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Spanish Language, Literature & Culture.

From Paris to Avignon: A House with Many Rooms in Julio Cortazar. Joseph Tyler, University of Michigan-Flint

I would like to describe, show, and discuss the places in Paris and Avignon where the Argentine writer, Julio Cortazar, lived and spent much of his time working in his fiction. I intend to show photographs of the homes and apartments in Paris and Avignon and describe succintly the authors activities based on his stories and poems by using the collection of letters edited by his first wife Aurora Bernardez. All in all, it should be an interesting array of facts and coincidences that reveal ultimately an interesting relationship between fact and fiction in a way that the writerly and the readerly convene.

Escotes y Tacones Altos: Discursos de la Novela Grafica y la Cancion Grupera a Finales del Siglo XX en Mexico. Gustavo Rodriguez-Moran, Ferris State University

Los discursos de la novela grafica y la cancion grupera de los anos 80 y 90 en Mexico confluyen tematica e ideologicamente. Ambos discursos, desde canales distintos, confirman estereotipos sobre lo femenino y lo masculino. Este trabajo compara una seleccion de historietemas con sus equivalentes musicales, e intenta explicar algunas de sus funciones sociales en la cultura mexicana de finales del siglo XX.

Immigration Stories: From Golden Age Spain to Contemporary United States. Tatevik Gyulamiryan, Hope College

When someone departs from their home, their journey, their struggles upon entering a new land, as well as their attempt to assimilate to a new culture often put their identity in question and affect their relationship with their adopted community. Looking at immigration policies enforced in early modern Spain and contemporary United States, I argue that those who are forcefully or voluntarily displaced from their home tend to go through a number of quixotic trials before either assimilating and being accepted by their new community or remaining as the other. My work juxtaposes immigrant stories in the United States with accounts of the reception of the other in early modern Spanish society as seen in Don Quixote, examining the way that these receptions are shaped by Orientalist discourse. The question I inquire is: do we embrace our immigrants and their cultural identities, do we encourage them to assimilate, or do we simply view them as the other?

An Allegory of Desire in One of Sergio Fernandez Novels. Rafael H. Mojica, University of Michigan-Flint

Sergio Fernandez' Segundo sueno is a novel that admits a number of readings; one is reading it as an artifact composed on a double axis, a vertical one, with metaphor being the dominant figure in the text, and a horizontal one, with metonymy and narrative as the driving force. The structure thus conceived is not an empirical component of the text but a reader-generated construct based on the story of a Narrator, a character in the story and the fictional author of the text itself. What is at stake here is success and failure, success of Segundo sueno as a novel that portends to be an allegory of desire, as well as the Narrator's failure as a character in the story. There is a correlation between the vertical metaphoric and the horizontal metonymic, in the sense that a structure like this must be posited in such a way that each one of these directions intersects each other. Both directions hold each other together at this intersecting point with the result that they cancel each other in this embrace, and it is in this mutual cancellation that Segundo sueno, a despairing and dispersing text, becomes operational for substantial interpretation.

Lorca's New York Poetry and the Environment. Ronald Rapin, Oakland University

Federico Garcia Lorca's Poeta en Nueva York is a poetic composition composed of over fifty poems which he wrote as a result of his visit to New York City in 1929 and 1930. Many scholars agree that this work characterizes the height of Spanish surrealistic poetry popular in the 1920s and '30s. Important themes in the work are social and economic oppression, class and racial discrimination as well as human alienation from the natural world amidst the modern chaos of a large urban metropolis. Estrangement from nature and a concern for pollution of the environment is another major theme in the work; Lorca uses imagery such as "the trees now limbless," "the egg white face of the child," "the Hudson, drunk on oil," "the battle of the skyscrapers with the sky above," and the faceless "forms" marching to the "serpent" (as he depicts the subway) to decry urban life. These are only a few of the metaphors that demonstrate Lorca's concern for the environment decades before conservation became a serious issue in American society and culture. In my paper, I will discuss and analyze Lorca's very "modern" feel for the protection of the environment that he communicated with alarm and forboding in this prophetic poetic composition.

The Interest of the Spanish Post-Millennials in the Spanish Civil War and the Francoist Dictatorship. Berta Carrasco and Alondra Monrroy, Hope College

The Spanish twentieth century was marked by three main political events: a Civil War (1936-1939), a dictatorship (1939-1975), and a return to democracy (1975 until today). The Civil War was brutal and is remembered as a war of brothers against brothers. This combat affected that generation and the ones that followed. After this Civil war, Francisco Franco maintained the dictatorship for 37 years until his death in 1975. Ideologically, Franco believed that Spain was the country chosen by God to fight communism, socialism, and masonry. As in every dictatorship, people were forced to follow this ideology and show tribute and respect to the dictator. Today, 41 years later, Spain enjoys a stable democratic system, but we believe the aftermaths of 3 years of war and 37 years of dictatorship are still present in Spain's daily life, traditions, and values. In this presentation the authors will analyze how the "Post Millennial" generation understands and values these historic and social events. This new generation is considered the great-grandchildren of the Spanish Civil War and is thought to be one that knows very little about this historic moment and is not curious, nor interested in how these events altered the Spanish history.

Quien Dice Sombra: Pluralidad Narrativa Hispanoamericana del Siglo XXI. Maribel Colorado-Garcia, Saginaw Valley State University

Los nuevos paisajes modernos, los desplazamientos humanos y culturales, las relaciones entre lo local y lo global posibilitan la experimentacion en la forma de narrar. Jesus Barbero subraya que en el tiempo actual se requiere una nueva forma de estar y de pensar el mundo, para comprender la realidad compleja que nos rodea en este siglo. Pedro Angel Palou, novelista mexicano que forma parte de los autores del Manifiesto Crack, representa en su texto la realidad dislocada que se atribuye a las novelas del Crack. Ignacio Padilla senala que en dichas obras "la massmediatizacion lo lleva -al mundo- a un fin de siglo trunco de tiempos y lugares", los cuales se desordenan para mezclarse y a su vez posibilita experimentar con ellos. "El no lugar y el no tiempo, todos los tiempos y lugares y ninguno" lo apunta Padilla como el cronotopo de las novelas del Crack, en la obra de Palou se recrea a traves de la diversidad de historias, lugares y tiempos entrelazados constantemente. Quien dice sombra se suma al rumba que sigue la literatura en el siglo XXI afincada en la experimentacion extrema que emerge de las necesidades del texto y de las busquedas artisticas del autor.
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Title Annotation:Julio Cortazar's life in Paris and Avignon in France, immigration stories, Sergio Fernandez's "Segundo sueno"
Publication:Michigan Academician
Article Type:Critical essay
Geographic Code:4EUFR
Date:Sep 22, 2018
Previous Article:Sociology.
Next Article:Women's & Gender Studies.

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