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Sites in seven states added to Superfund.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has added nine new hazardous waste sites that pose risks to human health and the environment to the National Priorities List of Superfund sites and has proposed adding an additional 13 sites to the list.

Administered by EPA, the Superfund program was created to address abandoned hazardous waste sites. Contaminants found at Superfund sites include arsenic, asbestos, barium, cadmium, carbon tetrachloride, lead, mercury and sulfuric acid. There have been about 1,600 sites on the Superfund list to date. The nine new sites announced in April are located in Florida, Indiana, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina and Texas.

With all Superfund sites, EPA works to identify and locate the people or companies who are responsible for the contamination. For the newly listed sites without "viable potentially responsible parties," EPA will investigate the full extent of the contamination before starting significant clean-up at each site.

It may be several years before significant clean-up begins at the sites. A site may be placed on the Superfund list if the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry has issued a health advisory that recommends removing people from the site, EPA determines the site poses a significant threat to public health and the agency anticipates it will be more cost-effective to use its remedial authority than its emergency removal authority at the site. States or territories can also designate sites for the Superfund list.

Federal Register notices and supporting documents for the proposed Superfund sites are available at sites/npl/current.htm.
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Title Annotation:STATES IN BRIEF
Author:Currie, Donya
Publication:The Nation's Health
Date:Jun 1, 2009
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