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 WASHINGTON, Jan. 6 /PRNewswire/ -- A new survey among nurses working in trade union, nonunion, and state nurses association (SNA) union settings found that nurses represented by SNAs as collective bargaining agents are significantly more satisfied with most aspects of their jobs, according to a research study announced by the American Nurses Association.
 Nurses whose workplace was governed by a traditional trade union labor contract had the lowest level of satisfaction in nearly all of eight job aspects measured, according to research conducted by nurse Michael Evans, R.N., Ph.D., C.N.A.A., the vice-president of patient care services at St. David's Hospital in Austin, Texas.
 Evans conducted the anonymous survey of 165 staff nurses at 36 mid-sized, private, nonprofit U.S. hospitals chosen by a random sample as part of his doctoral dissertation at the University of Texas in Austin. The hospitals studied were equally divided among trade union, professional union, and nonunion.
 "This research, the first of its kind, verifies what ANA has long known," said Judith A. Huntington, M.N., R.N., director of ANA's Office of Field Services, Labor and Workplace Advocacy. "It is easier to recruit and retain excellent nurses not only when pay and benefits are adequate, but when management and staff nurses can communicate and agree on professional concerns that have an impact on patient care.
 "The state nurses association -- made up of nurses working for nurses -- is the organization best suited to speak for nurses in the workplace," she said. "This research shows that the SNAs are most successful in achieving job satisfaction for nurses."
 Twenty-five state nurses associations affiliated with ANA are registered labor organizations that represent nurses in collective bargaining.
 In the research, Evans assessed staff nurse satisfaction in eight areas -- salary and benefits, scheduling, family and work balance, co-workers, interaction, professional opportunities, praise or recognition, and control or responsibility. He also assessed overall staff nurse satisfaction and examined to what extent variables such as shift worked, age and gender, seniority, clinical area and education, predict job satisfaction.
 Evans hypothesized that job satisfaction would be dictated by the degree to which values are shared between the top administration and the workers of an organization. Using this perspective, he predicted that nurses in a non-union governance system would have the highest degree of satisfaction, followed by those in a state association system, and then by those in a traditional labor union setting.
 The study revealed, however, that nurses in the professional association group had the highest satisfaction scores in six of the eight categories and were overall most satisfied with their jobs. The nonunion nurses were the second most satisfied group overall, followed by the trade union group, although Evans noted that the only statistically significant difference was between the SNA group and the trade union group.
 "These results suggest that the professional model of unionization produces a better, less adversarial environment than the trade union model because the union, employees and management share more common culture," Evans said.
 "The SNA union model is characterized by nurses helping other nurses to organize themselves for collective bargaining purposes," Evans said. "Obviously, the administration of a hospital relates better to outside health care professionals in the collective bargaining process than if it were trade labor union representatives organizing the hospital's nurses. The reason is that there is a natural sharing of some core values between hospital managers and health care professionals. There is not necessarily the natural sharing of any values between hospital managers and trade union representatives."
 "A Comparison of Staff Nurse Perceptions of Job Satisfaction in Three Nursing Governance Systems." Michael L. Evans, Ph.D., R.N., C.N.A.A. December 1992.
 The American Nurses Association is the only full-service professional organization representing the nation's 2 million registered nurses through its 53 constituent associations. ANA advances the nursing profession by fostering high standards of nursing practice, promoting the economic and general welfare of nurses in the workplace, projecting a positive and realistic view of nursing, and by lobbying the Congress and regulatory agencies on health care issues affecting nurses and the public.
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 /CONTACT: Kathryn Scott, B.S.N., R.N., of the American Nurses Association, 202-554-4444, ext. 242/

CO: American Nurses Association ST: District of Columbia IN: HEA SU:

IH -- DC016 -- 2324 01/06/93 15:46 EST
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Date:Jan 6, 1993

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