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Stabilizers, antioxidants: product lines reviewed.

Stabilizers ANTIOXIDANTS PRODUCT LINES REVIEWED

ACCURATE COLOR INC.

Offers a full line of primary and secondary antioxidant concentrates for use in most thermoplastics. Products can be compounded with other additives as required.

ACETO CORP.

Offers polyphenols for plastics and rubber.

AKRON CHEMICAL CO.

Phenolic antioxidants are available.

AKZO ENGINEERING PLASTICS

Produces antioxidant concentrates in pellets chips, granules, and pulverized forms. All commercial antioxidants are available combined with commodity and engineering thermoplastics.

ALBRIGHT & WILSON AMERICAS

Provides a wide variety of trialkyl and dialkyl hydrogen phosphites as heat, light and color stabilizers in polymers. Most popular of these are triisopropylphosphite, tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphite, trimethylphosphite and bis (2-ethylhexl) hydrogen phosphite. High solvency, slow oxidation, low volatility, plus the ability to combine with metal halides reportedly make phosphites useful stabilizers, either alone, or as part of a stabilizer system for polymers such as acrylonitrile, polyolefins, polystyrene, ethyl cellulose, PVC, and alkyds. (See data sheets pp. 532-533.)

ALLIED COLOR INDUSTRIES INC.

Antioxidants are supplied in pelletized concentrate form for thermoplastics stabilization. Standard and custom formulations are available.

ALLIED PRODUCTS CORP.

See Coz Chemical Div.

AMERICAN CYANAMID CO. CHEMICALS GROUP

A broad range of antioxidants is offered. Primary phenolics include Cyanox 425 and 2246, recommended for polyolefins and styrenics. A high-performance phenolic, Cyanox 1790, is said to offer excellent activity at one-half to one-third typical loadings for other primary phenolics. Cyanox 1790 reportedly offers excellent gas-fade resistance, melt-stabilization properties, and low hot-water extractability.

A new introduction is Cyanox 2777, a phenolic/phosphite blend based on Cyanox 1790 and the hydrolysis-resistant tris(2,4-di-t-butylphenyl) phosphite.

Also available in the Cyanox line are secondary thioester antioxidants, such as LTDP, STDP, MTDP, 1212, and liquid Cyanox 711. These products synergize with primary phenolics (e.g., Cyanox 1790), to produce in-service stabilization of polyolefins and other polymers.

AMERICHEM INC.

Concentrates are produced containing antioxidants, uv absorbers and any other specialty stabilizing additive. Concentrates are available for almost all thermoplastics in cubes, pellets, and powders.

Products may contain the specific stabilizer alone, or other additives and/or color according to specifications.

AMETEK WESTCHESTER PLASTICS DIV.

Supplies special concentrates of uv stabilizers, antioxidants and antistatic agents in specific resins. Headquarters are in Pennsylvania, with technical sales offices in Pennsylvania, Ohio and Texas.

ARGUS DIV.

See Witco Corp.

CAROLINA COLOR CORP.

Offers custom formulations of antioxidants and metal deactivators in concentrate form for most thermoplastics. These can be compounded with other additives as specified.

CHROMA CORP.

Short-run, custom orders (25 lb to truckload) of pellet antioxidant concentrates are available. Customer may specify additive, concentration, and base carrier polymer.

CIBA-GEIGY CORP. ADDITIVES DIV.

Irganox antioxidants are high-molecular-weight hindered phenolics that are said to provide long-term oxidative and thermal stability to a wide variety of plastics. Irganox 1010 and Irganox 1076 have good compatibility with polyolefins and styrenics and are FDA-regulated in numerous applications. Irganox MD-1024 is recommended as an effective metal deactivator and all-purpose antioxidant. Irganox 1035, 1010 and MD-1024 are offered for wire and cable.

Irganox MD-1024 is recommended for countering the detrimental effects of copper and other metals, which can cause discoloration and loss of physical properties in polymers. Product is said to be effective in extending the lifetime of PP, HDPE, LDPE and thermoplastic elastomer insulation that comes in contact with copper conductors. It reportedly can also inhibit metal-induced degradation in mineral-filled systems and coatings. Further enhancement of the processing and heat stability of polymers results when metal deactivators are combined with antioxidants 1010 and 1035.

