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Six kidney transplants in 1 day.

Johns Hopkins surgeons recently transplanted half a dozen kidneys simultaneously, an operation believed to be the first of its kind. The transplants were made possible when a so-called 'altruistic donor', who was willing to donate to anyone, was found to be a match for 1 of 5 transplant candidates, each of whom had a willing but incompatible donor. That enabled a chain of donations involving the 6 donors and 6 recipients from a waiting list maintained by the United Network for Organ Sharing.

The 10-hour surgeries used 6 operating rooms and 9 surgical teams. The 6-way transplant follows a quintuple transplant performed in 2006 at the hospital and several triple transplants.

Most kidney transplants use organs taken from people who have died, but doctors prefer organs from live donors because the success rates are higher. The donors and recipients in the 6-way transplant were matched using a living-donor system developed at Johns Hopkins. Dr Robert Montgomery, director of Hopkins' transplant centre and head of the transplant team, has advocated a wider system of connecting altruistic donors, transplant candidates and incompatible but willing donors to increase the number of available organs.

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Title Annotation:International
Author:Bateman, Chris
Publication:CME: Your SA Journal of CPD
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:6SOUT
Date:May 1, 2008
Words:190
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