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SWOT analysis on the metropolitan area of Pitesti.

In the year 1993 at the International Conference held at Tokyo a definition was given to the metropolitan area which stated that it represents "a territory which contains a number of autonomous settlements and in which the accent falls on metropolitan independence and on coordinating metropolitan businesses." (The World Conference, 1993, Tokyo).

A metropolitan area is a large urban center consisting of a metropolis and its adjacent zone of influence. The name comes from the largest city in its territory which is surrounded by adjacent villages and satellite towns.

Metropolitan areas can be classified depending on the number of inhabitants as following:

--in U.S.A.: a town with 50.000 inhabitants and the metropolitan area over 100.000 inhabitants.

--in Europe: population between 200.000-1 million inhabitants.

--in Asia: the city's population must be at least 100.000 inhabitants.

--in Australia: district population must be over 100.000 inhabitants.

In Romania the concept of metropolitan area is defined by law No. 351/2001 thus: "Zone established by the association based voluntary partnership between major urban centers (the Romanian capital and tier cities) and urban and rural settlements in the immediate area, at distances up to 30 km, which have developed a cooperation relationship at various levels" (Law No. 351/2001, Annex 1, paragraph 11). Therefore territorial-administrative units may be assigned by law to form associations with legal personality inter-community development, private and public utility. The goal of a metropolitan area is to carry out projects for local or regional interest and joint provision of certain public services.

To form a metropolitan area its limits must be precisely known. Limits are established taking into account several criteria of which the most important are:

--distance from the city (which results from measuring the time span of necessary for people to commute from the surrounding settlement to the city with the most commonly used means public transportation).

--the daily flux of commuters who come to work in the city (15 % of the city's workforce must be represented by commuters);

--the percentage of the population from the adjacent settlement involved in non-agricultural activities bound to the city (at least 75% of the population must be involved in non-agricultural activities).

The metropolitan development must not influence the administrative and territorial structure of the localities which compose it. However it must be aware of the interests and problems which appear both al local and metropolitan level.

In Romania cities like Bucuresti, Constanta, Iasi, Brasov, Timisoara, Galati, Braila, Oradea, Cluj-Napoca, Ploiesti, Craiova, etc. represent poles of attraction because of their size and importance and also because of the high level of economic activities and services. In 2002 there commenced the plans for creating such an area. Some of the cities mentioned earlier have already created their metropolitan areas (Oradea, Iasi, Brasov, Constanta).

The Creation of Pitesti Metropolitan Area

The Law for Metropolitan Areas is useless for Pitesti city because the official number of inhabitants is smaller than the minimum required: 200000. In this case Pitesti city can be associated with adjacent settlements due to a legal statement which permits the association of local communities with the condition of keeping their administration independent. The importance of creating Pitesti Metropolitan Area can be explained through the following aspects:

--represents a pole of development for Muntenia region;

--disposes of an important position in the region;

--permits the collaboration between the counties in the region for mid and long-term development;

--permits the collaboration between Muntenia and Transylvania regions through metropolitan partnerships;

--disposes of a young and qualified workforce;

--has in its composition cultural, patrimonial and touristic values.

At the beginning of 2008 debates started concerning the founding of Pitesti Metropolitan Area between the representatives of local administrations from Pitesti and the representatives of seven adjacent settlements.


The goal of these debates was how to access more easily European funds. At the end of the debates not all mayors agreed with such an association because they considered that taxes would have risen and advantages would have been minimal. But there were mayors who agreed due to the accelerated development of their settlements but also to the advantages which would have followed.

The seven settlements that accepted the cooperation with Pitesti city in the first step are: Mioveni and Stefanesti cities together with Bradu, Albota, Mosoaia, Bascov, Maracineni villages (Fig. 1.).


The second step of adjacent settlement association took place in august 2008 when Babana and Budeasa villages accepted the cooperation for the creation of the metropolitan area. (Fig. 2)

Thus after the two-step adherence of the adjacent settlements, the Pitesti metropolitan area is composed of Mioveni and Stefanesti towns and Albota, Bascov, Babana, Bradu, Budeasa, Maracineni, Mosoaia villages with seven residence villages in the metropolitan area are part and adjacent villages ranging in number from each community. Table 1 shows the population evolution of each locality for a three year interval and the total population of the metropolitan area. One can notice an insignificant drop of the total population both of the metropolitan area and of Pitesti city.


