    4.2     4.5    4.0
Luxembourg         3.3    2.0    0.5    ...     ...    ...
Mexico             2.3   -2.1   -0.9    1.8    -3.5    0.4
Netherlands        3.0    1.6    0.4    2.9     0.9    0.1
New Zealand        1.5    2.0    2.1    0.7     2.3    2.0
Norway             5.9    3.2    2.3    6.7     1.2    2.8
Poland             1.9    1.1    0.5   -0.4     1.6    0.0
Portugal           1.4    0.6    0.6    0.0     1.5    0.3
Slovak Republic    4.1   -5.9   -2.2    4.6   -10.4    2.5
Spain              4.4    1.3    0.8    2.5     0.9    1.0
Sweden             1.6    0.7    0.6    1.3     0.9    0.4
Switzerland        2.3    1.1    0.8    1.8    11.0    0.5
Turkey             1.6    1.7   -5.0    ...     ...    ...
United Kingdom     2.8    3.3    0.6    3.7     1.6    0.4
United States      2.0    1.8    0.4    1.8     1.1    0.2
Euro area          2.3    1.1    0.8    2.1     0.7    4.9
Total OECD        22.0    1.6    1.0    2.0     1.2    1.0

Note The adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95 has
been proceeding at an uneven pace among DECD member countries, both
with respect to variables and the time period covered. As a
consequence. there are breaks in many national series. Moreover,
most countries have shifted to chain-weighted price indices to
calculate real GDP and expenditures components. For further
information, see table -"National Accounts Reporting Systems,
base; years and latest data updates" at the beginning of the
Statistical Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods) Working-day
adjusted--see note to Annex table 1.

Source: DECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754563370704

Annex Table 5. Real total gross fixed capital formation

Percentage change from previous year

                  Average   1996   1997    1998    1999   2000
                  1985-95

Australia           2.4      6.1   10.7     5.6     5.8    1.5
Austria             3.8      3.1    1.2     2.4     2.3    3.7
Belgium             4.1      1.0    6.2     3.5     2.6    5.0
Canada              2.0      4.4   15.2     2.4     7.3    4.7
Czech Republic      ...      7.6   -5.7    -0.9    -3.3    5.1
Denmark             2.6      5.8   10.3     8.1    -0.1    7.6
Finland            -2.1      6.2   13.6    11.3     2.9    5.9
France              2.4      0.6    0.4     7.2     8.1    7.5
Germany             3.4     -0.5    0.8     3.6     4.4    3.7
Greece              0.5      8.4    6.8    10.6    11.0    8.0
Hungary             ...      3.8    6.5    11.5     6.0    7.2
Iceland            -1.0      2.5    9.3    34.4    -4.1   11.8
Ireland             3.7     16.4   16.5    14.1    13.4    6.3
Italy               1.8      1.8    1.9     3.6     3.7    7.1
Japan               4.0      4.6   -0.3    -7.2    -0.8    1.2
Korea              13.1      8.4   -2.3   -22.9     8.3   12.2
Luxembourg          8.8      4.8   10.5     6.0    22.1   -4.7
Mexico              0.4     16.3   21.1    10.5     7.7   11.4
Netherlands         2.8      8.5    8.5     6.8     8.7    0.6
New Zealand         2.1      7.2    1.2    -3.4     6.8    8.4
Norway             -0.2     10.2   15.8    13.6    -5.4   -3.5
Poland              ...     19.7   21.8    14.0     6.6    2.7
Portugal            6.5      5.6   14.3    11.7     6.2    3.5
Slovak Republic     ...     30.1   14.0     9.4   -15.7   -9.6
Spain               5.0      2.6    5.0    11.3    10.4    6.6
Sweden              0.6      4.8    0.1     8.0     8.2    6.4
Switzerland         2.4     -1.7    2.1     6.4     1.5    4.2
Turkey              8.6     14.1   14.8    -3.9   -16.2   17.5
United Kingdom      2.7      5.4    6.8    13.7     3.0    2.7
United States       2.8      8.1    8.1     9.7     9.0    6.8
Euro area           2.9      1.6    2.8     5.7     5.9    5.2
Total OECD          3.1      6.2    6.3     5.1     5.6    5.8

                   2001    2002   2003   2004   2005   2006    2007

Australia          -4.8    17.0    9.3    6.9    8.7    4.8     9.5
Austria            -0.9    -3.1    1.8    1.9    2.0    2.3     2.7
Belgium             1.1    -4.5    0.1    7.5    7.7    2.7     5.7
Canada              4.0     1.6    6.2    7.8    9.3    6.9     3.7
Czech Republic      6.6     5.1    0.4    3.9    1.8    6.0    10.8
Denmark            -1.4     0.1   -0.2    3.9    4.7   13.5     3.1
Finland             4.1    -3.1    3.9    3.5    3.5    4.8     8.6
France              2.3    -1.7    2.2    3.0    4.5    4.4     6.5
Germany            -3.4    -6.1   -0.3   -1.3    1.1    8.6     5.3
Greece              4.8     9.5   11.8    1.4   -4.5    9.8     4.6
Hungary             4.7    10.5    2.1    7.9    5.7   -3.6     1.6
Iceland            -4.3   -14.0   11.1   28.1   35.7   21.6   -12.2
Ireland             0.0     3.1    6.5    9.6   14.8    3.8     2.1
Italy               2.4     3.7   -0.9    1.5    1.4    3.2     1.6
Japan              -0.9    -4.9   -0.5    1.4    3.1    0.5     0.8
Korea               0.3     7.1    4.4    2.1    1.9    3.4     4.2
Luxembourg          8.9     5.5    6.2    2.6    2.4    4.6    12.6
Mexico             -5.6    -0.7    0.4    7.9    7.4    9.9     7.2
Netherlands         0.2    -4.5   -1.5   -1.6    3.7    7.5     4.8
New Zealand        -1.1    10.8   10.2   13.4    3.5   -0.4     4.9
Norway             -1.1    -1.1    0.2   10.2   13.3   11.7     8.4
Poland             -9.7    -6.3   -0.1    6.4    6.5   14.9    17.2
Portugal            1.0    -3.5   -7.4    0.2   -0.9   -0.7     3.1
Slovak Republic    12.9     0.2   -2.7    4.8   17.6    9.3     8.7
Spain               4.8     3.4    5.9    5.1    7.0    7.2     4.6
Sweden             -0.4    -1.8    1.5    5.1    8.9    9.4     7.7
Switzerland        -3.5    -0.5   -1.2    4.5    3.8    4.7     5.2
Turkey            -30.0    14.7   14.2   28.4   17.4   13.3     3.1
United Kingdom      2.6     3.6    1.1    5.1    2.4    6.5     7.8
United States      -1.0    -2.7    3.1    6.2    5.3    2.5    -1.2
Euro area           0.7    -1.4    1.2    1.9    3.4    5.7     4.7
Total OECD         -1.1    -0.8    2.4    5.0    4.9    4.4     2.6

                                                    Fourth quarter
                   2008    2009    2010   2011
                                                  2009   2010   2011

Australia           9.6    -3.1     2.9    5.9    -4.6    5.0    6.0
Austria            -0.6    -6.5     0.1    3.7    -5.2    2.1    4.3
Belgium             3.8    -3.8    -1.4    3.0    -4.0    0.1    4.3
Canada              0.9    -8.7     4.4    4.5    -4.2    4.2    4.8
Czech Republic     -1.1    -7.3     1.0    4.5    -5.7    3.0    5.0
Denmark            -5.1   -12.4    -4.9    3.2   -12.0    0.9    4.3
Finland             0.4   -11.8    -4.4    4.9   -14.3    1.5    5.9
France              0.4    -6.8    -0.3    3.1    -5.1    1.4    4.1
Germany             2.3    -8.7     1.3    1.3    -6.7    1.7    2.0
Greece             -7.4   -15.5    -6.3    4.6     ...    ...    ...
Hungary             0.4    -6.6     0.2    4.1   -11.2    9.0    2.0
Iceland           -20.4   -47.4    -6.9   18.1   -44.1   -2.2   26.1
Ireland           -15.6   -28.9   -16.7    0.5   -23.6   -9.7    5.5
Italy              -2.9   -12.6     0.6    4.0    -7.9    2.3    4.8
Japan              -5.0   -12.8    -0.8    4.4    -9.5    2.2    4.7
Korea              -1.7    -1.7     3.6    4.9     5.1    3.5    4.9
Luxembourg         -0.1   -11.5    -1.8    5.1     ...    ...    ...
Mexico              5.0   -11.9     1.3    5.9   -10.0    4.0    6.4
Netherlands         4.9   -11.4    -1.8    2.7    -9.4    1.1    3.3
New Zealand        -5.2   -11.2     8.9   10.4    -0.6    9.1   11.0
Norway              3.9    -3.9     0.4    5.3    -4.7    0.8    8.5
Poland              8.2    -1.5     2.3   10.2    -2.3    5.6   12.4
Portugal           -0.7   -13.6     0.4    2.9    -9.2    0.7    4.9
Slovak Republic     6.8   -11.8     2.1    6.9   -10.6    6.1    7.0
Spain              -4.4   -15.3    -5.3   -0.8   -12.9   -3.3    1.0
Sweden              2.4   -17.0    -2.0    5.5   -17.2   -0.6    8.7
Switzerland         0.4    -2.9     1.1    2.1    -0.6    1.7    2.1
Turkey             -5.0   -21.3     4.1    0.0     ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom     -3.3   -16.1    -5.2    2.6   -17.1   -0.5    4.2
United States      -3.6   -14.3     2.1    7.8   -10.5    4.5    8.9
Euro area          -0.7   -10.6    -1.0    2.3    -8.0    0.8    3.4
Total OECD         -1.9   -12.1     0.6    5.3    -9.2    2.9    6.2

Note: The adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95 has
been proceeding at an uneven pace among DECD member countries, both
with respect to variables and the time period covered. As a
consequence, there are breaks in many national series. Moreover,
most countries have shifted to chain-weighted price indices to
calculate real GDP and expenditures components. For further
information, see table National Accounts Reporting Systems base
years and latest data updates at the beginning of the Statistical
Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org./sources-and-methods) Working-day
adjusted--see note to Annex table 1.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10 7787/754583136140

Annex Table 6. Real gross private non-residential fixed capital
formation

Percentage change from previous year

                 Average   1996   1997    1998   1999   2000    2001
                 1985-95

Australia          2.3     15.2    9.4     3.2    5.3    0.2    -3.1
Austria            4.2      4.9    8.4     5.4    4.7    8.2     2.8
Belgium            4.3      6.2    6.2     7.3    0.4    7.7     4.2
Canada             2.9      4.4   22.6     5.3    7.2    4.7     0.2
Denmark            4.0      5.2   12.1    11.9   -1.5    6.7    -0.3
Finland           -1.8      6.2    9.7    15.2    1.2    9.0    10.2
France             2.9      0.6    2.1    10.4    9.1    8.7     3.3
Germany            2.9     -0.2    2.8     6.0    5.8    7.9    -2.6
Greece             4.9     20.9    5.1    13.0   20.7   13.3     5.8
Iceland           -2.8     49.2   17.6    46.2   -7.4   11.1   -11.3
Ireland            5.0     16.9   18.4    19.6   12.6    0.2    -9.2
Italy              3.1      1.5    3.4     4.0    4.1    8.4     2.0
Japan              3.5      1.6    8.4    -6.5   -4.3    7.5     1.3
Korea             13.7      8.0   -3.8   -29.6   13.7   18.6    -3.3
Netherlands        3.1     10.4   13.5     8.3   11.3   -2.0    -3.0
New Zealand        4.1      6.5   -5.9    -1.1    7.0   19.4    -3.0
Norway            -0.5     13.1   16.1    16.0   -8.3   -3.9    -4.3
Spain              6.6      3.9    6.5    11.4   11.7    7.9     3.2
Sweden             2.1      8.4    5.0     9.6    8.6    9.2    -1.8
Switzerland        2.8      0.8    2.5     8.2    4.4    5.4    -2.3
United Kingdom     3.3     10.4   10.0    19.3    4.1    4.4     1.5
United States      3.3      9.3   12.1    12.0   10.4    9.8    -2.8
Euro area          3.4      2.4    4.9     7.9    6.9    7.2     1.0
Total OECD         3.3      6.3    9.0     6.8    6.8    8.3    -0.8

                  2002   2003   2004   2005   2006    2007    2008

Australia         14.7   13.5    8.6   14.2    7.7    11.7    11.3
Austria           -3.5    4.3    2.7    0.9    2.2     2.9    -1.2
Belgium           -4.8   -1.2    8.2    5.5    4.5     8.7     6.1
Canada            -4.1    6.9    8.2   12.4   10.0     3.7     0.2
Denmark            0.7   -3.0   -0.3   -0.2   14.3     4.2    -4.0
Finland           -7.3    0.5    0.6    6.9    7.0    13.6     4.9
France            -3.0    1.2    3.8    3.1    5.6     7.5     2.6
Germany           -7.0    0.7    0.7    4.3   10.2     8.9     3.0
Greece             9.4   12.1    1.7   -3.3   -2.7    15.0     5.6
Iceland          -20.2   20.9   33.9   60.2   23.1   -23.7   -25.1
Ireland            0.7    5.9   14.5   17.5    3.9    18.7   -11.6
Italy              4.5   -3.4    1.1   -0.3    3.4     2.1    -5.0
Japan             -5.2    4.4    5.6    9.2    2.3     5.7    -3.9
Korea              8.1    2.3    1.9    2.0    7.6     7.0     0.2
Netherlands       -7.6   -1.0   -2.7    2.2    9.7     4.9    -7.0
New Zealand       -1.0   13.0   13.3   11.1   -0.2     5.1     3.0
Norway            -1.9   -2.9   10.3   17.3   14.5     9.5     7.4
Spain              1.2    5.3    6.8    7.7    7.8     3.8    -2.2
Sweden            -5.9    1.8    4.0    8.9    8.8     8.6     4.1
Switzerland       -0.5   -4.4    4.7    6.4    7.6     8.2     0.5
United Kingdom     1.2   -1.0    1.2   17.9   -6.9    11.9     1.4
United States     -7.9    0.9    6.0    6.7    7.9     6.2     1.6
Euro area         -2.4    0.6    2.6    3.6    6.4     6.2     0.6
Total OECD        -4.1    1.7    4.7    7.5    6.4     6.6     0.8

                                           Fourth quarter
                  2009    2010   2011
                                         2009    2010   2011

Australia         -2.5     0.5    4.9    -5.7     2.8    5.5
Austria           -7.4     0.1    4.4    -6.0     2.7    4.9
Belgium           -5.5    -1.5    4.0    -4.7     0.0    5.7
Canada           -13.4     3.9    5.9    -9.6     4.7    6.4
Denmark          -13.0    -6.1    5.3   -14.7     2.5    6.5
Finland          -16.2    -7.6    5.5   -21.4     1.7    6.7
France            -6.8     0.8    4.7    -5.0     2.5    6.1
Germany          -14.1    -0.1    4.6   -12.3     0.9    6.4
Greece           -12.5    -7.9    4.8     ...     ...    ...
Iceland          -53.3     3.9   29.7   -50.6    12.2   36.0
Ireland          -35.1   -16.5    1.5   -18.6   -19.6   14.7
Italy            -19.3     1.5    5.4   -13.3     5.0    5.6
Japan            -18.0     2.1    5.9   -11.0     4.7    6.1
Korea             -1.9     4.1    5.4     4.2     5.3    4.3
Netherlands      -16.0    -2.1    5.3   -13.9     2.0    6.7
New Zealand      -15.9     4.1   10.6   -11.9     7.9   11.9
Norway            -4.0    -0.6    6.2    -6.8     1.1   10.1
Spain            -15.4    -1.5    3.2   -12.0     1.2    4.4
Sweden           -22.7    -4.7    5.9   -25.4    -2.2   10.1
Switzerland       -5.3     0.5    2.6    -2.2     1.4    3.0
United Kingdom   -19.5    -6.6    3.8   -23.1    -0.3    6.3
United States    -17.8     0.2    8.4   -14.9     3.9    9.9
Euro area        -13.2    -0.5    4.4   -10.8     1.9    5.7
Total OECD       -15.4     0.0    6.3   -12.6     3.1    7.5

Note: The adoption of national account systems SNA93 or ESA95 has
been proceeding at an uneven pace among DECD member countries, both
with respect to variables and the time period covered. As a
conseguence, there are breaks in many national series. Moreover, most
countries have shifted to chain-weighted price Indices to calculate
real GDP and expenditures components For further
information see table "National Account Reporting Systems, base years
and latest data updates" at the beginning of the Statistical Annex.
Some countries (e.g United State., Canada and France) use hedonic
price indices to deflate current-price values of investment in
certain information and communication technology products such as
computers National account data do not always have a sectoral
breakdown of investment expenditures, and for some countries data are
estimated by the OECD. See also DECD Economic Outlook Sources and
Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods). Working-day
adjusted--see note to Annex table 1.

Source: DECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.7787/754588754478

Annex Table 7. Real gross residential fixed capital formation

Percentage change from previous year

                 Average   1996    1897    1998   1999   2000    2001
                 1985-95

Australia          2.6     -9.5    16.5    11.6    5.9    1.2   -10.9
Austria            4.2      3.1    -1.2    -2.9   -2.0   -4.9    -6.4
Belgium            6.3     -7.3     7.5    -4.4    3.1   -1.1    -2.7
Canada            -0.5      9.7     8.2    -3.6    3.6    5.2    10.5
Denmark           -0.7      6.7     9.7     1.9    4.3   10.3    -9.3
Finland           -3.8      5.1    22.5     9.6    9.0    5.1    -9.6
France             0.8      0.5     1.0     3.7    7.1    2.5     1.4
Germany            5.6     -3.0     0.2     0.2    1.6   -1.8    -5.9
Greece            -2.2     -1.2     6.6     8.8    3.8   -4.3     4.3
Iceland           -0.4      7.1    -9.3     1.0    0.6   12.7    12.3
Ireland            4.8     18.3    15.8     6.4   12.9    7.6     1.9
Italy              0.8     -3.1    -2.4    -1.2    1.3    5.1     1.5
Japan              3.4     11.8   -12.1   -14.3    0.2    0.9    -5.3
Korea             14.8      2.8    -4.9   -13.4   -6.1   -9.3    12.5
Netherlands        2.4      3.9     5.6     3.0    2.8    1.6     3.2
New Zealand        3.3      5.2     6.8   -12.8    7.5    0.5   -11.7
Norway            -2.4      2.8    12.1     7.7    3.0    5.6     8.2
Spain              2.4     12.3     2.2    10.9   11.4   10.3     7.5
Sweden            -9.3      8.5   -11.9    -0.7   11.1   10.3     4.4
Switzerland        2.3     -8.7    -0.1     2.8   -5.5   -2.7    -4.1
United Kingdom     1.1      5.5     7.2     5.2    2.0    1.0     0.4
United States      1.7      8.0     1.9     7.7    6.3    1.0     0.6
Euro area          2.9      0.5     1.2     1.8    3.7    1.4    -1.0
Total OECD         2.3      5.4     0.9     1.9    4.1    1.3    -0.2

                 2002   2003   2004   2005   2006    2007    2008

Australia        25.9    4.6    2.9   -3.5   -2.5     2.7     2.7
Austria          -5.1   -4.2    1.0    5.4    3.7     3.4    -0.4
Belgium          -5.5    3.4    8.1   10.9    3.4    -0.8    -1.6
Canada           14.1    5.4    7.5    3.3    2.1     2.8    -2.7
Denmark           0.8   11.8   11.9   17.3   11.2     4.8    -9.8
Finland           0.9    9.5    9.6    5.3    6.1     0.0    -8.9
France            1.3    2.1    3.2    5.8    6.2     5.6    -1.2
Germany          -6.0   -0.9   -3.6   -3.7    6.0    -1.4    -0.4
Greece           15.2   12.3   -1.9    0.0   29.1    -6.8   -29.1
Iceland          12.4    3.7   14.2   11.9   16.5    13.2   -21.8
Ireland           5.4   18.2   11.3   15.8    2.5   -15.2   -31.6
Italy             2.5    3.5    2.4    5.3    4.1     1.1    -0.9
Japan            -4.0   -1.0    1.9   -1.5    0.5    -9.7    -7.6
Korea            11.2    8.6    3.6    2.4   -2.4    -3.0    -7.2
Netherlands      -6.5   -3.7    4.1    5.0    5.8     4.2     0.9
New Zealand      21.3   19.8    5.4   -4.5   -3.3     5.3   -19.0
Norway           -0.7    1.9   16.3   10.8    4.1     5.3    -8.1
Spain             7.0    9.3    5.9    6.1    6.2     3.0   -10.3
Sweden           10.0    5.5   15.4   15.9   14.7     8.7    -5.4
Switzerland      -3.7   14.4    7.0    1.1   -1.6    -3.0     0.3
United Kingdom    6.2    0.5   11.9   -4.4    9.9     0.9   -22.7
United States     5.3    8.2    9.8    6.2   -7.3   -18.5   -22.9
Euro area        -0.9    2.7    1.9    3.5    6.2     0.9    -4.6
Total OECD        3.5    4.7    6.3    3.6   -0.3    -8.0   -13.1

                                            Fourth Quarter
                  2009    2010    2011
                                          2009    2010   2011

Australia         -8.3     4.1     9.0    -7.8     7.8    9.0
Austria           -5.4    -0.3     2.0    -4.0     0.6    3.0
Belgium           -3.0    -2.1     0.4    -4.0    -0.8    1.0
Canada            -9.0     4.4     4.9    -2.0     4.2    5.7
Denmark          -18.5   -10.0     0.8   -19.8    -4.0    3.5
Finland           -8.6     1.7     4.1    -4.5     2.2    5.3
France            -8.7    -4.3     0.8    -8.0    -1.9    1.8
Germany           -1.2    -0.2     0.7     0.2     0.5    0.8
Greece           -28.1   -11.0     3.0     ...     ...    ...
Iceland          -44.3    -4.8     2.8   -37.4     1.4    3.4
Ireland          -36.6   -22.8    -1.8   -28.1    -9.7    0.0
Italy             -6.6     1.4     4.0    -3.6     3.5    4.4
Japan            -13.3    -2.9    11.4   -22.7     8.6   10.0
Korea             -7.4     4.7     4.9     7.1     2.5    5.5
Netherlands      -12.6    -4.7     2.7   -12.1     0.1    4.3
New Zealand      -19.2    12.8    17.6     0.7    16.4   17.3
Norway           -12.9    -2.5     2.5   -10.6     1.1    3.2
Spain            -25.5   -18.8   -10.7   -26.1   -16.0   -6.6
Sweden           -22.3     0.5     9.4   -14.8     2.9   13.6
Switzerland        1.5     2.3     1.8     ...     ...    ...
United Kingdom   -27.8    -9.8     1.5   -21.8    -3.6    3.5
United States    -20.0     8.5    16.0   -11.3    11.7   17.3
Euro area        -10.3    -3.9     0.4    -8.6    -1.5    1.4
Total OECD       -15.3     1.5     8.4   -11.3     5.2    9.3

Note The adoption of national account systems SNA93 or ESA95 has been
proceeding at an uneven pace among DECD member countries. both with
respect to variables and the time period covered. As For further a
consequence, there are breaks in many national series. Moreover, most
countries have shifted to chain-weighted price indices to calculate
real GDP and expenditures components, information, see table "National
Account Reporting Systems, base years and latest data updates" at the
beginning of the Statistical Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources
and Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods). Working-day
adjusted--see note to Annex table 1.

