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Should every vote count? Nearly 1.4 million black men have no political voice.

The struggle for voting rights has been a long one in the black community. From literacy tests to Jim Crow laws, blacks in America have had much to overcome to gain power at the polls. Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones (D-Ohio) says many blacks are still being unfairly denied the right to vote-ex-offenders.

A part of the Count Every Vote Act, Tubbs Jones has introduced give ex-offenders the right to vote in federal elections upon completion of their sentence. She believes laws denying ex-offenders voting rights contradict the idea of democracy. "If you don't vote, you lose your voice," she says. "If we believe in a system of justice, and people have paid their debt to society, then they're entitled to be re-enfranchised."

According to The Sentencing Project, a criminal justice policy research and advocacy organization, 1.4 million African American men have lost the right to vote as a result of felony convictions--a rate nearly seven times higher than all U.S. felons.

While 38 states (including the District of Columbia) allow ex-felons to vote, three states impose lifetime bans for all ex-felons, and 10 regulate which ex-felons will regain voting privileges or when they will be allowed to vote again. Maine and Vermont, which have some of the lowest black populations in the country, are the only states that allow all current and former felons to vote.

Tubbs Jones' proposal, co-sponsored by Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-N.Y.) and Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.), is the latest attempt to restore voting rights to ex-felons. Tubbs Jones says denying felons the right to vote helps put former convicts on the wrong track.

David Bositis of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies says this type of legislation has proved unsuccessful in the past and most likely will not garner much support in this Congress. Bositis says many in the Republican majority see felony disenfranchisement as a partisan debate, not a voting rights issue: "The majority of ex-felons are African Americans. They would most likely vote Democrat. So why would Republicans help Democrats?" Others, he notes, simply believe it's unfair for someone who broke the law to have voting privileges again.

Bositis also believes that any significant changes to ex-felon voting policy will be made at the state, not federal, level because each state has the power to determine who is qualified to vote. Several state legislatures have already debated or passed laws changing felon voting rights. This summer, Iowa's governor issued an executive order repealing permanent disenfranchisement for ex-offenders in the Hawkeye state. But so far, Congress has not enacted any such legislation.

The NAACP argues that there is a federal responsibility to ensure voter rights. "Since the right to vote is a federal one, it calls for a federal remedy," says NAACP General Counsel Dennis Courtland Hayes. Hayes notes that the NAACP is currently involved in litigation that would ensure that blacks who have paid their debt to society are able to vote.

Tubbs Jones remains hopeful that her bill will succeed. "My colleagues who choose not to support the bill cannot talk about freedom around the world if they don't deal with making every vote count in the United States."
Categories of Felons Who Cannot Vote
(States with most disenfranchised black male felons)

STATE PRISONERS PROBATIONERS

Alabama X X
California X
Florida X X
Georgia X X
Illinois X
Maryland X X
Michigan X
Mississippi X X
Missouri X X
New Jersey X X
New York X
North Carolina X X
Ohio X
South Carolina X X
Tennessee X X
Texas X X
Virginia X X
U.S. Total 49 31

STATE PAROLEES EX-FELONS

Alabama X certain offenses
California X
Florida X X
Georgia X
Illinois
Maryland X for 3 years/2nd felony
Michigan
Mississippi X certain offenses
Missouri X
New Jersey X
New York X
North Carolina X
Ohio
South Carolina X
Tennessee X convicted post-1981
Texas X
Virginia X X
U.S. Total 36 13 *

 TOTAL BLACK MALE
 DISENFRANCHISED
STATE FELONS

Alabama 105,000
California 69,500
Florida 204,600
Georgia 66,400
Illinois 24,100
Maryland 67,900
Michigan 22,700
Mississippi 81,700
Missouri 20,100
New Jersey 65,200
New York 62,700
North Carolina 46,900
Ohio 23,800
South Carolina 26,100
Tennessee 38,300
Texas 156,600
Virginia 110,000
U.S. Total 1,367,100

Number Of Inmates In
State Or Federal
Prisons And Local Jails
(June 30, 2004)

Total Male 1,947,800
White Male 695,800
Black Male 842,500
Hispanic Male 366,800
Total Female 183,400
White Female 81,700
Black Female 67,700
Hispanic Female 28,600

* INCLUDES STATES WITH PARTIAL RESTRICTIONS.

SOURCE: THE SENTENCING PROJECT
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Title Annotation:WASHINGTON REPORT
Author:Allen, Reniqua
Publication:Black Enterprise
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Dec 1, 2005
Words:782
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