A. Strong points:

--represents a pole of development for Muntenia region;

--as location it is positioned in a geographical area favorable to economic changes;

--benefits of the presence of industrial branches of national importance (car building, energetic);

--disposes of a young and qualified workforce;

--permits the collaboration between Muntenia and Transylvania regions through metropolitan partnerships;

--disposes of proper conditions for market development and development accessibility;

--diminishes the social status differences between the citizens of Pitesti and the citizens of the surrounding settlements (urban area rural area);

--the accidence to area with high tourist potential;

B. Weak points:

--the slow rhythm of car movement and the apparition of traffic jams due to the narrow roads in Pitesti city;

--communal transportation realized only with busses (Fig. 3) in the case of Pitesti city and with a private transportation company (Fig. 4) in the case of the adjacent settlements;

--the lack of parking spaces in Pitesti city (Fig. 5);

--the decrease of pedestrian roadway due to the creation of parking spaces (Fig. 6);

--the replacement and the extensions of the water and sewer networks in some parts of the area;

--the small area of green spaces and playgrounds for children within Pitesti city;

C. Opportunities:

--reduction of the disparities between localities in the area;

--the possibility of accessing structural funds for professional reconversion and development;

--the existence of a prosperous business environment which attracts new investors;

--the possibility of real estate development in the surrounding villages;

--the development of new residential areas and living neighborhoods;

--the development of a modern transport system for both people and merchandise;

--the modernization of some road haulages and the creation of new ones;

--the development and improvement of the public services;

--the development of new industrial sectors and the reorganization of old ones through privatization;





D. Threats:

--the change of natural factors;

--disparity between the urban plans of the municipality and the localities which will form the metropolitan area;

--respecting imposed rules because of financing through structural funds and National and International Funding Program

--difficulties for small localities due to the lack of available funding;


The creation of Pitesti Metropolitan Area represents a means of attracting funds and investors but also for solving problems form various domains. One problem would be related to the representatives of some village administrations which are hard to persuade to join the metropolitan area because they consider that the tax level will rise but there are also mayors who accepted from the beginning this cooperation due to the advantages created for that locality the fast development rate.

If this area will be finally created the localities which compose it will have multiple benefits in various domains.


This work was funded by project "Financial support for doctoral studies on the complexity of nature, environment and human society," Contract no.: POSDRU/ 6/1.5/S/24.


*** Law no 351/2001, annex 1, point 11

*** Integrated Plan for Pitesti Urban Development (IPPUD)

*** The World Conference, (1993), Tokyo


University of Bucharest
Table 1. The administrative organization of the future metropolitan
area localities and their population (Source:

No     Municipality/    Population   Population    Population
       Town/Village       (2007)       (2008)        (2009)

1.    Pitesti            168 958       167 317       166 637
2.    Mioveni             34 100       34 086        34 081
3.    Stefanesti          13 506       13 802        13 979
4.    Albota               3812         3881          3843

5.    Bascov               9246         9439          9580

6.    Babana               2826         2949          2920

7     Bradu                5631         6159          6260
8.    Budeasa              3895         3926          3932

9     <aracineni           4927         5084          5152
10.   Mosoaia              4409         4589          4752

11.   Total               Total:       Total:        Total:
      settlements: 10    251 310       251 232       251 136

No     Municipality/    Villages components

1.    Pitesti           --
2.    Mioveni           --
3.    Stefanesti        --
4.    Albota            Albota, Cerbu,
                        Fratesti, Gura Vaii,

5.    Bascov            Bascov, Braileni,
                        Glambocu, Mica,
                        Prislopu Mic, Schiau,
                        Uiasca, Valea Ursului
6.    Babana            Babana, Bajanesti,
                        Cotmenita, Grosi,
                        Lupueni, Slatioarele
7     Bradu             Bradu, Geamana
8.    Budeasa           Budeasa Mare,
                        Budeasa Mica,
                        Calotesti, Galasesti,
                        Rogojina, Valea
9     <aracineni        Maracineni, Argeselu
10.   Mosoaia           Mosoaia, Batrani,
                        Ciocanei, Dealu Viilor,
                        Hintesti, Lazaresti,

11.   Total             Total villages: 37
      settlements: 10
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Author:Nedelea, Adelin Daniel
Publication:Geopolitics, History, and International Relations
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:4EXRO
Date:Jul 1, 2012
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