Should every vote count? Nearly 1.4 million black men have no political voice.
A part of the Count Every Vote Act, Tubbs Jones has introduced give ex-offenders the right to vote in federal elections upon completion of their sentence. She believes laws denying ex-offenders voting rights contradict the idea of democracy. "If you don't vote, you lose your voice," she says. "If we believe in a system of justice, and people have paid their debt to society, then they're entitled to be re-enfranchised."
According to The Sentencing Project, a criminal justice policy research and advocacy organization, 1.4 million African American men have lost the right to vote as a result of felony convictions--a rate nearly seven times higher than all U.S. felons.
While 38 states (including the District of Columbia) allow ex-felons to vote, three states impose lifetime bans for all ex-felons, and 10 regulate which ex-felons will regain voting privileges or when they will be allowed to vote again. Maine and Vermont, which have some of the lowest black populations in the country, are the only states that allow all current and former felons to vote.
Tubbs Jones' proposal, co-sponsored by Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-N.Y.) and Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.), is the latest attempt to restore voting rights to ex-felons. Tubbs Jones says denying felons the right to vote helps put former convicts on the wrong track.
David Bositis of the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies says this type of legislation has proved unsuccessful in the past and most likely will not garner much support in this Congress. Bositis says many in the Republican majority see felony disenfranchisement as a partisan debate, not a voting rights issue: "The majority of ex-felons are African Americans. They would most likely vote Democrat. So why would Republicans help Democrats?" Others, he notes, simply believe it's unfair for someone who broke the law to have voting privileges again.
Bositis also believes that any significant changes to ex-felon voting policy will be made at the state, not federal, level because each state has the power to determine who is qualified to vote. Several state legislatures have already debated or passed laws changing felon voting rights. This summer, Iowa's governor issued an executive order repealing permanent disenfranchisement for ex-offenders in the Hawkeye state. But so far, Congress has not enacted any such legislation.
The NAACP argues that there is a federal responsibility to ensure voter rights. "Since the right to vote is a federal one, it calls for a federal remedy," says NAACP General Counsel Dennis Courtland Hayes. Hayes notes that the NAACP is currently involved in litigation that would ensure that blacks who have paid their debt to society are able to vote.
Tubbs Jones remains hopeful that her bill will succeed. "My colleagues who choose not to support the bill cannot talk about freedom around the world if they don't deal with making every vote count in the United States."
Categories of Felons Who Cannot Vote (States with most disenfranchised black male felons) STATE PRISONERS PROBATIONERS Alabama X X California X Florida X X Georgia X X Illinois X Maryland X X Michigan X Mississippi X X Missouri X X New Jersey X X New York X North Carolina X X Ohio X South Carolina X X Tennessee X X Texas X X Virginia X X U.S. Total 49 31 STATE PAROLEES EX-FELONS Alabama X certain offenses California X Florida X X Georgia X Illinois Maryland X for 3 years/2nd felony Michigan Mississippi X certain offenses Missouri X New Jersey X New York X North Carolina X Ohio South Carolina X Tennessee X convicted post-1981 Texas X Virginia X X U.S. Total 36 13 * TOTAL BLACK MALE DISENFRANCHISED STATE FELONS Alabama 105,000 California 69,500 Florida 204,600 Georgia 66,400 Illinois 24,100 Maryland 67,900 Michigan 22,700 Mississippi 81,700 Missouri 20,100 New Jersey 65,200 New York 62,700 North Carolina 46,900 Ohio 23,800 South Carolina 26,100 Tennessee 38,300 Texas 156,600 Virginia 110,000 U.S. Total 1,367,100 Number Of Inmates In State Or Federal Prisons And Local Jails (June 30, 2004) Total Male 1,947,800 White Male 695,800 Black Male 842,500 Hispanic Male 366,800 Total Female 183,400 White Female 81,700 Black Female 67,700 Hispanic Female 28,600 * INCLUDES STATES WITH PARTIAL RESTRICTIONS. SOURCE: THE SENTENCING PROJECT
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|Title Annotation:||WASHINGTON REPORT|
|Date:||Dec 1, 2005|
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