Irganox B-225 and Irganox B-215 are members of a class of low-volatility, thermally and hydrolysis-resistant additive blends reportedly offering excellent process and long-term stability in polyolefins. (See ad p. 525.)

COZ CHEMICAL DIV. ALLIED PRODUCTS CORP.

Concentrates containing antioxidants, heat and light stabilizers and lubricants can be supplied in PS, polyolefins and most other thermoplastics.

DOVER CHEMICAL CORP.

Company offers a new product line of organophosphites. Applications are as heat stabilizers in polyvinyl chloride, ABS, polyolefins, some rubber compounds and are used for better color stability in polyesters, polyurethanes and alkyd resins.

EASTMAN CHEMICAL PRODUCTS

Hydroquinone derivatives are used as antioxidants for polyether polyols, rubber and coatings. Company also supplies a copper deactivator, Eastman Inhibitor OABH, for polyolefins, especially for use in wire insulation. Tenox TBHQ and Tenox BHA are food-grade antioxidants used in PE for packaging applications. (See ad p. 446.)

CHARLES B. EDWARDS & CO. INC.

Offers custom formulating and compounding of antioxidants for specific color/polymer blends and FDA applications. Antioxidants come as powders, concentrate pellets, or liquids, with or without colorants. Other additives may also be included.

ENICHEM

See Ferro Corp.

ETHYL CORP. CHEMICALS GROUP

Offers its Ethanox line of antioxidants:

* Ethanox 702, a sterically hindered diphenolic, is said to provide excellent temperature stability at low price in both thermoplastics. A crystalline powder with a melting point of 309 F, it is FDA accepted for food-contact use in several substrates.

* Ethanox 322, a sterically hindered thiobisphenol, provides high-temperature stability and has been found to be synergistic with carbon black. It is a crystalline powder with a melting point of 255 F.

* Ethanox 330, a high-performance premium product, offers noncoloring properties, extraction resistance and FDA acceptance. This crystalline powder, with a melting point of 471 F, is essentially biologically inert.

* Ethanox 703, a sterically hindered phenolic antioxidant incorporating an amine group, offers bifunctional activity. It is a crystalline powder with a melting point of 201 F.

* Ethanox 376 is an ester-substituted, sterically hindered phenolic with low volatility. Its 18-carbon aliphatic chain reportedly enhances polymer compatibility and resistance to extraction. A crystalline powder with a melting point of 122-131 F, it is FDA-accepted for many food-contact applications. (See ad this page; data sheets pp. 534-535.)

EVANS CHEMETICS DIV. W.R. GRACE & CO.

Company's Evanstab thioester antioxidants, for use in polyolefins, ABS, PS, are generally used with phenolic antioxidants to provide increased color stability during aging and extended product life. Other advantages include improved melt stability during polymer fabrication and reduced color formation during compounding.

Evanstab antioxidants include dilauryl thiodipropianate, distearyl thiodipropianate and ditridecyl thiodipropianate. The first two are FDA-approved. (See ad this page.)

FAIRMOUNT CHEMICAL CO. INC.

Offers Mixxim (trademarked) AO-30, a FDA-regulated, high-molecular-weight hindered phenolic, said to offer excellent processing and thermal stability to various plastics, elastomers, coatings, and adhesives.

Metal deactivators, Mixxim CD-12 and CD-14, are recommended for use in plastics that are in contact with metals such as copper in wire and cable. Mixxim CD-16 is targeted for 30% talc-filled polypropylene systems.

FERRO CORP. BEDFORD CHEMICAL DIV.