Source: DECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.7787/754603241885

Annex Table 8. Real total domestic demand

Percentage change from previous year

                  Average    1996   1997    1998   1999   2000
                  1985-95

Australia           2.7       3.5    3.6     6.0    5.3    2.9
Austria             2.5       2.0    0.8     2.6    3.1    1.9
Belgium             2.8       1.0    3.1     2.4    2.1    3.9
Canada              2.2       1.3    6.1     2.5    4.2    4.7
Czech Republic      ...       7.8   -1.0    -1.3    1.0    3.8
Denmark             1.7       2.5    4.7     3.7   -0.6    3.2
Finland             0.6       2.4    6.1     5.5    1.7    3.5
France              2.2       0.7    1.0     4.2    3.7    4.5
Germany             2.9       0.4    0.9     2.2    2.6    2.4
Greece              1.7       3.1    3.4     4.4    3.7    5.4
Hungary             ...      -0.3    4.3     7.9    5.0    4.2
Iceland             1.4       6.9    5.5    13.8    4.2    5.9
Ireland             3.0       8.1    9.4     9.0    8.9    9.1
Italy               2.0       0.6    2.6     2.8    2.7    3.2
Japan               3.5       3.2    0.5    -2.4    0.0    2.4
Korea               9.7       8.3    0.0   -17.8   13.9    8.2
Luxembourg          4.6       4.6    6.0     6.2    8.0    4.5
Mexico              1.6       5.4    8.8     5.8    4.2    7.9
Netherlands         2.4       3.9    4.5     5.1    4.9    2.7
New Zealand         2.1       4.4    2.5     0.5    5.9    1.9
Norway              1.6       4.4    6.8     5.8    0.4    2.9
Poland              ...       9.6    9.3     6.4    5.2    3.1
Portugal            4.6       3.6    5.5     7.0    5.7    3.3
Slovak Republic     ...     -17.2    6.1     4.7   -6.2    1.2
Spain               3.7       2.1    3.4     6.2    6.4    5.3
Sweden              1.2       1.0    1.4     4.3    3.5    4.0
Switzerland         1.9       0.6    0.6     3.7    0.2    2.2
Turkey              5.1       7.8    8.9     0.9   -1.9    7.8
United Kingdom      2.5       3.1    3.5     5.1    4.6    3.9
United States       2.7       3.8    4.7     5.5    5.7    4.8
Euro area           2.5       1.2    2.1     3.5    3.4    3.6
Total OECD          2.9       3.3    3.6     3.0    4.2    4.3

                   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007

Australia           0.6    6.3    6.2    5.4    4.7    2.9    6.1
Austria             0.2    0.0    1.7    2.2    2.4    2.0    1.9
Belgium            -0.1   -0.1    0.8    3.0    2.9    2.5    2.9
Canada              1.3    3.2    4.5    4.1    4.9    4.3    4.3
Czech Republic      3.7    3.8    4.2    3.0    1.7    5.5    5.2
Denmark             0.0    1.7    0.2    4.3    3.4    5.3    1.9
Finland             2.1    1.1    3.7    3.3    4.5    3.1    4.0
France              1.7    1.1    1.8    2.9    2.7    2.7    3.1
Germany            -0.4   -2.0    0.6   -0.5    0.1    2.4    1.1
Greece              4.1    4.4    5.4    2.8    2.3    5.1    5.3
Hungary             2.2    6.2    6.3    4.4    1.5    1.6   -1.0
Iceland            -2.1   -2.3    5.8    9.9   15.7    9.2   -0.4
Ireland             4.1    4.3    4.0    4.4    8.5    6.0    4.0
Italy               1.5    1.3    0.8   -1.3    1.0    2.0    1.3
Japan               1.0   -0.4    0.8    1.9    1.7    1.2    1.2
Korea               3.7    7.9    1.5    1.5    3.8    4.9    4.7
Luxembourg          4.5    2.6    0.5    3.3    5.2    2.1    4.2
Mexico              0.3    0.8    0.8    3.9    3.7    5.7    3.8
Netherlands         2.3   -0.4    0.4    0.5    1.3    4.1    2.3
New Zealand         1.7    5.7    6.1    7.6    4.3    1.5    4.4
Norway              0.6    2.3    1.7    6.7    5.5    5.6    5.0
Poland             -1.3    1.0    2.8    6.2    2.5    7.3    8.7
Portugal            1.7    0.0   -2.1    2.7    1.6    0.7    1.7
Slovak Republic     8.2    4.1   -0.7    5.9    8.4    6.5    6.4
Spain               3.8    3.2    3.8    4.8    5.1    5.2    4.2
Sweden              0.1    1.4    1.7    1.6    3.1    3.9    4.1
Switzerland         2.0    0.1    0.5    1.9    1.8    1.6    1.3
Turkey            -11.5    8.7    8.6   11.5    9.2    6.7    5.7
United Kingdom      2.9    3.2    2.9    3.5    2.1    2.4    3.0
United States       1.2    2.4    2.8    4.0    3.2    2.6    1.4
Euro area           1.3    0.4   -1.5    1.7    2.0    3.0    2.3
Total OECD          1.0    1.9    2.3    3.3    2.9    3.0    2.4

                                                  Fourth quarter
                  2008    2009   2010   2011
                                                2009   2010   2011

Australia          4.1    -0.4    2.5    3.6     0.8    2.9    3.8
Austria            1.1    -0.6    1.1    2.1    -0.4    1.5    0.2
Belgium            1.9    -2.3    0.7    1.7    -1.3    0.9    2.1
Canada             2.4    -2.8    3.8    3.2    -0.3    3.4    3.3
Czech Republic     1.2    -5.3    0.4    2.2    -7.3    1.1    2.9
Denmark           -0.7    -6.2    1.4    2.3    -3.9    1.7    2.7
Finland            0.6    -5.5   -0.1    2.2    -4.9    1.4    2.6
France             0.6    -2.2    1.0    1.8    -1.6    1.5    2.1
Germany            1.5    -1.5    0.4    0.9    -1.4    0.6    1.2
Greece             0.4    -3.6   -1.8    1.5     ...    ...    ...
Hungary            0.4   -10.1   -2.8    1.9   -10.1    0.6    2.7
Iceland           -8.6   -20.3   -5.4    2.6   -15.0   -1.8    4.6
Ireland           -4.5   -12.7   -4.2   -0.5    -8.3   -2.6    0.6
Italy             -1.3    -3.6    1.0    1.5    -1.9    1.3    1.6
Japan             -0.9    -3.4    1.1    2.1    -2.0    1.4    2.3
Korea              1.4    -4.5    4.9    3.9     3.8    3.0    4.0
Luxembourg         3.2    -5.1    2.7    2.6     ...    ...    ...
Mexico             2.4    -9.7   -1.9    3.5    -7.1    2.9    3.7
Netherlands        2.7    -4.1    0.2    1.5    -4.2    1.1    1.9
New Zealand       -0.1    -5.6    3.6    4.2    -2.6    4.0    4.4
Norway             3.3    -1.7    3.0    4.2     1.4    2.6    5.2
Poland             5.5    -0.3    2.7    3.2     0.4    2.9    3.4
Portugal           1.3    -3.8    0.6    1.2    -2.7    0.5    1.9
Slovak Republic    6.4    -6.3    0.8    3.7    -8.6    0.5    5.4
Spain             -0.5    -6.2   -1.6    0.3    -5.4   -0.6    0.9
Sweden             0.0    -5.3    1.4    2.4    -2.4    1.6    3.0
Switzerland        0.4     1.7    0.0    1.5     0.2    1.3    1.7
Turkey            -0.6    -8.8    5.3    5.6     ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom     0.3    -5.5    0.3    1.8    -3.7    1.1    2.2
United States     -0.7    -3.4    2.5    3.0    -1.1    2.6    3.3
Euro area          0.5    -3.1    0.2    1.2    -2.5    0.7    1.6
Total OECD         0.2    -3.7    1.7    2.4    -1.8    1.9    2.8

Note The adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95 has
been proceeding at an uneven pace among OECD member countries both
with respect to variables and the time period covered. As a
consequence, there are breaks in many national series. Moreover
most countries have shifted to chain-weighted price indices to
calculate real GDP and expenditures components. For further
information, see table "National Accounts Reporting Systems, base
years and latest data updates" at the beginning of the Statistical
Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods) Working-day adjusted--see
note to Annex table 1.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754605532205

Annex Table 9. Foreign balance contributions to changes in real GDP

                                            Per cent

                  Average    1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001
                  1985-95

Australia             0.4     1.0    1.0   -0.9   -0.4    1.0    1.2
Austria              -0.1     0.0    1.5    1.2    0.5    1.4    0.6
Belgium              -0.2     0.0    0.9   -0.3    1.3    0.1    0.9
Canada                0.1     0.3   -1.7    1.7    1.4    0.6    0.7
Czech Republic       -3.3    -3.9    0.3    0.7    0.1    0.0   -1.4
Denmark               0.2     0.5   -1.3   -1.4    3.2    0.5    0.7
Finland               0.4     0.1    1.4    0.9    3.0    1.1    0.2
France                0.0     0.4    1.3   -0.5   -0.4   -0.3    0.1
Germany              -0.1     0.6    0.9   -0.3   -0.6    1.1    1.8
Greece               -0.6    -1.2   -0.4   -1.7   -1.1   -2.0   -0.4
Hungary               2.9     1.0   -0.5   -3.2   -0.9    0.6    1.8
Iceland               0.1    -1.7   -0.8   -7.5   -0.3   -1.9    6.2
Ireland               2.0     1.2    2.7    0.1    4.2    1.7    2.5
Italy                 0.2     0.4   -0.6   -1.4   -1.2    0.8    0.2
Japan                -0.2    -0.5   1.D     0.4   -0.1    0.5   -0.8
Korea                -0.4    -0.7    4.7   10.7   -2.4    0.9    0.4
Luxembourg            1.6    -2.2    1.3    1.3    1.8    4.6   -0.7
Mexico                0.0    -0.1   -1.8    0.0   -0.3   -1.3   -0.5
Netherlands           0.5    -0.2    0.0   -0.9    0.1    1.3   -0.2
New Zealand           0.3    -1.0    0.5    0.1   -1.2    2.2    0.5
Norway                1.2     1.0   -0.8   -2.6    1.6    0.6    1.5
Poland                0.3    -2.8   -2.3   -1.7   -1.1    0.9    2.6
Portugal             -1.0    -0.2   -1.6   -2.6   -2.5    0.3    0.2
Slovak Republic       3.8   -10.5   -1.2   -0.8    6.9    0.1   -5.0
Spain                -1.1     0.3    0.5   -1.7   -1.7    0.0   -0.2
Sweden                0.4     0.5    1.2   -0.2    1.3    0.8    1.0
Switzerland          -0.2     0.0    1.4   -0.9    1.1    1.4   -0.7
Turkey               -0.2     0.2   -0.9    2.1   -1.5   -1.1    6.5
United Kingdom        0.0    -0.1   -0.2   -1.4    0.0   -0.1   -0.5
United States         0.1    -0.1   -0.3   -1.2   -1.0   -0.8   -0.2
Euro area             0.0     3.0    0.6   -0.7   -0.6    0.4    6.0
Total OECD            0.0    -0.1    0.1   -0.4   -0.6   -0.1    0.2

                                    Per cent

                  2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008

Australia         -1.6   -2.1   -1.7   -1.1   -0.8   -1.9   -1.7
Austria            1.5   -0.9    0.6    0.5    1.4    1.8    1.4
Belgium            1.4    0.0    0.4   -0.9    0.4    0.2   -1.0
Canada            -0.1   -2.5   -0.9   -1.7   -1.3   -1.6   -1.9
Czech Republic    -2.0   -0.6    1.3    4.7    1.6    1.1    1.4
Denmark           -1.1    0.2   -1.8   -0.8   -1.7   -0.2   -0.5
Finland            0.1   -1.8    1.1   -1.2    2.4    1.4    1.0
France             0.0    0.7   -0.6   -0.7   -0.3   -0.8   -0.3
Germany            2.0   -0.8    1.2    0.8    1.1    1.5   -0.5
Greece            -1.5   -0.4    1.8    0.7   -1.8   -1.2    0.9
Hungary           -2.2   -2.1    0.3    2.5    2.3    2.2    0.0
Iceland            2.5   -3.2   -2.5   -9.1   -6.0    6.1   10.8
Ireland            3.0    1.7    0.5   -1.4   -0.4    2.9    0.6
Italy             -0.8   -0.8    0.1   -0.2    1.0    0.2    0.2
Japan              0.7    0.7    0.8    0.3    0.8    1.1    0.2
Korea             -0.5    1.3    3.1    0.4    0.3    0.5    0.9
Luxembourg         1.9    1.2    1.7    1.7    3.9    3.5   -2.4
Mexico             0.0    0.5    0.0   -0.6   -0.7   -0.6   -1.0
Netherlands        0.5   -0.1    1.7    0.8   -0.3    1.5   -0.4
New Zealand       -0.9   -1.9   -2.8   -1.7    1.2   -1.6   -0.9
Norway            -0.4   -0.5   -2.0   -2.0   -2.4   -0.9   -0.7
Poland             0.5    1.0   -1.0    1.1   -1.1   -2.0   -0.7
Portugal           0.7    1.5   -1.4   -0.8    0.6    0.0   -1.4
Slovak Republic    0.4    5.5   -0.9   -2.1    1.7    3.8   -0.2
Spain             -0.6   -0.8   -1.7   -1.7   -1.4   -0.9    1.4
Sweden             1.0    0.3    2.2    0.7    0.7   -1.1   -0.5
Switzerland        0.4   -0.8    0.6    0.9    2.1    2.4    1.4
Turkey            -3.0   -3.8   -2.4   -1.3   -0.3   -1.3    1.5
United Kingdom    -1.1   -0.1   -0.7    0.0    0.4   -0.6    0.5
United States     -0.7   -0.4   -0.6   -0.3   -1.0    0.6    1.2
Euro area         0-5    -0.6    0.2   -0.2    0.1    5.0    0.0
Total OECD        -0.2   -0.4   -0.1   -0.2    0.1    0.3    0.4

                        Per cent

                  2009   2010   2011    Fourth quarter (1)
                                       2009    2010    2011

Australia          3.0    0.0   -0.1    0.1    -0.2    -0.2
Austria           -3.3   -0.1    0.2    0.1     0.1     0.3
Belgium           -0.7   -0.1    0.0    0.1     0.1    -0.1
Canada            -0.5   -2.0   -0.2   -1.7    -0.2    -0.1
Czech Republic     0.6    1.7    0.8    0.6     0.8     0.7
Denmark            1.6    0.0   -0.4    0.3     0.1    -0.8
Finland           -3.4    1.5    0.7    3.3    -0.1     2.5
France             0.0    0.4   -0.1    0.0    -0.1    -0.1
Germany           -3.4    1.0    1.0    0.5     1.0     1.0
Greece             3.1    1.1    0.0    ...     ...     ...
Hungary            5.5    2.5    1.3    3.3     1.3     0.6
Iceland           13.9    2.9    0.3    3.5     0.6    -1.4
Ireland            3.8    1.5    1.3    2.5     1.4     1.4
Italy             -1.2    0.1    0.1    0.4     0.0     0.1
Japan             -1.8    0.6   -0.1    0.4    -0.1    -0.1
Korea              4.4   -0.4    0.3   -0.1     0.1     1.0
Luxembourg        -0.2    0.9    1.7    ...     ...     ...
Mexico             2.1    0.7    0.4    0.8     0.4     0.3
Netherlands       -0.6    0.5    0.6   -2-0     0.6     0.6
New Zealand        5.3   -2.1   -1.5   -3.1    -1.6    -1.2
Norway            -0.5   -1.3    0.0   -1.5     0.1    -0.7
Poland             2.6    0.1   -0.1    0.1     0.0    -0.3
Portugal           1.5    0.1    0.2   -1.3     0.4     0.2
Slovak Republic    1.2    1.2    0.5   -0.6     0.9     0.4
Spain              2.9    1.4    0.6    1.3     0.7     0.1
Sweden             0.1    5.0    0.7    0.7     0.6     1.0
Switzerland       -3.4    0.8    0.5    0.7     0.6     0.3
Turkey             3.6   -1.0   -1.0    ...     ...     ...
United Kingdom     1.1    0.9    0.4    0.3     0.5     0.2
United States      1.2   -0.1   -0.3   -0.3    -0.2    -0.4
Euro area         -0.9    0.7    0.5    0.4     0.4     0.5
Total OECD         0.5    0.2    0.0    0.0     0.1     0.0

Note the adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95 has been
proceeding at an uneven pace among OECD member countries, both with
respect to variables and the time period covered. As a consequence,
there are breaks In many national series. Moreover, most countries have
shifted to chain-waighted price indices to calculate real GDP and
expenditures components. For further information, see table National
Accounts Reporting Systems, base years and latest data updates" at the
beginning of the Statistical Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources
and Methods (http://www oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods). Working-day
adjusted--see note to Annex table 1.

(1.) Contributions to per cant change from the previous quarter,
seasonnally adjusted at annual rates.

Source: OECD Economic; Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754608783712

Annex Table 10. Output gaps
Deviations of actual GDP from potential
GDP as a per cent of potential GDP

                  1992   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997   1998

Australia         -3.4   -2.0   -0.5   -0.4   -0.5   -0.6    0.6
Austria            0.9   -1.3   -1.8   -1.4   -1.4   -1.3    0.3
Belgium            0.4   -2.6   -1.4   -1.0   -2.0   -0.4   -0.7
Canada            -4.6   -4.2   -1.9   -1.6   -2.8   -1.8   -1.2
Czech Republic     ...    ...   -1.2    1.9    3.8    1.1   -1.5
Denmark           -2.0   -3.9   -0.7   -0.2    0.2   -0.9    0.4
Finland           -7.6   -8.9   -6.4   -4.6   -3.7   -1.2    0.2
France             0.6   -1.8   -1.1   -0.7   -1.5   -1.3    0.0
Germany            0.7   -1.9   -0.8   -0.4   -0.9   -0.7   -0.5
Greece             0.0   -3.2   -2.9   -2.8   -2.5   -1.7   -1.2
Hungary            ...   -0.9   -1.2   -2.9   -5.1   -4.4   -3.0
Iceland           -5.4   -4.7   -2.1   -3.4   -0.8    0.8    2.3
Ireland           -1.9   -4.4   -4.6   -2.3   -1.7    1.4    1.1
Italy             -1.0   -3.4   -2.4   -0.9   -1.5   -1.0   -1.3
Japan              2.1    0.0   -0.7   -0.4    1.0    1.3   -1.8
Luxembourg         2.9    2.1    1.2   -2.1   -5.2   -4.1   -2.8
Mexico             2.1    1.1    2.6   -6.5   -4.6   -1.2    0.4
Netherlands       -0.3   -1.8   -1.6   -1.3   -0.7    0.3    0.9
New Zealand       -4.8   -1.7    1.0    1.5    1.7    0.5   -2.3
Norway (1)        -1.3   -1.1   -0.6   -0.6    0.2    1.3    1.6
Poland             ...    ...    ...   -2.4   -1.3    0.7    0.5
Portugal           3.8   -1.2   -3.1   -1.9   -1.3   -0.3    1.3
Slovak Republic    ...    ...   -2.0   -0.9    1.6    3.2    3.8
Spain              0.0   -3.5   -3.4   -3.3   -3.6   -2.5   -1.0
Sweden            -2.4   -5.4   -3.3   -1.1   -1.7   -1.2   -0.2
Switzerland       -0.2   -1.4   -1.4   -2.1   -2.4   -1.3    0.0
United Kingdom    -3.1   -2.8   -0.9   -0.3   -0.1    0.3    0.6
United States     -1.7   -1.7   -0.7   -1.3   -0.9   -0.1    0.5
Euro area          0.2   -2.4   -1.6   -1.1   -1.5   -1.0   -0.4
Total OECD        -0.8   -1.8   -0.9   -1.2   -1.0   -0.3   -0.1

                  1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005

Australia          1.2    0.9   -0.3    0.5    0.6    0.7    0.6
Austria            1.4    1.9    0.1   -0.8   -2.2   -1.8   -0.8
Belgium            0.4    1.7    0.2   -0.3   -1.0    0.7    0.9
Canada             0.8    2.3    0.7    0.9    0.2    0.8    1.2
Czech Republic    -2.3   -0.9   -1.0   -2.1   -2.0   -1.4    0.8
Denmark            0.7    2.0    0.9   -0.3   -1.3   -0.3    0.7
Finland            0.4    1.8    0.8   -0.6   -1.5   -0.3    0.1
France             0.6    1.9    1.0   -0.1   -0.7    0.0    0.3
Germany           -0.5    1.2    0.9   -0.4   -1.6   -1.6   -1.3
Greece            -1.4   -1.0   -0.8   -1.3    0.7    1.2   -0.2
Hungary           -2.6   -1.8   -1.7   -1.2   -0.5    0.9    1.5
Iceland            1.7    1.0    1.3   -1.2   -1.7    2.0    4.6
Ireland            2.9    3.7    2.0    1.9    1.1    1.0    2.2
Italy             -1.5    0.6    0.8   -0.1   -1.2   -0.7   -0.5
Japan             -2.8   -1.0   -1.9   -2.5   -2.2   -0.6    0.4
Luxembourg         0.4    3.7    1.5    1.4   -1.0   -0.7    0.6
Mexico             1.0    4.4    1.2   -0.8   -2.2   -0.9   -0.2
Netherlands        2.1    2.7    1.7   -0.7   -2.1   -1.5   -0.9
New Zealand       -0.9   -0.2   -0.2    1.2    1.4    1.9    1.4
Norway (1)         0.7    0.9    0.6   -0.4   -1.2    0.4    1.1
Poland             6.0    0.9   -1.5   -2.9   -2.0    0.2    0.5
Portugal           2.0    3.1    2.5    1.1   -1.3   -1.0   -1.2
Slovak Republic    0.2   -2.1   -2.4   -1.8   -1.9   -2.0   -1.0
Spain              0.3    1.6    1.5    0.4   -0.2   -0.3   -0.2
Sweden             0.9    2.0    0.0   -0.2   -0.5    0.9    1.7
Switzerland       -0.4    1.4    0.6   -0.7   -2.5   -1.7   -0.4
United Kingdom     0.6    1.1    0.4   -0.2    0.3    1.0    0.9
United States      1.3    1.7   -0.4   -1.2   -1.1    0.2    0.8
Euro area          0.0    1.4    0.9   -0.2   -1.1   -0.8   -0.5
Total OECD         0.3    1.3   -0.1   -0.9   -1.1   -0.1    0.4

                  2006   2007   2008   2009    2010   2011

Australia         -0.3    0.0   -1.7   -4.4    -5.1   -4.9
Austria            0.7    2.1    1.8   -3.8    -4.5   -4.2
Belgium            1.4    1.7    0.0   -5.4    -6.6   -6.6
Canada             1.3    1.6   -0.2   -4.5    -4.3   -3.2
Czech Republic     3.6    5.6    4.3   -3.4    -4.7   -5.4
Denmark            2.4    2.4   -0.4   -6.0    -5.3   -4.3
Finland            2.1    2.7    0.2   -8.8    -9.1   -7.6
France             1.1    1.8    0.4   -3.6    -3.7   -3.3
Germany            1.1    2.6    2.4   -3.5    -2.9   -1.8
Greece             0.9    1.3   -0.7   -4.6    -7.3   -7.9
Hungary            2.9    1.7    0.7   -7.6   -10.3   -9.6
Iceland            2.0    2.5    0.4   -6.5    -8.9   -7.6
Ireland            3.0    4.7   -0.5   -7.1    -7.6   -5.9
Italy              0.9    1.5   -0.6   -5.7    -4.9   -3.8
Japan              1.7    3.5    2.3   -3.3    -2.1   -1.0
Luxembourg         2.1    4.9    1.2   -5.1    -4.4   -3.4
Mexico             2.6    3.7    3.1   -7.2    -6.8   -5.4
Netherlands        0.8    2.4    2.1   -4.0    -4.5   -3.9
New Zealand        0.1    0.8   -1.2   -4.0    -4.0   -2.8
Norway (1)         2.0    3.7    2.2   -1.7    -1.0    0.0
Poland             2.6    4.5    4.3    1.0    -0.4   -0.5
Portugal          -0.5    0.6   -0.3   -3.6    -3.1   -2.0
Slovak Republic    1.8    6.6    8.2   -2.7    -5.5   -5.4
Spain              0.3    0.5   -1.0   -5.3    -6.0   -5.9
Sweden             3.3    3.2   -0.2   -7.0    -6.3   -4.6
Switzerland        1.6    2.8    2.0   -2.3    -3.5   -3.5
United Kingdom     1.5    1.8    0.0   -6.2    -6.2   -5.5
United States      1.1    1.0   -0.9   -4.9    -3.9   -2.8
Euro area          1.0    1.9    0.7   -4.5    -4.5   -3.8
Total OECD         1.3    1.8    0.3   -4.6     0.0   -3.2

Note: Potential output for countries where data availability permits
follows the methodology outlined in Beffy, P.O., Olivaud P.,
Richardson, P., and F. Sedillot (2006). "New OECD Methods for
Supply-Side and Medium-Term Assessments: A Capital Services Approach",
OECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 482. Revisions to this
method are discussed in Chaplet 4 of OECD Economic Outlook 85 "Beyond
the crisis: medium-term challenges relating to potential output,
employment and fiscal positions". In countries where extensive data
are not available, more simplified methodologies are used.

(1.) Mainland Norway

Source: OECD Economic Outlook SC, database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/101787/754676176022

Annex Table 11. Compensation per employee in the private sector
Percentage change from previous period

                    Average    1993   1991   1995   1996   1997
                   1982-1992

Australia                6.2    2.7    2.9    3.1    5.5    4.6
Austria                  4.8    4.4    3.5    1.4    1.3    1.2
Belgium                  5.5    4.2    3.9    0.0    1.4    2.9
Canada                   4.7    2.1    0.3    1.9    2.8    5.8
Czech Republic           ...    ...    ...    ...   16.5    9.2
Denmark                  5.9    1.9    1.7    2.2    4.0    3.8
Finland                  7.8    2.5    4.8    4.6    2.3    2.7
France                   5.5    2.1    1.1    1.4    1.4    1.4
Germany                  4.1    3.6    2.9    3.4    1.0    0.6
Greece                  17.5    8.8   11.8   11.4   11.7   11.5
Hungary                  ...    ...    ...   24.2   21.4   20.3
Iceland                 26.4   -3.7    3.7    4.9    5.1    3.8
Ireland                  6.4    4.8    1.5    3.4    4.3    4.2
Italy                    8.9    4.3    4.4    5.4    4.2    3.6
Japan                    3.2    0.5    1.4    1.0   -0.1    1.2
Korea                   12.1   12.9   12.0   15.1   12.0    4.0
Luxembourg               5.2    5.5    4.1    0.5    1.0    2.0
Mexico                   ...   10.3    9.3    8.1   19.1   23.4
Netherlands              1.4    2.7    1.9    0.3    1.9    2.5
Norway                   6.9    2.7    3.1    3.2    2.5    2.5
Poland                   ...    ...    ...    ...   29.0   20.5
Portugal                16.5    7.2    6.0    6.8    7.2    6.7
Slovak Republic          ...    ...    ...    ...   11.8   18.6
Spain                    9.5    8.3    4.0    3.5    5.2    3.6
Sweden                   8.0    6.4    6.9    2.2    7.2    5.5
Switzerland              4.5    2.8    2.5    2.6    0.6    2.9
United Kingdom           7.4    2.3    3.4    2.6    2.2    4.0
United States            4.5    2.0    1.9    2.3    3.0    4.0
Euro area                6.2    3.9    0.6    3.5    1.9    2.1
Total OECD               5.2    3.1    2.3    3.3    3.8    4.3

                   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004

Australia           3.0    3.4    3.1    4.5    3.0    3.9    6.6
Austria             2.8    1.9    2.4    2.1    2.1    1.9    1.9
Belgium             1.2    3.6    1.9    3.7    3.4    1.5    1.8
Canada              2.6    3.3    5.3    2.1    0.8    1.8    5.2
Czech Republic      9.7    7.9    7.4    7.2    7.0    8.7    6.1
Denmark             4.0    3.7    3.1    4.1    3.7    3.5    3.2
Finland             4.4    2.2    4.1    5.1    1.4    2.6    3.4
France              1.4    1.9    2.3    2.4    3.4    3.0    3.9
Germany             0.8    1.0    2.0    1.6    1.3    1.6    0.1
Greece              4.8    6.5    5.5    3.1   11.5    6.9    0.1
Hungary            12.1    1.9   15.6   13.8   10.2    6.9   13.6
Iceland             9.4    8.5    9.8    5.8    7.6    0.7   12.3
Ireland             4.9    3.8    8.5    6.6    3.3    5.0    4.8
Italy              -1.0    1.9    1.9    2.4    1.8    1.8    3.2
Japan              -1.2   -1.6    0.1   -1.2   -2.1   -1.2   -0.9
Korea               4.3    2.1    3.2    7.5    6.1    7.2    4.8
Luxembourg          1.4    4.7    6.0    3.4    2.5    0.5    3.1
Mexico             16.1   17.8   11.6    9.2    3.9    3.6    2.4
Netherlands         4.2    3.5    4.8    4.8    4.4    3.2    3.4
Norway              7.5    6.1    4.5    7.0    3.9    2.5    4.4
Poland             14.7   12.6   10.2    9.5    0.5    0.3    1.6
Portugal            2.4    2.3    4.0    2.9    2.8    5.3    1.6
Slovak Republic     9.6    7.1   15.7    4.6    7.8    8.5   10.0
Spain               1.3    1.9    2.9    4.1    3.5    2.7    1.8
Sweden              2.8    1.2    6.8    4.1    2.6    2.5    4.6
Switzerland         0.3    1.6    2.7    3.8    1.4   -0.5   -0.9
United Kingdom      7.2    4.5    5.8    4.8    2.9    4.6    3.3
United States       5.4    4.2    7.0    3.2    3.0    4.0    4.1
Euro area           1.2    1.8    2.5    2.5    2.3    2.4    1.6
Total OECD          4.0    3.4    4.8    3.2    2.3    2.9    2.8

