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SIGLR holds international conference on gender issues.

Sherubtse Initiative for Gender Learning and Research (SIGLR) conducted a two-day international conference from December 21-22 at the Royal University of Bhutan. This is SIGLR's first international conference. SIGLR, formed by a group of lecturers of Sherubste College, Kanglung in February last year, focuses on bringing gender-related issues and challenges to the forefront.

The conference primary enrolment rate (ANER) stands at 98.8%, indicating that about 1.2% of the 6-12 years old children are not attending any forms of education. 'These children are expected to be in the remote and hard to reach areas, children of nomadic communities and migrant populations, children with learning disabilities whose special needs are not currently catered for and those who dropped out of school,' states the report. According to the report, the ANER includes 6-12 year olds who are studying in primary education within Bhutan, and those enrolled in the secondary levels and monastic education. Enrolment trends suggest that the overall enrolment have remained stable since 2013 with slight provided an open platform for academicians, policy makers and civil society activists to come together to discuss gender-related issues in Bhutan. Talking to Business Bhutan, Sangay Tshechu, coordinator of SIGLR said: 'One of the mandates of SIGLR is to create awareness about the concept of gender as it is usually misinterpreted as women empowerment but it also includes men and LGBTQ.' 'Gender research has to be promoted by including everyone in the society if we really want to achieve gender parity in decline in 2017. As of 2017, there are 94,184 primary students (PP-VI) enrolled in 515 primary and secondary schools showing a decrease from 96,654 primary students enrolled in 2016. This trend has been observed at the primary levels over the last five years.

The possible causes are saturation in terms of primary school enrolment, which could be attributed to ECRs enrolling right age children and also covering out of school children starting from 2010 onwards, leading to stabilization in the enrolment in the early grades and decline in school going age population According to the report, the decline in gross primary enrolment ratio Bhutan,' she added. Tashi Chophel, a lecturer of Sherubtse College under the Department of Social Sciences, also a member to SIGLR said that the conference aimed to understand gender from the South Asian perspective and to promote intra-dialogue among South Asian academicians, researchers and gender enthusiasts. He also mentioned that the concept of gender is relatively new in Bhutan. 'Challenges and opportunities associated with gender issues are distinct even within South nation Bhutan on the way to achieving universal primary education SIGLR holds international conference on gender issues over the past few years is a positive development as it is an indication of the decrease in under-aged and over-aged children enrolled in the education system.

The apparent intake ratio for 2017 has increased to 92.2% compared to 91.4% in 2016.

The net intake rate in 2017 is estimated at 62.7%, meaning that 62.7% of the right age population (six years old) are enrolled in the 1st grade (PP) of primary education, while remaining 37.3% are either enrolled in the classes higher than PP (5.6%) or not yet enrolled in school (31.7%). Similarly, in terms of age composition of the PP enrolment for 2017, 56.5% of the total PP enrolment, including the repeaters is the right age (six years old) Asian region. Policy makers should hear out the issues, take part in advocacy and bring change in legislature and also in the academic curriculum.' One of the presenters, Dr Ritu Verma, currently working with Tarayana Center for Social Research and Development said that gender is a serious issue in South Asia, although it is a diverse place. 'The degrees of issues also vary. In Bhutan, though there is personal freedom among women there is poor political representation which is even worse than Afghanistan and while 39% are over-aged and 4.5% under-aged.

The expansion of the education system has been triggered by rapid growth in the student enrolment. From about 400 students in the early 1960s, total enrolment has increased at all levels of formal education and tertiary institutes within the country to 189,088 (excluding students studying outside Bhutan) as of April 2017. In 2017, one primary school, one private lower secondary school and one private higher secondary school were opened. Three schools were merged (two primary schools and one lower secondary school) with the central schools while 11 ECRs, two primary schools and one private higher secondary school have been closed. Bangladesh.' She also mentioned that with the support of government, Civil Society Organizations (CSO) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO), a woman should be able to walk her own journey with courage, confidence and self-esteem.

The first national seminar on understanding gender in Bhutan was held at Sherubtse College on October 18, 2016.

The seminar was organized SIGLR. It was funded by the Government of India through Project Tied Assistance under the 11th Five Year Plan.
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Publication:Business Bhutan (Thimphu, Bhutan)
Article Type:Conference news
Geographic Code:9BHUT
Date:Dec 30, 2017
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