Manufactures various hindered phenolic antioxidants under the Oxi-Chek trademark. Oxi-Chek 114 is an effective stabilizer for rubber latices, olefins, and styrenics. Also manufactures and markets in North America, in a joint alliance with EniChem Synthesis SpA, Anox (trademarked) phenolic antioxidants and TB blends, and Alkanox (trademarked) solid phosphite antioxidant and blends with distearyl thio diproprionate (DSTDP). Anox PP18 is a high-molecular-weight phenolic antioxidant that is effective in a wide variety of plastics, rubbers, and adhesives. Physical forms of PP18 include powder, flake, and granular. Anox 20, introduced in March 1989 in North America, is also a high-molecular-weight antioxidant used in a wide variety of plastics. Alkanox 240 is a solid arylphosphite antioxidant for use in adhesives and a variety of plastics including nylon, polycarbonates, acrylics, and styrenics. Anox TB blends are available as blends of Anox products with Alkanox 240 and DSTDP. Also available are blends of Alkanox 240 with DSTDP. (See ad p. 527.)

GE SPECIALTY CHEMICALS

Company offers:

Organic phosphite compounds:

* Weston polymer additives include a variety of liquid and solid organic phosphite compounds that function as hydroperoxide decomposers, metal-complexing agents, and antioxidants. When used with primary antioxidants, these materials offer increased resistance to heat, light and oxidation. Weston 619 distearyl pentaerythritol diphosphite can significantly reduce discoloration tendencies of polyolefins and provides improved molecular weight control.

* Ultranox 626, a pentaerythritol diphosphite, is a hydrolytically stable, high-performance secondary antioxidant. This product offers optimum processing stability (color and melt flow), long-term aging, uv stability and cost performance for PP, HDPE, LDPE, LLDPE, HIPS, ABS, PET and other polymers.

Both Weston 619 and Ultranox 626 have broad regulatory approval in polypropylene, polyethylene, PVC and polycarbonate for food packaging applications.

Weston TPP (triphenyl phosphite) is for use primarily in PVC and epoxies.

Weston TNPP (trisnonylphenyl phosphite) additive improves processing and properties in many polymers. It has broad regulatory approval for food packaging applications in many countries.

Hindered phenolic antioxidants: Also offered are several phenolic types in the Ultranox 200 series, which includes Ultranox 276 (octadecyl 3, 5 di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate) polymeric hindered phenol.

Blends: Blends of phosphites and phenolic antioxidants are also offered. (See ad p. 518.)

GOODYEAR TIRE & RUBBER CO. CHEMICAL DIV.

Company's rubber chemicals include nonstaining, nondiscoloring Wingstay amine antioxidants for use in rubber and plastics products. The materials are designed to provide long-term protection against aging, stability for polymer storage in varied conditions, and are said to have proven performance in food-contact applications. Company's antioxidant/antiozanants are said to provide low volatility and resistance to side reactions. Company manufactures a complete line of age resistors designed for high-temperature applications, stabilization, resistance to weather and high ozone levels, and overall protection.

W.R. GRACE & CO.

See Evans Chemetics.

HARWICK CHEMICAL CORP.

Offers a variety of antioxidants and metal deactivators in plasticizer and PVC-based concentrates.

HITECH POLYMERS INC.

Offers pelletized concentrates of antistatic agents, antioxidants, waxes, pigments, oils and other polymer additives for elastomers, engineering thermoplastics and adhesives. Products are made to customer's specifications.

HOECHST CELANESE CORP. SPECIALTY CHEMICALS GROUP

Division offers the following products:

* Sulfur-containing co-stabilizer antioxidants, trademarked Hostanox SE 10.

* A phenolic-type antioxidant, Hostanox 03.

* Metal deactivator, Hostanox OSP 1.

* A phosphite, Hostanox PAR 24.

* A phenol-free zinc antioxidant, Hostanox VP ZNCS1.

ICI POLYMER ADDITIVES

Two phenolic and one amine antioxidant are commercially available: Topanol CA and Topanol 205, high molecular-weight phenolics, are recommended for use in polyolefin, styrenic, plasticizer, and SBR systems. PTZ phenothiazine is recommended for the stabilization of monomer systems as well as polyolefins, styrenics, synthetic lubricants, PU's and rubber compounds. (See ad p. 519.)

KENRICH PETROCHEMICALS INC.

Company's titanate coupling agents are said to have their own stabilization capabilities in the form of antioxidant metal deactivation. Owing to their high dispersibility, their efficiency reportedly tends to be about 25 times that of materials such as alkyl triaryl phosphites.

