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State Abortion Policy Landscape: From Hostile to Supportive.

State Abortion Policy Landscape: From Hostile to Supportive Guttmacher Institute, December 11, 2018

This analysis of the state abortion policy landscape in the United States examines the extent to which each state's abortion policy environment is either hostile to, or supportive of, abortion rights. To assess hostility, the authors consider whether a state restricts abortion access through any of the following: 1) bans pre- or postviability abortions; 2) requires in-person abortion counseling and a waiting period; 3) restricts Medicaid coverage for abortion; 4) prohibits the use of telemedicine to provide medication abortion; 5) limits access to abortion for minors; or 6) imposes unnecessary and onerous abortion clinic regulations. To assess support, the authors consider whether a state supports abortion rights and access through any of the following: 1) affirms a right to abortion in the state constitution; 2) establishes a legal standard that protects access; 3) guarantees Medicaid coverage for abortion; 4) allows advanced practice clinicians to provide abortion; 5) mandates private health insurance coverage for abortion; or 6) protects access to abortion clinics. Based on the number of policies in each of these categories, a state is placed in one of five classifications, ranging from very hostile to very supportive. The report finds that in 2000, four states were hostile to abortion rights and one state was supportive; whereas in 2019, 21 states are hostile or very hostile to abortion rights and four states are supportive or very supportive. It also found that, given population and mobility trends, the proportion of women aged 13-44 living in states hostile or very hostile to abortion increased from 7 percent to 43 percent between 2000 and 2019.

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Title Annotation:Reports Worth Reading
Publication:Conscience
Date:Mar 22, 2019
Words:275
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