Sacred manuscripts boast secret ciphers.
Many of the variant forms in the OED may also qualify as examples of the genres below but have not been included because they are not phoneticized individually. Letters which immediately follow the required sound, and which are obviously silent letters, are not included as part of that sound. Thus the -igh of 'sigh' is deemed not to be a variation of the long I sound.
long 'A' sound followed by short 's' sound.... (phonetic eIs) AC ace, awl, face, glacier AIS waist, dais AS asyllabic, basic, casein, waste AYC Jaycee (US coll.--a member of the junior chamber EC precis\of commerce) EIS obeisance, braaivleis (a barbecue), millreis (coin) EYS greystone, geyser UES roquesite (a sulphide of copper and indium CuIn[S.sub.2]) AIC plaice AISS caisson, bouillabaisse, traiss (trace) ASS bass AYS playsome, Malaysian EES keeshond (a variety of the spitz dog) ES mesa, Keres (a Pueblo Indian people) EYSS Seyssel (the name of 2 villages on the upper Rhone) short 's' sound followed by long 'A' sound.... (seI) CE acequia (a canal for irrigation), fiance SA sacred, dispensation SAI saint, sailor SE Seder (Passover service), Luiseno (a Shoshone Indian people) shimose (a high explosive), seance SI sind (to rinse), Sinaic SSAY essay(ette) SSEH medresseh (a Muslim college) SZAI szaibelyite (a hydrous borate of magnesium) CEE fiancee SAE saeter (a meadow associated with a dwelling) SAY saying, calisaya (a valuable Peruvian bark), soothsay SEI seigniorial, seine (a fishing net), abseil, nisei \sayyid SEY Seychelles, causey (a dam) SSA decussate, glissade, cessation SSE masse (a billiards term), chausse (shod) SSEI nissei (an American born of Japanese parents) ZE piazze (var. 'piazza', an Italian public square) long 'E' sound followed by short 's' sound.... (i:s) AEC aecidial, faeces EAC peace EC ecize (re. plants--to colonize), perithecium, EES eesome (attractive to the eye), teesoo (Dhak flowers) ES Esau, thesis, obese IC ici, police IES gieseckite (variety pinite), Schoenflies (mathematician) IS isblink, artiste, piste, ambergris, kris ISS pelisse (a fur garment), camiss (a Muslim shirt) OES oestrin AES aestivation, quaestor EAS Easter, yeast, grease, increase EEC fleece, Greece EIS eis-blink, leister (a fishing spear) EYS keystone IEC piece IIS iisblink (a luminous appearance on the horizon) caused by the reflection of light from ice) OEC oecist (the founder of an ancient Greek colony), dioecy IX Dix (the lowest trump in Bezique and other card games) short 's' sound followed by long 'E' sound.... (si:) C C--the letter C CE cedar, ceanothus, ibices, panacea, circe CEE ceefax, dicees, proceed, seducee CEY ceylonite (a ferruginous variety of spinel from Ceylon) CIE cieling, abcie CY cypres (in Law, means 'as near as practicable') SAO Saorstat eirann (Irish Free State) SEA season, heartsease, Chelsea SEI seiff (old type of eye-wash), casein, disseisee SI sikh, arsine, Farsi SSAE thalassemia, vibrissae SSEE lesseeship, assessee SSI assize (parallel beds of rock agreeing in their organic remains) SY Sylow (P.L Sylow = a Norwegian mathematician) ZEE Yahtzee (the 'Yacht' Game) CAE caenozoic, glycaemia, muscae (eye floaters) CEA cease, conceal CEI ceiling, perceive, conceit, caducei CI cinematheque, glycine COE coelenterate, acoelomate SAE mucosae SE sepia, ellipses, paradisean, Barotse SEE seethe, aniseed, foresee SEY Seymouria (a fossil tetrapod), semseyite ([Pb.sub.9][Sb.sub.8][S.sub.21]) SIE Siegfried, besiege SSE Tennessean, Ulysses, esse SSEI Casseiver (cassette recorder/radio) SSIE assiege, cassie (a shrub with yellow flowers) SZE Sze Yap (an area in Guangdong Province in China) long 'I' sound followed by short 's' sound.... (aIs) AES maestro AISS quaiss kitir (means 'Very good!') EISS Meissen, gneiss EYS geyser US priis (old 'price') IS isotopic, incisor, nisi, precise UYSS huyssenite (a borate of manganese and iron) YES dyester (a cloth dyer) YSS Syssssel (a sheriffdom in Iceland) AIS (naya) paisa, sais EIS Eis, Eisteddfod, feisty, reis EYES eyesore IC ice, nice, twice IJS rijsttafel (a South-East Asian rice dish) ISS Chrissake YC actinomycetes, glycine YS shyster, helichrysum (a creeping plant), tryst short 's' sound followed by long 'I' sound.... (saI) CEI ceiba (silk-cotton tree of West Indies), priceite \(a mineral) SAAI saaidam (land for flood water enclosed by earthen walls) SAI Saigon, gosain (a Hindu religious mendicant), bonsai SCI sciatica, disciple, ethnoscience SEI seismic SIE prophesied SSI missile, assize SY anovial, forsythia, prophesy ZEI hintzeite (a borate of potassium and magnesium) CI cipher, precise, fuci CY cycle, oocyte SAE saeva indignatio (savage indignation) SAY sayonara, sayyid SCY scythe, hyoscyamia (a vegetable alkali) SI siphon, Siamese, inside, quasi SSEI gossein (see gosain--SAI) SSY assythment (compensation) SZI kaluszite (hydrous sulphate of calcium and potassium) ZI quartzite (a compact, granular, mainly quartz, rock) long 'O' sound followed by short 's' sound.... ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]) AUSS hausse (type of breech site for a cannon), Saussurean OAS oast, boast, Milquetoast (an AEIOU word) OES doeskin, woesome OPS ethnosychology OSS osseter (sp. of sturgeon), engrossing, disgross OWC stowce (a windlass for drawing up ore), Snowcem OWS bowsprit, throwster (one who twists silk into thread) EAUC Peaucellier cell (named after its inventor Lieut. Peucellier) OC ocellus, grocery, loci OHS oh-so, mohsite (oxide of iron and titanium) OS osmosis, ulvOspinel(a mineral), thos(canine beasts) OUS gousblom(aplant of the Compositae), klipkous(abalone) OWES Lowestoft (in Suffolk, UK) OZ corozo (a South American tree allied to the palms) short 's' sound followed by long 'O' sound.... ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.) CAO curacao SAU Sauterne SEW sewn SOA soapy SOW sower SSO rissole, associate, expresso SSOW curassow (a turkey-like bird) CEO once-over SCEAU Sceaux (a town near Paris) SO Soviet, sole, disobey, torso SOU soul SSEAU Rousseau, trousseau SSOH Mendelssohn ZO Zoque (a group of Central-American Indian languages), quartzose, Tzotzil (a member of an Indian people in parts of S. Mexico), scherzo long 'U' sound followed by short 's' sound.... (ju:s) EUC eucyclic (a Botanical term), deuce EWS Newspeak UIS nuisance YUS Yusufzai (a Pathan tribal group inhabiting the N-W Frontier Province of Pakistan \passage) EUS Euston, eustacy (a uniform change of sea level worldwide), UC nucellar, fuci, deduce \ Zeus, meuse us use, manuscript, meatus (a natural channel or tubular short 's' sound followed by long 'U' sound.... (sju:) CEU pharmaceutic SEU proseucha (a place of prayer in ancient times) SSU assume, pari passu (in Law, means 'equally') C(I)EU Clarenc(i)eux (an English dukedom) SEW sewer (formerly, an attendant at a meal) SU suberic (pertaining to cork), capsule
Whole Word makes the sound
The long vowel--short 's' (or vv) sound may be the whole word. Thus the short 's'--long E sound is represented by sea and sse, the latter also meaning 'sea'. The short 's'--long U sound is, similarly, represented by sew and sue, both meaning 'of a cow: dry of milk'. In both these cases the words are synonymous.
Homophonic examples, in which the meaning of the words is different, can also be found:
Long A say--sey (a fish)
Long E C (the third letter of the Roman alphabet)--see
Long O sew--so--soh--sow--seau (a bucket-like wine cooler)
In these non-whole word homophonic examples, the difference in spelling of the words is confined to the long vowel-short 's' (or vv) sound sequence, the other letters remaining the same.
Long A place--plaice sane--seine Long E grease--Greece--grece (see * below), seam--seem, seamen--semen peace--piece Ceiling--sealing--seeling (of a ship, making a sudden lurch to one side) ceiling--sealing-- seeling (of a ship, making a sudden lurch to one side) cedi (a monetary unit of Ghana)--sidi (an African, Negro etc.) ceder (one who cedes)-- seeder Long I Reisner (German artist in wood)-- cite--site, sine (a gulf Reissner (German anatomist) or bay)--syne (at the next Long O host--hoast (a cough) \moment)
* there are 14 variants of 'grece' (a stairway) in the OED, all of which would seem to have the same pronunciation but, without the phonetic entries, there is always an element of uncertainty.
It is rare for the long vowel-short 's' sound to be found in homophones which are also synonyms:
Long I reis = rais (the captain of a boat or vessel)
Two in One
In each of these words, the same long vowel- short's (or w)' sound occurs twice. The 2 groups of letters may be anywhere in the word:
(a) The letters concerned are the same
Long I sinusitis cimicine Long O mesosome
(b) The letters concerned are different
Long E aesthesia (capacity for feeling and sensation) Long I metempsychosize, cyanicide, cytosine (in DNA) Long O adipocellulose, biocoenosis, monopsychosis
Two in One Reversed
In these words, the same long vowel sound appears as both the long vowel--short 's' sound and its reverse, the short 's'--long vowel sound.
(a) The letters concerned are the same
Long E Sinarquista Long I isoclasite Long O isodose
(b) The letters concerned are different
Long E coenaesthesis (the vital sense) Long I cytolysin, polyisocyanate Long O dissocioscope
(a) The long vowel sound is preceded and succeeded by a short 's' sound
Long A Sevssel (the name of 2 villages on the upper Rhone), sayst Long E deceased, caecitis Long I incisor, syce (an Indian horse groom) Long O saussurite (variety of the mineral zoisite), society Long U disuse
(b) The short 's' sound is preceded and succeeded by the same long vowel sound
Long A staysail Long E reseat, thecae, faeces, meseems, resieze Long I dicyanide Long O virtuoso
Words may satisfy more than one of the above categories. Here are 2 examples:
PLEISTOSEIST (pleistoseists are lines enclosing earthquake areas) ... the 'ei' in each case is pronounced as a Long I Two in One--letters the same (pleistoseist). Two in One reversed--letters the same (pleistoseist), Shared letters--Long I sound preceded and succeeded by a short 's' sound (pleistoseist). DECISIS (stare decisis--in Law; to be bound by precedents) ... the 2 letters 'i' are each pronounced as a Long E Two in One--letters the same (decisis) Two in One--letters different (decisis) Two in One Reversed--letters different (decisis) Shared letters--Long E sound preceded and succeeded by a short 's' sound (decissis and decisis)--short 's' sound preceded and succeeded by Long E sound (decisis)
Great Missenden, Buckinghamshire, England
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|Date:||Nov 1, 2007|
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