Shih K'o-fa (d. 1645).
Chinese statesman and general. Principal war: Manchu conquest of China (1618-1659).
Birth date and ancestors unknown; received a classical education, and obtained his doctoral degree in the civil service examination system; rose to become Minister of War in the Ming secondary capital at Nanking (Nanjing); was sent to Yangchow (Jiangdu) with a small force after the Ming capital of Peking (Beijing) fell first to the rebel Li Tzu-ch'eng and then to the Manchus (May 1644); when the Manchus arrived before Yangchow, Shih held them for seven days, until the main walls were breached; he tried to commit suicide but his subordinates stopped him, and he was captured (May 1645); the Manchus admired his talents and endeavored mightily to get him to switch sides; adamantly loyal to the Ming, Shih was unmoved by their appeals, and so was executed (summer? 1645). <BL>
Source: Michael, Franz, The Origins of Manchu Rule in China. Baltimore, Md., 1942.
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|Author:||Kozumplik, Peter W.|
|Publication:||The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography|
|Article Type:||Reference Source|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1992|
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