Speeding capability to warfighters Trident Warrior 04.
U.S. military services have made significant progress in networking weapons systems and sharing battlefield data during the last 10-15 years, but more work needs to be done to ensure seamless information flow and improve joint command and control.
During the period of Oct. 4-14, Naval units of the USS Tarawa Expeditionary Strike Group will participate off the coast of Southern California in Trident Warrior 04, the Navy's premier FORCEnet Sea Trial experiment. Participants include Expeditionary Strike Group ONE (ESG-1), 13th Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU), USS Tarawa (LHA 1), USS Pearl Harbor (LSD 52), USS Chosin (CG 65), USS Cleveland (LPD 7) and USS John Paul Jones (DDG 53).
Trident Warrior is sponsored by the Naval Network Warfare Command (NETWARCOM). Others supporting commands are the Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command (SPAWAR), Naval Postgraduate School, Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) and the Naval Personnel Development Command (NPDC).
Trident Warrior's purpose is twofold. First, it will provide speed to capability, a rapid fielding of improved FORCEnet command and control warfighting capability to the fleet. And it will develop supporting tactics, techniques and procedures (TTP) designed to optimize the employment of new technologies in Naval operations. The overall intent is to identify and assess the capabilities available when operational and tactical nodes are connected in a near real-time environment.
FORCEnet, the networked command and control component of Sea Power 21, is the driving force behind Trident Warrior. FORCEnet empowers commanders to make better decisions faster and see the effective execution of those decisions. Building FORCEnet capability, Trident Warrior 04 will focus on:
* Expeditionary, multitiered sensor and weapon information
* Human-centric integration
* Distributed, collaborative command and control
* Dynamic, multipath and survivable networks
* Information effects
* Adaptive automated decision aids
Trident Warrior will exploit several Navy information technology initiatives, and a detailed analytical process will measure the effectiveness of these technology initiatives to help watchstanders at various levels.
Web-Enabled Warrior (WEW) is an initiative that provides integrated Web-service enterprise tools and network capabilities to assist in the completion of watch-stander tasks. Increased task accomplishment will be achieved through improved knowledge of information placement and by the visualization of complex data in an effective format.
The following are a few of the WEW systems scheduled for evaluation:
* Navy-Marine Corps Portal (NMCP)--a suite of information services useful to tactical watchstanders in a preconfigured workstation environment. These services will increase watchstander efficiency in the performance of operational tasks by reducing his or her level of effort.
* Global Command & Control System-Maritime (GCCS-M) eWeb--a Web-enabled version of the GCCS-M picture available to all SIPRNET Web browser enabled computers.
* Naval Integrated Tactical Environmental System (NITES)--Next--an upgraded gateway to a variety of useful METOC products designed for deployed forces through distributed Web services architecture. A suite of METOC services will also be available to tactical watchstanders through NMCP.
Another program fundamental to Trident Warrior is the Naval Networks initiative, which focuses on optimizing the communications bandwidth available to the fleet. Lessons learned during Operation Iraqi Freedom identified the need for increased and better bandwidth management in support of tactical operations. Implementing the newest version of the Advanced Digital Network System (ADNS), the networks initiative provides multipath, multitiered network architecture and uses prioritization and compression techniques to increase the throughput of tactical data between ship and shore nodes.
The Tarawa ESG will be linked using a satellite network called Extremely High Frequency, Time Division Multiple Access Interface Processor (EHF TIP), thus greatly improved tactical communications will be possible between ESG units via a point-to-point, ship-to-ship satellite architecture.
Additionally, the networks initiative provides data rate improvement for technical support applications through the Distant Support 2.0 server. As a result, afloat and ashore maintenance personnel can share system data and other information in collaborative, real-time equipment troubleshooting and repair.
Trident Warrior will also exercise FORCEnet's Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare capabilities through the achievement of limited intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) and Fires objectives. The Naval Fires Network or Fires is intended to provide support for combined arms strike missions in a joint task force. The goal is to improve the key linkage between ISR and Fires and to enable timely and accurate employment of Fires support in planned, immediate and time sensitive target scenarios.
The ISR-Fires evaluation will focus on watchstanders' ability to move target intelligence rapidly between sensors, C2 systems and the engagement grid with a minimum amount of manual data entry. The result will be decreased detect-to-engagement times and reduced target data errors. As an additional benefit, FORCEnet will improve the ability of geographically dispersed forces to access ESG fire support and information resources.
Like the other Trident Warrior systems, integrated TTP will be developed for ISR-Fires to improve the use of new technologies in target identification, tracking and attack. The TTP will contain guidance on: The major functions to be accomplished at each workstation; information exchange capabilities and requirements between associated systems; information archiving and retrieval; and the processing, execution and assessment of attacks.
The greatest challenge facing commanders today is not making all of this technology work--it is making it work together. Battlespace dominance is dependent on information management--the integration of numerous and diverse technologies and the coordination of their individual applications in Naval operations.
Thus, a major Trident Warrior 04 deliverable is a comprehensive information management plan for the Tarawa ESG. This document will establish the philosophy and procedures for tactical use of information technology systems and allow their integration into ESG planning processes. As a result, commanders will have guidance on how best to employ multiple systems in planning and executing operations, and watchstanders will have a quick reference that enables them to access only that information necessary to the tasks at hand.
The success of Trident Warrior 04 will provide lasting benefits. Improvements in command and control through Web-based communications, increased and better bandwidth management and enhanced tactical and technical support through broader and more efficient information systems that will signal a dramatic step in the Navy's ability to plan, coordinate and execute complex and dynamic operations using the latest information technologies.
Quantitative measures of efficiency of human-technology interaction will improve current systems and provide a basis for the design and development of new technologies. Additionally, lessons learned from Trident Warrior will be immediately incorporated into training programs at schools like the Tactical Training Group Pacific and Expeditionary Warfare Center Pacific.
Trident Warrior 04 will be linked with Silent Hammer, another Sea Trial experiment that documents and explores the concept of operations for nuclear guided missile submarines (SSGN) and Special Operations Forces (SOF). Silent Hammer builds on the groundwork laid in Giant Shadow, which experimented with the SSGN/SOF strike force as an independent element.
Trident Warrior and Silent Hammer have important individual experimental objectives as well as shared objectives that will act as a force multiplier in achieving greater success of the overall mission of improving combat capability.
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|Title Annotation:||naval network equipment|
|Date:||Sep 22, 2004|
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