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Semenya loses legal fight with governing body; ATHLETICS.

CASTER Semenya has lost her legal battle with athletics' world governing body the IAAF over its regulations restricting testosterone levels in women runners in selected events, the Court of Arbitration for Sport has announced.

The two-time Olympic 800 metres champion and Athletics South Africa had claimed the rules, which would force athletes with naturallyoccurring high levels of testosterone to take medication to lower them, were unlawful.

The 28-year-old has one of the various genetic conditions collectively known as differences or disorders of sex development (DSD). But CAS said in a statement yesterday: "By majority, the CAS panel has dismissed the requests for arbitration considering that the claimants were unable to establish that the DSD regulations were 'invalid.'.

"The panel found that the DSD regulations are discriminatory, but the majority of the panel found that, on the basis of the evidence submitted by the parties, such discrimination is a necessary, reasonable and proportionate means of achieving the IAAF's aim of preserving the integrity of female athletics in the restricted events."

Semenya responded on social media with a tweet which read: "Sometimes it's better to react with no reaction."

Semenya has been the subject of intense scrutiny ever since she burst onto the scene at the 2009 World Championships in Berlin, where she won the first of her three world titles.

Aged just 18, she achieved that feat despite the emotional strain caused by international media speculation about a gender verification test following complaints from rivals about her muscular build.

The IAAF's proposed regulations concern athletes competing in events from the 400m to the mile.

However, despite the award in favour of the IAAF, CAS said its panel "expressed some serious concerns as to the future practical application" of the DSD regulations. CAS said that while the "evidence available so far has not established that those concerns negate the conclusion of prima facie proportionality, this may change in the future unless constant attention is paid to the fairness of how the regulations are implemented".

It highlighted the following three key issues. The panel "expressed its concern as to an athlete's potential inability to remain in compliance with the DSD regulations in periods of full compliance with treatment protocols, and, more specifically, the resulting consequences of unintentional non-compliance". It also suggested the IAAF "consider deferring the application of the DSD regulations" to the 1500m and mile because of the current lack of "concrete evidence of actual (in contrast to theoretical) significant athletic advantage" in these events. And it added "the side effects of hormonal treatment, experienced by individual athletes could, with further evidence, demonstrate the practical impossibility of compliance which could, in turn, lead to a different conclusion as to the proportionality of the DSD regulations."

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Title Annotation:Sport
Publication:Coventry Evening Telegraph (England)
Date:May 2, 2019
Words:457
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