SpringWorks Therapeutics Initiates Phase 1b Clinical Trial of MEK Inhibitor PD-0325901 in Combination with BeiGene's RAF Dimer Inhibitor Lifirafenib in Advanced or Refractory Solid Tumors.
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- The first patient has been dosed in a Phase 1b study to evaluate the combination of US-based biopharmaceutical company SpringWorks Therapeutics, Inc's investigational MEK inhibitor, PD-0325901, and BeiGene, Ltd.'s (NASDAQ: BGNE) (HKEX: 06160) investigational RAF dimer inhibitor, lifirafenib (BGB-283), in patients with advanced or refractory solid tumors, the company said.
The Phase 1b clinical trial, being conducted by BeiGene, is an open-label, dose-escalation and expansion study to investigate the safety, pharmacokinetics and antitumor activity of PD-0325901 in combination with lifirafenib in patients with advanced or refractory solid tumors that harbor RAS mutations, RAF mutations and other MAPK pathway aberrations.
This trial is designed to define the dose and tolerability of the combination as well as to capture early efficacy signals to allow for rapid cohort expansion.
The rationale for the Phase 1b study is supported by data presented by BeiGene at the 2015 annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research 1, which demonstrated that the combination of PD-0325901 and lifirafenib led to antitumor activity in preclinical models of RAS-mutated cancers.
Vertical inhibition of the MAPK pathway, enabled by the combination of a MEK inhibitor with a RAF dimer inhibitor, has been further validated preclinically by multiple academic and industry investigators, and has the potential to overcome the drug resistance mechanisms that have impeded previous attempts to develop therapies for tumors with MAPK mutations and aberrations.
In addition to this Phase 1b study, SpringWorks Therapeutics is preparing to initiate a Phase 2b single-arm, open-label study of PD-0325901 as a monotherapy in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1-associated plexiform neurofibromas (NF1-associated PN).
NF1-associated PN is a rare genetic disorder characterized by the growth of painful, disfiguring and debilitating tumors along peripheral nerves throughout the body.
The Phase 1b trial is a multicenter, open label, dose-escalation trial of PD-0325901 in combination with lifirafenib in adult patients with advanced or metastatic, unresectable tumors harboring K-RAS/N-RAS or B-RAF mutations, or any other MAPK pathway aberration.
The study will enroll patients who have experienced disease progression during or after at least one line of systemic therapy or for which treatment is not available, not tolerated or refused.
The trial is designed in two parts; the first part will consist of a dose-escalation and dose-finding study to assess the safety and tolerability of combining PD-0325901 and lifirafenib, and to determine the maximum tolerated dose and/or the recommended Phase 2 dose for the combination.
The second part is a multiple-group, noncomparative, indication expansion study to assess the preliminary antitumor activity of the combination in patients with selected tumor types, in addition to further assessing the safety, tolerability and PK of the combination.
The trial is being conducted under a global clinical collaboration agreement between SpringWorks Therapeutics and BeiGene, which was entered into in September 2018.
Under the terms of the agreement, BeiGene is responsible for administering the Phase 1b clinical trial, with all costs of the clinical studies and governance responsibilities to be shared equally among both parties.
More information about the study is available at www.clinicaltrials.gov under the identifier NCT03905148.
PD-0325901 is an investigational, selective, orally bioavailable small molecule inhibitor of MEK1 and MEK2, proteins that play key roles in the MAPK pathway.
The MAPK pathway is critical for cell survival and proliferation, and overactivation of this pathway has been shown to help enable tumor growth.
By blocking activity of the MAPK pathway, PD-0325901 may help arrest uncontrolled cellular growth associated with many types of tumors.
PD-0325901 has been tested in several Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trials, and approximately 260 subjects have been exposed to treatment.
SpringWorks is evaluating PD-0325901 as a monotherapy for the treatment of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1-associated plexiform neurofibromas and is also pursuing PD-0325901 in combination with other rational anti-cancer agents across a range of solid tumors.
Lifirafenib was discovered in BeiGene's research facilities in Beijing, China, and is an investigational small molecule kinase inhibitor with RAF monomer and dimer inhibition activities.
Lifirafenib has shown antitumor activities in preclinical models and in cancer patients with tumors harboring BRAF V600E mutations, non-V600E BRAF mutations, non-small cell lung cancer and endometrial cancer harboring KRAS mutations.
To date, lifirafenib has been dosed in more than 150 patients globally.
SpringWorks Therapeutics launched in 2017.
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|Date:||May 8, 2019|
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