                   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009    2010    2011

Australia           4.8    5.1    5.5    5.9    2.1     4.0     3.7
Austria             2.5    3.1    3.1    2.8    2.6     1.4     1.5
Belgium             1.5    3.4    4.4    2.8    0.0     1.1     1.7
Canada              5.0    4.5    3.8    4.0    1.4     1.3     2.2
Czech Republic      4.8    6.2    6.4    7.6    1.5     3.6     3.7
Denmark             4.5    3.5    3.3    4.8    4.4     3.2     3.4
Finland             3.5    3.0    3.4    4.8    2.5     1.7     1.3
France              3.0    3.7    2.7    2.6    1.2     1.1     1.4
Germany            -0.1    1.3    1.1    2.1   -1.1     0.8     1.2
Greece              4.0    2.5    7.2    2.6    5.1     4.1     3.8
Hungary             7.4    4.3    7.1    5.9    5.9     3.3     4.2
Iceland             9.9   13.3    5.5    5.3    3.5     3.2     3.4
Ireland             4.5    4.3    4.0    3.5   -2.7    -1.5     0.5
Italy               2.7    1.8    2.6    2.3   -0.5     1.4     1.6
Japan               0.0    0.4   -0.9   -0.1   -2.7     0.1     0.9
Korea               5.3    3.5    4.4    2.8    3.7     5.1     6.9
Luxembourg          4.6    3.4    3.7    2.1    0.2     1.6     2.4
Mexico              5.6    3.0    4.4    4.2    3.0     2.6     4.1
Netherlands         0.9    2.6    3.1    3.6    2.5     2.2     1.9
Norway              5.5    8.2    5.9    4.5    4.1     4.2     4.5
Poland              0.5    0.8    4.4    7.3    5.2     3.1     3.2
Portugal            3.3    1.7    4.1    2.8    3.5     0.5     1.2
Slovak Republic    12.0    6.5   10.6    9.2    3.4     1.1     5.0
Spain               2.8    2.4    3.5    5.5    3.1     1.6     1.2
Sweden              3.2    2.0    5.2    0.6    1.2     2.0     2.6
Switzerland         3.3    2.4    3.4    1.7    1.2     1.4     1.3
United Kingdom      3.0    3.3    5.3    1.9    0.5     1.1     0.7
United States       3.3    4.0    4.0    2.4   -0.8     2.7     2.7
Euro area           1.4    2.2    2.5    2.5    0.8     1.1     1.5
Total OECD          2.6    3.0    3.2    2.5    0.1     1.9     2.3

Note: The private sector in the OECD terminology is defined as total
economy less the public sector. Hence private sector employees are
defined as total employees less public sector employees. For further
information, see also OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754621530451

Annex Table 12. Labour productivity in the total economy
Percentage change from previous period

                    Average
                   1982-1992   1993    1994   1995   1996   1997

Australia                1.1    3.5     1.8   -0.4    2.7    3.0
Austria                  1.8    1.0     1.5    2.3    1.4    1.7
Belgium                  1.8   -0.3     3.6    1.7    0.8    3.2
Canada                   1.1    1.8     2.7    1.0    0.7    2.1
Czech Republic           ...    ...     1.3    5.2    3.2   -0.9
Denmark                  1.7    1.4     3.8    2.3    1.9    1.8
Finland                  2.6    5.3     5.0    2.1    2.3    2.5
France                   2.0    0.4     2.0    1.4    0.7    1.8
Germany                  2.0    0.5     2.8    1.7    1.3    1.9
Greece                   0.8   -2.4     0.1    1.2    1.1    4.0
Hungary                  ...    ...     ...    5.1    1.5    4.1
Iceland                  0.7    1.5     2.8   -2.9    4.8    4.9
Ireland                  3.4    1.2     2.4    4.5    4.3    5.6
Italy                    1.8    1.8     4.0    3.1    0.4    1.6
Japan                    2.9    0.0     0.8    1.8    2.2    0.5
Korea                    5.9    4.9     5.2    6.1    4.7    2.9
Luxembourg               3.5    2.4     1.2   -1.6   -1.0    2.8
Mexico                   ...   -1.6     0.9   -5.4    1.0    1.0
Netherlands              0.5    0.9     2.3    0.8    1.1    1.1
New Zealand              1.2    3.1     1.5   -0.3    0.8    1.6
Norway                   2.7    2.8     3.5    1.9    2.5    2.4
Poland                   ...    ...     7.0    6.0    5.0    5.6
Portugal                 1.6    0.0     1.1    4.9    3.1    2.3
Slovak Republic          ...    ...     ...    4.0    4.8    6.8
Spain                    1.8    1.9     2.9    0.9    0.7    0.3
Sweden                   1.7    3.2     4.8    2.6    2.3    4.1
Switzerland              0.3    0.6     1.9    0.4    0.7    2.0
Turkey                   3.1   13.5   -12.4    4.2    4.0    7.5
United Kingdom           1.9    3.2     3.5    1.8    1.9    1.5
United States            1.6    0.9     1.0    0.2    1.8    2.1
Euro area                1.9    0.9     1.1    1.8    0.8    1.9
Total OECD               2.1    1.4     1.2    1.2    1.7    2.0

                   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004

Australia           3.3    2.8    0.8    0.9    2.0    1.1    1.5
Austria             2.9    2.0    1.7    0.3    1.6    0.6    2.5
Belgium             0.2    2.1    1.6   -0.6    1.5    0.8    2.1
Canada              1.6    2.9    2.7    0.6    0.5   -0.5    1.3
Czech Republic      0.8    4.8    4.1    2.0    1.3    5.0    4.0
Denmark             0.7    1.7    3.0   -0.2    0.4    1.5    2.9
Finland             3.2    1.5    2.7    1.0    0.6    1.9    3.2
France              2.0    1.2    1.4    0.0    0.4    1.0    2.2
Germany             0.6    0.5    1.6    0.9    0.6    0.7    0.3
Greece             -1.0    3.1    3.0    4.3    1.2    3.5    3.7
Hungary             3.3    0.8    3.5    3.9    4.4    2.9    5.6
Iceland             2.1    0.4    2.3    2.2    1.6    2.3    8.3
Ireland            -0.2    3.9    4.7    2.6    4.8    2.5    1.2
Italy               0.3    0.3    1.9   -0.3   -1.2   -1.4    0.9
Japan              -1.4    0.7    3.1    0.7    1.5    1.6    2.5
Korea              -0.9    7.6    4.0    2.0    4.3    2.9    2.7
Luxembourg          1.9    3.3    2.7   -2.9    0.9   -0.2    2.2
Mexico              2.2    2.7    4.3   -0.4   -1.5    0.5    0.5
Netherlands         1.3    2.1    1.7   -0.1   -0.4    0.8    3.1
New Zealand         0.6    2.8    1.8    0.1    1.6    1.5    1.0

Norway              0.2    1.6    2.8    1.6    1.1    1.8    3.6
Poland              3.8    8.8    5.9    3.5    4.6    5.1    4.0
Portugal            2.3    2.4    1.6    0.2    0.1   -0.3    1.4
Slovak Republic     4.9    2.6    3.4    2.8    4.7    3.6    5.4
Spain               0.0    0.2    0.0    0.5    0.3    0.0   -0.3
Sweden              2.0    2.2    2.0   -0.9    2.4    2.6    4.3
Switzerland         1.2    0.5    2.5   -0.5   -0.1    0.2    2.2
Turkey              0.4   -4.5    9.0   -5.7    6.5    6.1    7.3
United Kingdom      2.6    2.1    2.7    1.6    1.3    1.8    1.9
United States       2.1    2.8    2.4    1.2    3.0    2.5    2.5
Euro area           1.0    1.0    1.5    0.3    0.2    0.4    0.9
Total OECD          1.3    2.1    2.6    0.7    1.8    1.7    2.1

                   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011

Australia          -0.3    0.1    1.3    0.2    0.6    2.3    1.9
Austria             1.9    2.1    1.8   -0.3   -3.8    1.5    1.9
Belgium             0.6    1.6    1.2   -1.0   -2.6    1.9    1.6
Canada              1.6    0.9    0.2   -1.1   -1.1    1.2    1.2
Czech Republic      5.3    4.9    3.4    1.4   -2.7    3.9    2.7
Denmark             1.4    1.3   -1.0   -2.0   -1.7    3.1    1.0
Finland             1.5    3.1    1.9   -0.8   -4.4    3.4    1.4
France              1.4    1.4    0.9   -0.2   -1.2    1.8    1.4
Germany             1.0    2.7    0.9   -0.4   -4.8    3.0    2.3
Greece              0.9    2.6    3.1    0.9    0.1    0.2    1.3
Hungary             3.7    3.6    1.1    1.9   -2.6   -0.2    2.2
Iceland             4.1   -0.8    1.0    0.6   -1.7   -3.0   -0.8
Ireland             1.2    1.0    2.2   -1.9    0.1    2.1    1.7
Italy               0.2    0.1    0.2   -1.4   -4.0    2.0    1.8
Japan               1.5    1.6    1.9   -0.3   -3.6    2.7    2.0
Korea               2.6    3.8    3.8    1.6    0.6    3.5    2.8
Luxembourg          2.4    1.8    2.0   -4.5   -4.4    3.3    2.9
Mexico              2.6    1.6    1.6   -0.9   -6.9    2.2    1.5
Netherlands         1.5    1.4    1.2    0.5   -3.4    2.3    2.3
New Zealand        -0.2   -0.5    1.3   -0.6   -0.5    2.5    2.1
Norway              2.1   -0.9   -0.3   -1.1   -0.9    1.7    2.0
Poland              1.3    2.7    2.3    1.3    1.1    3.9    3.2
Portugal            0.8    0.7    1.8   -0.7   -0.4    2.0    1.3
Slovak Republic     5.1    6.1    8.1    3.5   -3.6    3.3    4.0
Spain              -0.5    0.1    0.5    1.5    2.9    1.5    0.7
Sweden              3.0    2.8    0.5   -1.3   -2.4    4.8    2.5
Switzerland         1.9    1.2    1.0   -0.1   -1.6    1.5    1.6
Turkey              6.1    5.1    3.1   -1.2   -5.3    3.0    2.8
United Kingdom      1.1    1.9    1.9   -0.2   -2.6    3.6    2.8
United States       1.4    0.9    1.3    1.0    1.3    2.7    1.2
Euro area           0.7    1.5    0.9   -0.5   -2.4    2.1    1.7
Total OECD          1.4    1.5    1.4    0.1   -1.2    2.5    1.7

Note: Labour productivity measured as GDP per person employed. For
further information see OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org./10.1787/754623625458

Annex Table 13. Unemployment rates: commonly used definitions
Per cent of labour force

                           2006
                   Unemployment   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000
                      thousands

Australia                   516    8.2    8.2    7.7    6.9    6.3
Austria                     244    5.9    5.9    5.9    5.5    4.8
Belgium                     394    9.6    9.2    9.3    8.5    6.9
Canada                    1 109    9.6    9.1    8.3    7.6    6.8
Czech Republic              371    3.9    4.8    6.5    8.8    8.9
Denmark                     114    6.3    5.2    4.8    5.0    4.3
Finland                     204   15.9   12.8   11.4   10.3    9.8
France                    2 437   10.6   10.8   10.3   10.0    8.6
Germany                   4 228    8.6    9.3    8.9    8.2    7.4
Greece                      434   10.7   10.6   11.2   12.1   11.4
Hungary                     317   10.1    8.9    7.9    7.1    6.5
Iceland                     005    3.7    3.9    2.7    2.0    2.3
Ireland                     093   11.9   10.8    7.6    5.6    4.3
Italy                     1 671   11.4   11.4   11.5   11.1   10.2
Japan                     2 750    3.4    3.4    4.1    4.7    4.7
Korea                       827    2.0    2.6    7.0    6.6    4.4
Luxembourg                  009    3.3    3.5    3.1    2.9    2.6
Mexico (1)                1 367    5.2    4.1    3.6    2.5    2.6
Netherlands                 355    6.6    5.7    4.5    3.7    2.8
New Zealand                 085    6.3    6.9    7.7    7.0    6.1
Norway                      083    4.8    4.0    3.2    3.2    3.4
Poland                    2 344   12.3   11.2   10.6   14.0   16.1
Portugal                    428    7.3    6.7    5.0    4.4    4.0
Slovak Republic             353   11.3   11.9   12.6   16.4   18.8
Spain                     1 837   17.5   16.3   14.6   12.2   10.8
Sweden                      336   11.6   11.8    9.9    8.3    6.9
Switzerland                 171    3.9    4.2    3.5    3.0    2.6
Turkey                    2 328    7.1    7.3    7.3    8.1    6.9
United Kingdom            1 669    8.1    7.0    6.3    6.0    5.5
United States             6 992    5.4    4.9    4.5    4.2    4.0
Euro area                12 688   10.5   10.5   10.0    9.3    8.3
Total OECD               34 074    7.0    6.7    6.6    6.4    6.0


                   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007

Australia           6.7    6.3    5.9    5.4    5.0    4.8    4.4
Austria             4.9    5.6    5.8    5.9    6.0    5.7    5.2
Belgium             6.6    7.5    8.2    8.4    8.5    8.2    7.5
Canada              7.2    7.6    7.6    7.2    6.8    6.3    6.0
Czech Republic      8.2    7.3    7.8    8.3    7.9    7.2    5.3
Denmark             4.4    4.5    5.3    5.5    4.8    3.9    3.6
Finland             9.1    9.1    9.0    8.8    8.4    7.7    6.9
France              7.8    7.9    8.5    8.8    8.9    8.8    8.0
Germany             7.5    8.3    9.2    9.7   10.5    9.8    8.3
Greece             10.8   10.3    9.7   10.5    9.9    8.9    8.3
Hungary             5.8    5.9    5.9    6.2    7.3    7.5    7.4
Iceland             2.3    3.3    3.4    3.1    2.6    2.9    2.3
Ireland             3.9    4.4    4.7    4.5    4.3    4.4    4.6
Italy               9.2    8.7    8.6    8.1    7.8    6.8    6.2
Japan               5.0    5.4    5.3    4.7    4.4    4.1    3.9
Korea               4.0    3.3    3.6    3.7    3.7    3.5    3.2
Luxembourg          2.5    2.9    3.7    4.2    4.7    4.4    4.4
Mexico (1)          2.5    2.9    3.0    3.7    3.5    3.2    3.4
Netherlands         2.5    2.9    4.0    4.9    4.9    4.1    3.3
New Zealand         5.5    5.3    4.8    4.0    3.8    3.8    3.7
Norway              3.5    3.9    4.5    4.5    4.6    3.4    2.5
Poland             18.2   19.9   19.6   19.0   17.7   13.8    9.6
Portugal            4.0    5.0    6.3    6.7    7.7    7.7    8.0
Slovak Republic    19.3   18.6   17.5   18.1   16.2   13.3   11.0
Spain              10.1   11.0   11.0   10.5    9.2    8.5    8.3
Sweden              5.9    6.1    6.8    7.7    7.7    7.1    6.1
Switzerland         2.6    3.2    4.3    4.4    4.4    4.0    3.6
Turkey              8.7   10.7   10.8   10.6   10.4   10.0   10.1
United Kingdom      5.1    5.2    5.0    4.8    4.8    5.4    5.4
United States       4.8    5.8    6.0    5.5    5.1    4.6    4.6
Euro area           7.9    8.3    8.8    9.0    8.9    8.3    7.5
Total OECD          6.2    6.8    6.9    6.8    6.6    6.0    5.6

                                               Fourth quarter
                   2008   2009   2010   2011   2009    2010    2011

Australia           4.2    5.7    6.3    6.2    6.0     6.3     6.1
Austria             4.9    5.8    7.1    7.3    6.3     7.4     7.2
Belgium             7.0    7.9    8.9    9.2    8.3     9.3     9.1
Canada              6.1    8.3    8.7    8.1    8.8     8.6     7.7
Czech Republic      4.4    6.9    8.4    7.9    8.0     8.3     7.5
Denmark             3.3    5.9    6.9    6.2    6.7     6.6     5.9
Finland             6.4    8.3    9.7    9.7    8.9     9.9     9.5
France              7.4    9.1    9.9   10.1    9.5    10.1    10.0
Germany             7.2    7.6    9.2    9.7    7.9     9.7     9.7
Greece              7.7    9.3   10.4   10.4    ...     ...     ...
Hungary             7.9    9.9   10.3    9.3   10.3    10.0     9.2
Iceland             3.0    7.1    7.0    6.4    6.3     6.9     6.1
Ireland             6.0   11.9   14.0   13.8   12.8    14.5    13.0
Italy               6.8    7.6    8.5    8.7    8.0     8.8     8.6
Japan               4.0    5.2    5.6    5.4    5.7     5.5     5.4
Korea               3.2    3.8    3.6    3.4    3.8     3.5     3.4
Luxembourg          4.4    5.9    7.1    7.5    6.6     7.4     7.4
Mexico (1)          3.5    5.7    6.3    5.9    6.3     6.1     5.8
Netherlands         2.9    3.7    5.2    5.5    4.3     5.7     5.4
New Zealand         4.2    6.1    7.1    6.6    6.9     6.9     6.4
Norway              2.6    3.3    3.7    3.5    3.7     3.7     3.4
Poland              7.1    8.4    9.6    9.6    8.9     9.9     9.4
Portugal            7.6    9.2   10.1    9.9    9.5    10.3     9.7
Slovak Republic     9.6   11.6   12.7   12.5   12.7    12.7    12.4
Spain              11.3   18.1   19.3   19.0   19.1    19.3    18.7
Sweden              6.2    8.2   10.3   10.1    9.0    11.4     9.5
Switzerland         3.5    4.3    4.9    4.8    4.7     5.0     4.6
Turkey             10.7   14.6   15.2   15.0    ...     ...     ...
United Kingdom      5.7    8.0    9.3    9.5    8.8     9.5     9.4
United States       5.8    9.2    9.9    9.1   10.0     9.7     8.7
Euro area           7.5    9.4   10.6   10.8    9.9    10.9    10.7
Total OECD          5.9    8.2    9.0    8.8    8.8     9.1     8.6

Note: Labour market data are subject to difference in definitions
across countries and to many breaks in series, through the latter are
often of a minor nature. or information about definitions, sources
data coverage, breaks in series and rebasings, see OECD Economic
Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

(1.) Based on National Employment Survey.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754632872078

Annex Table 14. Harmonised unemployment rates
Per cent of civilian labour force

                   1990   1991   1992   1993   1994   1995   1996

Australia           6.7    9.3   10.5   10.6    9.5    8.2    8.2
Austria             ...    ...    ...    4.0    3.8    3.9    4.3
Belgium             6.6   64.0    7.1    8.6    9.8    9.7    9.6
Canada              8.1   10.3   11.2   11.4   10.4    9.5    9.6
Czech Republic      0.8    4.4    2.8    4.4    4.3    4.1    3.9
Denmark             7.2    7.9    8.6    9.5    7.7    6.8    6.3
Finland             3.2    6.7   11.6   16.2   16.8   15.1   14.9
France              8.4    8.9    9.8   11.0   11.6   11.0   11.5
Germany (1)         4.8    4.2    6.3    7.6    8.2    8.0    8.7
Greece              6.3    6.9    7.8    8.6    8.8    9.0    9.7
Hungary             ...    ...    9.9   12.1   11.0   10.4    9.6
Iceland             ...    2.5    4.3    5.3    5.3    4.9    3.7
Ireland            13.4   14.7   15.4   15.6   14.4   12.3   11.7
Italy               8.9    8.5    8.8    9.8   10.6   11.2   11.2
Japan               2.1   21.0    2.2    2.5    2.9    3.1    3.4
Korea               2.4    2.4    2.5    2.9    2.5    2.1    2.0
Luxembourg          1.7    1.6    2.1    2.6    3.2    2.9    2.9
Mexico              2.7    2.6    2.8    3.4    3.7    6.2    5.5
Netherlands         5.9    5.5    5.3    6.2    6.8    6.6    6.0
New Zealand         8.0   10.6   10.6    9.8    8.4    6.5    6.3
Norway              5.8    6.0    6.5    6.6    6.0    5.5    4.8
Poland              ...    ...    ...   14.0   14.4   13.3   12.4
Portugal            4.7    4.2    4.1    5.5    6.8    7.2    7.3
Slovak Republic     ...    ...    ...    ...   13.7   13.1   11.3
Spain              13.0   13.0   14.7   18.4   19.5   18.4   17.8
Sweden              1.7    3.1    5.6    9.0    9.3    8.8    9.5
Switzerland         ...    1.9    3.1    4.0    3.8    3.5    3.9
Turkey              ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom      6.9    8.6    9.8   10.2    9.3    8.5    7.9
United States       5.6    6.8    7.5    6.9    6.1    5.6    5.4
Euro Area           ...    7.8    8.5   10.0   10.7   10.4   10.6
Total OECD          6.1    6.8    7.4    7.8    7.7    7.3    7.2

                   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003

Australia           8.3    7.7    6.9    6.3    6.8    6.4    5.9
Austria             4.4    4.5    3.9    3.6    3.6    4.2    4.3
Belgium             9.2    9.3    8.5    6.9    6.6    7.5    8.2
Canada              9.1    8.3    7.6    6.8    7.2    7.7    7.6
Czech Republic      4.8    6.4    8.6    8.7    8.0    7.3    7.8
Denmark             5.2    4.9    5.1    4.3    4.5    4.6    5.4
Finland            12.7   11.4   10.3    9.6    9.1    9.1    9.1
France             11.4   11.0   10.4    9.0    8.3    8.6    9.0
Germany (1)         9.4    9.1    8.3    7.5    7.6    8.4    9.3
Greece              9.6   11.0   12.0   11.2   10.7   10.3    9.8
Hungary             9.0    8.4    6.9    6.4    5.7    5.8    5.9
Iceland             3.9    2.7    2.0    2.3    2.3    3.3    3.4
Ireland             9.9    7.6    5.7    4.3    3.9    4.5    4.8
Italy              11.2   11.4   11.0   10.1    9.1    8.7    8.5
Japan               3.4    4.1    4.7    4.7    5.0    5.4    5.3
Korea               2.6    7.0    6.6    4.4    4.0    3.3    3.6
Luxembourg          2.7    2.7    2.4    2.2    1.9    2.6    3.8
Mexico              3.7    3.2    2.5    2.5    2.8    3.0    3.4
Netherlands         4.9    3.8    3.2    2.8    2.2    2.8    3.7
New Zealand         6.8    7.7    7.0    6.1    5.4    5.3    4.8
Norway              3.9    3.1    3.0    3.2    3.4    3.7    4.2
Poland             10.9   10.2   13.4   16.2   18.3   20.0   19.7
Portugal            6.8    5.0    4.5    4.0    4.0    5.1    6.4
Slovak Republic    11.8   12.6   16.4   18.8   19.3   18.7   17.6
Spain              16.7   15.0   12.5   11.1   10.4   11.1   11.1
Sweden              9.9    8.2    6.7    5.6    4.9    4.9    5.6
Switzerland         4.2    3.5    3.0    2.6    2.6    3.2    4.3
Turkey              ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom      6.8    6.1    5.9    5.4    5.0    5.1    5.0
United States       4.9    4.5    4.2    4.0    4.7    5.8    6.0
Euro Area          10.6   10.1    9.3    8.5    8.0    8.4    8.8
Total OECD          6.9    6.8    6.7    6.2    6.5    7.1    7.3

                   2004   2005   2006   2007    2008

Australia           5.4    5.0    4.8    4.4    _4.2
Austria             4.9    5.2    4.7    4.4     3.9
Belgium             8.4    8.5    8.3    7.5     7.0
Canada              7.2    6.8    6.3    6.0     6.1
Czech Republic      8.3    7.9    7.1    5.3     4.4
Denmark             5.5    4.8    3.9    3.8     3.4
Finland             8.9    8.3    7.7    6.8     6.4
France              9.3    9.3    9.3    8.3     7.8
Germany (1)         9.8   10.6    9.8    8.4     7.3
Greece             10.5    9.9    8.9    8.3     7.7
Hungary             6.1    7.2    7.5    7.4     7.8
Iceland             3.1    2.6    2.9    2.3     3.0
Ireland             4.5    4.4    4.5    4.6     6.0
Italy               8.0    7.7    6.8    6.1     6.8
Japan               4.7    4.4    4.1    3.9     4.0
Korea               3.7    3.7    3.5    3.2     3.2
Luxembourg          5.0    4.6    4.6    4.2     4.8
Mexico              3.9    3.6    3.6    3.7     4.0
Netherlands         4.6    4.7    3.9    3.2     2.8
New Zealand         4.0    3.8    3.9    3.7     4.2
Norway              4.3    4.5    3.4    2.6     2.5
Poland             19.0   17.8   13.9    9.6     7.2
Portugal            6.8    7.7    7.8    8.1     7.8
Slovak Republic    18.2   16.2   13.4   11.2     9.5
Spain              10.6    9.2    8.5    8.3    11.4
Sweden              6.3    7.3    7.0    6.2     6.1
Switzerland         4.4    4.4    4.0    3.6     3.5
Turkey              ...    ...    8.4    8.6     9.8
United Kingdom      4.7    4.8    5.4    5.3     5.6
United States       5.5    5.1    4.6    4.6     5.8
Euro Area           9.0    9.0    8.3    7.5     7.6
Total OECD          7.1    6.8    6.2    5.7     6.1

Note: In so far as possible, the data have been adjusted to ensure
comparability over time and to conform to the guidelines of the
International Labour Office. Annual figures are calculated by
averaging the monthly and/or quarterly estimates (far both unemployed
and the labour force). Further information is available from OECD.stat
(http://stats.oecd.org/index.aspx), see the metadat relating to the
harmonised unemployment rate.

(1.) Prior to July 1991 data refers to Western Germany.