MONSANTO CO.

Phenolic antioxidants include Santonox and Santonox R, used in polyethylene and other plastics; and Santowhite Powder for PP, PE, nylon molding powders, and other polymers.

MORTON INTERNATIONAL, INC. SPECIALTY CHEMICALS GROUP

Carstab thioester synergist antioxidants are used in PP, HDPE, and ABS. These include Carstab DLTDP (dilauryl thiodipropionate), and Carstab DSTDP (distearyl thiodipropionate), both of which provide highest performance when combined synergistically with hindered phenolic antioxidants to retard color formation and embrittlement from oxidative degradation during processing or long-term heat aging.

The antioxidants are permitted by FDA in food wraps and containers when used in accordance with the appropriate provisions. (See ad p. 523.)

NEVILLE CHEMICAL CO.

Provides two phenolic antioxidants: a crystal form of DBPC (di-tert-butyl-para-cresol) used to prevent oxidation in rubber and plastics; and BHT (butylated-hydroxy-toluene) for use as an additive approved for food contact. Levels used may range from 0.01% to 0.2%.

PMC SPECIALTIES GROUP DIV. OF PMC INC.

Produces and offers a complete line of hindered phenolic antioxidants:

* CAO-3--Food grade BHT.

* CAO-1--Technical grade BHT.

* CAO-5--(Antioxidant 2246) 2,2'-methylenebis-(4-methyl-6-tertiary-butyl-phenol).

* CAO-5 Polymer Grade--ultra-high quality CAO-5.

* Prodox-500--Butylated hydroxy ethyl benzene (BHEB).

* Prodox-702--4,4'-methylenebis-(2,6-di-tertiary butyphenol).

* Prodox-3114--Tris-(3,5-di-tertiary butyl-4-hydroxy benzyl) isocyanurate.

* TNPP--Tris (nonylphenyl) phosphite.

PMS CONSOLIDATED

Specialty additive concentrates, in either liquid or solid form and with or without colorants, are available containing antioxidants, uv stabilizers, fillers, silicones, fire retardants, blowing agents, slip agents or antistats.

Company has production and laboratory facilities at 12 locations in the U.S. and Puerto Rico.

PLASTICS COLOR-CHIP INC.

See listing under Colorants.

PROGRESSIVE POLYMERS, INC.

Offers concentrates containing antioxidants and other additives in most thermoplastics to customer specifications.

PROLASTOMER INC.

Produces PP, TPU, HDPE, ABS, and other thermoplastic-based antioxidant concentrates made to special order in large or small quantities.

QUANTUM CHEMICAL CORP.

See USI Div.

REED PLASTICS DIV. SANDOZ CHEMICALS CORP.

Offers custom-formulated antioxidant concentrates for thermoplastic molding and extrusion. Also available in pellet form are multifunctional concentrates containing both antioxidants and colorants.

RIVERDALE COLOR CO.

See listing under Colorants.

ROSEMAR INDUSTRIES INC.

Manufactures a liquid antioxidant/slip/antiblock concentrate for reprocessing film scrap. Product contains over 85% active ingredients.

SANDOZ CHEMICALS CORP.

Sandostab P-EPQ is a high-molecular-weight phosphonite that is stable to 662 F. It is recommended for use in polyolefins, polycarbonate, polyester, and engineering thermoplastic blends. It is very stable to hydrolysis and reportedly does not present the handling problems that are common with phosphites.

In engineering thermoplastics, the product reportedly allows recycling of polymer with no loss in physical strength; in high-strength application, it is further said to inhibit "burnout" of pigments. Sandostab P-EPQ has FDA approval for use in polyolefins, polycarbonate, and PS.

H.W. SANDS CORP.

Offers tert butyl hydroquinone, an antioxidant for use in nylon, PE and PP.

SCHENECTADY CHEMICALS INC.

Isonox 129 is a high-performance hindered phenolic crystalline antioxidant which can provide the process stability in polyolefins and styrenics. It has broad FDA approval for indirect food contact use.

Isonox 132 is a low-cost, liquid-hindered phenolic antioxidant with applications in the stabilization of liquid polyols, olefin streams and chlorinated paraffins. It is also effective as a stabilizer for PVC, hydrocarbon resins and adhesives.

