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Short term memory; early symptom of dementia.

HYDERABAD -- Short-term memory is the most common early symptom of dementia and an estimated 18 million people globally are infected with this disease.

Eminent Consultant Psychiatrist Dr.Darya Khan Laghari said this while talking to reporter here on Monday.

He said that one of the main causes of the dementia is a brain trauma.

He said that some symptoms of dementia are forgetfulness, sleeping disorder, hypertension, diabetes and stroke.

Dr.Darya Khan Laghari further informed that exact causes of the disease are not yet known, but the biological process has been identified. Alzheimer's destroys cells in the brain, which in turn disrupts the transmitters that carry messages to the brain (in particular those responsible for storing memories).

He said that scientists have also identified a number of risk factors.

Age is one of the most significant factors. The chances of being affected are fewer than 1 in 1,000 under the age of 65 years old, and 1 in 5 over the age of 80 years old.

He said that the people with dementia often find it difficult to complete everyday tasks. A person with dementia may not know in what order to put clothes on or the steps for preparing a meal.

About the changes of the behavior of dementia patients, he said that a person with dementia may become unusually emotional and experience rapid mood swings for no apparent reason. Alternatively a person with dementia may show less emotion than was usual previously, added.

Laghari said that a person with dementia may seem different from his or her usual self in ways that are difficult to pinpoint. A person may become suspicious, irritable, depressed, apathetic or anxious and agitated especially in situations, where memory problems are causing difficulties.

Dementia is a collective name for progressive degenerative brain syndromes, which affect memory, thinking, behavior and emotion, said the psychiatrist.

He said that each person with dementia will experience dementia in their own way, eventually those affected are unable to care for themselves and need help with all aspects of daily life. There is currently no cure, but treatments, advice, and support are available.

Dr.Darya Khan said that there is no cure for Alzheimer's disease or for most other causes of dementia at present, many of the problems associated with dementia such as restlessness and depression can be treated. It may also be possible, especially in the early stages of dementia, to improve someone's memory with medication.

He suggested that it is also possible to help people with dementia.

These include developing ways of caring for people with dementia, which build on the strengths and abilities of those affected. This ensures that people with dementia maintain a sense of well being.

Now a days dementia at the focus of advanced biological based research in Pakistan, Dr.Darya Khan Laghari added.

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Publication:Balochistan Times (Baluchistan Province, Pakistan)
Date:Oct 20, 2015
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