Source: OCDE, Main Economic Indicators.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754647113845

Annex Table 15. Labour force, employment and unemployment
Millions

                              1993    1594    1995    1996    1997

Labour force
Major seven countries        326.6   329.0   330.8   333.7   337.5
Total of smaller countries   165.5   171.5   174.1   176.6   179.5
Euro-area                    132.3   135.4   136.2   137.3   138.3
Total OECD                   492.0   500.5   504.9   510.3   517.0

Employment
Major seven countries        303.6   306.4   309.1   311.7   315.9
Total of smaller countries   151.8   157.0   159.1   162.6   166.2
Euro area                    119.4   121.1   122.0   122.9   123.8
Total OECD                   455.4   463.5   468.2   474.3   482.1

Unemployment
Major seven countries         23.0    22.5    21.7    22.0    21.6
Total of smaller countries    13.7    14.5    15.0    14.0    13.3
Euro area                     12.8    14.3    14.2    14.4    14.5
Total OECD                    36.7    37.0    36.7    36.0    34.8

                              1998    1999    2000    2001    2002

Labour force
Major seven countries        340.0   342.8   347.2   349.2   351.0
Total of smaller countries   181.7   183.6   185.6   187.8   190.9
Euro-area                    139.9   141.4   143.4   145.0   146.7
Total OECD                   521.7   526.3   532.8   537.1   542.0

Employment
Major seven countries        318.9   322.2   327.8   328.9   328.6
Total of smaller countries   168.2   170.2   173.1   174.8   176.7
Euro area                    126.0   128.3   131.4   133.5   134.5
Total OECD                   487.1   492.4   501.0   503.7   505.3

Unemployment
Major seven countries         21.1    20.6    19.4    20.3    22.5
Total of smaller countries    13.5    13.3    12.5    13.1    14.2
Euro area                     13.9    13.1    12.0    11.5    12.2
Total OECD                    34.6    33.9    31.8    33.4    36.6

                              2003    2004    2005    2006    2007

Labour force
Major seven countries        353.3   355.3   358.4   361.6   364.2
Total of smaller countries   192.2   195.9   198.6   201.9   204.8
Euro-area                    148.0   149.7   151.4   152.7   154.1
Total OECD                   545.6   551.2   557.0   563.4   569.1

Employment
Major seven countries        330.0   332.8   336.3   340.7   344.5
Total of smaller countries   177.7   180.9   184.1   188.6   192.6
Euro area                    135.0   136.3   137.9   140.1   142.6
Total OECD                   507.7   513.7   520.4   529.3   537.1

Unemployment
Major seven countries         23.3    22.5    22.0    20.9    19.7
Total of smaller countries    14.6    15.0    14.6    13.2    12.2
Euro area                     13.0    13.4    13.5    12.7    11.5
Total OECD                    37.9    37.5    36.6    34.1    31.9

                              2008    2009    2010    2011

Labour force
Major seven countries        366.6   366.9   367.4   368.9
Total of smaller countries   208.3   210.4   211.4   213.2
Euro-area                    155.8   156.4   156.8   157.0
Total OECD                   574.9   577.3   578.8   582.1

Employment
Major seven countries        345.1   337.5   334.9   337.3
Total of smaller countries   195.6   192.4   191.6   193.7
Euro area                    144.1   141.7   140.1   140.1
Total OECD                   540.8   529.9   526.5   531.0

Unemployment
Major seven countries         21.4    29.5    32.5    31.6
Total of smaller countries    12.7    18.0    19.8    19.5
Euro area                     11.7    14.7    16.6    17.0
Total OECD                    34.1    47.5    52.3    51.1

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754665874324

Annex Table 16. GDP deflators
Percentage change from previous year

                  Average
                  1985-95   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001

Australia             4.3    2.2    1.5    0.3    0.4    4.3    3.9
Austria               2.9    0.6   -0.2    0.0    0.2    1.5    1.7
Belgium               2.8    0.4    0.8    1.8    0.3    2.0    2.1
Canada                2.9    1.6    1.2   -0.4    1.7    4.1    1.1
Czech Republic        ...   10.2    8.4   11.1    2.9    1.5    4.9
Denmark               2.7    2.0    2.0    1.2    1.7    3.0    2.5
Finland               3.9   -0.2    2.2    3.5    0.7    2.7    2.8
France                2.6    1.6    1.0    0.9    0.0    1.4    2.0
Germany               2.8    0.5    0.3    0.6    0.3   -0.7    1.2
Greece               15.6    7.3    6.8    5.2    3.0    3.4    3.1
Hungary               ...   22.3   18.8   12.8    6.9    9.2   10.0
Iceland              12.1    2.5    2.9    5.1    3.3    3.6    8.6
Ireland               3.1    2.3    3.8    6.6    4.1    5.9    5.5
Italy                 5.9    4.8    2.6    2.6    1.8    1.9    3.0
Japan                 1.1   -0.6    0.5    0.0   -1.3   -1.7   -1.2
Korea                 7.5    5.1    4.6    5.8   -0.1    0.7    3.9
Luxembourg            2.7    3.1   -1.9    0.0    5.3    2.0    0.1
Mexico               41.0   30.7   17.7   15.4   15.1   12.1    5.9
Netherlands           1.5    1.3    2.6    1.9    1.8    4.1    5.1
New Zealand           5.2    2.5    0.6    0.8    0.4    2.5    4.3
Norway                2.7    4.2    2.8   -0.8    6.6   15.7    1.7
Poland                ...   17.9   13.9   11.1    6.0    7.3    3.5
Portugal             10.4    2.6    3.8    3.8    3.3    3.0    3.7
Slovak Republic       ...    4.2    4.9    5.1    7.4    9.4    5.0
Spain                 6.4    3.5    2.4    2.5    2.6    3.5    4.2
Sweden                5.4    0.9    1.3    0.7    1.2    1.4    2.1
Switzerland          28.0    0.2   -1.0    0.3    0.6    1.1    0.8
Turkey               64.4   77.8   81.5   75.7   54.2   49.2   52.9
United Kingdom        4.7    3.6    2.8    2.2    2.1    1.2    2.1
United States         2.8    1.9    1.8    1.1    1.5    2.2    2.3
Euro area             4.0    1.9    1.4    1.6    1.0    1.4    2.4
Total OECD            7.1    5.0    4.3    3.7    2.8    3.1    3.3


                  2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008

Australia          2.9    2.8    4.1    4.2    4.7    4.0    6.4
Austria            1.3    1.2    1.5    1.9    1.7    2.2    2.2
Belgium            2.0    2.0    2.2    2.4    2.2    2.2    1.9
Canada             1.1    3.3    3.2    3.3    2.6    3.2    3.9
Czech Republic     2.8    0.9    4.5   -0.3    1.1    3.4    1.7
Denmark            2.3    1.6    2.3    2.9    2.0    2.0    4.0
Finland            1.3   -0.4    0.7    0.3    1.6    3.1    2.0
France             2.4    1.9    1.6    2.0    2.4    2.5    2.5
Germany            1.4    1.2    1.0    0.7    0.5    1.9    1.5
Greece             3.4    3.9    3.0    2.8    3.1    3.0    3.5
Hungary            7.9    4.8    5.4    2.1    3.9    5.9    3.8
Iceland            5.6    0.6    2.5    2.8    9.0    5.5   12.0
Ireland            4.6    2.8    2.0    2.4    3.5    1.2   -1.2
Italy              3.3    3.1    2.6    2.1    1.8    2.4    2.8
Japan             -1.5   -1.6   -1.1   -1.2   -0.9   -0.7   -0.9
Korea              3.2    3.6    3.0    0.7   -0.1    2.1    2.7
Luxembourg         2.1    6.0    1.8    4.6    6.8    3.0    5.0
Mexico             6.9    8.5    9.1    4.6    6.7    4.5    6.6
Netherlands        3.8    2.2    0.7    2.4    1.8    1.6    2.7
New Zealand        1.1    1.5    3.8    1.9    2.3    4.2    3.6
Norway            -1.8    3.0    5.3    8.7    8.5    2.2    9.6
Poland             2.2    0.4    4.1    2.6    1.5    4.0    3.0
Portugal           3.9    3.2    2.4    2.5    2.8    3.0    2.1
Slovak Republic    3.9    5.3    5.9    2.4    2.9    1.1    2.9
Spain              4.3    4.1    4.0    4.3    4.1    3.3    2.5
Sweden             1.6    1.8    0.8    0.9    1.4    2.8    3.4
Switzerland        0.5    1.0    0.6    0.1    2.1    2.5    2.2
Turkey            37.4   23.3   12.4    7.1    9.3    6.2   11.7
United Kingdom     3.1    3.1    2.5    2.0    2.8    2.9    2.9
United States      1.6    2.2    2.8    3.3    3.3    2.9    2.1
Euro area          2.6    2.2    1.9    1.9    2.0    2.3    2.2
Total OECD         2.7    2.6    2.6    2.4    2.5    2.5    2.5

                                       Fourth quarter
                  2009   2010   2011   2009   2010   2011

Australia          0.1    1.8    2.3   -2.5    2.9    2.2
Austria            0.7    1.0    1.1    1.6    0.8    1.3
Belgium            1.3    1.1    0.8    1.7    0.8    0.8
Canada            -1.9    2.3    1.4    0.3    1.8    1.3
Czech Republic     3.1    0.6    1.9    1.6    1.5    2.1
Denmark           -0.5    1.2    2.1   -0.7    1.7    2.3
Finland            1.0    1.2    1.5    0.2    1.7    1.4
France             1.0    0.5    0.7    0.4    0.6    0.8
Germany            0.9    0.2    0.3    0.0    0.6    0.2
Greece             1.7    2.4    2.1    2.3    1.6    2.3
Hungary            2.4    2.3    2.0    2.5    2.0    2.0
Iceland            8.5    6.8    2.9    6.3    4.4    2.1
Ireland           -3.8   -1.4    0.8   -6.6    1.0    0.6
Italy              2.5    1.0    1.0    1.6    0.9    1.1
Japan              0.0   -1.7   -0.8   -2.0   -0.9   -0.6
Korea              2.8    0.4    2.0    2.0   -0.2    3.1
Luxembourg        -1.4    2.6    3.2    ...    ...    ...
Mexico             6.5    4.1    4.7    7.3    4.1    4.9
Netherlands       -0.3    0.2    0.7   -1.8    0.7    0.7
New Zealand        2.6    2.5    2.2    2.1    2.4    2.1
Norway            -3.3    3.7    2.9   -0.6    2.7    3.0
Poland             3.4    2.1    2.0    2.8    2.1    1.9
Portugal           0.6    0.2    1.0   -0.5    0.2    1.5
Slovak Republic   -0.6    0.7    3.0    0.9    1.9    3.4
Spain              0.3    0.2    0.0   -0.1    0.2    0.0
Sweden             2.2    1.3    2.1    0.5    1.5    2.2
Switzerland        0.3    0.5    0.3    0.3    0.5    0.2
Turkey             6.5    5.5    5.6    ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom     1.1    1.5    0.6    0.8    1.0    0.7
United States      1.3    0.9    1.0    0.9    0.9    1.1
Euro area          1.0    0.5    0.7    0.2    0.7    0.7
Total OECD         1.3    0.8    1.1    0.7    0.9    1.2

Note: The adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95 has
been proceeding at an uneven pace among OECD member countries both
with respect to variables and the time period covered. As a
consequence, there are breaks in many national series. For further
information, see table "National Accounts Reporting Systems, base
years and latest data updates" at the beginning of the Statistical
Annex and OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco.sources-and-methods).

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754667047335

Annex Table 17. Private consumption deflators
Percentage change from previous year

                  Average
                  1985-95   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001

Australia             5.0    2.1    1.7    1.3    0.5    2.9    3.7
Austria               2.4    1.7    1.5    0.6    1.0    2.0    1.7
Belgium               2.5    0.7    1.6    0.9    0.4    3.5    1.9
Canada                3.2    1.6    1.6    1.2    1.7    2.2    1.8
Czech Republic        ...    7.6    9.0    8.9    1.9    3.1    3.9
Denmark               2.6    1.6    2.0    1.4    1.9    2.7    2.3
Finland               3.8    0.4    1.5    2.4    1.4    4.3    2.8
France                2.5    1.6    0.9    0.2   -0.5    2.3    1.7
Germany               2.2    0.9    1.4    0.5    0.3    0.9    1.8
Greece               15.7    8.2    5.6    4.5    2.3    3.3    2.7
Hungary               ...   22.2   18.7   13.9    9.9    9.6    8.0
Iceland              12.0    2.5    0.8    1.5    2.8    5.0    7.8
Ireland               3.0    2.6    2.6    3.7    2.6    6.6    4.4
Italy                 5.9    4.1    2.2    1.8    1.8    3.4    2.6
Japan                 1.1   -0.1    1.2    0.1   -0.5   -1.1   -1.1
Korea                 7.0    6.2    6.0    6.7    3.3    4.8    4.3
Luxembourg            2.7    1.3    1.4    1.7    2.4    4.0    2.0
Mexico               41.7   30.9   16.6   20.4   14.0   10.3    7.1
Netherlands           1.9    2.0    2.3    2.0    1.9    3.8    4.5
New Zealand           5.1    2.4    1.8    1.9    0.7    2.2    2.4
Norway                4.2    1.3    2.4    2.5    2.0    2.9    2.2
Poland                ...   18.6   14.7   10.5    6.1   10.0    3.8
Portugal              9.7    2.9    2.9    2.3    2.2    3.4    3.4
Slovak Republic       ...    4.0    4.8    5.7    9.9    8.3    5.6
Spain                 6.1    3.2    2.7    1.9    2.3    3.7    3.4
Sweden                5.7    1.0    1.4    0.5    1.5    0.9    2.1
Switzerland           2.6    1.3    0.8   -0.1    0.4    0.8    0.7
Turkey               66.2   67.8   82.1   83.0   53.4   54.9   49.7
United Kingdom        4.8    3.5    2.5    2.4    1.2    1.1    2.0
United States         3.2    2.2    1.9    0.9    1.6    2.5    1.9
Euro area             3.8    2.1    1.8    1.1    0.9    2.5    2.4
Total OECD            7.5    5.0    4.6    4.0    2.9    3.7    3.1

                  2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008

Australia          2.7    2.2    1.2    1.7    2.8    2.8    4.0
Austria            0.6    1.6    2.1    2.6    2.1    2.6    2.7
Belgium            1.2    1.5    2.4    2.7    3.0    2.8    3.8
Canada             2.0    1.6    1.5    1.7    1.4    1.6    1.7
Czech Republic     1.2   -0.4    3.3    0.8    1.4    2.9    5.6
Denmark            1.7    1.3    1.3    1.5    1.9    1.8    3.1
Finland            2.1   -0.3    1.0    0.5    1.5    2.3    3.5
France             1.0    1.9    1.9    1.8    2.1    2.1    2.8
Germany            1.2    1.5    1.3    1.4    1.0    1.8    2.1
Greece             2.6    3.4    2.9    3.3    3.4    3.0    4.1
Hungary            3.8    4.0    4.5    3.8    3.4    6.2    5.6
Iceland            4.8    1.3    3.0    1.9    7.7    4.6   14.0
Ireland            5.4    4.1    1.7    1.7    2.6    3.7    2.7
Italy              2.9    2.8    2.6    2.3    2.7    2.2    3.2
Japan             -1.4   -0.9   -0.7   -0.8   -0.2   -0.4    0.5
Korea              3.1    3.2    3.2    2.3    1.5    2.0    4.2
Luxembourg         0.6    2.2    2.4    2.8    2.2    1.9    3.7
Mexico             5.3    7.1    6.5    3.3    3.5    4.8    6.8
Netherlands        3.0    2.4    1.0    2.1    2.2    1.6    2.1
New Zealand        1.9    0.5    1.1    1.7    2.8    1.6    3.5
Norway             1.4    3.0    0.7    1.1    1.9    0.7    3.9
Poland             3.3    0.4    3.0    2.1    1.2    2.4    4.2
Portugal           3.0    2.9    2.5    2.7    3.1    2.7    2.6
Slovak Republic    2.8    6.5    7.3    2.6    4.9    2.6    4.4
Spain              2.8    3.1    3.6    3.4    3.6    3.2    3.7
Sweden             1.7    1.7    1.1    1.2    0.9    1.1    3.0
Switzerland        0.9    0.4    0.8    0.5    1.3    1.3    2.2
Turkey            38.5   23.4   10.8    8.3    9.8    6.6   10.3
United Kingdom     1.5    1.9    1.8    2.4    2.7    2.9    2.7
United States      1.4    2.0    2.6    3.0    2.7    2.7    3.3
Euro area          1.8    2.1    2.1    2.1    2.2    2.2    2.8
Total OECD         2.3    2.4    2.3    2.2    2.3    2.3    3.2

                                          Fourth quarter
                  2009   2010   2011   2009    2010    2011

Australia          3.1    2.4    1.8    2.6     2.2     1.7
Austria            0.7    0.7    1.0    0.7     0.6     1.3
Belgium            0.9    1.4    0.9    1.8     1.0     0.7
Canada             0.6    1.1    0.9    0.8     1.1     0.9
Czech Republic     0.4    1.2    2.1   -0.1     2.0     2.3
Denmark            1.4    1.2    1.4    0.8     1.4     1.4
Finland            1.5    1.5    1.4    1.0     1.5     1.5
France            -0.1    1.1    0.6    0.4     0.8     0.7
Germany           -0.3    1.1    0.8    0.0     0.9     0.9
Greece             0.6   20.0    1.6    ...     ...     ...
Hungary            4.6    4.5    4.6    8.1     3.0     5.7
Iceland           15.0    6.2    2.5   10.6     4.0     1.9
Ireland           -3.5   -1.1    0.4   -4.9     0.2     0.4
Italy              0.0    1.0    1.1    0.2     0.9     1.2
Japan             -1.9    1.4   -0.8   -2.2    -1.0    -0.6
Korea              2.5    2.8    3.0    1.8     3.0     3.0
Luxembourg        -0.3    2.0    1.8    ...     ...     ...
Mexico             7.3    4.4    4.8    2.7     4.5     5.0
Netherlands       -0.8    0.7    0.7   -1.4     0.7     0.7
New Zealand        3.0    1.4    1.4    2.4     1.2     1.5
Norway             2.9    1.7    2.2    1.7     1.8     2.3
Poland             2.9    2.1    1.8    3.5     2.0     1.7
Portugal          -0.9    0.8    1.0    0.0     0.4     1.3
Slovak Republic    1.9    2.0    2.4    1.2     2.0     2.9
Spain             -0.9    0.7   -0.1   -1.1     0.5    -0.3
Sweden             2.5    1.9    2.0    2.9     1.8     2.0
Switzerland        0.1    0.7    0.4    0.2     0.5     0.4
Turkey             5.6    5.6    5.4    ...     ...     ...
United Kingdom     0.9    1.7    0.6    1.0     1.2     0.6
United States      0.2    1.4    1.2    1.1     1.1     1.2
Euro area         -0.2    1.0    0.8    0.0     0.9     0.8
Total OECD         0.5    1.3    1.2    0.7     1.2     1.2

Note: The adoption of national accounts systems SNA93 or ESA95 has
been proceeding at an uneven pace among OECD member countries, both
with respect to variables and the time period covered. As a
consequence, there are breaks in many national serves. For further
information, see table National Accounts Reporting Systems, base years
and latest data updates at the beginning of the Statistical Annex and
OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754703160112

Annex Table 18. Consumer price indices
Percentage change from previous year

                     Average
                     1985-95   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000

Australia                5.2    2.6    0.3    0.9    1.5    4.5
Austria                  ...    1.8    1.2    0.8    0.5    2.0
Belgium                  ...    1.8    1.5    0.9    1.1    2.7
Canada                   3.3    1.6    1.6    1.0    1.7    2.7
Czech Republic           ...    8.8    8.5   10.7    2.1    3.9
Denmark                  2.9    2.1    2.2    1.8    2.5    2.9
Finland                  ...    1.1    1.2    1.3    1.3    2.9
France                   ...    2.1    1.3    0.7    0.6    1.8
Germany                  ...    1.2    1.5    6.0    0.6    1.4
Greece                  15.6    7.9    5.4    4.5    2.1    0.2
Hungaryy                 ...   23.5   18.3   14.2   10.0    9.8
Iceland (1)             11.7    2.3    1.8    1.7    3.2    5.1
Ireland                  ...    2.2    1.3    2.1    2.5    5.3
Italy                    ...    4.0    1.9    2.0    1.7    2.6
Japan                    1.3    0.0    1.7    0.7   -0.3   -0.5
Korea                    5.8    4.9    4.4    7.5    0.8    2.3
Luxembourg               ...    1.2    1.4    1.0    1.0    3.8
Mexico                  41.2   34.4   20.6   15.9   16.6    9.5
Netherlands              ...    1.4    1.9    1.8    2.0    2.3
New Zealand              5.7    2.3    1.2    1.3   -0.1    2.6
Norway                   4.3    1.2    2.6    2.3    2.3    3.1
Poland                   ...   19.8   14.9   11.6    7.2    9.9
Portugal                 ...    2.9    1.9    2.2    2.2    2.8
Slovak Republic          ...    5.8    6.0    6.7   10.4   12.2
Spain                    5.8    3.6    1.9    1.8    2.2    3.5
Sweden (2)               5.2    0.5    0.7   -0.3    0.5    0.9
Switzerland              2.8    0.8    0.5    0.0    0.8    1.6
Turkey                  65.1   80.4   85.7   84.6   64.9   54.9
United Kingdom (3)       ...    2.5    1.8    1.6    1.3    0.8
United States (4)        3.5    2.9    2.3    1.5    2.2    3.4
Euro area                ...    2.3    1.7    1.2    1.2    2.2

                     2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007

Australia             4.4    3.0    2.8    2.3    2.7    3.5    2.3
Austria               2.3    1.7    0.1    0.2    2.1    1.7    2.2
Belgium               2.4    1.6    1.5    1.9    2.5    2.3    1.8
Canada                2.5    2.3    2.8    1.9    2.2    2.0    2.1
Czech Republic        4.7    1.8    0.1    2.8    1.9    2.6    3.0
Denmark               2.3    2.4    2.1    1.2    1.8    1.9    1.7
Finland               2.7    2.0    1.3    0.1    0.8    1.3    1.6
France                1.8    1.9    2.2    2.3    1.9    1.9    1.6
Germany               1.9    1.4    1.0    1.8    1.9    1.8    2.3
Greece                3.7    3.9    3.4    3.0    3.5    3.3    3.0
Hungaryy              9.1    5.3    4.7    6.7    3.6    3.9    8.0
Iceland (1)           6.4    5.2    2.1    3.2    4.0    6.7    5.1
Ireland               4.0    4.7    4.0    2.3    2.2    2.7    2.9
Italy                 2.3    2.6    2.8    2.3    2.2    2.2    2.0
Japan                -0.8   -0.9   -0.2    0.0   -0.6    0.2    0.1
Korea                 4.1    2.7    3.6    3.6    2.8    2.2    2.5
Luxembourg            2.4    2.1    2.5    3.2    3.8    3.0    2.7
Mexico                6.4    5.0    4.5    4.7    4.0    3.6    4.0
Netherlands           5.1    3.9    2.2    1.4    1.5    1.7    1.6
New Zealand           2.6    2.7    1.8    2.3    3.0    3.4    2.4
Norway                3.0    1.3    2.5    0.5    1.5    2.3    0.7
Poland                5.4    1.9    0.7    3.4    2.2    1.3    2.5
Portugal              4.4    3.7    3.3    2.5    2.1    3.0    2.4
Slovak Republic       7.2    3.5    8.4    7.5    2.8    4.3    1.9
Spain                 2.8    3.6    3.1    3.1    3.4    3.6    2.8
Sweden (2)            2.4    2.2    1.9    0.4    0.5    1.4    2.2
Switzerland           1.0    0.6    0.6    0.8    1.2    1.1    0.7
Turkey               54.4   45.0   21.6    8.6    8.2    9.6    8.8
United Kingdom (3)    1.2    1.3    1.4    1.3    2.0    2.3    2.3
United States (4)     2.8    1.6    2.3    2.7    3.4    3.2    2.9
Euro area             2.4    2.3    2.1    2.2    2.2    2.2    2.1

                                                 Fourth quarter
                     2008   2009   2010   2011   2009    2010    2011

Australia             4.4    1.6    2.4    1.8    1.9     2.2     1.7
Austria               3.2    0.3    0.6    1.0    0.2    -0.6     1.3
Belgium               4.5   -0.1    1.0    0.9   -0.4     1.2     0.8
Canada                2.4    0.4    1.3    1.0    1.0     1.2     1.0
Czech Republic        6.3    1.1    0.1    2.0    0.7     2.5     2.1
Denmark               3.4    1.3    1.4    1.6    1.3     1.7     1.4
Finland               3.9    1.7    1.5    1.4    1.4     1.6     1.3
France                3.2    0.1    1.0    0.6    0.3     0.8     0.7
Germany               2.8    0.2    1.0    0.8    0.3     0.9     0.9
Greece                4.2    1.2    2.0    1.6    1.6     1.8     1.6
Hungaryy              6.0    4.5    4.0    3.0    6.3     3.0     3.0
Iceland (1)          12.7   11.9    5.8    2.5    8.0     4.2     1.9
Ireland               3.1   -1.7   -0.7    0.4   -2.6     0.2     0.4
Italy                 3.5    0.7    0.9    0.8    0.3     1.0     0.8
Japan                 1.4   -1.2   -0.9   -0.5   -1.6    -0.8    -0.3
Korea                 4.7    2.7    2.8    3.0    2.2     3.0     3.0
Luxembourg            4.1   -0.1    1.6    1.0    ...     ...     ...
Mexico                5.1    5.4    4.2    5.0    4.0     4.7     5.1
Netherlands           2.2    0.9    0.3    0.7    0.3     0.7     0.7
New Zealand           4.0    2.3    2.2    1.9    2.6     1.7     2.0
Norway                3.8    2.3    1.6    2.2    1.8     1.8     2.3
Poland                4.2    3.5    2.2    1.9    3.6     2.1     1.8
Portugal              2.7   -9.0    0.7    1.0   -0.8     0.9     1.1
Slovak Republic       3.9    1.0    1.7    2.4    0.3     2.0     2.9
Spain                 4.1   -0.4    0.8   -0.1   -0.3     0.5    -0.3
Sweden (2)            3.4   -0.3    1.4    3.2   -0.5     2.1     3.6
Switzerland           2.4   -0.6    0.6    0.4   -0.6     0.5     0.4
Turkey               10.4    6.3    5.7    5.3    ...     ...     ...
United Kingdom (3)    3.6    2.1    1.7    0.5    1.7     1.0     0.6
United States (4)     3.8   -0.4    1.7    1.3    1.1     1.3     1.4
Euro area             3.3    2.0    0.9    0.7    0.2     0.9     0.7

Note: For the euro area countries, the euro area aggregate and the
United Kingdom harmonised Index of consumer prices (HICP).

(1.) Excluding rent, but including imputed rent.

(2.) The consumer price index includes mortgage interest costs

(3.) Known as the CPI in the United Kingdom.

(4.) The methodology for calculating the Consumer Price Index has
changed considerably over the past years, lowering measured inflation
substantially.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 Database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754770472164

Annex Table 19. Oil and other primary commodity markets

                                1994   1995   1996   1997   1998   1999

Oil market conditions (1)               Million barrels per day
Demand
  OECD                          44.5   45.0   46.0   46.8   46.9   47.9
  of which: North America       21.7   21.6   22.2   22.7   23.1   23.8
             Europe             14.4    0.1   15.0   15.1   15.4   15.4
             Pacific             8.4    8.6    8.8    8.9    8.4    8.7
Non-DECD                        24.2   25.1   26.0   27.0   27.5   28.2
  Total                         68.7   70.1   72.0   73.8   74.4   76.1
Supply
  OECD                          20.8   21.1   21.7   22.1   21.9   21.5
  OPEC total                    24.2   24.9   25.5   26.9   27.8   26.4
  Former USSR                    7.3    7.1    7.1    7.2    7.3    7.4
  Other non-OECD                16.7   17.5   18.2   18.6   19.0   19.3
  Total                         69.0   70.7   72.6   74.9   76.0   74.0
Trade
  OECD net imports              23.9   23.5   24.3   25.0   25.4   25.7
  Former USSR net exports        2.7    2.8    3.2    3.4    3.5    3.7
  Other non-OECD                21.2   20.7   21.1   21.7   21.9   22.0
    net exports
Prices (2)                                     cif. $ per bl.
  Brent crude oil price         15.8   17.0   20.7   19.1   12.7   17.9
Prices of other primary                         $ indices
    commodities (2)
  Food and tropical beverages    115    120    126    126    106     86
  Agricultural raw materials     104    122    102     98     84     82
  Minerals, ores and metals       62     74     64     66     55     53
Total (3)                        103    112    116    112     93     80

                                2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005

Oil market conditions (1)                Million barrels per day
Demand
  OECD                          47.9   48.0   48.0   48.7   49.5   49.8
  of which: North America       24.1   24.1   24.1   24.6   25.4   25.6
             Europe             15.2   15.4   15.3   15.5   15.5   15.7
             Pacific             8.7    8.5    8.5    8.6    8.5    8.6
Non-DECD                        28.9   29.5   30.3   31.2   33.4   34.4
  Total                         76.8   77.5   78.2   79.9   82.8   84.2
Supply                                 _ _
  OECD                          21.9   21.8   21.9   21.6   21.3   20.4
  OPEC total                    27.8   27.1   25.6   27.4   29.5   30.6
  Former USSR                    8.0    8.6    9.5   10.4   11.4   11.8
  Other non-OECD                19.6   19.8   20.3   20.6   21.4   22.0
  Total                         77.2   77.4   77.2   80.0   83.5   84.7
Trade
  OECD net imports              26.2   26.5   25.8   27.3   28.4   29.7
  Former USSR net exports        4.2    4.8    5.7    6.5    7.5    7.9
  Other non-OECD                22.0   21.7   20.2   20.8   20.9   21.8
    net exports
Prices (2)                                    cif. $ per bl.
  Brent crude oil price         28.4   24.5   25.0   28.8   38.2   54.4
Prices of other primary                       $ indices
    commodities (2)
  Food and tropical beverages     80     75     84     91    101    100
  Agricultural raw materials      87     74     74     90     99   100
  Minerals, ores and metals       60     54     53     60     82    100
Total (3)                         80     74     80     90    103    100

                                2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011

Oil market conditions (1)              Million barrels per day
Demand
  OECD                          49.5   49.2   47.6   45.5   45.5   ...
  of which: North America       25.4   25.5   24.2   23.2   23.4   ...
             Europe             15.7   15.3   15.3   14.7   14.7   ...
             Pacific             8.5    8.4    8.1    7.6    7.4   ...
Non-DECD                        35.7   37.3   38.7   39.2   40.6   ...
  Total                         85.3   86.5   86.3   84.6   86.0   ...
Supply
  OECD                          20.1   19.9   19.3   19.1   18.9   ...
  OPEC total                    30.7   30.3   35.9
  Former USSR                   12.2   12.8   12.8   13.1   13.5   ...
  Other non-OECD                22.5   22.7   18.5   ...    ...    ...
  Total                         85.6   85.7   86.5
Trade
  OECD net imports              29.7   29.1   28.6   26.6   26.6   ...
  Former USSR net exports        0.8    8.6    8.5    9.1    9.4   ...
  Other non-OECD                21.5   20.5   20.1   17.4   17.2   ...
    net exports
Prices (2)                                    cif. $ per bl.
  Brent crude oil price         65.1   72.5   97.0   61.6   77.0   77.0
Prices of other primary                         $ indices
    commodities (2)
  Food and tropical beverages    111    140    188    159    156    156
  Agricultural raw materials     112    135    130    106    120    120
  Minerals, ores and metals      148    167    174    121    138    138
Total (3)                        116   147     184    145    145    145

(1.) Based on data published in various issues of International
Energy Agency, Oil Market Report.

