SYRIA - Mhardeh.
LPG from the Omar plant is transferred by tanker trucks to cylinder filling stations for distribution to households throughout the country. The condensates produced at the Omar plant are blended with the crude oils of AFPC and BOS to lighten their export mix.
The treatment and processing plant at Omar was built by Brown & Root of the US, which did the engineering work as well. The US contractor also built the gas gathering network. The Syrian Military Housing Establishment (Milihouse) built the 440 km pipeline to the Tishreen power plant. PetroFac Int'l of the UK built a gathering at the Al Izba field for recovery of 80 MCF/d of associated gas and transmission facilities to the Omar plant, which were completed in early 2000.
A pipeline is to be built to link the Omar-Tishreen line and two gas fields to be developed in the Palmyra region, Ash Shaer and Cherrife. The two fields were discovered by Marathon of the US, which has left the country (see Gas Market Trends). These fields, to be developed by SPC, could eventually produce more than 5 MCM/d. They will also be linked to the Banias and Mahrada power stations.
Jibeissah Gas Treatment/Processing Plant: The fourth largest gas plant and the second to be built in Syria, the Jibeissah facility in the north-east of the country was expanded in late 1999 to 3.2 MCM/d of raw gas. The mechanical work for this was done by Industrial Export of Romania.
The plant treats and processes associated gas from the Jibeissah oilfield, and non-associated from the fields of Al Hol, Al Ghona, Marqada, Tel Audeh, Qahtaniyah and Leylak. All these fields are operated by SPC.
The plant's first phase, with a capacity of 1.5 MCM/d, came on stream at the beginning of 1988. The Jibeissah, Al Hol, Al Ghona and Marqada fields started up in 1987-88. Together, they now produce 875 MCM/year.
The plant was modified and expanded to 1.7 MCM/day in a second phase to handle non-associated gas from Tel Audeh, Qahtaniyah and Leylak. The fields were put on stream in 1997.
The facility was expanded to 3 MCM/d in 1998 as the latter fields' output rose to a combined rate of 1.3 MCM/d. A further 200,000 CM/d expansion was done in 1999 as production from most of the fields increased (see OMT & Gas Market Trends).
The plant is now producing as follows: 3 MCM/d of clean gas (compared to about 2.8 MCM/d in 1998), of which 400,000 m3/d are consumed by the plant; 75 tons/day of condensates (compared to 40 tons/day before the expansions in the 1990s); 90 tons/day of sulphur (up from 50 tons/day in 1988); and nearly 125 tons/day of LPG (up from about 70 tons/day in 1988). The plant also has a gas turbine for electricity generation with an installed capacity of 11 MW.
Clean gas from the plant is transported 475 km to Homs by a 16-inch pipeline using compressors at the boundary of the Jibeissah plant. The gas is utilised in place of naphtha as a feedstock for producing ammonia/urea at a nitrogenous fertiliser plant in Homs. Clean gas is also being supplied to a 600 MW power station and a steel complex at Zara, near Homs. Some of the gas is used as fuel by the Homs oil refinery.
The average rate of clean gas consumption in recent years has been around 1.3 MCM/d for the nitrogen fertiliser plant and 200,000 m3/d for the Homs refinery. Some of the cement factories in the country have been converted to use gas from Jibeissah and other plants.
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|Publication:||APS Review Downstream Trends|
|Date:||Apr 1, 2002|
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