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Slovenia: Approx. 26% of directors-general and board members in medium-sized and large enterprises were women.

According to Slovenia's statistical office, in December 2012 about 26% of directors-general and board members in medium-sized and large enterprises were women.The United Nations started to celebrate 8 March as the International Women's Day in 1975, i.e. in the International Women's Year. Two years later, in December 1977, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a special resolution proclaiming 8 March the International Women's Year. The day is intended for celebrating economic, political and social achievements of women.Slightly more women than men Women represent more than half of Slovenia's population. However, their number exceeds the number of men only among the elderly. On 1 October 2012 Slovenia had a population of 2,058,123; 1,039,646 women and 1,018,477 men. Women were more numerous than men among the population aged 63+. The reason for the higher number of women than men is their longer life expectancy. With unchanged conditions regarding mortality, a girl born in Slovenia in 2011 can expect to live 82.9 years. Women achieved the same life expectancy as was calculated for boys born in Slovenia in 2011 (76.6 years) already 22 years ago. Almost a fifth of women in Slovenia have tertiary education On 1 January 2011, 19.6% of women aged 15+ in Slovenia had tertiary (i.e. post-secondary) education. The share for men was 15.3%. The educational structure of women is the most favourable at age 26-39. In this age group 39% of women had tertiary education. Almost 42% of all women with basic education or less were 65+ years old, while as regards men aged 65+ 19% had the same level of education. Women are less paid than men According to the Labour Force Survey, in the third quarter of 2012 an average woman in employment worked 38.9 hours per week, which is 2.3 hours less than an average man in employment. Women's earnings are still on average lower than men's earnings. According to provisional data of the annual structure of earnings statistics, in 2011 women's monthly gross earnings were on average 4.5% lower than men's monthly gross earnings. In 2011, women earned on average EUR 1,542 gross per month, while men's earnings amounted to EUR 1,616 gross per month. As regards education, women with basic education or less were receiving on average 13.5% lower monthly gross earnings than men with the same level of education, women with upper secondary education were receiving on average 10.6% lower monthly gross earnings than men with the same level of education, while women with tertiary education were receiving on average 18.4% lower monthly gross earnings than men with the same level of education. It must be pointed out that these are averages and that gender differences are due to different age, occupational and educational structures. More male than female managers On 31 December 2012 most of the women in employment in Slovenia (just over 7%) worked as sales workers. The share of women in employment is higher than the share of men in employment in occupations from the fields of education, health, pharmacy, law, social work, accounting, bookkeeping, human resource management and secretarial work, sales, personal services and cleaning services. More men than women are managers; in December 2012 about 26% of directors-general and board members in medium-sized and large enterprises were women. Registered unemployment rate for women slightly higher than for men According to the latest available data, in December 2012 there were 792,948 persons in employment in Slovenia, 45.1% of them women; there were 118,061 registered unemployed persons, 46.1% of them women. The registered unemployment rate for women was slightly higher than for men; in the last three years the gender difference was monthly between 0.6 and 1.9 percentage points. In December 2012 the registered unemployment rate for women was 13.3% and for men 12.7%. Low participation of women in politics At the National Assembly election in 2011 almost a third of seats (29 of the 90) were won by women, which is the highest number in independent Slovenia. At local elections in 2010, which took place in 208 of the 210 municipalities (in Koper and Trebnje elections were not held), 10 women mayors were elected as were 730 women and 2,593 men members of municipal councils. Women decide to become mothers later than they used toThe mean age of first-time mothers in Slovenia has been growing steadily since the 1970s, when it was less than 23. Women who gave birth for the first time in 2011 were on average 28.8 years old. In 2011 the mean age of women at the birth of all children was 30.4 years. Compared to 2010, in 2011 fertility increased for women aged 33-37. The highest at-risk-of-poverty rate for women aged 75+As regards Slovenia's population, women experience a higher at-risk-of-poverty rate than men, which means that more women than men live in households with equivalised total disposable net houshold income below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold. According to provisional data, in 2011 15% of women in Slovenia lived below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold. The at-risk-of-poverty rate was the highest for older women. In 2011, almost a quarter (24.1%) of women aged 60+ and more than a third (34.6%) of women aged 75+ lived below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold. Women who died in 2011 were on average almost 80 years old Women who died in Slovenia in 2011 were on average 79.7 years old; men who died in the same year were on average 71.2 years old. Compared to 2010, the mean age of women at death was 0.4 of a year higher. In 2011, the most common causes of death for women were cardiovascular diseases (45.6%) and cancer (27.7%). Source; Slovenia Statistical Office
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Publication:Balkan Business News
Geographic Code:4EXSL
Date:Mar 7, 2013
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