(2.) Indices through 2008 are based on data compiled by the
International Energy Agency for oil and by the Hamburg Institute
of International Economics for the prices of other primary
commodities; OECD estimates and projections for 2009 to 2011.

(3.) OECD calculations, The total price index for non-energy primary
commodities is a weighted average of the individual HWWI non-oil
commodities indices with the weights based on the commodities' share
in total non-energy commodities world trade.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754858581102

Annex Table 20. Employment rates, participation rates and labour force

                                  Employment rates

                  Average    Average
                  1988-90    1998-00    2008   2009   2010   2011

                                        Per cent

Australia             68.8      69.7    74.6   73.4   72.3   72.3
Austria               69.5      71.8    74.5   74.3   73.6   73.3
Belgium               58.3      61.0    64.2   63.4   62.2   61.8
Canada                71.4      71.0    75.5   73.5   73.2   73.7
Czech Republic        ...       66.3    67.2   65.7   64.2   64.0
Denmark               77.0      77.1    80.8   78.2   76.6   77.0
Finland               73.0      65.9    71.3   69.0   67.3   67.8
France                61.8      62.0    64.0   63.1   62.6   62.4
Germany               68.2      68.8    74.2   74.4   73.4   73.2
Greece                55.8      57.5    63.0   62.4   61.6   61.8
Hungary               ...       53.6    55.6   54.5   54.5   55.1
Iceland               84.7      84.6    82.5   78.5   79.2   80.2
Ireland               53.9      64.6    69.4   63.0   59.5   58.4
Italy                 54.3      52.9    59.1   58.5   58.3   58.1
Japan                 71.6      74.7    77.6   0.76   76.5   76.8
Korea                 60.1      61.2    67.1   66.3   66.4   66.8
Luxembourg            60.8      62.1    65.4   64.9   63.7   63.5
Mexico                ...       62.4    62.7   ...    ...    ...
Netherlands           63.5      73.8    78.7   77.5   76.4   76.1
New Zealand           70.4      70.4    77.0   ...    ...    ...
Norway                75.4      78.2    79.9   78.4   77.7   78.2
Poland                ...       57.1    58.3   58.2   57.3   57.2
Portugal              67.2      71.0    72.3   70.5   69.6   69.7
Slovak Republic       ...       58.0    62.2   60.6   59.8   60.0
Spain                 50.7      55.4    65.8   61.1   60.0   60.0
Sweden                83.1      73.3    75.9   ...    ...    ...
Switzerland           80.8      81.0    82.2   81.1   79.9   79.6
Turkey                53.2      49.1    45.3   44.0   43.6   43.7
United Kingdom        71.2      71.2    72.3   70.4   68.6   67.9
United States         71.8      72.7    71.2   ...    ...    ...
Euro area             60.5      62.3    67.4   66.2   65.3   65.2
Total OECD            61.7      66.5    68.2   66.4   65.6   65.6

                         Labour force participation rates

                  Average    Average
                  1988-90    1998-00    2008   2009   2010   2011

                                      Per cent

Australia            73.5       74.9    77.9   77.8   77.1   77.1
Austria              72.7       75.9    78.4   78.9   79.1   79.1
Belgium              63.1       66.5    69.0   68.8   68.3   68.0
Canada               77.4       76.8    80.4   80.1   80.2   80.2
Czech Republic        ...       72.1    70.3   70.6   70.1   69.4
Denmark              82.4       80.9    83.5   83.1   82.2   82.1
Finland              76.5       73.6    76.2   75.2   74.5   75.1
France               67.4       68.6    69.1   69.5   69.5   69.5
Germany              71.9       74.9    80.0   80.5   80.8   81.1
Greece               60.5       65.0    68.3   68.8   68.8   69.0
Hungary               ...       57.7    60.4   60.5   60.7   60.7
Iceland              86.5       0.86    85.0   84.6   85.1   85.7
Ireland              63.4       68.6    73.8   71.5   69.2   67.7
Italy                60.3       59.4    63.4   63.3   63.7   63.7
Japan                73.3       78.2    80.8   81.1   81.0   81.2
Korea                61.6       65.1    69.3   68.9   68.9   69.2
Luxembourg           61.7       63.9    68.3   68.9   68.6   68.6
Mexico                ...       64.3    65.0   ...    ...    ...
Netherlands          68.2       76.6    81.0   80.8   80.6   80.6
New Zealand          75.7       75.7    80.3   ...    ...    ...
Norway               78.9       80.9    82.0   81.1   80.6   81.1
Poland                ...       66.i    62.7   63.6   63.4   63.3
Portugal             71.0       74.3    78.3   77.6   77.4   77.3
Slovak Republic       ...       69.0    68.8   68.5   68.6   68.6
Spain                58.4       63.3    74.2   74.6   74.3   14.1
Sweden               84.9       80.0    80.9   ...
Switzerland          81.2       83.5    85.2   84.8   84.0   83.7
Turkey               58.3       53.0    50.8   51.6   84.0   51.4
United Kingdom       77.0       75.6    76.6   76.5   75.6   75.0
United States        75.9       75.9    75.6   ...    ...    ...
Euro area            65.8       68.6    72.9   73.0   73.1   73.1
Total OECD           65.6       71.0    72.5   72.3   72.1   72.1

                                    Labour force

                  Average    Average
                  1988-97    1998-07    2008   2009   2010   2011

                                    Percentage change

Australia             1.6       1.9    1.9     1.7    0.8     1.5
Austria               0.9       0.8    1.8     1.0    0.8     0.5
Belgium               0.4       0.9    1.4     0.6    0.0     0.4
Canada                1.0       1.8    1.7     0.7    1.2     1.1
Czech Republic        ...       0.1    0.6     0.9   -0.3    -0.7
Denmark               0.0       0.6    0.5    -0.2   -0.7     0.1
Finland              -0.3       0.7    1.1    -1.0   -1.3     0.2
France               -0.4       0.7    0.7     1.4    0.6     0.5
Germany               0.8       0.4    0.2     0.2    0.2     0.3
Greece                0.9       0.9    0.4     0.6    0.3     0.3
Hungary               ...       0.7   -0.7     0.2    0.1     0.0
Iceland               0.5       3.0    1.4    -1.2    0.8     1.1
Ireland               1.7       3.3    1.0    -2.0   -2.2    -1.0
Italy                 1.3       0.8    1.5    -2.0    0.6     0.0
Japan                 0.5      -0.2   -0.3    -0.5   -0.5    -0.1
Korea                 2.6       1.4    0.5     0.1    0.7     1.1
Luxembourg            1.1       2.3    3.1     2.3    0.3     0.9
Mexico                ...       1.7    2.4     1.1    1.1     2.0
Netherlands           1.7       1.0    1.0    -0.1   -0.1     0.1
New Zealand           1.3       2.0    1.2     0.9    0.0     0.1
Norway                0.5       0.9    3.4     0.1    0.0     1.0
Poland                ...      -0.2    0.9     1.6    0.0     0.0
Portugal              1.0       1.1    0.2    -0.7   -0.2     0.0
Slovak Republic       ...       0.6    1.6     0.0    0.2     0.0
Spain                 1.2       0.6    3.0     0.9   -0.3    -0.3
Sweden               -0.1       0.8    1.2    -0.2   -0.3     0.3
Switzerland           1.1       1.0    1.6     0.6   -0.2     0.2
Turkey                1.8       0.9    2.9     3.2    1.5     1.6
United Kingdom        0.0       0.9    1.1     0.4   -0.9    -0.4
United States         1.3       1.2    0.8     0.0    0.3     0.8
Euro area             0.8       1.1    1.1     0.4    0.2     0.2
Total OECD            1.1       0.1    1.0     0.4    0.2     0.6

Note: Employment rates are calculated as the ratio of foul employment
to the population of working age. The working age population concept
used here and for the labour force participation rate is defined
as all persons of the age 15 to 64 years (16 to 64 years for Spain).
This definition does not correspond to the commonly-used working age
population concepts for Mexico (15 years and above), the United
States and New Zealand 116 years and above] and Sweden (15-74 Hence
for these countries no projections are available. For information
about sources and definitions, see OECD Economic Outlook Sources
and Methods (http://www.oecd.org./eco/sources-and-methods)

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/754885013635

Annex Table 21. Potential GDP, employment and capital stock
Percentage change from previous period

                                 Potential GDP

                  Average   Average
                  1988-97   1998-07   2008   2009   2010   2011

Australia             3.2       3.5   4.0    3.7    3.2    3.2
Austria               2.4       2.3   2.2    1.8    1.7    1.8
Belgium               2.2       2.0   2.5    2.4    2.1    1.7
Canada                2.5       2.9   2.2    1.8    1.7    1.9
Czech Republic        ...       3.3   3.8    3.2    3.4    3.7
Denmark               2.1       1.7   1.6    1.1    0.6    0.7
Finland               1.8       3.1   3.4    2.2    0.7    0.8
France                1.9       2.0   1.7    1.8    1.5   -1.4
Germany               2.2       1.2   1.2    0.9    0.8    0.8
Greece                1.9       3.9   4.0    3.0    2.1    2.3
Hungary               ...       3.4   1.7    1.4    2.0    2.4
Iceland               1.7       4.4   3.4   -0.2    0.6    1.1
Ireland               5.9       6.1   2.1   -0.9   -1.7   -0.8
Italy                 1.9       0.1   1.1   -0.4    0.2    0.4
Japan                 2.4       0.9   0.5    0.2    0.5    0.8
Korea                 ...       ...   ...    ...    ...    ...
Luxembourg            5.2       4.3   3.7    2.5    1.7    2.3
Mexico                ...       2.7   2.0    2.2    2.2    2.4
Netherlands           2.9       2.3   2.3    1.8    1.2    1.3
New Zealand           2.3       3.2   2.0    1.4    1.3    1.5
Norway                2.3       3.1   4.1    2.7    2.1    2.2
Poland                ...       3.7   5.1    4.8    3.9    3.2
Portugal              3.2       1.8   0.9    0.5    0.3    0.4
Slovak Republic       ...       4.6   4.8    4.8    5.1    4.0
Spain                 2.9       3.6   2.3    0.8    0.5    0.8
Sweden                1.8       2.8   3.0    2.2    1.3    1.1
Switzerland           1.5       1.8   2.6    2.4    2.1    2.0
Turkey                ...       ...   ...    ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom        2.4       2.7   2.3    1.7    1.2    1.4
United States         3.1       2.8   2.3    1.7    1.4    1.6

Euro area             2.2       2.0   1.7    1.2    0.9    1.0
Total DECD            2.7       2.4   2.0    1.5    1.3    1.4

                                    Employment

                  Average   Average
                  1988-97   1998-07   2008   2009   2010   2011

Australia             1.5       2.3    0.2    0.2    0.1    1.5
Austria               0.8       0.8    2.2    0.0   -0.6    0.3
Belgium               0.4       1.1    1.9   -0.4   -1.1    0.1
Canada                0.8       2.1    1.5   -1.6    0.8    1.8
Czech Republic        ...       0.2    1.6   -1.8   -1.8   -0.1
Denmark               0.1       0.7    0.9   -2.9   -1.8    0.9
Finland              -1.3       1.3    1.6   -3.0   -2.8    0.2
France                0.2       1.0    1.4   -0.5   -0.3    0.3
Germany               0.5       0.5    1.4   -0.1   -1_5   -0.4
Greece                0.6       1.3    1.1   -1.2   -0.9    0.3
Hungary               ...       0.7   -1.2   -2.0   -0.2    1.0
Iceland               0.2       2.0    0.7   -5.4    1.0    1.8
Ireland               2.5       3.7   -0.5   -8.2   -4.5   -0.7
Italy                -0.4       1.4    0.8   -0.9   -0.4   -0.3
Japan                 1.0      -0.2   -0.4   -1.8   -0.9    0.0
Korea                 2.6       1.8    0.6   -0.5    0.9    1.3
Luxembourg            0.9       2.1    3.2    0.6   -0.9    0.5
Mexico                ...       1.8    2.3   -1.2    0.5    2.4
Netherlands           2.0       1.2    1.4   -1.0   -1.6   -0.3
New Zealand           1.2       2.5    0.6   -1.1   -1.1    0.6
Norway                0.4       0.9    3.3   -0.6   -0.4    1.2
Poland                ...      -0.1    3.7    0.3   -1.4    0.0
Portugal              0.9       0.7    0.6   -2.4   -1.2    0.2
Slovak Republic       ...       0.8    3.2   -2.3   -1.1    0.2
Spain                 1.0       4.2   -0.5   -6.8   -1.8    0.2
Sweden               -1.2       1.2    1.2   -2.3   -2.6    0.4
Switzerland           0.7       0.9    1.7   -0.2   -0.8    0.3
Turkey                1.9       0.6    2.1   -1.3    0.8    1.8
United Kingdom        0.2       1.1    0.8   -2.1   -2.3   -0.6
United States         1.3       1.2   -0.5   -3.6   -0.5    1.7

Euro area            0.6        1.4    1.0   -1.6   -1.1   -0.1
Total DECD            1.1       1.1    0.7   -2.0   -0.6    0.9

                                Capital stock (1)

                  Average   Average
                  1988-97   1998-07   2008   2009   2010   2011

Australia            2.9        5.4    6.9    5.2    4.7    4.7
Austria              2.8        2.5    1.2    0.4    0.4    0.7
Belgium              3.3        2.8    4.0    3.0    2.5    2.7
Canada               4.6        4.9    4.7    2.5   -2.8    3.0
Czech Republic       ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Denmark              3.4        3.8    3.2    1.7    1.3    1.5
Finland              2.4        2.4    2.4   -2.0   -2.5   -1.6
France               2.7        3.5    3.5    2.2    2.1    2.3
Germany              2.8        2.0    2.1    0.4    0.6    0.7
Greece               2.6        5.3    4.7    2.0    0.9    1.5
Hungary              ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Iceland              ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Ireland              2.8        7.1    3.8   -1.2   -2.9   -2.4
Italy                3.0        3.1    2.1    0.2    0.2    0.6
Japan                4.4        1.8    0.3   -1.2   -1.1   -0.6
Korea                ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Luxembourg           ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Mexico               ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Netherlands          3.1        2.9    3.4    1.5    1.3    1.4
New Zealand          3.4        5.0    3.2    1.3    2.1    3.0
Norway               0.2        0.3    1.4   -0.3   -0.3    0.8
Poland               ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Portugal             3.8        3.4    1.3    0.0    0.1    0.3
Slovak Republic      ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Spain                5.0        5.8    4.3    2.0    3.0    1.2
Sweden               3.5        3.9    4.4    1.2    0.4    0.8
Switzerland          3.8        3.0    3.2    2.4    2.2    2.2
Turkey               ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom       4.4        4.7    4.4    2.1    1.4    1.6
United States        4.2        4.5    3.9    1.4    1.4    2.0

Euro area            ...        ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Total DECD           3.9        3.8    3.2    1.2    1.1    1.4

Note: Estimates of potential output are based on a production
function approach outlined in Beffy et al. (2006). "New OECD
methods for supply-side and medium term assessments: a new
capital services approach", OECD Economics Department Working
Papers, No 482. Revision to this method are discussed in Chapter
4 of OECD Economic Outlook 85. "Beyond the crisis:
medium-term challenges relating to potential output, employment
and fiscal positions".

(1.) Total economy less housing.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755004645773

Annex Table 22. Structural unemployment and unit labor costs

                               Structural unemployment rate

                  Average   Average
                  1985-87   1995-97   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009

                                         Per cent

Australia             7.5      7.6     5.3    5.2    5.1    5.1    5.1
Austria               3.6      5.0     5.2    5.2    5.2    5.2    5.3
Belgium               7.8      8.2     8.0    8.0    7.9    7.9    7.9
Canada                8.9      8.4     6.8    6.6    6.5    6.5   16.6
Czech Republic        ...      ...     ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Denmark               6.2      6.1     4.6    4.5    4.4    4.3    4.3
Finland               4.6     11.9     7.9    7.8    7.5    7.4    7.4
France                8.3      9.9     8.6    8.5    8.3    8.2    g.2
Germany               6.1      7.7     8.7    8.6    8.4    8.2    8.2
Greece                6.2      8.6     9.3    9.1    8.9    9.1    9.1
Hungary               ...      ...     ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Iceland               1.5      4.1     2.8    2.8    2.8    2.8    3.0
Ireland              15.3     10.9     4.8    4.7    4.7    4.9    6.0
Italy                 8.2      9.6     6.9    6.6    6.3    6.4    6.7
Japan                 2.6      3.4     4.2    4.1    4.1    4.1    4.1
Korea                 ...      ...     ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Luxembourg            ...      ...     ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Mexico                ...      ...     ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Netherlands           7.2      5.5     3.7    3.6    3.6    3.5    3.6
New Zealand           4.9      6.9     4.3    4.1    4.0    4.1    4.1
Norway                3.0      4.4     3.8    3.6    3.3    3.3    3.3
Poland                ...     12.7    18.0   16.9   14.7   12.3   10.6
Portugal              7.0      6.2     6.7    6.8    6.9    6.9    7.0
Slovak Republic       ...      ...     ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Spain                12.8     13.8     9.7    9.1    8.9    9.5   11.1
Sweden                4.1      7.9     7.3    7.2    7.2    7.1    7.0
Switzerland           1.1      3.1     3.7    3.7    3.7    3.7    3.7
Turkey                ...      ...     ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
United Kingdom       10.0      7.8     5.3    5.3    5.3    5.4    5.5
United States         6.6      5.6     5.0    5.0    4.9    4.9    5.0

Euro area             7.9      9.0     8.0    7.8    7.6    7.6    8.0
Total DECD            6.2      6.7     6.1    6.0    5.9    5.8    5.9

                   Structural
                  unemployment
                     rate                 Unit labour costs (1)

                                Average   Average
                  2010   2011   1985-94   1995-04   2005   2006   2007

                    Per cent                Percentage change

Australia          5.2    5.3       4.1      2.0     4.7    4.5    3.8
Austria            5.4    5.5       3.3      0.0     0.7    1.3    1.6
Belgium            8.0    8.2       2.7      1.4     1.5    1.8    2.9
Canada             6.6    0.6       2.9      1.7     2.7    4.0    3.0
Czech Republic     ...    ...       ...      5.1     0.5    0.0    3.1
Denmark            4.4    4.4       2.8      2.4     2.4    2.4    4.1
Finland            7.6    7.8       3.1      1.2     2.3   -0.3    1.7
France             8.4    8.5       2.2      3.5     1.7    1.8    1.9
Germany            8.2    8.5       2.6      0.1    -1.5   -1.7    0.1
Greece             9.4    9.5      15.0      5.4     0.2   -0.1    4.0
Hungary            ...    ...       ...     10.7     4.3    2.6    6.0
Iceland            3.2    3.3      13.6      5.1     4.7   12.4    6.1
Ireland            7.3    7.9       2.3      2.6     5.7    4.3    1.3
Italy              7.0    7.2       5.1      2.5     3.9    2.5    2.2
Japan              4.2    4.2       1.5     -1.6    -1.1    0.0   -1.9
Korea              ...    ...       9.1      2.7     3.2    0.7    1.7
Luxembourg         ...    ...       2.5      2.0     2.3    1.7    1.8
Mexico             ...    ...      42.5     12.8     4.1    2.9    2.4
Netherlands        3.8    4.0       1.3      2.6    -0.6    0.7    2.2
New Zealand        4.3   -4.3       1.5      0.0     4.3    5.0    2.7
Norway             3.4    3.4       3.2      3.1     3.1    6.7    7.0
Poland             9.9   10.1                6.1     1.6    0.6    4.0
Portugal           7.3    7.5      11.1      3.6     3.9    1.8    1.3
Slovak Republic    ...    ...       ...      4.7     0.3    1.5    0.4
Spain             12.6   13.1       7.3      3.2     3.7    3.7    4.1
Sweden             7.1    7.2       5.1      1.9     0.1   -0.7    4.7
Switzerland        3.8    4.0       3.4      0.5     1.1    0.6    1.6
Turkey             ...    ...      66.6     53.3     5.6   -9.1   -0.8
United Kingdom     5.7    5.9       4.7      2.8     2.6    1.6    2.8
United States      5.1    0.5       2.7      2.0     0.2    3.1    3.0

Euro area          8.3    8.6       0.8      1.4     1.2    1.0    1.7
Total DECD         6.1    6.2       7.4      3.2     1.8   -2.1    2.2

                    Unit labour costs (1)

                  2008   2009   2010   2011

                       Percentage change

Australia          5.2   1.4     1.5    1.7
Austria            3.3   5.9    -0.2   -0.6
Belgium            4.3   3.0    -1.4   -0.1
Canada             4.4   2.5    -0.1    0.7
Czech Republic     5.1   3.8    -1.7    0.9
Denmark            7.1   5.5    -0.8    0.0
Finland            5.7   6.7    -1.7   -0.2
France             2.9   2.5    -0.7    0.0
Germany            2.7   4.3    -2.4   -1.2
Greece             3.8   4.9     3.6    3.0
Hungary            4.8   6.3     1.4    2.8
Iceland            6.9  -3.9     4.5    2.5
Ireland            5.2  -2.9    -3.5   -1.1
Italy              4.8   5.2    -0.5    0.0
Japan              1.4   1.3    -2.3   -1.2
Korea              0.0   0.3     0.1    3.5
Luxembourg         7.1   5.6    -0.6   -0.1
Mexico             5.3  10.7    -1.6    2.1
Netherlands        3.2   6.3     0.0   -0.5
New Zealand        5.5   4.0     0.4    0.4
Norway             6.7   4.8     2.5    2.4
Poland             0.7   4.1    -1.1    0.0
Portugal           4.2   3.7    -1.1    0.0
Slovak Republic    4.5   4.6     3.2    0.5
Spain              4.4   1.4     0.7    0.3
Sweden             3.2   4.1    -3.4   -0.2
Switzerland        3.0   3.7    -0.7   -1.0
Turkey            12.5   0.0     2.4    2.0
United Kingdom     2.6   3.9    -2.1   -2.0
United States      1.8  -1.1    -0.1    1.5

Euro area          3.6   3.8    -0.9   -0.3
Total DECD         3.1   2.1     0.0    0.6

Note: The structural unemployment rate corresponds to "NAIRU" and
is estimated on the basis of the methods outlined in Richardson et
al (2000). "The concept, policy use and measurement of structural
from a panel of DECD countries OECD Economics Department Working
Papers. No. 649. Details on the methods used to project the NAIRUs
can be found in the technical note "Adjustments to the
OECD method of projecting the NAIRU
(http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/56/9/43098869.pdf).
For more information about sources and definitions, see OECD
Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org./eco/sources-and-methods)

(1.) Total economy.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755036237735

Annex Table 23. Household saving rates
Per cent of disposable household income

                  1992   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997   1998   1999
Net savings
Australia          5.1    5.3    6.9    6.4    7.0    4.5    1.8    1.9
Austria           11.8   12.1   12.1   11.8    9.3    7.7    8.5    9.8
Belgium           13.9   15.1   14.8   16.4   14.3   13.2   12.7   13.1
Canada            13.0   11.9    9.5    9.2    7.0    4.9    4.9    4.0
Czech Republic     ...    6.4    1.2   10.0    6.1    6.0    4.1    3.4
Denmark            1.7    2.4   -1.6    1.3    0.9   -1.6    0.0   -3.3
Finland           10.2    7.8    1.3    4.1    0.3    1.5    0.4    1.7
France            11.4   12.3   11.6   12.8   11.9   12.8   12.4   12.1
Germany           12.7   12.1   11.4   11.0   10.5   10.1   10.1    9.5
Hungary            ...    ...    ...   14.4   15.6   14.2   13.5    9.9
Ireland            ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...    ...
Italy             20.2   19.5   18.1   17.0   17.9   15.1   11.4   10.2
Japan             14.6   14.2   13.3   12.6   10.5   10.3   11.3   10.0
Korea             23.1   21.3   19.9   16.0   16.3   14.5   23.2   15.9
Netherlands       16.1   14.1   13.9   14.0    124   13.0   12.0    8.9
Norway             5.3    6.4    5.4    4.8    2.6    3.0    5.7    4.7
Poland             ...    ...    ...   14.6   11.7   11.7   12.1   11.0
Slovak Republic    ...    ...    ...    5.4    8.4    8.8    7.5    6.8
Sweden             9.7   11.2    9.8    9.5    7.3    4.9    4.0    3.6
Switzerland       13.1   13.0   12.4   12.7   10.9   10.7   10.7   10.8
United States      7.3    5.8    5.2    5.2    4.9    4.6    5.3    3.1
Gross savings
Portugal           ...    ...    ...    13.1  11.9   10.8   10.5    9.8
Spain             13.2   15.5   13.1   17.5   17.4   16.0   14.4   12.7
United Kingdom    11.7   10.8    9.3   10.3    9.4    9.6    7.4    5.2

                  2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007
Net savings
Australia          1.8    2.0   -2.3   -3.1   -2.5   -0.8    1.4    2.1
Austria            9.2    8.0    8.0    9.1    9.3    9.7   10.8   11.3
Belgium           12.3   13.7   12.9   12.2   10.8   10.0   10.9   11.2
Canada             4.7    5.2    3.5    2.6    3.2    2.1    3.5    2.5
Czech Republic     3.3    2.2    3.0    2.4    0.5    3.2    4.8    6.3
Denmark           -1.9    3.7    4.1    4.1    0.7   -1.5    0.4   -1.0
Finland           -1.7   -0.7    0.2    1.2    2.3    0.3   -1.8   -1.6
France            11.9   12.7   13.9   12.6   12.6   11.7   11.6   12.2
Germany            9.2    9.4    9.9   10.3   10.4   10.5   10.5   10.8
Hungary            8.9    8.5    6.4    4.3    6.8    6.1    7.5    4.6
Ireland            ...    ...    5.4    5.4    8.3    5.6    3.8    2.7
Italy              8.4   10.5   11.2   10.3   10.2    9.9    9.1    8.2
Japan              8.6    5.0    4.9    3.9    3.5    3.9    3.8    3.3
Korea              9.3    5.2    0.4    5.2    9.2    7.2    5.2    2.9
Netherlands        6.7    9.5    8.4    7.5    7.3    6.3    6.0    8.1
Norway             4.3    3.1    8.2    8.9    7.2   10.1    0.1    0.4
Poland            10.2   12.0    8.2    7.6    7.7    7.4    6.2    6.5
Slovak Republic    6.7    4.1    4.0    1.6    0.5    1.6    1.1    3.2
Sweden             4.8    9.3    9.1    9.0    7.7    6.8    7.8    9.1
Switzerland       11.7   11.9   10.7    9.4    5.0   10.1   11.4   12.7
United States      2.9    2.7    3.5    3.5    3.4   14.0    2.4    1.7
Gross savings
Portugal          10.2   10.9   10.6   10.5   9.7     9.2    8.1    6.1
Spain             11.1   11.1   11.4   12.0   11.3   11.3   11.1   10.0
United Kingdom     4.7    6.0    4.8    5.1    3.7    3.9    2.9    2.2

