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Senegal's location and transportation infrastructure make it an appealing transit point for drug traffickers moving illegal drugs into Europe and across West Africa. Cocaine is trafficked into Senegal by land and sea from neighboring countries including Guinea-Bissau and Mali, then on to Europe by sea and air. Cannabis is cultivated in the southern Casamance region for local use and to supply markets across West Africa, and methamphetamine is transported into Senegal from Nigeria.

In 2016, there were continued seizures by Senegalese law enforcement authorities of the Catha Edulis (khat) plant as well as multi-ton quantities of marijuana. The seizures of khat decreased during the latter part of 2016, and there has been some resistance to pursuing criminal cases by Senegalese authorities. Khat contains cathinone, a Schedule I substance under the U.S. Controlled Substances Act.

Senegal's 1997 Drug Law was amended in 2006 with tougher penalties for drug trafficking. Senegal's national counternarcotics plan, drafted in 1998, aims to control the cultivation, production, and trafficking of drugs, as well as to inform the population of the dangers of drug use, and the need to rehabilitate persons with substance use disorders. Senegal lacks the resources to reliably identify and seize narcotics, to investigate and dismantle larger networks outside its borders, or to identify the funding and money laundering schemes used by drug trafficking organizations.

Senegal collaborates with partners from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to combat narcotics trafficking. In addition, Senegal participates in regional conferences that address prosecuting drug trafficking cases. For example in November 2016, Senegal participated in the 6th Plenary Meeting of the West African Network of Central Authorities and Prosecutors against Organized Crime, which was hosted by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Senegal has signed mutual legal assistance agreements with the United Kingdom and France to facilitate the exchange of enforcement information on narcotics trafficking and other transnational crimes. In 2011, the United States and Senegal signed a bilateral agreement to strengthen Senegal's capacity to counter maritime drug trafficking through joint U.S.-Senegalese operations. In 2016, the United States provided training to the Senegalese Navy on maritime vessel maintenance to support its drug interdiction efforts.

The United States supports the activities of the Community Anti-Drug Coalitions of America in Senegal, which conducted training in collaboration with local non-governmental organizations to develop strategies to prevent drug use and reduce crime and violence.

While the Government of Senegal has the political will to fight drug trafficking, limited infrastructure and funding impede its efforts. Traffickers continue to have superior resources, limiting the government's ability to track and prevent the movement of illegal drugs.

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Title Annotation:Country Reports
Publication:International Narcotics Control Strategy Report
Geographic Code:6SENE
Date:Mar 1, 2017
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