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Sociology.

Primary and Secondary Adjustments at the Psychosocial Care Center (CAPS) Institution. Roberta de Oliveira Soares, University of Sao Paulo

The Brazilian Psychiatric Reform advocates non-asylum treatment for individuals diagnosed as suffering from severe and/or persistent mental disorders, mainly through the Psychosocial Care Centers (CAPS). This research proposes to show how the dynamics of primary and secondary adjustments occurs in a CAPS unit, taking on account the social interactions that take place in the institution. For that, it uses the participant observation technique and the analysis of formal and informal documents. Moreover, the main theoretical dialogue is with the production of Erving Goffman and it takes as counterpoint the work of Michel Foucault.

This research suggests that, also in non-total and humanizing institutions as the CAPS, there is social control and, consequently, resistance. The social control imposed by the institution generates on the part of the patients the need to defend their self from these violations. It is believed that the boundary between primary and secondary adjustments has become more conflicting and that these issues have been reformulated due to the participation of the users in the institution, which leads the institution to constantly make agreements with the patients to maintain social control.

Assemblages and Social Identity. Steve Sherlock, Saginaw Valley State University

The concept of assemblage theory was introduced by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, and further developed in the work of Manuel DeLanda. Deleuze and Guattari initially developed assemblage theory in the context of their overall ontology, while DeLanda further applied it in a more sociological direction to social institutions. This paper extends this work in considering the usefulness of assemblage theory regarding the question of social identity, at both the individual and subcultural levels.

The Parent Behind the Potential Farmer. Claire Efting and Brandon Youker, Grand Valley State University

This study explores the experiences of 4-H livestock parents who lack livestock raising experience, yet choose to involve their children in 4-H livestock projects. There are studies that examine the impact of 4-H and livestock on the participating youth, however there are few about the parents of these participants. This study seeks to discover how these parents supported their children in 4-H and about its impact on the family. Data were gathered through eight semi-structured, face-to- face, audio recorded interviews with 4-H parents from suburban Detroit and Grand Rapids. The themes from the interview were categorized into three impact areas: friendship, life lessons, and family. Through these themes immerged sub-themes relating to the type of and level of support the parents provided during their children's 4-H years. The parents overall observed their children's involvement in 4-H as a positive aspect in their development and supported them in several ways.

Tipping Behaviour Based on Crowds. Amber Raymond and Kenneth Cramer, University of Windsor

Past studies on social loafing have shown that group effort decreases with the number present. Analysis of 6.7M NYC cab fares from July 2016 to June 2017 initially uncovered no association between the number of passengers and tip size; yet assumed a linear relation. An ANOVA with passenger number by tip amount showed an inverted-U relation, wherein the lowest tips were received from both the lowest (1) and highest (6) number of passengers, and the highest from those in the middle (2-5). This relation further varied by time of year in a predictable sine-wave cycle; that is, tips were highest in the months of July and August, falling in September through to March, before rising again. Finally, the two factors of time of year and number of passenger interacted to further predict tip amount. Implications for further research are discussed.

How the Impact of Parenting Styles and Eating Behavior Affect the Health Outcomes among Young Children in the Community of Migrant Farm Workers in Michigan. Keren Reyes and Jou-Chen Chen, Western Michigan University

The goal of this study is to analyze different parenting styles and eating behaviors used among migrant farm worker families and to examine the effect of parenting styles on the health outcome of children (e.g., obesity). Existing literature demonstrates that Latina and Mexican-American cultures influence parents' feeding practices; however, most research fails to recognize the contexts of feeding practices within Latino community (Slusser et al., 2012). The study employs quasi-experimental pre- and post-test design to assess effectiveness of a three-week nutrition course. Eleven parents participated in the nutrition course; three of them are fathers while eight of them are mothers with an average age of 30.64 (SD = 11.68). While most parents identify as Mexicans, one parent identifies as Colombian. Study findings found that compared to fathers, mothers are more likely to practice authoritative or authoritarian parenting styles (p [less than or equal to] 0.01). Results also suggest the nutrition course to be effective: there is an increased intake of healthier foods (e.g., beans and vegetables) and a decreased intake on French fries and juice. Although the study yields positive outcomes, a culturally adaptive survey should be developed to better reflect the authenticity of food choices among Mexican and Latino families.

Intimate Partner Verbal Abuse and Alcohol Use. Alina M. Baltazar and Duane C. McBride, Andrews University

The purpose of this analysis is to examine the relationship between verbal abuse and alcohol use in the last year, last 30 days, and binge drinking in the last two weeks. The study subjects were students at Christian University and data were collected in 2012. The institution's IRB approved the research. There were 750 subjects in the study with 250 involved in intimate partner relationships. We examined three abuse variables: (1) intimate partner insulted or swore at me, (2) intimate partner scolded me, and (3) intimate partner threatened to hit me or had thrown something at me. There was a consistent significant (p < 0.05) correlation between each of these three verbal abuse variables and binge drinking in the last two weeks, using alcohol in the last year, and in the last 30 days. Correlations were between 0.13 and 0.19. The highest correlation was between intimate partner scolded or swore at me and recent binge drinking, 0.19 (p < 0.01). This suggests it is important to examine what may be considered lesser levels of abuse, not just violent behavior. It is important to intervene with and prevent verbal abuse because there may be significant substance use consequences.
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Title Annotation:adjustments at the psychosocial care centers, assemblages and social identity, 4-H livestock projects
Publication:Michigan Academician
Geographic Code:3BRAZ
Date:Sep 22, 2018
Words:1059
Previous Article:Rhetoric & Composition.
Next Article:Spanish Language, Literature & Culture.
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