                  2008   2009    2010    2011
Net savings
Australia          2.1    2.5     0.8     1.0
Austria           12.0   14.2    14.7    14.5
Belgium           11.5   12.7    12.2    12.0
Canada             3.7    4.3     3.3     3.0
Czech Republic     5.8    4.1     4.4     3.8
Denmark           -0.3    8.1     9.0     8.1
Finland           -0.9    4.9     5.3     4.3
France            11.8   13.5    13.7    13.7
Germany           11.2   11.7    12.3    12.2
Hungary            3.0    2.9     3.8     4.3
Ireland            6.4   12.3    11.3    10.1
Italy              8.6   10.7    10.5    10.5
Japan              2.7    2.8     2.6     3.6
Korea              2.8    3.9     3.0     3.2
Netherlands        6.8   10.1    10.0     9.9
Norway             2.0    3.3     2.0     2.0
Poland             7.4    7.9     8.3     7.2
Slovak Republic    3.3    4.7     6.1     6.0
Sweden            12.1   14.5    14.3    12.9
Switzerland       13.3   14.3    13.0    12.7
United States      2.7    3.9     4.0     4.0
Gross savings
Portugal           6.4    9.6     8.9     8.8
Spain             13.4   17.8    17.9    17.9
United Kingdom     1.7    5.3     5.8     5.5

Note: The adoption of new national account systems SNA93 or ESA95 has
been proceeding at an uneven pace among OECD member countries, both
with respect to variables and the time period covered. As a
consequence, there are breaks in many national series. See table
"National Accounts Reporting Systems and Base-years" at the
beginning of the Statistical Annex and OECD Economic Outlook
Sources and Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).
Countries differ in the way household disposable income is reported
(in particular whether private pension benefits less pension
contributions are included in disposable income or not), but the
calculation of household saving is adjusted for this difference.
Most countries report household saving on a net basis (i.e.
excluding consumption of fixed capital by households and unincorporated
businesses). In most countries household saving includes saving by
non-profit institutions (in some cases referred to as personal
saving). Other countries (Czech Republic, Finland, France and Japan)
report saving of households only.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755043087281

Annex Table 24. Gross national saving
Per cent of nominal GDP

                  1989   1990   1991   1992   1993   1994   1995   1996

Australia         22.8   18.6   16.2   18.0   19.6   18.5   18.7   19.9
Austria           23.5   23.8   23.5   22.7   21.9   21.8   22.2   22.1
Belgium.          23.3   23.6   22.7   23.2   24.3   25.5   25.4   24.5
Canada            19.8   17.3   14.7   13.4   14.0   16.2   18.3   18.8
Czech Republic    ...    ...    ...    28.6   28.7   28.4   29.0   27.0
Denmark           19.1   20.3   19.5   20.0   19.1   19.3   20.4   20.5
Finland           25.8   24.0   16.5   13.9   15.0   18.2   21.9   20.9
France            20.7   20.8   20.2   19.6   18.3   18.7   19.1   18.7
Germany           25.7   25.3   22.6   22.3   21.2   20.9   21.0   20.5
Greece            11.0   10.7   10.7   10.9   10.9   11.0   11.3   11.4
Iceland           17.5   16.9   16.0   15.7   17.6   17.9   17.1   17.2
Ireland           14.8   17.8   17.4   15.4   17.5   17.8   20.4   21.7
Italy             21.1   20.8   20.0   19.1   19.7   19.9   22.0   22.2
Japan             33.0   33.2   33.9   33.2   31.9   30.1   29.3   29.7
Korea             37.1   37.1   37.1   36.3   36.2   35.7   35.5   34.6
Mexico            23.3   23.7   21.0   18.6   16.5   16.0   21.1   25.7
Netherlands       27.1   26.0   25.6   24.8   25.0   26.1   27.2   26.7
New Zealand       18.3   16.8   13.8   14.6   17.2   18.0   17.9   16.9
Norway.           25.6   25.2   24.0   23.1   23.3   24.2   25.9   27.9
Poland            ...    ...     4.0    4.0    4.2    5.6    6.0    5.7
Portugal          26.8   25.4   22.5   21.5   19.0   18.2   20.2   19.5
Slovak Republic   ...    ...    ...    ...    23.8   26.4   26.8  -25.0
Spain             22.2   22.2   21.6   20.0   20.0   19.5   21.7   21.5
Sweden            26.2   24.2   20.3   16.6   14.3   17.8   20.9   20.4
Switzerland       ...    33.1   31.1   28.6   29.7   29.3   29.6   28.8
United Kingdom    17.3   16.4   15.4   14.3   14.0   15.7   15.9   16.1
United States     16.0   14.9   15.0   13.9   13.7   14.9   16.0   16.7

                  1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004

Australia         20.1   19.4   20.3   19.7   20.4   20.1   20.7   20.1
Austria           22.7   23.3   23.1   23.6   23.0   24.8   24.5   25.0
Belgium.          25.9   25.6   26.3   26.0   24.6   24.2   23.6   24.0
Canada            19.6   19.1   20.7   23.6   22.2   21.2   21.4   23.0
Czech Republic    24.4   26.3   24.6   24.8   24.2   22.4   20.7   22.0
Denmark           21.4   20.7   21.7   22.6   23.5   22.9   23.1   23.4
Finland           24.2   25.4   26.8   28.7   29.3   28.2   25.0   26.4
France            19.9   21.0   21.8   21.6   0.21   19.8   19.1   0.19
Germany           20.7   20.9   20.3   20.2   19.5   19.4   19.5   22.0
Greece            11.2   11.3   11.3   11.3   11.8    9.6   12.2   12.4
Iceland           17.9   17.4   15.0   13.1   17.0   19.7   15.0   13.6
Ireland           23.4   25.0   23.9   23.9   21.9   20.7   23.1   23.6
Italy             22.2   21.6   21.1   20.6   20.9   20.8   19.8   20.3
Japan             29.8   28.8   27.2   27.5   25.8   25.2   25.4   25.8
Korea             34.7   36.5   34.3   32.9   31.0   30.4   31.8   34.0
Mexico            28.2   23.3   23.6   23.8   20.1   20.9   21.7   23.8
Netherlands       28.1   25.2   27.1   28.4   26.7   25.8   25.4   27.6
New Zealand       16.5   16.1   15.9   17.1   19.2   18.8   18.8   18.0
Norway.           29.6   26.3   28.5   35.4   35.1   31.5   30.5   32.7
Poland             6.4    7.7    6.6    6.1    4.8    2.9    3.3    2.8
Portugal          19.3   19.8   18.9   17.0   16.7   16.7   16.4   15.3
Slovak Republic   25.1   24.2   24.1   23.5   22.4   21.7   18.3   0.19
Spain             22.2   22.4   22.4   22.3   22.0   22.9   23.4   22.4
Sweden            20.7   21.5   21.8   22.8   22.6   22.3   23.4   23.1
Switzerland       30.8   32.0   32.9   34.7   31.4   29.0   33.1   32.9
United Kingdom    17.1   18.0   15.7   15.0   15.4   15.3   15.1   15.0
United States     18.0   18.5   17.9   17.8   16.2   14.3   13.5   14.1

                  2005   2006    2007    2008

Australia         21.6   21.8    22.5    ...
Austria           -0.2   25.4    26.1    26.4
Belgium.          23.7   24.6    25.0    22.4
Canada            23.8   24.4    23.7    ...
Czech Republic    23.9   24.3    25.0    21.8
Denmark           25.2   25.2    23.6    24.1
Finland           25.4   26.6    27.1    24.6
France            18.5   19.3    19.9    18.9
Germany           22.1   24.3    26.3    25.8
Greece             9.3   89.0     7.6     7.1
Iceland           12.2    9.8    12.4   -10.5
Ireland           23.6   24.6    0.21    16.9
Italy             19.5   19.6    20.0    18.2
Japan             26.8   26.9    27.0    ...
Korea             32.0   30.8    30.8    30.9
Mexico            23.5   25.7    25.1    ...
Netherlands       26.5   29.0    28.2    24.7
New Zealand       16.9   15.2   -16.0    ...
Norway.           37.4   39.2    39.0    42.0
Poland             5.1    5.3     7.1    ...
Portugal          12.8   11.7    12.4    10.2
Slovak Republic   20.2   20.4    22.8    22.0
Spain             22.0   21.9    21.1    20.0
Sweden            23.4   26.8    28.7    28.0
Switzerland       36.0   35.5    31.2    -4.0
United Kingdom    14.6   14.2    15.5    15.1
United States     14.6   15.8    14.0    12.1

Note: Based un SNA93 or ESA9S

Source: National accounts of OECD countries database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755060534815

Annex Table 25. General government total outlays
Per cent of nominal GDP

                     1992   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997   1998

Australia            38.3   37.8   38.3   38.2   37.2   36.3   35.2
Austria              53.5   56.3   56.1   56.2   0.56   53.7   54.0
Belgium              53.8   54.9   52.6   52.1   52.6   51.2   50.4
Canada               53.3   52.2   49.7   48.5   46.6   44.3   44.8
Czech Republic       ...    ...    ...    54.0   42.4   43.2   43.1
Denmark              57.0   60.1   60.0   59.1   58.7   56.4   56.0
Finland              61.9   64.6   63.7   61.4   59.8   56.3   52.6
France               52.0   55.0   0.54   54.4   54.5   54.1   52.7
Germany              47.3   48.3   47.9   54.8   49.3   48.3   48.1
Greece               44.2   46.5   44.7   45.7   44.1   45.0   44.4
Hungary              59.5   59.0   63.2   55.3   50.4   49.4   50.5
Ireland              40.5   40.4   39.9   42.7   42.2   40.7   41.3
Ireland              44.8   44.6   43.9   41.1   39.1   36.7   34.5
Italy                55.4   56.4   53.5   52.5   52.5   50.2   49.3
Japan                32.7   34.5   35.0   36.0   36.7   35.7   42.5
Korea                20.9   20.6   20.0   19.8   20.6   21.3   23.5
Luxembourg           4U.0   39.8   39.0   39.7   41.1   40.7   41.0
Netherlands          55.7   55.7   53.5   56.4   49.4   47.5   46.7
New Zealand          49.4   45.5   43.1   42.2   41.1   41.7   0.41
Norway               55.7   54.6   53.7   50.9   48.5   46.9   49.2
Poland               ...    ...    ...    47.7   51.0   46.4   44.3
Portugal             44.5   46.1   44.3   43.4   44.1   43.2   42.8
Slovak Republic      ...    ...    56.2   48.6   53.7   4y.0   45.8
Spain                45.4   49.0   46.7   44.4   43.2   41.6   41.1
Sweden               69.8   70.9   68.4   65.3   62.9   60.7   58.5
Switzerland          34.2   35.1   35.2   35.0   35.3   35.5   35.8
United Kingdom       45.2   45.3   44.6   44.1   42.2   40.6   38.5
United States (1)    38.6   38.1   37.1   37.1   36.6   35.4   34.6
Euro area            50.6   52.3   51.0   53.2   50.7   49.4   48.6
Total OECD           42.3   42.8   41.9   42.7   41.6   40.4   40.6

                     1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005

Australia            34.8   35.2   35.9   35.4   34.6   35.1   34.8
Austria              53.7   52.2   51.6   51.0   51.5   54.1   50.1
Belgium              50.2   49.2   49;2   49.8   51.1   49.5   52.2
Canada               42.7   41.1   42.0   41.2   41.2   39.9   39.3
Czech Republic       42.3   41.6   44.1   46.2   47.1   44.8   44.7
Denmark              55.1   53.3   53.9   54.2   54.7   54.3   52.5
Finland              51.6   48.3   47.9   49.0   50.1   50.2   50.3
France               52.6   51.6   51.6   52.6   53.2   53.3   53.4
Germany              0.48   45.1   47.5   48.0   48.4   47.3   46.9
Greece               44.4   46.7   45.3   45.1   44.7   45.4   43.8
Hungary              48.7   46.9   47.2   51.1   49.4   48.6   50.1
Ireland              42.0   41.9   42.6   44.3   45.6   44.1   42.2
Ireland              34.1   31.3   33.2   33.5   33.2   33.5   33.7
Italy                48.2   46.1   48.0   47.4   48.3   47.8   48.1
Japan                38.6   39.0   38.6   38.8   38.4   37.0   38.4
Korea                22.7   22.4   23.9   23.6   28.9   26.1   26.6
Luxembourg           39.2   37.6   38.1   41.5   41.8   42.5   41.5
Netherlands          46.0   44.2   45.4   46.2   47.1   46.1   44.8
New Zealand          41.5   39.2   38.6   37.6   38.5   38.0   39.0
Norway               47.7   42.3   44.2   47.1   48.3   45.6   42.3
Poland               42.7   41.1   43.8   44.2   44.6   42.6   43.4
Portugal             43.2   43.1   44.4   44.3   45.5   46.5   47.6
Slovak Republic       4.1   52.2   44.0   45.0   40.1   37.6   38.0
Spain                39.9   39.1   38.6   38.9   38.4   38.9   38.4
Sweden               60.2   57.0   61.2   55.8   56.0   54.4   54.0
Switzerland          34.3   35.1   34.8   36.2   36.4   35.9   35.3
United Kingdom       38.8   36.6   39.9   40.9   42.4   43.1   44.1
United States (1)    34.2   33.9   35.0   35.9   36.3   36.0   36.2
Euro area            48.2   46.3   47.3   47.6   48.0   47.6   47.4
Total OECD           39.7   38.7   39.8   40.3   40.8   40.2   40.5

                     2006   2007   2008   2009    2010    2011

Australia            34.5   34.2   34.3   37.5    36.6    36.1
Austria              49.7   48.8   48.9   52.7    52.7    52.8
Belgium              48.5   48.4   50.1   54.0    54.1    54.0
Canada               39.4   39.1   39.7   43.6    43.5    42.9
Czech Republic       43.1   41.7   42.1   45.7    45.9    45.4
Denmark              51.3   50.7   51.5   57.7    59.2    58.4
Finland              48.6   47.4   49.0   56.2    58.4    58.1
France               52.7   52.3   52.7   55.5    55.4    54.8
Germany              45.3   43.6   43.8   47.7    48.4    47.6
Greece               42.9   44.4   48.3   51.3    49.9    50.1
Hungary              52.0   49.8   49.2   51.5    50.3    48.8
Ireland              41.7   42.5   57.8   55.9    52.1    49.2
Ireland              34.2   0.36   42.0   45.0    46.5    45.8
Italy                48.7   47.9   48.7   51.7    51.2    50.6
Japan                36.2   36.0   37.1   41.6    41.1    42.2
Korea                27.7   28.7   30.0   33.8    31.3    30.9
Luxembourg           38.3   36.2   37.7   43.2    43.2    41.8
Netherlands          45.5   45.5   45.9   50.3    51.6    51.1
New Zealand          40_1   40.2   41.1   42.4    43.3    43.7
Norway               40.6   41.0   40.0   44.4    44.7    44.1
Poland               43.9   42.2   43.3   43.8    44.0    42.1
Portugal             46.3   45.8   46.0   51.6    51.1    51.3
Slovak Republic      36.9   34.4   34.7   39.0    38.9    37.4
Spain                38.4   39.2   41.1   46.3    47.2    46.6
Sweden               52.9   51.3   51.8   56.2    56.0    55.2
Switzerland          33.0   32.2   32.0   33.9    34.2    34.4
United Kingdom       44.1   44.1   47.5   52.1    53.4    53.2
United States (1)    36.0   36.8   38.8   41.5    41.5    40.9
Euro area            46.6   46.0   46.9   50.7    51.0    50.4
Total OECD           39.9   39.9   41.4   44.8    44.8    44.4

Note: Data refer to the general government sector which is a
consolidation of accounts for the central slate and local
governments plus social security. Total outlays are defined as current
outlays plus capital outlays. For more details. see OECD Economic
Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd/org/eco/sources-and-methods).

(1.) These data Include outlays net of operating surpluses of public enterprises.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755077181424

Annex Table 26. General government total tax and non-tax receipts
Per cent of nominal GDP

                    1992   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997   1998

Australia           32.8   33.4   33.8   34.5   34.9   35.6   36.8
Austria             51.5   51.9   51.2   50.4   51.9   51.7   51.5
Belgium             45.6   47.4   47.4   47.6   48.5   49.0   49.4
Canada              44.2   43.5   43.0   43.2   43.8   44.5   44.9
Czech Republic      ...    ...    ...    40.5   39.1   39.4   38.1
Denmark             54.5   56.3   56.7   56.2   56.7   55.9   56.0
Finland             56.5   56.3   56.9   55.2   56.3   55.0   54.2
France              47.4   48.5   48.7   48.9   50.4   50.8   50.1
Germany             44.B   45.3   45.6   45.1   46.0   45.7   45.9
Greece              33.3   34.6   36.5   36.7   37.4   39.1   40.6
Hungary             51.3   51.4   50.4   46.6   45.8   43.4   42.6
Iceland             37.7   35.9   35.3   39.8   40.6   40.7   40.9
Ireland             41.9   41.9   41.9   39.1   39.0   38.1   36.8
Italy               45.0   46.3   44.4   45.1   45.5   47.6   46.2
Japan               33.3   32.0   31.2   31.2   31.6   31.7   31.3
Korea               22.3   22.g   22.8   23.6   24.0   24.5   25.2
Luxembourg          39.8   41.2   41.4   42.1   42.3   44.3   44.4
Netherlands         51.5   52.9   50.0   47.2   47.5   46.3   45.8
New Zealand         46.4   45.3   46.0   45.0   43.9   43.2   41.9
Norway              53.9   53.2   54.0   54.2   54.8   54.5   52.5
Poland              ...    ...    ...    43.3   46.1   41.8   40.1
Portugal            40.4   38.6   37.0   38.4   39.7   39.7   39.4
Slovak Republic     ...    ...    47.3   45.2   43.0   42.6   40.5
Spain               41.4   41.7   40.0   38.0   38.4   38.2   37.8
Sweden              60.9   59.8   59.4   58.0   59.6   59.0   50.7
Switzerland         31.1   31.6   32.4   33.0   33.5   32.1   33.8
United Kingdom      38.7   37.3   37.8   38.2   38.0   38.4   39.4
United States (1)   32.8   33.0   33.4   33.8   34.3   34.6   34.9
Euro area           45.8   46.5   46.0   45.6   46.4   46.7   46.2
Total OECD          37.7   37.8   37.7   37.9   38.5   38.6   38.7

                    1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005

Australia           36.9   36.1   35.8   36.7   36.4   36.3   36.5
Austria             51.3   50.3   51.4   50.1   50.0   49.6   48.4
Belgium             49.5   49.1   49.5   49.7   50.9   49.1   49.3
Canada              44.3   44.1   42.6   41.1   41.1   40.7   40.8
Czech Republic      38.5   37.9   38.5   39.4   40.5   41.9   41.1
Denmark             56.5   55.5   55.0   54.5   54.6   56.1   57.5
Finland             53.2   55.2   52.9   53.1   52.6   52.4   52.9
France              50.8   50.1   50.0   49.4   49.1   49.6   50.5
Germany             46.7   46.4   44.7   44.4   44.4   43.5   43.6
Greece              41.3   43.0   40.9   40.3   39.0   38.0   38.5
Hungary             43.3   43.9   43.1   42.2   42.2   42.2   42.2
Iceland             43.2   43.6   41.9   41.7   42.8   44.1   47.1
Ireland             36.7   36.1   34.2   33.2   33.6   34.9   35.4
Italy               46.5   45.3   44.9   44.4   44.7   44.2   43.8
Japan               31.2   31.4   32.2   30.8   30.5   30.9   31.7
Korea                -25   27.9   28.3   28.7   29.4   28.8   30.0
Luxembourg          42.6   43.6   44.2   43.6   42.2   41.5   41.5
Netherlands         46.4   46.1   45.1   44.1   43.9   44.3   44.0
New Zealand         41.2   41.1   40.4   41.4   42.5   42.1   44.0
Norway              53.7   57.7   57.5   56.3   55.5   56.7   57.3
Poland              40.4   38.1   38.6   39.2   38.4   36.9   39.4
Portugal            40.5   40.2   40.1   41.4   42.5   43.1   41.6
Slovak Republic     40.7   39.9   38.0   36.8   37.4   35.3   35.2
Spain               38.4   38.1   38.0   38.4   38.2   38.5   39.4
Sweden              61.4   60.7   62.9   54.3   54.8   55.0   56.0
Switzerland         33.8   35.2   34.7   35.0   34.6   34.2   34.6
United Kingdom      39.8   40.3   40.6   39.0   38.7   39.6   40.8
United States (1)   34.9   35.4   34.4   31.9   31.3   31.6   33.0
Euro area           46.7   46.2   45.4   45.0   44.9   44.6   44.8
Total OECD          38.8   39.0   38.4   37.0   36.8   36.8   37.7

                    2006   2007   2008   2009    2010    2011

Australia           36.4   36.0   35.3   33.5    33.1    33.5
Austria             47.9   48.2   48.4   48.4    47.2    47.1
Belgium             48.7   48.2   48.9   48.2    48.4    48.8
Canada              41.0   40.7   39.8   38.8    38.3    38.4
Czech Republic      40.5   41.1   40.0   40.0    40.2    40.3
Denmark             56.3   55.1   55.0   55.3    53.8    54.4
Finland             52.5   52.6   53.4   53.9    53.6    52.9
France              50.3   49.6   49.3    -47    46.7    46.8
Germany             43.7   43.8   43.8   44.5    43.1    42.9
Greece              39.7   40.4   40.6   38.7    40.1    40.1
Hungary             42.6   44.8   45.5   47.2    46.2    45.2
Iceland             48.0   47.9   44.3   40.2    42.0    43.4
Ireland             37.2   36.5   34.9   32.8    34.3    34.0
Italy               45.3   46.4   46.0   46.2    45.8    45.5
Japan               34.5   33.5   34.4   34.2    32.9    32.7
Korea               31.7   33.0   33.3   31.9    31.7    32.0
Luxembourg          39.7   39.9   4Q.2   40.8    38.9    38.2
Netherlands         46.1   45.7   46.6   45.9    45.7    45.7
New Zealand         46.1   45.2   44.2   41.2    40.0    39.8
Norway              59.1   58.7   58.8   54.0    54.6    54.9
Poland              40.2   40.3   39.6   37.4    36.2    35.3
Portugal            42.3   43.2   43.2   44.9    43.5    43.5
Slovak Republic     33.4   32.0   32.4   33.1    32.6    32.4
Spain               40.4   41.4   37.0   36.8    38.8    38.9
Sweden              55.3   55.1   54.3   54.2    52.9    53.2
Switzerland         34.3   33.9   33.6   33.1    33.0    32.7
United Kingdom      41.4   41.4   42.2   39.5    40.1    40.7
United States (1)   33.8   34.0   32.3   30.3    30.8    31.5
Euro area           45.3   45.4   44.9   44.6    44.2    44.2
Total OECD          38.6   38.6   37.9   36.7    36.6    36.8

Note: Data refer to the general government sector, which is a
consolidation of accounts for central, state and local governments
plus social security. Non-tax receipts consist of property income
(including dividends and other transfers from public
enterprises), fees. charges, sales. fines, capital tranfers
received by the general government, etc. For more details,
see OECD Economic Outlook Sources and
Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

(1.) Excludes the operating surpluses of public enterprises.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755086324247

Annex Table 27. General government financial balances
Surplus (+) or deficit (-) as a per cent of nominal GDP

                      1992     1993     1994     1995     1996     1997

Australia             -5.5     -4.4     -4.5     -3.7     -2.4     -0.7
Austria               -2.0     -4.4     -4.9     -5.9     -4.1     -2.0
Belgium               -8.2     -7.5     -5.2     -4.5     -4.0     -2.3
Canada                -9.1     -8.7     -6.7     -5.3     -2.8      0.2
Czech Republic         ...      ...      ...    -13.4     -3.3     -3.8
Denmark               -2.6     -3.8     -3.3     -2.9     -1.9     -0.5
Finland               -5.4     -8.3     -6.7     -6.2     -3.5     -1.3
France                -4.5     -6.4     -5.5     -5.5     -4.0     -3.3
Germany               -2.5     -3.0     -2.3     -9.7     -3.3     -2.6
Greece               -10.9    -11.9     -8.3     -9.1     -6.6     -5.9
Hungary               -8.2     -7.6    -12.8     -8.7     -4.6     -6.1
Iceland               -2.8     -4.5     -4.7     -3.0     -1.6      0.0
Ireland               -2.9     -2.7     -2.0     -2.0     -0.1      1.4
Italy                -10.4    -10.1     -9.1     -7.4     -7.0     -2.7
Japan                  0.6     -2.5     -3.8     -4.7     -5.1     -4.0
Korea                  1.4      2.2      2.9      3.8      3.4      3.3
Luxembourg            -0.2      1.5      2.5      2.4      1.2      3.7
Netherlands           -4.2     -2.8     -3.5     -9.2     -1.9     -1.2
New Zealand           -3.0     -0.3      2.9      2.8      2.8      1.4
Norway                -1.9     -1.4      0.3      3.2      6.3      7.6
Poland                 ...      ...      ...     -4.4     -4.9     -4.6
Portugal              -4.2     -7.5     -7.2     -5.0     -4.5     -3.5
Slovak Republic        ...      ...     -8.8     -3.4     -9.9     -6.3
Spain                 -4.0     -7.3     -6.8     -6.5     -4.9     -3.4
Sweden                -8.9    -11.2     -9.1     -7.3     -3.3     -1.6
Switzerland           -3.1     -3.5     -2.8     -2.0     -1.8     -2.8
United Kingdom        -6.5     -8.0     -6.8     -5.8     -4.2     -2.2
United States         -5.9     -5.1     -3.7     -3.3     -2.3     -0.9
Euro area             -4.7     -5.8     -5.0     -7.6     -4.3     -2.7
Total OECD            -4.6     -5.0     -4.2     -4.8     -3.1     -1.7
Memorandum items
General government financial balances excluding social security
United States         -6.7     -5.8     -4.5     -4.1     -3.2      0.0
Japan                 -1.9     -4.7     -5.8     -6.7     -6.9     -5.8

