Snapshots from around the world.
World at a Glance
Total Population: 6.3 billion
Population over age 65: 7 percent
Sex ratio: 1.01 males to 1 female (1)
Life expectancy: 67 years (65 years male; 69 years female)
Annual birth rate: 22 births per 1,000 people
Annual death rate: 9 deaths per 1,000 people
Infant mortality rate: 55 deaths per 1,000 live births
Fertility rate: 2.8 children per woman (2)
Gross world product per capita: $7,900 (3)
Number of independent nations: 193
(1) 2003 estimate
(2) Average number of children a woman bears in a lifetime
(3) 2002 estimate
Sources: 2003 World Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau; The World Factbook 2003, Central Intelligence Agency
Wealthiest and Poorest Nations (Based on per capita GDP in U.S. dollars) Wealthiest Luxembourg $44,000 United States $37,600 San Marino $34,600 * Norway $31,800 Switzerland $31,700 Ireland $30,500 Canada $29,400 Belgium $29,000 Denmark $29,000 Japan $28,000 Poorest East Timor $500 * Somalia $550 * Sierra Leone $580 Burundi $600 D.R. of the Congo $610 Tanzania $630 Malawi $670 Afghanistan $700 Comoros $720 Eritrea $740 * 2001 estimate Note: Table made from bar graph. Sources: The World Factbook 2003, Central Intelligency (All figures are 2002 estimates unless otherwise noted.) Life Expectancy (Average lifespan in years) Male Female Age Age LONGEST Japan 78 85 San Marino 77 84 Italy 77 83 Switzerland 77 83 Sweden 78 82 Australia 77 82 Canada 77 82 SHORTEST Mozambique 33 34 Botswana 36 38 Lesotho 37 38 Malawi 39 40 Angola 39 41 Rwanda 39 41 Zambia 41 40 Note: Table made from bar graph. Source: 2003 World Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau Most Populous Countries (Population in millions) 1. China 1,289 2. India 1,069 3. U.S. 292 4. Indonesia 221 5. Brazil 177 6. Pakistan 149 7. Bangladesh 147 8. Russia 146 9. Nigeria 134 10. Japan 128 Note: Table made from bar graph. Source: 2003 World Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau World Population Growth (Population in billions by year) 1975 4.1 2000 6.1 2025 * 7.9 2050 * 9.1 * Projected Note: Table made from bar graph. Source: 2003 World Population Data Sheet, Population Reference Bureau Religions of the World (Followers of major faiths) Christianity 32.8% Islam 19.6% Hinduism 13.3% Buddhism 5.9% Sikhism 0.4% Judaism 0.2% Other religions 12.9% Non-religious 12.5% Atheist 2.4% Note: Table made from pie chart. Source: The World Factbook 2003, Central Intelligence Agency
1. Do more men or women live on the planet? --
2. What is the average life expectancy for women in Mozambique? --
3. After Christianity, what religion has the most followers? --
4. How many of the world's wealthiest nations are located in Europe? --
5. How many births per 1,000 people occur annually worldwide? --
6. What is the worldwide infant mortality rate? --
7. On what continent are the two most populous countries? --
8. What percentage of the world's people practice Buddhism? --
9. What is the per capita gross domestic product in Afghanistan? --
10. According to experts, what will the world population be in 2025? --
Students should understand:
* How to use graphs and charts to compare and contrast the life expectancy, religions, and other facts about the various populations and countries of the world.
Ask students to guess which of the world's countries have the longest and shortest life expectancies. Then ask what factors they considered when forming their answers.
COMPREHENSION: What information do you need to determine whether the world's population is increasing or decreasing? (You need to know the current annual birth and death rates to determine whether the world's population is growing or shrinking.)
MAKING INFERENCES: Are the most populous nations also the poorest? (None of the 10 most populous countries is on the list of the 10 poorest. However, poverty is a problem in several of the most populous countries in Asia.)
MAIN IDEA: According to the graph, how will the rate of population growth change after the year 2025? (The rate of population growth will slow down. From 2000 to 2025, the world population should increase by 1.8 billion, compared to the increase of 1.2 billion by 2050.)
CONTINENT SNAPSHOTS: Divide the class into six groups, and assign each group a continent to profile (excluding Antarctica). Instruct students to create their graphs and tables. For example, each group could create bar graphs showing which 10 countries on their continent have the highest gross domestic product, population figures, literacy rates, or largest area.
SOCIAL STUDIES, GRADES 5-8
* Global connections: How the different characteristics of a nation, such as population size, geography, and life expectancy, affect the quality of life for its people.
* Kiernan, Denise, Great Graphs, Charts & Tables That Build Real-Life Math Skills (Scholastic, 2001). Grades 5-8,
* Priestly, Michael, Scholastic Success with Charts, Tables, and Graphs (Scholastic, 2002). Grades 5-6.
* UNESCO Institute for Statistics http://portal.unesco.org/uis/ ev.php?URL_ID=2867&URL_ DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_ SECTION=201
* U.S. Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/
2. 34 years
6. 55 deaths per 1,000 live births
8. 5.9 percent
10. 7.9 billion
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|Title Annotation:||Graphs and Charts|
|Date:||Oct 13, 2003|
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