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SMOKING BY PARENTS TAKES AN EMOTIONAL TOLL ON CHILDREN, A NEW HARRIS POLL SUGGESTS DAY

 SMOKING BY PARENTS TAKES AN EMOTIONAL TOLL ON CHILDREN,
 A NEW HARRIS POLL SUGGESTS DAY
 NEW YORK, March 3 /PRNewswire/ -- The largest survey ever conducted on the impact of smoking on family life has found that an overwhelming 87 percent of children with parents who smoke are worried that their parents are harming themselves by smoking. Interviews were conducted with more than 2,600 children in grades four through 12 and 1,200 adults.
 According to The ProStep(TM) Report on Smoking & the Family, a new study released today, 86 percent of children whose parents smoke fear their parents may get sick and perhaps die as a result. Almost three-quarters (74 percent) worry that smoke from their parents is harming other people in the family, including themselves, And, nearly half (48 percent) are worried about a possible fire resulting from their parents smoking.
 Eighty percent of children whose parents smoke want them to quit, and 70 percent say they have tried to do something about it.
 "As The ProStep Report clearly shows, parents' smoking behavior has a powerful emotional impact on their children," said noted family psychologist and author Lee Salk, Ph.D., professor of psychology, psychiatry and pediatrics at The New York Hospital - Cornell Medical Center.
 "When children see their parents smoking -- engaging in what they perceive as self-destructive behavior -- it is quite common for these children to experience anguish, grief, and a sense of vulnerability thinking that their parents and protectors are willingly harming themselves," Dr. Salk said.
 The survey is just one part of a major national smoking cessation initiative, The ProStep Family Project, announced today by Lederle Laboratories to encourage adults to quit smoking and help ensure that children never start. The ProStep Family Project will offer support and specific programs to smokers, medical professionals and children nationwide.
 Family Is An Important Influence on Smoking and Quitting Smoking
 Smoking is a family affair that appears to be handed down from parents to their children, according to the American Cancer Society and confirmed strikingly by The ProStep Report.
 While 57 percent of kids report another family member smokes, that figure is much higher -- 74 percent -- among children who smoke. These young smokers are also more likely than children on average to say that their mother or both parents living with them also smoke. Moreover, children and adults generally agree (65 percent and 76 percent, respectively) that if children see their parents smoking, they will think it is okay for them to smoke as well.
 "The fact that many children of smoking parents are more likely to start smoking also despite knowing the dangers of smoking and being concerned about the health of their parents adds to the emotional turmoil they feel," Salk said. "In the end, children often are reinforced more strongly by the actions of their parents, no matter how destructive those actions might be," he added.
 The ProStep Report also found that smokers are influenced by their families at every step of the quitting process -- as they contemplate quitting, make the decision to quit, and ultimately succeed. Sixty-seven percent of smokers who have tried to quit cite other family members as an important influence on their decision. Fifty-two percent of former smokers say the influence of other family members was important in their decision to quit. And, 62 percent of those who considered smoking but decided against it also cite their family as an important reason for not starting. More than half (53 percent) of all smokers report that a family member -- most often a wife or child -- has tried to persuade them to stop.
 Parents may be responsible for, but often powerless against,
 their children smoking
 The ProStep Report says adults (74 percent) to a greater extent than children (65 percent) agree that parents are responsible for keeping their children from smoking. But, adults and children also share the view that if a child wants to smoke, there is not much a parent can do to stop it.
 Slightly more than one in ten (11 percent) children report that they smoke. But, a majority (56 percent) of them say they took their first puff before age 12. Seventy percent of the youngsters who smoke say they smoke at home.
 Research for The ProStep Report on Smoking & the Family was conducted by Louis Harris and Associates, Inc., New York, with an educational grant from Lederle Laboratories.
 Announcement of The ProStep Family Project follows the FDA approval on Jan. 28 of ProStep (nicotine transdermal system), which will be marketed by Lederle. The ProStep patch is used as an aid to a comprehensive smoking cessation program. In clinical trials using 22 mg/day for six to eight weeks, quit rates with ProStep were significantly higher than those seen with placebo, when both were used with counseling.
 Lederle Laboratories, a division of American Cyanamid Company (NYSE: ACY), headquartered in Wayne, N.J., is a research-intensive organization that manufactures and markets worldwide a broad range of health care products, including ethical pharmaceuticals, vaccines, generics, and vitamins and nutritionals.
 -0- 3/3/92
 /CONTACT: Jeff Hoyak of Lederle Laboratories, 201-831-4619; Steve Hull of MCS Public Relations, 908-273-9626, for Lederle Laboratories/ CO: Lederle Laboratories ST: New York IN: HEA SU:


TS-PS -- NY008 -- 4381 03/03/92 10:01 EST
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Date:Mar 3, 1992
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