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SWS survey: About 9.8-M Filipino families consider themselves as poor.

By Alexandria Dennise San Juan

Families who tagged themselves as "poor" decreased to its record-low at 42 percent or an estimated 9.8 million Filipino families, while numbers of "food-poor" families reached its new record-low 29 percent or at least 6.7 million families, the latest Social Weather Stations Survey result showed.

On the first quarter 2018 survey, only 42 percent considered themselves as "mahirap" or "poor," two points below the 44 percent (10 million families) in December 2017, and similar to the record-low 42 percent in September 2016.

SWS noted that the two-point decline in Self-Rated Poverty (SRP) on the March 2018 survey was due to a sharp decrease in Mindanao which fell by 10 points from 52 percent in December 2017 to 42 percent in March 2018.

It was offset by slight increases in Metro Manila, from 28 percent in December to 30 percent in March, and a one-point increase in the Visayas from 53 percent in December to 54 percent in March.

Meanwhile, the SRP was unchanged in Balance Luzon at 40 percent in both December 2017 and March 2018 surveys.

On the same survey, results also showed that at least 29 percent or 6.7 million of families rated their food as or "poor," or "food-poor," three points below the 32 percent (7.3 million) in December 2017.

This was also the new record-low since the 30 percent in September 2016.

The SWS noted that this was also the first time for Self-Rated Food Poverty to be below 30 percent.

The three-point decline in the nationwide Self-Rated Food Poverty (SRFP) was due to decreases in Balance Luzon, Mindanao and Metro Manila, with a sharp increase in the Visayas.

The SRFP decreased by eight points in Balance Luzon from 32 percent in December to 24 percent in March.

It also decreased by five points in Mindanao and two points in Metro Manila from 36 percent to 31 percent and from 22 percent to 18 percent in December and March, respectively.

However, SRFP increased by 13 points in the Visayas from 32 percent in December 2017 to 45 percent in March 2018, the highest since the 50 percent in December 2015.

According to SWS, the median Self-Rated Poverty Threshold (SRPT), or the monthly budget that a poor household needs for home expenses in order not to consider itself poor in general is P13,000.

Survey results showed that the latest median SRPTs by area are P20,000 in Metro Manila; P10,000 in Balance Luzon; P10,000 in Visayas; and P15,000 in Mindanao.

While Mindanao's latest SRPT is a new record-high, all SRPTs in other areas were either unchanged or decreased.

The March 2018 survey found that the median Self-Rated Poverty Gap (SRPG), the amount poor families lack in monthly jome expenses relative to their stated threshold was unchanged at P5,000 which is a little less than two-fifths of the Self-Rated Poverty Threshold.

Median SRPGs by area are P6,250 in Metro Manila, P5,000 in Balance Luzon, P5,000 in the Visayas, and P6,000 in Mindanao.

Compared to December 2017, the SRPG decreased for Balance Luzon, remained the same for the Visayas, increased for Metro Manila, and rose to a new record-high for Mindanao.

SWS said that Self-Rated Food Poverty (SRFP) measures the proportion of respondents rating the food their family eats as "poor."

The latest SWS survey was fielded from March 23-27 through a face-to-face interviews of 1,200 adults nationwide.#


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Title Annotation:National
Publication:Manila Bulletin
Geographic Code:9PHIL
Date:Apr 26, 2018
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