A. SCHULMAN INC.

Polybatch (registered) additive concentrates are designed to improve specific properties. The range includes different carriers, and all possible modifications are offered: slip and antiblock, antistatic and uv resistance, antifogging, foaming, and antioxidant.

STANDRIDGE COLOR CORP.

See listing under Colorants.

SYNTHETIC PRODUCTS CO. SYNPRO-WARE DISPERSIONS

Concentrated dispersions are available of all standard antioxidants in a choice of compatible vehicles.

USI DIV. QUANTUM CHEMICAL CORP.

Spectrathene specialty compounds include concentrates containing antioxidants and other additives as specified.

UNIROYAL CHEMICAL CO. INC.

The Naugard family of antioxidants includes hindered phenolics and bisphenolics, secondary amines, and phosphites, reportedly making it one of the broadest product lines in the industry. Phenolics such as Naugard BHT and 431 are used in polyolefins, HIPS, ABS, etc. Naugard 445, a light-colored secondary amine, is used in ABS, nylon 6 and polyether polyols. Naugard P, a general-purpose phosphite, and phenolic phosphite such as 492 stabilize a variety of polymers, such as PP, PE, HIPS, and ABS.

Also available is Naugard XL-1, a high-molecular-weight phenolic antioxidant and metal deactivator. A high-performance antioxidant, it reportedly retards oxidative degradation of polymeric substances during processing and end use. It is reported to be the only FDA-approved product that provides both antioxidant and metal-deactivator stabilization.

Naugard 524 is a solid phosphite said to improve color and light stability in polyolefins, PS, polycarbonate, and nylon. It is available as a white powder and has FDA approval. Naugard XL-517 is a blend of Naugard XL-1 and 524, recommended for applications in which color is critical.

Two hindered phenols, Naugawhite and Naugard SP, are available. The first is a general-purpose product recommended for ABS; the second is an economical nondiscoloring, nonstaining product for polyolefins and HIPS.

Wytox family of antioxidants includes:

* Wytox 312, tris (nonylphenyl) phosphite, in liquid or solid form. It is said to be FDA-approved, low in odor and color, nonstraining and nondiscoloring. Uses are in polyolefins and PVC, including food wrap.

* Wytox 320, alkaryl phosphite liquid, is for ABS, PVC and elastomers, particularly where inadequate performance is obtained with TNPP or other organic phosphites. It is also said to be FDA-approved, nonstaining and nondiscoloring, and to have low odor.

* Wytox 604, phosphited hindered phenol, is offered in liquid or solid form. This general-purpose, nonstaining, nondiscoloring product is said to be equivalent or superior to general-purpose hindered phenols and paracresol-based antioxidants.

UNITED-GUARDIAN INC.

Voidox 100% reportedly serves as an antioxidant, uv stabilizer, plasticizer, and lubricant in PE and PP. It is a fatty-acid modified, substituted phenol and is said to be a food-grade additive and is usually used in plastics at levels of 0.25-0.5%.

R.T. VANDERBILT CO. INC.

Offers a broad line of Vanox phenolic and aromatic amine antioxidants for PE, PP, nylon, and flexible urethane polyols. A number of Vanox synergistic antioxidant systems and mineral deactivators are available for filled PP compounds. Products are said to improve high-temperature stability of filled compounds. (See ad p. 490.)

WITCO CORP. ARGUS DIV.

Offers antioxidants for polyolefins, ABS, and other polymer and copolymer systems. Both general-purpose and FDA-regulated grades are available, offering a wide range of cost/performance ratios. Among them are phenolics, phenolic-phosphites, and alkyl and aryl phosphites.

Metal deactivators, said to be particularly effective in PP and PE, are also available. (See ads pp. 450-451, 514, 528.)
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Title Annotation:1990-1991 Manufacturing Handbook and Buyers' Guide
Publication:Plastics Technology
Date:Jul 15, 1990
Words:2780
Previous Article:Plasticizers: product lines reviewed.
Next Article:Heat stabilizers: product lines reviewed.
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