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Sex Roles: How do lay people weigh information about instrumentality, expressiveness, and gender-typed hobbies when judging masculinity-femininity in themselves, best friends, and strangers?

To study how people weigh information when judging their own and others' masculinity-femininity (M-F), the author asked 170 male and 205 female participants to rate themselves and their best friends on M-F, instrumentality, expressiveness, and gender-typed hobby preferences. Also, each participant judged the M-F of eight fictitious women (or men) described as possessing low or high instrumentality, low or high expressiveness, and hobbies typical of men or women. Regression analyses showed that gender-typed hobby preferences predicted M-F ratings of self and friends more strongly

than instrumentality or expressiveness did. Similarly, analyses of participants' judgments of fictitious people showed that participants weighed gender-typed hobbies more strongly than instrumentality and expressiveness when judging targets' M-F. All results converged to show that lay people's judgments of M-F are based more on information about gender-typed interests than on information about instrumentality or expressiveness.

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Title Annotation:Abstracts
Author:Lippa, R.A.
Publication:Women and Language
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Mar 22, 2007
Words:139
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