SYRIA - Existing Capacity.
The country has two nitrogenous fertiliser plants and one
phosphate-based unit. The first plant, a 150 t/d ammonium nitrate unit,
came on stream at Homs in the mid-1970s. It used naphtha from the nearby
refinery as feedstock. The second plant, also at Homs, came on stream in
July 1981 with a capacity of 1,000 t/d of ammonia and 1,100 t/d of urea.
It was built by Creusot-Loire of France, with Pullman Kellogg of the US
as technical and engineering assistant. The complex has a sulphuric acid unit. It first used naphtha as feedstock. It was designed to consume
0.943 tons of naphtha for every one ton of ammonia produced. But the
plant was switched to gas as feedstock in 1988. The conversion work was
done by Technip of France and the British subsidiary of M.W. Kellogg.
The plant is regarded as the main consumer of clean gas from the
treatment unit in Jibeissah transported via the Jibeissah-Homs pipeline.
The third fertiliser plant, also located at Homs, produces 1,400
t/d of TSP. It started operating in 1983. It uses about 800,000 t/y of
phosphate ore as feedstock. This is supplied from three mines in the