                      1998     1599     2000     2001     2002     2003

Australia              1.6      2.0      0.9     -0.1      1.3      1.8
Austria               -2.5     -2.4     -1.9     -0.2     -0.9     -1.6
Belgium               -1.0     -0.7     -0.1      0.4     -0.2     -0.2
Canada                 0.1      1.6      2.9      0.7     -0.1     -0.1
Czech Republic        -5.0     -3.7     -3.7     -5.6     -6.8     -6.6
Denmark                0.0      1.4      2.3      1.2      0.2     -0.1
Finland                1.6      1.6      6.9      5.0      4.1      2.4
France                -2.6     -1.8     -1.5     -1.6     -3.2     -4.1
Germany               -2.2     -1.5      1.3     -2.8     -3.6     -4.0
Greece                -3.8     -3.1     -3.7     -4.4     -4.8     -5.7
Hungary               -7.9      0.0     -3.0     -4.1     -8.9     -7.2
Iceland               -0.4      1.1      1.7     -0.7     -2.6     -2.8
Ireland                2.3      2.6      4.8      0.9     -0.3      0.4
Italy                 -3.1     -1.8     -0.9     -3.1     -3.0     -3.5
Japan                -11.2     -7.4     -7.6     -6.3     -8.0     -7.9
Korea                  1.6      2.7      5.4      4.3      5.1      0.5
Luxembourg             3.4      3.4      6.0      6.1      2.1      0.5
Netherlands           -0.9      0.4      2.0     -0.3     -2.1     -3.2
New Zealand            0.4      0.0      1.9      1.8      3.8      4.0
Norway                 3.3      6.0     15.4     13.3      9.2      7.3
Poland                -4.3     -2.3     -3.0     -5.1     -5.0     -6.3
Portugal              -3.4     -2.8     -3.0     -4.3     -2.9     -3.0
Slovak Republic       -5.3     -7.4    -12.3     -6.5     -8.2     -2.8
Spain                 -3.2     -1.4     -1.0     -0.7     -0.5     -0.2
Sweden                 1.2      1.2      3.7      1.7     -1.4     -1.2
Switzerland           -1.9     -0.5      0.1     -0.1     -1.2     -1.7
United Kingdom        -0.1      0.9      3.7      0.6     -2.0     -3.7
United States          0.3      0.7      1.5     -6.0     -4.0     -5.0
Euro area             -2.3     -1.4     -0.1     -1.9      0.0     -3.1
Total OECD            -1.9      9.8      0.2     -1.3     -3.3      4.1
Memorandum items
General government financial balances excluding social security
United States         -0.9     -0.7     -0.1     -2.2     -5.5     -6.3
Japan                -12.5     -8.5     -8.2     -6.5     -7.9     -8.0

                      2001     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Australia              1.2      1.7     1.9       1.8     1.0     -4.0
Austria               -4.5     -1.7    -1.7      -0.7    -0.5     -4.3
Belgium               -0.4     -2.8     0.2      -0.2    -1.2     -5.7
Canada                 0.9      1.5     1.6       1.6     0.1     -4.8
Czech Republic        -2.9     -3.6    -2.6      -0.7    -2.0     -5.7
Denmark                1.9      5.0     5.0       4.5     3.4     -2.5
Finland                2.2      2.6     3.9       5.2     4.4     -2.3
France                -3.6     -3.0    -2.3      -2.7    -3.4     -8.2
Germany               -3.8     -3.3    -1.6       0.2     0.0     -3.2
Greece                -7.4     -5.3    -3.2      -4.0    -7.8    -12.7
Hungary               -6.4     -7.9    -9.4      -5.0    -3.7     -4.3
Iceland                0.0      4.9     6.3       5.4   -13.6    -15.7
Ireland                1.4      1.7     3.0       0.2    -7.2    -12.2
Italy                 -3.6     -4.4    -3.3      -1.5    -2.7     -5.5
Japan                 -6.2     -6.7    -1.6      -2.5    -2.7     -7.4
Korea                  2.7      3.4     3.9       4.7     3.3     -1.8
Luxembourg            -1.1      0.0     1.3       3.7     2.5     -2.3
Netherlands           -1.8     -0.3     0.5       0.2     0.7     -4.5
New Zealand            4.1      5.2     5.9       5.0     3.1     -1.2
Norway                11.1     15.1    18.5      17.7    18.8      9.6
Poland                -5.7     -4.0    -3.6      -1.9    -3.7     -6.4
Portugal              -3.4     -6.1    -3.9      -2.7    -2.8     -6.7
Slovak Republic       -2.4     -2.8    -3.5      -1.9    -2.3     -5.9
Spain                 -0.4      1.0     2.0       1.9    -4.1     -9.6
Sweden                 0.6      2.0     2.4       3.8     2.5     -2.0
Switzerland           -1.8     -0.7     0.8       1.6     1.6     -0.7
United Kingdom        -3.6     -3.3    -2.7      -2.7    -5.3    -12.6
United States         -4.4     -3.3    -2.2      -2.8    -6.5    -11.2
Euro area             -3.0     -2.6    -1.3      -0.6    -2.0      0.0
Total OECD            -3.4      2.7    -1.3      -1.3    -3.0     -8.2
Memorandum items
General government financial balances excluding social security
United States         -5.8     -4.6    -3.6      -4.2    -7.7     -1.2
Japan                 -6.6     -7.0    -1.7       0.0    -2.3     -6.6

                      2010        2011

Australia             -3.5        -2.6
Austria               -5.5        -5.8
Belgium               -5.6        -5.2
Canada                -5.2        -4.5
Czech Republic        -5.6        -5.0
Denmark               -5.4        -4.0
Finland               -4.8        -5.2
France                -8.6        -8.0
Germany               -5.3        -4.6
Greece                -9.8       -10.0
Hungary               -4.1        -3.6
Iceland              -10.1        -5.8
Ireland              -12.2        -11.6
Italy                 -5.4        -5.1
Japan                 -8.2        -9.4
Korea                  4.0         1.1
Luxembourg            -4.3        -3.6
Netherlands           -5.9        -5.3
New Zealand           -3.3        -3.9
Norway                 9.9        10.8
Poland                -7.8        -6.8
Portugal              -7.6        -7.8
Slovak Republic       -6.3        -5.0
Spain                 -8.5        -7.7
Sweden                 0.0        -2.0
Switzerland           -1.3        -1.3
United Kingdom       -13.3       -12.5
United States        -10.7        -9.4
Euro area             -6.7        -6.2
Total OECD            -8.3        -7.6
Memorandum items
General government financial balances excluding social security
United States        -11.6       -10.4
Japan                  0.0        -8.4

Note: Financial balances include one-off factors, such as those
resulting from the sales of the mobile telephone licenses, but
exclude financial transactions, such as public capital injections
into private banks. As data are on a national accounts basis
(SNA93/ESA95), the government financial balances the may differ
from the numbers reported to the European Commission under the
Excessive Deficit Procedure for some EU countries. For more details,
see footnotes (o Annex Tables 25 and 26 and OECD Economic Outlook
Sources and Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755120121113

Annex Table 28. General government cyclically-adjusted balances
Surplus (+) or deficit (-) as a per cent of potential GDP

                   1992    1993    1994    1995    1996    1997    1998

Australia          -4.1    -3.4    -4.1    -3.5    -2.1    -0.4     1.6
Austria            -2.5    -3.9    -3.9    -5.0    -3.3    -1.2    -2.2
Belgium            -8.6    -6.1    -4.1    -3.7    -2.8    -1.9    -0.4
Canada             -6.9    -6.5    -5.6    -4.6    -1.7     1.0     0.6
Czech Republic      ...     ...     ...     ...     ...     ...     ...
Denmark            -1.2    -1.6    -2.2    -2.6    -1.9    -1.0    -0.5
Finland            -1.5    -3.4    -3.0    -3.5    -1.4    -0.5     1.6
France             -4.9    -5.7    -4.7    -5.0    -3.3    -2.5    -2.3
Germany            -2.9    -2.2    -1.8    -9.4    -2.8    -2.1    -1.8
Greece            -10.9   -10.5    -7.0    -7.8    -5.6    -5.1    -3.3
Hungary             ...    -7.4   -12.1    -7.4    -2.5    -4.1    -6.4
Iceland            -1.0    -2.0    -3.7    -1.8    -1.1    -0.2    -1.1
Ireland            -2.2    -0.9     0.1    -0.9     0.6     1.2     1.8
Italy             -10.0    -8.3    -7.5    -6.6    -6.1    -2.0    -2.3
Japan              -0.2    -2.7    -3.7    -4.6    -5.4    -4.5   -10.6
Luxembourg         -1.8     0.5     1.9     2.9     3.1     5.7     4.8
Netherlands        -4.5    -2.2    -2.4    -8.3    -1.2    -1.1    -1.2
New Zealand        -0.9     0.5     2.6     2.2     2.2     1.3     1.3
Norway (1)         -7.3    -7.2    -5.6    -2.1    -1.7    -0.8    -1.8
Poland              ...     ...     ...     ...     0.4    -4.9    -4.5
Portugal           -5.9    -7.1    -5.9    -4.2    -3.9    -3.3    -4.0
Spain              -4.3    -5.9    -4.8    -4.6    -3.0    -2.0    -2.5
Sweden             -7.5    -7.7    -6.8    -6.4    -2.1    -0.6     1.6
Switzerland        -2.9    -2.8    -2.1    -1.2    -0.9    -2.2    -1.8
United Kingdom     -5.2    -6.6    -6.2    -5.6    -4.1    -2.3    -0.3
United States      -5.0    -4.4    -3.4    -2.9    -2.0    -0.9     0.1
Euro area          -1.8    -4.5    -4.1    -7.0    -3.5    -2.3    -2.1
Total OECD         -4.4    -4.4    -4.0    -4.6    -3.0    -1.8    -2.0

                   1999    2000    2001    2002    2003    2004    2005

Australia           1.7     0.4    -0.2     1.3     1.7     1.0    1.5
Austria            -2.8    -3.1    -0.5    -0.6    -0.7    -3.5   -1.0
Belgium            -0.8    -1.2    -0.3    -0.1     0.3    -0.6   -3.2
Canada              1.5     2.2     0.3    -0.4    -0.2     0.7   -1.2
Czech Republic     -2.8    -3.4    -5.2    -5.9    -5.7    -2.4   -3.9
Denmark             1.0     1.3     0.2     0.1     0.5     2.4    4.9
Finland             1.4     6.3     4.7     4.4     3.1     2.5    2.7
France             -1.9    -2.2    -2.4    -3.4    -3.9    -3.5   -3.0
Germany            -1.2    -1.7    -3.3    -3.5    -3.3    -2.9   -2.5
Greece             -2.4    -3.2    -4.5    -4.3    -6.0    -7.9   -5.2
Hungary            -4.2    -2.2    -3.4    -8.4    -6.9    -6.7   -8.5
Iceland             0.4     1.2    -1.1    -2.0    -2.2    -0.3    3.5
Ireland             1.6     3.4    -0.1    -1.3    -0.1     1.0    0.9
Italy              -0.9    -2.0    -3.5    -3.0    -3.0    -3.1   -4.0
Japan              -6.4    -7.2    -5.6    -7.1    -7.1    -5.9   -6.8
Luxembourg          3.6     4.8     5.2     1.4     0.7    -0.7   -0.1
Netherlands        -0.4    -0.1    -1.7    -2.6    -2.4    -0.7    0.6
New Zealand         0.4     2.0     1.9     3.4     3.5     3.4    4.6
Norway (1)         -0.3     1.7     0.5    -2.0    -4.1    -2.3   -1.0
Poland             -2.5    -3.3    -4.6    -2.0    -5.5    -5.8   -3.0
Portugal           -3.7    -4.8    -5.6    -3.5    -2.4    -3.1   -5.4
Spain              -1.5    -2.0    -1.5    -0.8    -0.2    -0.2    1.1
Sweden              0.8     2.8     1.5    -1.5    -1.0     0.2    1.3
Switzerland        -0.4    -0.5    -0.5    -1.1    -0.9     1.1    0.0
United Kingdom      0.7     0.9     0.4    -2.0    -3.8    -4.0   -3.7
United States       0.2     0.8    -0.7    -3.6    -4.5    -4.4    3.5
Euro area          -1.4    -1.8    -2.4    -2.5    -2.5    -2.0   -2.3
Total OECD         -1.1    -1.0    -1.8    -3.3    -3.8    -3.6   -3.2

                   2006    2007    2008    2009      2010      2011

Australia           1.8     1.7     1.2    -2.5      -1.7      -0.9
Austria            -1.8    -1.4    -1.4    -3.2      -3.2      -3.4
Belgium            -0.4    -1.1    -1.5    -3.0      -2.1      -1.7
Canada              1.1     1.0     0.0    -3.2      -3.3      -3.1
Czech Republic     -4.0    -2.8    -3.7    -4.3      -3.6      -2.8
Denmark             4.0     3.1     2.8     0.2      -1.8      -1.1
Finland             3.2     4.2     4.1     1.2      -0.5      -1.5
France             -2.7    -3.5    -4.0    -6.7      -6.6      -6.1
Germany            -1.8    -0.8    -1.1    -2.1      -3.8      -3.6
Greece             -3.6    -4.5    -7.5   -10.4      -6.4      -6.3
Hungary            10.6    -5.8    -4.0    -1.3       0.6       0.8
Iceland             5.3     4.5    -1.4   -13.1      -1.3      -2.4
Ireland             2.0    -1.4    -7.1    -8.9      -8.3      -8.4
Italy              -3.9    -2.2    -2.6    -2.9      -2.5      -2.7
Japan              -2.1    -3.5    -3.5    -6.3      -7.2      -8.9
Luxembourg          0.7     2.1     1.6    -0.5      -2.1      -1.9
Netherlands         0.7    -0.6    -0.5    -3.8      -3.5      -3.0
New Zealand         5.8     4.6    -3.5     0.6      -1.4      -2.5
Norway (1)          1.1     3.1     1.6    -3.4      -4.5      -4.4
Poland             -4.6    -3.5    -0.5    -6.8      -7.6      -6.6
Portugal           -3.7    -2.8    -2.6    -4.8      -5.9      -6.6
Spain               1.9     1.6    -3.5    -6.8      -4.9      -4.2
Sweden              0.9     2.3     2.5     1.5       0.2       0.4
Switzerland        -0.5     0.8    -1.0    -0.1      -0.1      -0.1
United Kingdom     -3.3    -3.5    -5.4    -9.9      -9.8      -9.3
United States      -2.6    -3.2    -6.2    -9.3      -8.8      -8.0
Euro area          -1.8    -1.5    -2.3    -3.8      -4.4      -4.3
Total OECD         -2.0    -2.3    -4.0    -6.5      -6.7      -6.4

Note: Cyclically-adjusted balances exclude one-off revenues
from the sale of mobile telephone licenses. For more details on the
methodology used for estimating the cyclical component
of government balances, see OECD Economic Outlook Sources and
Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

(1.) As a percentage of mainland potential GDP. The
financial balances shown are adjusted to exclude net
revenues from petroleum activities.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755121478368

Annex Table 29. General underlying balances
Surplus (+) or deficit (-) as a per cent of potential GDP

                   1992    1993    1994    1995    1996    1997    1998

Australia          -3.9    -3.3    -4.1    -3.4    -2.1    -0.5     1.4
Austria            -2.6    -3.9    -4.1    -5.4    -3.6    -1.4    -2.0
Belgium            -8.6    -5.9    -4.1    -3.8    -2.7    -1.6    -0.1
Canada             -6.9    -6.6    -5.7    -4.6    -1.8     0.8     0.6
Czech Republic      ...     ...     ...     ...     ...     ...     ...
Denmark            -1.0    -1.4    -1.9    -2.4    -1.7    -0.8    -0.2
Finland            -1.9    -2.8    -2.1    -1.5    -0.8    -1.1     1.1
France             -4.8    -5.3    -4.6    -4.4    -3.3    -2.9    -2.2
Germany            -3.5    -2.9    -2.6    -3.6    -3.5    -2.7    -2.2
Greece             -9.8    -8.9    -7.9    -8.5    -6.3    -5.3    -3.5
Hungary             ...    -9.1   -12.6    -3.7    -2.0    -3.5    -5.0
Iceland            -1.1    -3.0    -3.4    -2.1    -1.1    -0.3    -1.7
Ireland            -2.5    -1.3     0.5    -0.8     0.5     0.9     1.5
Italy             -11.6    -8.6    -7.5     0.0    -5.9    -2.6    -2.5
Japan              -0.6    -2.9    -4.1    -4.9    -5.5    -4.9    -5.4
Luxembourg         -1.4     0.5     2.1     3.0     3.1     5.6     4.6
Netherlands        -5.2    -2.9    -3.1    -3.7    -2.3    -1.6    -1.7
New Zealand        -2.1    -0.3     2.0     2.0     2.2     1.4     1.3
Norway (1)         -7.1    -7.1    -5.3    -1.9    -1.8    -1.0    -2.1
Poland              ...     ...     ...     ...    -4.0    -5.0    -4.3
Portugal           -5.9    -7.1    -6.2    -4.3    -3.9    -3.4    -3.2
Spain              -4.7    -4.8    -4.5    -4.7    -3.6    -2.3    -2.4
Sweden             -4.3    -6.0    -6.5    -6.4    -2.6    -0.6     0.4
Switzerland        -2.9    -2.9    -2.3    -1.5    -1.3    -2.6    -1.7
United Kingdom     -5.0    -6.3    -6.1    -5.2    -3.9    -2.2    -0.4
United States      -5.1    -4.4    -3.3    -3.0    -2.1    -1.0     0.0
Euro area          -5.4    -4.5    -4.3    -4.5    -3.8    -2.7    -2.3
Total OECD         -4.6    -4.4    -4.1    -3.9    -3.1    -2.1    -1.4

                   1999    2000    2001    2002     2003    2004   2005

Australia           1.5     0.3     0.2     1.4     1.4     1.0     1.5
Austria            -3.0    -3.1    -0.5    -0.8    -1.0    -0.4    -1.2
Belgium            -0.6    -1.0    -0.4    -0.3    -1.1    -1.1    -1.0
Canada              1.2     2.1     0.2    -0.4    -0.2     0.8     1.3
Czech Republic     -4.1    -4.9    -3.9    -4.1   -11.9    -2.4    -3.5
Denmark             1.1     1.3     0.3     0.0     0.5     2.0     4.6
Finland             1.4     5.9     4.5     4.1     2.8     2.3     0.0
France             -1.7    -2.3    -2.3    -3.5    -4.1    -3.7    -3.6
Germany            -1.6    -1.8    -3.1    -3.4    -3.0    -2.8    -2.3
Greece             -1.7    -4.1    -4.0    -4.1    -6.0    -7.2    -5.4
Hungary            -4.7    -2.4    -3.4    -7.0    -7.3    -7.1    -9.2
Iceland            -0.2     0.7    -1.6    -3-0    -2.8    -1.1     2.6
Ireland             3.0     3.3     0.1    -1.3    -0.2     1.0     0.8
Italy              -0.8    -2.0    -3.2    -2.6    -3.9    -3.5    -3.9
Japan              -6.7    -6.8    -6.2    -7.2    -7.8    -6.9    -5.5
Luxembourg          3.5     4.8     3.6     1.5     0.8    -0.3     0.2
Netherlands        -0.8    -0.3    -1.4    -2.5    -2.3    -0.9     0.3
New Zealand         0.5     2.1     2.0     3.6     3.7     3.5     4.7
Norway (1)         -0.4     2.3     0.4    -1.9    -4.0    -2.3    -1.0
Poland             -2.8    -3.5    -4.5    -3.9    -4.9    -5.7    -4.4
Portugal           -3.3    -4.2    -5.3    -4.8    -4.9    -4.6    -5.0
Spain              -1.5    -1.6    -1.4    -0.7    -0.4     0.0     0.7
Sweden              0.7     2.5     1.3    -1.5    -1.0     0.1     1.5
Switzerland        -0.9     0.8    -0.1    -0.4    -1.0    -1.2    -0.6
United Kingdom      0.5     0.6     0.3    -2.2    -3.9    -4.2    -4.2
United States       0.1     0.7    -0.9    -3.7    -4.5    -4.4    -3.5
Euro area          -1.4    -1.8    -2.2    -2.5    -2.8    -2.6    -2.4
Total OECD         -1.2    -1.0    -1.8    -3.3    -3.9    -3.8    -3.0

                   2006    2007    2008    2009     2010       2011

Australia           1.9     1.8     1.3    -2.4      0.0      -1.1
Austria            -1.9    -1.5    -1.7    -3.3     -3.5      -3.6
Belgium            -0.7    -1.1    -1.6    -3.1     -2.1      -1.7
Canada              1.3     1.1     0.0    -3.1     -3.3      -3.1
Czech Republic     -4.3    -3.4    -4.2    -4.2     -3.0      -2.0
Denmark             3.6     2.8     3.0     0.5     -1.5      -0.8
Finland             3.0     4.2     0.1     1.3     -0.4      -1.3
France             -2.8    -3.5    -3.8    -6.5     -6.4      -5.9
Germany            -1.8    -0.9    -1.0    -2.0     -3.7      -3.5
Greece             -5.1    -5.1    -6.3   -10.2     -6.7      -6.5
Hungary           -10.9    -5.8    -4.2    -1.3      0.7       1.0
Iceland             4.2     3.2    -2.2   -14.7     -8.0      -4.3
Ireland             1.6    -1.7    -6.6    -8.6     -8.3      -8.4
Italy              -2.4    -2.0    -2.6    -2.7     -2.5      -2.9
Japan              -4.0    -3.9    -4.7    -6.5     -7.0      -8.2
Luxembourg          1.2     2.1     1.6    -5.0     -2.0      -1.9
Netherlands         0.3     0.0    -0.4    -3.6     -3.2      -2.7
New Zealand         5.9     4.8     3.6     0.7     -1.3      -2.4
Norway (1)          1.1     3.1     1.9    -3.7     -7.0      -4.4
Poland             -4.7    -3.7    -5.3    -6.8      0.0      -6.6
Portugal           -3.2    -2.0    -2.5    -5.5     -5.6      -6.3
Spain               1.6     1.6    -2.7    -6.6     -5.3      -4.7
Sweden              1.1     2.4     2.5     1.4      0.2       0.4
Switzerland         0.3     0.8     0.9    -0.1     -0.1      -0.1
United Kingdom     -3.5    -3.9    -5.4     0.0      0.0      -9.2
United States      -2.8    -3.3    -6.0    -8.8     -8.8      -8.0
Euro area          -1.7    -1.5    -2.1    -3.7     -4.4       0.0
Total OECD         -2.4    -2.5    -4.0    -6.3     -6.6      -6.3

Note: The underlying balances are adjusted for the cycle and
for one-offs. For more details, see OECD Economic Outlook Sources
and Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

(1.) As a percentage of mainland potential GDP. The financial
balances shown are adjusted to exclude net revenues from petroleum
activities.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755350514187

Annex Table 30. General government underlying primary balances
Surplus (+) or deficit (-) as a per cent of potential GDP

                   1992    1993    1994    1995    1996    1997    1998

Australia          -0.9    -0.9    -0.5     0.3     0.9     2.0     3.4
Austria             0.3    -0.9    -1.2    -2.2    -0.2     1.7     1.1
Belgium             1.7     4.0     4.6     4.5     5.1     5.7     6.9
Canada             -1.8    -1.5    -0.6     1.0     0.3     5.5     5.2
Czech Republic      ...     ...     ...     ...     ...     ...     ...
Denmark             2.5     2.3     1.6     1.1     6.0     2.2     2.4
Finland            -3.8    -3.2    -1.2    -0.8     0.6     0.6     2.7
France             -2.3    -2.6    -1.6    -1.5    -0.2     0.2     0.8
Germany            -1.1    -0.4    -0.1    -0.7    -0.6     0.1     0.8
Greece              0.3     1.7     3.8     2.0     3.7     2.9     4.1
Hungary             ...    -5.4    -6.8     4.2     5.0     3.3     1.3
Iceland             0.0    -1.6    -1.9    -0.7     0.2     0.8    -0.6
Ireland             3.2     3.9     5.3     3.5     4.1     4.0     4.3
Italy               0.0     3.2     2.8     4.6     4.7     6.0     5.2
Japan               0.6    -1.7    -2.9    -3.6    -4.1    -3.6    -4.0
Luxembourg         -3.8    -1.5     0.6     1.7     2.0     4.7     3.6
Netherlands        -0.8     1.4     1.0     0.7     2.1     2.6     2.3
New Zealand        -6.0     2.0     0.3     3.4     0.2     2.2     2.0
Norway (1)        -10.7   -10.2    -7.6    -4.0    -3.9    -2.9    -3.5
Poland              ...     ...     ...     ...     0.1    -1.2    -0.6
Portugal            2.2     0.0    -0.3     1.3     1.0     0.5     0.1
Spain              -1.2    -0.5    -0.3    -0.2     1.0     1.9     1.4
Sweden             -3.6    -4.8    -4.6    -4.1     0.2     2.4     3.1
Switzerland        -2.3    -2.2    -1.6    -0.7    -0.6    -1.8    -0.7
United Kingdom     -2.7    -4.0    -3.5    -2.2    -0.8     0.9     2.6
United States       1.6     1.0     0.0    -5.0     1.3    -2.2    -3.1
Euro area          -0.7     0.3     0.2     0.3     1.0     1.7     1.9
Total OECD          0.0    -1.0    -0.7    -0.3    -4.0     0.0     1.7

                   1999    2000    2001    2002    2003    2004    2005

Australia           3.4     0.0     1.8     3.0     2.8    2.3     2.7
Austria            -0.1    -0.3     2.2     1.7     1.3    1.8     1.0
Belgium             5.9     5.5     5.7     5.1     3.9    3.5     3.1
Canada              5.5     5.3     3.2     2.2     1.7    2.4     2.4
Czech Republic     -3.6    -4.8    -3.6    -3.7    -4.4    8.1    -2.8
Denmark             3.5     3.5     2.1     1.7     1.9    3.2     5.5
Finland            -2.8     6.9     5.0     4.1     2.7    2.2     2.4
France              1.1     0.4     0.4    -0.8    -1.6   -1.1    -1.1
Germany             1.1     0.9    -0.6    -0.9    -0.5   -0.4     0.1
Greece              5.0     2.5     2.0     1.1     0.0   -2.6     0.0
Hungary             1.0     2.1     0.4    -3.5    -3.6   -3.6     0.0
Iceland             0.8     1.4    -1.0    -2.7    -2.2   -0.8     2.2
Ireland             5.0     4.8     1.1    -0.3     0.8    1.9     1.7
Italy               5.4     4.1     2.9     2.8     1.9    1.1     0.6
Japan              -5.3    -5.3    -4.8    -5.9    -5.5   -5.8    -4.7
Luxembourg          2.6     3.6     2.2     0.5    -0.1   -1.0    -0.5
Netherlands         2.9     2.7     1.1    -0.3     0.0    1.1     2.1
New Zealand         0.0     0.2     1.9     3.6     3.6    3.1     4.0
Norway (1)         -2.3    -0.2    -2.2    -4.8    -6.7   -5.2    -3.9
Poland             -0.5    -0.9    -1.8    -1.8    -2.6   -3.2    -2.2
Portugal           -0.2    -1.0    -2.2    -1.9    -2.1   -1.9    -2.4
Spain               1.7     0.1     1.3     1.6     1.1    1.8     0.2
Sweden              3.2     4.7     3.0     0.6     0.3    1.1     2.5
Switzerland         0.2     1.8     0.0     0.6     0.0   -0.2     0.4
United Kingdom      3.0     3.0     2.3    -0.4    -2.1   -2.5    -2.3
United States       2.9    -3.2     1.3    -1.7    -2.7   -2.7    -1.6
Euro area           2.2     1.7     1.2     0.7     0.1    0.2     0.3
Total OECD          1.6     1.6     0.9    -1.2    -1.9   -1.8    -1.2

                   2006    2007    2008    2009      2010      2011

Australia           2.9    2.9     2.5     0.0      -0.7        0.1
Austria            -0.2    0.6     0.4     0.0      -0.9       -0.9
Belgium             3.2    2.6     2.0     0.4       1.3        1.7
Canada              1.9    1.7     0.1     0.0       0.0       -2.5
Czech Republic     -3.6   -2.7    -3.5    -3.2      -1.8       -0.7
Denmark             4.2    3.2    -3.0    -0.5      -1.4        0.0
Finland             2.6    3.6     3.4     0.8      -0.9       -1.8
France             -0.4   -0.9    -1.2    -3.7      -3.8       -3.2
Germany             0.6    1.6     1.3     0.3      -1.2       -0.9
Greece             -0.9   -0.9    -2.0    -6.0      -2.3       -2.2
Hungary            -7.1    0.0    -0.5     2.3      -4.2        4.3
Iceland             3.4    2.2    -2.7    -6.5      -0.4        2.6
Ireland             2.5   -1.0    -6.9    -8.2      -7.0       -6.1
Italy               2.1    2.8     2.2     1.9       2.2        1.9
Japan              -3.3   -3.3    -3.9    -5.6      -5.9       -6.8
Luxembourg          0.4    1.5     1.0    -1.1      -2.6       -2.5
Netherlands         1.9    9.0     1.2    -1.9      -1.4       -0.9
New Zealand         0.4    3.7     2.5    -0.2      -2.1       -2.9
Norway (1)         -2.1   -1.3    -3.5    -7.0      -7.8       -7.4
Poland             -2.7   -1.6    -3.3    -4.7      -5.3       -4.1
Portugal           -0.5    0.9     0.5    -2.8      -2.7       -2.9
Spain               2.9    2.7    -1.7    -4.3      -4.3       -3.7
Sweden              1.9    3.2     3.0     1.4      -0.3        0.0
Switzerland         1.0    1.4     1.4    -0.3       0.4        0.4
United Kingdom     -1.7   -1.9    -3.4    -0.8      -6.7       -5.8
United States      -1.0   -1.4    -4.3    -7.3      -7.0       -5.7
Euro area           0.9    1.1     0.5    -1.1      -1.7       -1.5
Total OECD         -0.6   -0.6    -2.2    -4.6      -4.7       -4.1

Note: Adjusted for the cycle and for one-offs. and excludes the impact
of net interest payments. For more details, see OECD Economic Outlook
Sources and Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

(1.) As a percentage of mainland potential GDP. The financial balances
shown are adjusted to exclude net revenues from petroleum activities.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755418243865

Annex Table 31. General government net debt interest payments
Per cent of nominal GDP

                   1992    1993    1994    1995    1996    1997    1998

Australia           3.1     2.5     3.6     3.7     3.1     2.5     2.0
Austria             2.8     3.1     2.9     3.3     3.4     3.2     3.1
Belgium            10.3    10.1     8.8     8.4     8.0     7.3     7.0
Canada              5.3     5.3     5.2     5.7     5.3     4.8     4.8
Czech Republic      ...     ...     ...     0.3     0.5     0.4     0.5
Denmark             3.6     3.9     3.6     3.5     3.2     2.9     2.6
Finland            -2.0    -0.4     1.0     0.8     1.4     1.8     1.6
France              2.5     2.8     2.9     3.0     3.2     3.1     3.0
Germany             2.4     2.5     2.5     2.9     2.9     2.9     2.9
Greece             10.0    11.0    12.1    10.9    10.3     8.3     7.6
Hungary             4.0     3.7     5.9     8.1     7.4     7.2     5.9
Iceland             1.1     1.4     1.5     1.5     1.4     1.1     1.0
Ireland             5.8     5.4     5.0     4.4     3.7     3.1     2.8
Italy              11.7    12.1    10.6    10.7    10.8     8.8     7.8
Japan               1.2     1.2     1.2     1.3     1.3     1.3     1.5
Korea              -0.6    -0.5    -0.5    -0.6    -0.7    -0.9    -1.2
Luxembourg         -2.3    -1.9    -1.6    -1.4    -1.1    -1.0    -1.0
Netherlands         4.4     4.4     4.2     4.4     4.4     4.2     4.0
New Zealand         2.9     2.3     1.2     1.4     0.7     0.9     0.7
Norway             -3.1    -2.6    -2.0    -1.7    -1.7    -1.5    -1.2
Poland              ...     ...     ...     5.1     4.2     3.8     3.7
Portugal            7.9     7.2     6.1     5.8     5.0     3.9     3.2
Slovak Republic     ...     ...     1.1     0.6     0.7     1.2     1.5
Spain               3.4     4.5     4.4     4.7     4.7     4.2     3.8
Sweden              0.7     1.2     2.1     2.4     2.8     3.1     2.6
Switzerland         0.6     0.7     0.8     0.8     0.8     0.9     0.9
United Kingdom      2.4     2.4     2.6     3.1     3.1     3.2     3.0
United States       3.5     3.4     3.4     3.5     3.4     3.2     3.1
Euro area           4.6     4.9     4.7     4.9     4.9     4.4     4.2
Total OECD          3.3     3.3     3.3     3.5     3.4     3.2     0.3

                   1999    2000    2001    2002    2003    2004    2005

Australia           1.9     1.7     1.6     1.6     1.4     1.3     1.1
Austria             2.9     2.8     2.7     2.5     2.4     2.2     2.2
Belgium             6.5     6.3     6.1     5.4     5.0     4.6     4.1
Canada              4.3     3.1     2.9     2.6     1.8     1.6     1.0
Czech Republic      0.5     0.2     0.4     0.3     0.5     0.7     0.7
Denmark             2.4     2.1     1.8     1.7     1.5     1.2     0.9
Finland             1.4     0.9     0.5     0.0    -0.1    -0.1    -0.2
France              2.8     2.7     2.7     2.7     2.6     2.6     2.5
Germany             2.7     2.7     2.6     2.5     2.6     2.5     2.4
Greece              6.8     6.7     6.0     5.2     4.7     4.6     4.4
Hungary             5.9     4.6     3.9     3.6     3.7     4.0     3.9
Iceland             0.9     0.7     0.5     0.3     0.6     0.3    -0.4
Ireland             1.9     1.5     1.0     0.9     1.0     0.9     0.8
Italy               6.4     6.1     6.0     5.4     5.0     4.7     4.5
Japan               1.5     1.5     1.4     1.4     1.3     1.2     0.8
Korea              -1.0    -1.2    -8.9    -0.9    -0.8    -1.0    -1.0
Luxembourg         -0.9    -1.2    -1.3    -1.1    -0.9    -0.7    -0.6
Netherlands         3.6     2.9     2.4     2.2     2.0     1.9     1.8
New Zealand         0.2     0.4     0.0     0.0    -0.1    -0.4    -0.6
Norway             -1.6    -1.8    -2.0    -2.3    -2.2    -2.2    -2.1
Poland              2.4     2.5     2.7     2.1     2.4     2.5     2.2
Portugal            3.0     3.1     3.0     2.9     2.8     2.7     2.6
Slovak Republic     1.5     1.9     2.2     2.8     1.2     0.5     0.0
Spain               3.3     2.9     2.6     2.4     2.1     1.8     1.6
Sweden              2.5     2.2     1.8     2.1     1.3     1.0     1.0
Switzerland         1.1     1.0     0.9     1.0     0.0     1.0     0.9
United Kingdom      2.5     2.4     2.0     1.7     1.7     1.7     1.9
United States       2.7     2.5     2.2     2.0     1.8     1.8     1.8
Euro area           3.7     3.5     3.3     3.1     2.9     2.8     2.7
Total OECD          2.7     2.5     2.3     2.1     2.0     1.8     1.8

                   2006    2007    2008    2009      2010      2011

Australia           1.0     1.1     1.2     1.3       1.3       1.3
Austria             2.2     2.0     2.0     2.2       2.7       2.8
Belgium             3.8     3.7     3.6     3.6       3.6       3.6
Canada              0.7     0.6     0.2     0.8       0.6       0.6
Czech Republic      0.7     0.7     0.7     1.0      -1.2       1.3
Denmark             0.6     0.4     0.0     0.0       0.1       1.0
Finland            -0.4    -0.6    -0.7    -5.0      -0.5      -0.5
France              2.4     2.5     2.6     2.9       2.7       2.9
Germany             2.4     2.4     2.3     2.3       2.5       2.7
Greece              4.2     4.2     4.3     4.5       4.7       4.7
Hungary             3.7     3.7     3.7     3.9       3.9       3.7
Iceland            -0.7    -0.9    -0.5     8.8       8.4       7.5
Ireland             0.8     0.7    -0.3     0.5       1.3       2.4
Italy               4.5     4.7     4.9     4.9       4.9       5.0
Japan               6.0    -0.6     0.8     0.9       1.1       1.5
Korea              -1.2    -1.5    -1.5    -1.2      -1.1      -1.1
Luxembourg         -0.7    -0.6    -0.6    -0.6      -0.6      -0.6
Netherlands         1.6     1.6     1.5     1.8       1.9       1.9
New Zealand        -1.7    -1.0    -1.2    -0.9      -0.6      -0.4
Norway             -2.3    -3.2    -3.8    -2.6      -2.4      -2.3
Poland              2.0     2.0     2.0     2.1       2.3       2.5
Portugal            2.8     2.9     3.0     2.8       3.0       3.4
Slovak Republic    -0.1    -0.1     0.0    -0.1       0.2       0.4
Spain               1.3     1.1     1.0     1.1       1.1       1.1
Sweden              0.8     0.7     0.5     0.0      -0.5      -0.5
Switzerland         0.7     0.6     0.5     0.5       0.5       0.5
United Kingdom      1.8     2.0     2.0     2.4       2.8       3.5
United States       1.8     1.9     1.8     1.6       1.9       2.3
Euro area           2.6     0.2     2.6     2.7       2.0       0.2
Total OECD          1.7     1.7     1.7     1.7       1.9      2.2

Note: In the case of Ireland and New Zealand where data on net
interest payments are not available, net property income paid is
used as a proxy. For Denmark, net Interest payments include
dividends received. Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www/oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 85 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755430567282

Annex Table 32. General government gross financial liabilities
Per cent of nominal GDP

                    1992     1993     1994     1995     1996     1997

Australia           27.8     31.1     40.6     42.5     39.6     37.9
Austria             57.5     62.0     65.3     69.5     70.3     66.7
Belgium (1)        136.6    140.8    137.8    135.4    133.4    128.0
Canada              90.2     96.3     98.0    101.6    101.7     96.3
Czech Republic      ...       ...      ...      ...      ...      ...
Denmark             71.1     85.0     78.9     79.3     76.6     72.1
Finland             44.3     57.6     60.8     65.2     66.0     64.6
France              43.9     51.0     60.2     62.7     66.3     68.8
Germany (2)         40.9     46.2     46.5     55.7     58.8     60.3
Greece              ...       ...      ...    101.1    103.1    100.0
Hungary             81.3     92.2     92.0     88.6     75.8     66.4
Iceland             ...       ...      ...      ...      ...      ...
Ireland             ...       ...      ...      ...      ...      ...
Italy              106.9    116.2    120.9    122.5    128.9    130.3
Japan (3)           67.6     73.9     79.0     86.2     93.8    100.5
Korea                6.1      5.4      5.0      5.2      5.6      7.2
Luxemburg            ...      ...      ...      9.5     10.1     10.2
Netherlands         91.9     96.5     86.7     89.6     88.1     82.2
New Zealand          ...      ...     57.4     51.3     44.9     42.3
Norway              32.4     40.8     37.3     40.9     36.6     32.1
Poland               ...      ...      ...     51.6     51.4     48.3
Portugal             ...      ...      ...     68.8     68.4     67.4
Slovak Republic      ...      ...      ...     38.2     37.7     39.0
Spain               52.1     65.5     64.3     69.3     76.0     75.0
Sweden              73.3     78.2     82.5     81.0     84.4     83.2
Switzerland         38.4     42.9     45.5     47.7     50.1     52.1
United Kingdom      39.0     48.7     46.8     51.6     51.2     52.0
United States       70.2     71.8     71.0     70.6     69.8     67.3
Euro area           60.6     65.9     69.1   | 72.3     77.3     79.4
Total OECD          62.3     66.4     67.7   | 69.6     71.5     71.6

                    1998     1999     2000     2001     2002     2003

Australia           32.7   | 28.4     25.4     22.5     20.5     19.0
Austria             68.5     71.2     71.1     72.1     73.2     71.3
Belgium (1)        123.2    119.6    113.8    112.0    108.4    103.4
Canada              95.2     91.4     82.1     82.7     80.6     76.6
Czech Republic       ...      ...      ...      ...     33.1     34.9
Denmark             69.7     64.1     57.1     55.0     55.4     53.6
Finland             60.9     54.7     52.3     49.9     49.5     51.4
France              70.3     66.8     65.6     64.3     67.3     71.4
Germany (2)         62.2     61.5     60.4     59.7     62.1     65.3
Greece              97.7    101.1    114.9    117.7    117.2    112.0
Hungary             64.4     66.5     60.9     59.7     60.7     61.7
Iceland             77.3     73.6     72.9     75.0     72.0     71.0
Ireland             62.2     51.3     40.2     37.4     35.2     34.1
Italy              132.0    125.8    121.0    120.2    119.4    116.8
Japan (3)          113.2    127.0    135.4    143.7    152.3    158.0
Korea               12.6     15.0     15.7     16.6     15.8     17.4
Luxemburg           11.2     10.0      9.2      8.2      8.4     7.9
Netherlands         80.8     71.6     63.9     59.4     60.3     61.9
New Zealand         42.2     39.6     37.4     35.4     33.5     31.4
Norway              30.3     31.0     34.2     33.0     40.6     50.2
Poland              43.8     46.6     45.4     43.8     55.0     55.3
Portugal            65.2     62.1     62.0     63.3     66.5     68.0
Slovak Republic     41.1     53.5     57.5     57.0     50.1     48.2
Spain               75.3     69.4     66.5     61.9     60.3     55.3
Sweden              82.5     73.7     64.7     63.3     60.8     60.0
Switzerland         54.9     51.9     52.5     51.3     57.2     57.0
United Kingdom      52.5     47.4     45.1     40.4     40.8     41.2
United States       64.1     60.4     54.4     54.4     56.7     60.1
Euro area           80.0     78.2     75.1     73.7     74.1     75.0
Total OECD          72.0     71.2     68.3     68.5     70.5     72.6

                    2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Australia           17.2     16.9     16.2     15.3     14.3     15.9
Austria             70.8     70.8     66.4     62.2     66.2     72.9
Belgium (1)         98.5     95.9     91.6     88.1     93.5    101.2
Canada              72.6     71.6     69.5     65.0     69.7     82.8
Czech Republic      34.8     34.9     34.6     38.0     40.7     46.5
Denmark             50.1     42.4     38.3     31.6     39.8     45.3
Finland             51.5     48.5     45.2     41.5     40.7     43.7
France              73.9     75.7     70.9     69.9     75.7     84.5
Germany (2)         68.7     71.1     69.2     65.3     68.8     77.4
Greece             114.2    114.5    107.9    103.9    102.6    114.9
Hungary             65.0     68.8     72.1     72.2     77.0     85.2
Iceland             64.5     52.6     57.5     53.6     96.3    117.6
Ireland             32.7     32.7     28.8     28.3     48.5     65.8
Italy              117.3    119.9    117.1    112.5    114.4    123.6
Japan (3)          165.5    175.3    172.1    167.1    172.1     89.3
Korea               21.3     23.1     26.1     25.7     26.8     33.2
Luxemburg            8.6      7.6     11.3     10.9     16.3     18.2
Netherlands         62.2     61.1     54.9     52.1     65.8     71.4
New Zealand         28.6     27.4     27.0     26.2     25.3     27.0
Norway              52.7     49.1     60.5     58.4     56.0     59.9
Poland              54.6     54.7     55.1     51.7     54.0     58.1
Portugal            70.6     74.0     73.1     71.1     75.2     83.8
Slovak Republic     46.9     38.4     33.8     32.2     30.8     36.7
Spain               53.4     50.6     46.2     42.1     47.0     59.3
Sweden              60.1     60.7     53.6     47.0     47.1     52.7
Switzerland         57.9     56.4     50.3     47.2     44.0     44.4
United Kingdom      43.5     46.1     45.9     46.5     56.8     71.0
United States       61.1     61.3     60.8     61.8     70.0     83.9
Euro area           75.8     76.8     74.4     70.9     73.2     81.8
Total OECD          74.3     75.9     74.6     73.1     78.4     90.0

                    2010        2011

Australia           20.3        23.4
Austria             77.9        52.5
Belgium (1)        105.2       108.5
Canada              85.7        88.9
Czech Republic      53.1        59.9
Denmark             48.8        52.9
Finland             52.3        61.9
France              92.5        99.2
Germany (2)         82.0        85.5
Greece             123.3       130.2
Hungary             89.9        91.2
Iceland            142.5       145.8
Ireland             81.3        92.5
Italy              127.0       129.7
Japan (3)          197.2       204.3
Korea               36.8        40.7
Luxemburg           25.0        31.3
Netherlands         77.1        81.9
New Zealand         31.0        35.6
Norway              59.0        61.2
Poland              62.8        66.2
Portugal            90.9        97.2
Slovak Republic     43.0        47.7
Spain               67.5        74.3
Sweden              55.2        58.3
Switzerland         45.0        45.3
United Kingdom      83.1        94.1
United States       92.4        99.5
Euro area           88.3        93.2
Total OECD          97.4       103.5

Note: Gross debt data are not always comparable across countries
due to different definitions or treatment of debt components.
Notably, they include the funded portion of government employee
pension liabilities for some OECD countries. including Australia
and the United States. Thee debt position of these countries is
thus overstated relative to countries that have large unfunded
liabilities for such pensions which according to ESA95/SNA93 are
not counted in the debt figures, but rather as a memorandum item to
the debt. Maastricht debt for European Union countries Is shown in
Annex Table 62. For more details, see OECD Economic Outlook Sources
and Methods (http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

(1.) Includes the debt of the Belgium National Railways Company
(SNCB) Iron, 2006 onwards.

(2.) Includes the debt of the Inherited Debt Fund from 1995 onwards.

(3.) Includes the debt of the Japan Railway Settlement Corporation
and the National Forest Special Account from 1998 onwards.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755472802750

Annex Table 33. General government net financial liabilities
Per cent of nominal GDP

                    1992     1993     1994     1995    1996     1997

Australia           15.7     21.3     25.7     26.3    20.9     21.1
Austria             29.6     33.2     35.1     38.6    40.4     36.6
Belgium (1)        113.2    115.1    114.5    114.6   115.5    110.9
Canada              59.1     64.2     67.9     70.7    70.0     64.7
Czech Republic       ...      ...      ...      ...     ...      ...
Denmark             28.1     31.1     31.5     36.0    36.2     33.8
Finland (2)        -24.5    -15.9    -16.3   | -4.0    -6.7     -7.5
France              20.0     26.8     29.7     37.5    41.8     42.3
Germany (3)         15.1     18.5     19.3     30.3    33.2     33.0
Greece               ...      ...      ...     81.0    81.4     76.8
Hungary            -47.5    -19.4      3.3     24.4    25.2     24.8
Iceland              ...      ...      ...      ...     ...      ...
Ireland              ...      ...      ...      ...     ...      ...
Italy               93.2    100.5    104.5     99.0   104.5    104.7
Japan (4)           13.8     17.1     19.6     23.8    29.2     34.8
Korea              -14.1    -14.8    -15.4    -16.7   -18.3    -20.7
Luxembourg           ...      ...      ...    -37.8   -41.0    -41.6
Netherlands         41.0     45.5     44.6     54.1    52.8     49.7
New Zealand          ...      ...     44.4     38.0    32.8     30.2
Norway             -35.1    -32.0    -30.6    -36.1   -41.1    -48.5
Poland               ...      ...      ...    -15.0    -5.7      0.3
Portugal             ...      ...      ...     25.1    27.3     32.1
Slovak Republic      ...      ...      ...    -30.7   -18.2    -12.1
Spain               35.2     43.5     46.4     51.6    55.5     54.2
Sweden               4.6     10.5     20.7     25.6    26.6     24.7
Switzerland          ...      ...      ...      ...     ...      ...
United Kingdom       6.7     17.4     19.7     26.3    27.9     30.6
United States       52.4     54.8     54.3     53.7    51.8     48.8
Euro area           36.9     40.6     42.9   | 46.2    51.4     52.9
Total OECD          35.7     39.3     40.7   | 41.6    43.1     42.9

                    1998     1999     2000     2001     2002     2003

Australia           16.0   | 14.9      8.8      6.3      4.4      2.6
Austria             36.8     35.8     34.9     35.6     37.1     36.1
Belgium (1)        107.8    103.1     97.6     95.1     93.3     90.4
Canada              60.8     55.8     46.2     44.3     42.6     38.7
Czech Republic       ...      ...      ...      ...    -15.9     -7.2
Denmark             36.3     36.6     25.7     21.9     20.4     17.7
Finland (2)        -14.5    -50.1    -31.1    -31.6    -31.5    -39.7
France              40.6     33.5     35.1     36.7     41.8     44.2
Germany (3)         36.7     35.2     34.4     36.7     40.8     43.5
Greece              72.6     70.2     88.7     92.9     94.7     87.2
Hungary             31.5     33.7     32.3     32.0     36.6     37.5
Iceland             42.6     35.9     37.5     29.2     28.5     30.7
Ireland             42.5     27.6     16.7     13.0     14.0     11.6
Italy              107.1    106.7    -95.7     95.8     95.7     92.7
Japan (4)           46.2     53.8     60.4     66.3     72.6     76.5
Korea              -22.1    -23.0    -25.9    -28.7    -30.2    -28.3
Luxembourg         -46.8    -47.8    -50.7    -58.2    -55.5    -56.7
Netherlands         48.2     36.7     34.9     33.0     34.9     36.2
New Zealand         28.1     25.8     23.7     21.4     17.1     11.1
Norway             -52.1    -57.5    -67.4    -85.1    -80.6    -95.0
Poland               6.3     13.4     15.5     18.5     22.1     22.7
Portugal            33.3     30.9     28.5     30.5     34.6     37.2
Slovak Republic     -3.7      1.2     12.4     10.8      1.7      1.8
Spain               53.7     47.7     44.2     41.5     40.3     36.8
Sweden              22.1     12.5      5.5     -2.4      4.0     -0.1
Switzerland          ...     12.6     11.4     10.9     15.7     15.9
United Kingdom      32.6     29.0     26.8     23.2     23.7     23.9
United States       45.0     40.3     35.5     34.8     37.4     40.7
Euro area           53.2     50.0     47.1     47.4     49.3     50.3
Total OECD          42.8     40.2     37.5     37.4     39.4     41.2

                    2004     2005     2006     2007     2008     2009

Australia            0.6     -0.9     -4.5     -6.6     -7.3     -5.7
Austria             38.0     37.9     33.5     30.7     32.7     38.1
Belgium (1)         84.0     82.0     77.3     73.4     74.1     81.3
Canada              35.2     31.0     26.2     23.1     22.4     28.6
Czech Republic      -9.4    -10.7     -9.9     -8.3     -5.9     -0.3
Denmark             12.1      8.6      1.7     -4.1     -6.1     -3.9
Finland (2)        -45.9    -57.9    -67.6    -71.1     -1.1    -52.1
France              45.3     43.2     37.2     34.0     44.3     53.1
Germany (3)         47.5     49.8     47.9     42.9     45.0     50.2
Greece              87.7     85.3     77.7     70.4     73.9     86.1
Hungary             41.5     46.2     51.6     52.7     51.9     58.8
Iceland             27.7     13.6      7.9     -1.1     19.9     35.4
Ireland              9.0      6.5      1.2     -0.3     11.4     24.9
Italy               92.5     93.7     96.6     87.1     89.6     97.4
Japan (4)           82.7     84.6     84.3     80.4     84.4     96.5
Korea              -28.1    -31.9    -33.0    -35.8    -37.4    -34.5
Luxembourg         -52.2    -48.6    -44.4    -44.2    -44.5    -44.6
Netherlands         37.6     35.0     31.6     28.0     25.2     30.9
New Zealand          4.9     -1.5     -8.2    -13.4    -16.2    -14.7
Norway            -104.4   -122.4   -136.3   -142.2   -124.6   -140.4
Poland              20.8     23.5     22.4     17.0     20.3     25.7
Portugal            42.1     45.0     44.0     44.1     47.8     55.6
Slovak Republic      6.9      5.0      6.5     -0.8      1.2      7.2
Spain               34.6     30.2     24.0     18.7     22.8     33.2
Sweden              -3.1     -8.3    -20.0    -25.0    -18.2    -16.7
Switzerland         17.7     16.7     13.5     11.0      9.0      9.9
United Kingdom      25.9     27.1     27.7     28.8     33.1     46.9
United States       42.3     42.7     41.8     42.3     47.2     56.4
Euro area           50.8     50.7     47.5     43.3     44.8     51.7
Total OECD          42.5     42.5     40.7     38.8     41.9     50.2

                    2010        2011

Australia           -1.3         1.8
Austria             42.9        47.3
Belgium (1)         85.4        88.6
Canada              32.6        35.7
Czech Republic       5.3        10.1
Denmark              1.6         5.5
Finland (2)        -46.4       -39.5
France              60.7        67.3
Germany (3)         54.7        58.1
Greece              94.6       101.2
Hungary             62.1        62.7
Iceland             43.9        47.4
Ireland             38.0        49.0
Italy              100.8       103.4
Japan (4)          104.6       112.7
Korea              -33.4       -32.6
Luxembourg         -38.1       -32.1
Netherlands         36.5        40.9
New Zealand        -10.9        -6.4
Norway            -143.6      -146.0
Poland              32.4        37.5
Portugal            62.6        68.8
Slovak Republic     13.3        17.5
Spain               41.6        48.9
Sweden             -13.1       -10.5
Switzerland         11.0        12.0
United Kingdom      59.0        69.9
United States       65.2        72.2
Euro area           57.9        62.9
Total OECD          57.6        63.7

Note: Net debt measures are not always comparable across countries
due to different definitions or treatment of debt (and asset)
components. First, the treatment of government liabilities with
respect to their employee pension plans may be different (see note
to Annex Table 32). Second, the range of items included as
general government assets differs across countries. For example,
equity holdings are excluded from government assets in some
countries whereas foreign exchange, gold and SDR holdings are
considered as assets in the United States and the Untied Kingdom.
For details, see OECD Economic Outlook Sources and Methods
(http://www.oecd.org/eco/sources-and-methods).

(1.) Includes the debt of the Belgium National Railways Company
(SNCB) from 2005 onwards.

(2.) From 1995 onwards housing corporation shares are no longer
classified as financial assets.

(3.) Includes the debt of the Inherited Debt Fund from 1995 onwards.

(4.) Includes the debt of the Japan Railway Settlement Corporation
and the National Forest Special Account from 1998 onwards.

Source: OECD Economic Outlook 86 database.

StatLink http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/755488556738
COPYRIGHT 2009 OECD Publications and Information Centre
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2009 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Title Annotation:Country classification-Annex Table 33. General government net financial liabilities
Publication:OECD Economic Outlook
Date:Nov 1, 2009
Words:46269
Previous Article:Chapter 4: developments in selected non-member economies.
Next Article:Statistical annex.
Topics:

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2020 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters